This article will teach you everything you need to know in order to get any AWS certification from home. You will learn how to schedule an exam, how to set up your workspace for the big day, and tips you need to have in mind.
什么是AWS认证？ (What are AWS certifications?)
AWS (Amazon Web Services) Certifications help validate your knowledge and ability to solve different problems using AWS. They're a great tool for helping you and others confirm how much you know about this cloud provider.
AWS(Amazon Web Services)认证有助于验证您的知识和使用AWS解决各种问题的能力。 它们是帮助您和其他人确认您对该云提供商的了解程度的好工具。
These certifications come directly from AWS, as they are the ones who produce the content for the certification and maintain them. When you earn an AWS certification you start belonging to a global community of AWS Certified people and you get some benefits for being part of this group.
这些证书直接来自AWS，因为它们是产生证书内容并进行维护的人。 获得AWS认证后，您便开始加入全球AWS认证人员社区，并从中受益匪浅 。
Currently there are 12 different AWS certifications covering different levels of knowledge and different expertise.
There are 2 different types of certifications: the specialty certifications and the more generalist ones.
In the generalist certifications we have 3 levels of expertise - foundational, associate, and professional. These certifications generally cover most of the services that are available in AWS, depending on the level of depth you need to have.
In the foundational level we have the Cloud Practitioner. This certification covers a lot of AWS services, but you really don’t need much depth.
在基础级别上，我们有Cloud Practitioner。 该认证涵盖了许多AWS服务，但您实际上并不需要太多深度。
This certification is perfect for people beginning their cloud journey, as you will learn a lot of different services and concepts that are very important in the cloud.
In the associate level there are 3 different certifications:
- Solutions Architect Associate 解决方案架构师
- SysOps Administrator Associate SysOps管理员助理
- Developer Associate. 开发人员助理。
These certifications are also very broad in the amount of services they cover but they go deeper than in the foundational level.
Associate-level certifications are great to get a view of architecting, deploying and maintaining or developing applications in the cloud. These are a good way for technical people to get started in their journey with the cloud.
And at the top of the generalist certifications we have the professional level certifications: Solutions Architect Professional and Developer Associate.
在通才认证的顶部，我们拥有专业级别的认证：Solutions Architect Professional和Developer Associate。
These are very broad and very deep certifications, and you need basically to know everything in AWS. These are meant for people working in AWS for a long time with broad experience.
In the specialist category we have 6 certifications:
- Advanced Networking 进阶网路
- Security 安全
- Machine learning 机器学习
- Alexa Skill Builder Alexa的技能建设者
- Data Analytics and Databases. 数据分析和数据库。
These certifications are very specific in one topic and go very deep into that topic. They are great for professionals that are focused on those topics and want to learn as much as there is about it in AWS.
如何学习AWS认证 (How to study for an AWS certification)
Studying for a certification really depends on your background. There is no one path to rule them all. If you are not in tech and you want to get started, or you are a developer or architect new to the cloud, it's not the same as if you have been working with AWS for many years and just want to get your skills validated.
学习证书确实取决于您的背景。 没有一条道路可以统治所有人。 如果您不是技术人员并且想入门，或者您是云计算的新手或开发人员或架构师，那与您已经在AWS上工作了很多年，只是想让您的技能得到验证是不一样的。
AWS and its partners offer a lot of courses where you can go and sit for 3 days and learn everything you need to pass the certification. These instructor led courses tend to be quite expensive.
There are many platforms that offer paid online courses. These courses tend to be self learning and you have to follow the instructors. Usually the main advantage of these sites is that they have great forums and lots of tests exams.
有许多平台提供付费在线课程。 这些课程通常是自学的，您必须跟随讲师。 通常，这些站点的主要优点是它们拥有出色的论坛和大量的测试考试。
In freeCodeCamp you can find some free courses to study for some of the certifications. These are valuable resources as you can basically prepare for your exam for free following these videos:
AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner Training 2020
AWS认证的Cloud Practitioner Training 2020
AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Associate 2020
AWS Certified Developer - Associate 2020
Also, if you need some extra motivation there is the #AWSCertified Challenge going on, so you can become part of a bigger group of people trying to achieve the same goals.
如何在家中获得AWS认证 (How to take an AWS certification from home)
Until 30th of March, 2020 you could only sit for an AWS certification from a testing center. Basically you had to visit a specific place in a specific time to take the exam.
After that date everything changed. The option of getting the certification from a testing center still exists, but now ALL AWS certifications can be taken in an online proctoring method - this means from home. This new choice adds a lot of flexibility for testing for an AWS certification, making it more accessible for everybody.
在那之后，一切都改变了 。 从测试中心获得认证的选项仍然存在，但是现在所有的 AWS认证都可以通过在线监理方法获得-这意味着可以在家中进行。 这一新选择增加了测试AWS认证的灵活性，使每个人都可以轻松访问它。
Taking the exam in a testing center has its benefits, as there is staff to assist you with the exam check-in process, the testing computers are setup perfectly for the exam, and the whole place is designed to be quiet and exam ready.
