精华内容
下载资源
问答
  • 动词+ing形式的用法动词的 -ing形式是动词的一种非谓语形式,由动词原形加 -ing构成,可以在句子中用作主语、宾语、表语、宾语补语、状语和定语。一、动词-ing形式作主语动词-ing形式作主语常用来表示经常性或习惯性...

    动词+ing形式的用法

    动词的 -ing形式是动词的一种非谓语形式,由动词原形加 -ing构成,可以在句子中用作主语、宾语、表语、宾语补语、状语和定语。一、动词-ing形式作主语

    动词-ing形式作主语常用来表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:

    Coming to Hangzhou by train takes about 16 hours.

    Swimming is the best sport in summer.

    Seeing is believing.

    注:有时,为了使句子保持平衡,可以用it作形式主语。如:

    It’s nice talking with you.

    It’s a waste of time arguing with such a woman.二、动词-ing形式作宾语

    动词-ing形式既可作动词、短语动词的宾语,又可作介词的宾语。

    1. 以下动词或短语需接动词-ing形式作宾语:admit, avoid, appreciate, consider, enjoy, finish, keep, mind, suggest等动词;dream of, feel like, give up, keep on, prefer… to, succeed in, think of等短语。

    2. 在下列短语中,to是介词,后面应该用动词-ing形式作宾语:be / get used to, look forward to, devote … to, pay attention to等。

    3. 有些动词既可能带-ing分词作宾语,也可以带to不定式作宾语,但在语义上却有很大的差别。

    forget doing