When you take the exam with online proctoring, you will take the same exam, with the same time that you would have in a testing center. But you will take that exam from your computer and at a place that you have to prepare for that situation. There will be a proctor remotely that will monitor your exam.
使用在线指导参加考试时，您将参加与考试中心相同的考试，并花费相同的时间。 但是您将在必须为这种情况做准备的地方从计算机上进行考试。 将会有一个远程的监考员来监视您的考试。
您应该在家带证书吗？ (Should you take your certification at home?)
There are some conditions you need to have in place if you want to use the online proctoring for the exam.
First, you need to be able to talk with an English-speaking proctor that will be the one monitoring your exam. AWS Certifications are available in English, Japanese, Korean or Simplified Chinese, but the communication with the remote proctor will be in English - no matter what language your certification will be on.
Online proctoring is available across the world - except for candidates in mainland China, Japan, Slovenia or South Korea. This is a great thing as finding testing centers in remote parts of the world can be challenging.
Also, these exams are available 24/7. That is very convenient for busy people so you can always find a spot that works for you.
In addition, you will need to use your own computer for the online proctoring and there are specific system requirements and policies that you should be aware of before deciding on this option.
It is always good to run the systems tests before registering for the exam, with the same computer and in the same location where you are going to take the exam. The main requirements are a stable internet connection, a microphone, and a webcam.
You need to have a private place that is silent where you won’t be interrupted. This is one of the most important requirements. If the proctor thinks that there is some voice or weird noises, they can fail your exam automatically.
您需要有一个安静的私人地方，不会被打扰。 这是最重要的要求之一。 如果监理人员认为有声音或怪异的声音，他们可能会自动使您的考试不及格。
Also, during the proctored exam you won’t be able to get up from your computer at all, as no breaks are allowed. You always need to be in the view of your webcam.
If you are ok with all the previous restrictions then taking the certification from home will be possible for you.
如何安排AWS认证 (How to schedule an AWS Certification)
Even though online proctoring exams can be taken all around the clock every day, it is a good practice to register for the certification some time in advance. This way you can get everything ready and set up in your environment.
Registering for the certification is quite straight forward. You need to follow the instructions in the AWS Certification page. Keep in mind that you might need to create many accounts and log into at least 3 different services.
注册认证非常简单。 您需要按照AWS认证页面中的指示进行操作。 请记住，您可能需要创建多个帐户并至少登录3个不同的服务。
This might sound scary, but the process is guided and well documented. One very important thing is that when you are creating these accounts make sure that the name you use is EXACTLY the same as the one that appears in your ID. This is crucial in the validation process.
这听起来可能很可怕，但是该过程是经过指导的并有据可查的。 其中很重要的一点是，当你正在创建这些帐户确保您使用的名称是完全一样的一个出现在你的ID。 这在验证过程中至关重要。
When you get to the page to pick your AWS Certification you need to pick the testing vendor “Pearson VUE”. That is the online proctoring vendor.
当您进入该页面以选择AWS认证时，您需要选择测试供应商“ Pearson VUE ”。 那是在线代理供应商。
After you pick the time and the date you need to pay for the certification. All certifications have different prices and you can find the price list in the AWS Certification page. When you've completed your payment then you are ready.
选择时间和日期后，您需要支付认证费用。 所有认证都有不同的价格，您可以在“ AWS认证”页面中找到价格表。 完成付款后，就可以了。
如何在家准备考试 (How to get prepared for your exam at home)
There are many things you should do in the days before your exam to ensure that everything runs smooth on the day of the certification.
Try to do as many mock exams as you can, making sure that you have the right timing on your practice exams. When you get to the hardest exams, time becomes an issue, so it's very important to practice answering questions quickly.
Also, if you have some notes from studying it is a great time to read them again. Most online courses have summaries or some shortened version where you can review the most important concepts before the exam. It's always good to review at least the hardest topics again.
另外，如果您从学习中获得一些笔记，那么现在是再次阅读它们的好时机。 大多数在线课程都有摘要或简短的版本，您可以在考试前复习最重要的概念。 再次回顾至少最难的话题总是很有益的。
If you are taking the exam at home or at an office there are some things that you need to do some time in advance. First find where you want to do the exam, the exact location. And then run the system tests. Make sure that everything is working fine.
如果您要在家中或办公室参加考试，则需要提前一些时间做一些事情。 首先找到您想在哪里进行考试，确切的位置。 然后运行系统测试。 确保一切正常。
After you have done that, make sure that neither your family or coworkers will interrupt you during that time. If you have ANY interruptions you will fail automatically.
If you have pets make sure that they can be put in a different room. It is very important that nothing interrupts you and that there is not other movement or noise in the room when you are taking the exam.
When you pick the place and sort out the external factors of distraction, now it is time to set up the environment. My recommendation is that you find a not very cluttered space with a clean and empty table. A table where you can remove everything that is on top.
当您选择地点并弄清干扰的外部因素时，现在该设置环境了。 我的建议是，您会找到一个不太整洁的空间，桌子干净整洁。 您可以在其中删除顶部所有内容的表格。
There should be no whiteboards with text or screens that cannot be turned off in the room. Make it as decluttered as possible, so then there are no reasons for the proctor to be nervous of your chosen place.
Keep in mind that the proctor doesn't know your space – they can only see and hear what comes from your microphone and webcam, and if there is any doubt they will fail you.
It's also good to pick clothing that shows your hands. The proctor will ask to see your sleeves and it helps if you don't have any. Also they will ask you to remove your watch if you have one.
挑选能显示双手的衣服也很好。 监理人会要求看你的袖子，如果你没有袖子，它会有所帮助。 如果您有手表，他们也会要求您取下手表。
If you want to know the time during the exam, the clock of your computer will be blocked and you won’t have a wrist watch, so make sure that you have a wall clock before going into the exam. During the exam you will have a timer on the screen that tells you how many minutes you have left.
在家里考试期间会期待什么 (What to expect during your exam at home)
You are asked to check-in to the certification system 30 minutes before the exam time. That is very important to remember, and when the check-in process starts it is a good practice to have the whole space prepared for the certification.
要求您在考试 时间 前30分钟登录认证系统。 记住这一点非常重要，并且在办理入住手续时，最好准备整个空间以进行认证。
Thirty minutes before the exam, you should go to the email that you received during enrolment and click the link to start the check-in process. For that you need to have in hand your mobile phone and a valid id with photo.
During the check-in process you will be sent an SMS to your mobile phone with a link. That link will open a web app that will be used to validate your identity and space.
The first thing you will need to do is to take a selfie. Then you need to take a picture of both sides of your identity card. And finally you need to take four pictures from your testing space. You need to take pictures from all the directions showing all the walls around you.
您需要做的第一件事就是拍照。 然后，您需要对身份证的两面拍照。 最后，您需要从测试空间拍摄四张照片。 您需要从所有方向拍照以显示周围的所有墙壁。
After you complete this process, you need to put your phone away, in a place that is out of reach. Then you can move to the next step. You might need to wait for some minutes for a remote proctor to welcome you. This depends on how busy they are.
完成此过程后，您需要将手机放在遥不可及的地方。 然后，您可以转到下一步。 您可能需要等待几分钟，以使远程督导员欢迎您。 这取决于他们有多忙。
The first thing the proctor will do is to make sure that you are the one in the selfie that you took with your phone. They will also ask you to see your sleeves and hands to make sure that you don't have a watch. Also if you have glasses they will ask you to see the insides of your glasses.
监考人要做的第一件事是确保您是用手机拍摄的自拍照中的那个。 他们还将要求您查看袖子和手，以确保您没有手表。 另外，如果您有眼镜，他们会要求您看一下眼镜的内部。
Then the proctor will also validate your workspace. They will ask you to move your computer around, and show with the webcam the surroundings of your workplace. If there are things on top of the table they will ask you to remove them. The only thing you can keep on the table is a glass of water - and the glass needs to be transparent.
然后监理人还将验证您的工作空间。 他们将要求您四处移动计算机，并使用网络摄像头显示工作环境。 如果桌子上有东西，他们会要求您将其删除。 您只能在桌子上放一杯水-而且杯子必须是透明的。
After the proctor validates everything, they will say some basic rules and ask if you have any questions. Basically they will say that you need to keep your computer microphone and webcam open during the whole exam and that you need to have all your applications closed in your computer.
When everything is validated, the proctor will start the exam for you.
During the exam, you cannot talk. Even if you are reading the questions out loud or thinking out loud, you cannot speak at all. Also you always need to be in the view of the webcam, you cannot take breaks or go to the toilet.
考试期间，您无法说话。 即使您大声朗读问题或大声思考， 您也根本无法说话 。 同样，您始终需要从网络摄像机的角度出发，不能休息或上厕所。
My personal experience taking the online certification was very pleasant, even with all the restrictions. As I knew the restrictions beforehand I prepared the whole workspace for this day. I was quite relaxed as I was in my house, a place I feel safe and where I studied for this exam. At some point I forgot that someone was watching me and it felt like I was just rehearsing for the exam.
即使有所有限制，我个人获得在线认证的经历还是非常愉快的。 据我所知，我事先准备了整个工作区。 当我在家时，我感到很放松，那里是我感到安全的地方，也是我为这次考试而学习的地方。 在某个时候，我忘记了有人在看着我，感觉就像我只是在为考试排练。
I made a video about this experience with some of the tips and tricks I mentioned in this blog post. In this video you can see more personal comments and clips of my feelings right away after I took the exam.
Thanks for reading.
I’m Marcia Villalba, Developer Advocate for AWS and the host of a youtube channel called FooBar where I have over 250 video tutorials on Serverless, AWS and software engineer practices.
And I am also trying to get certified in as many certifications as I can, so you can follow me there and we can do it together.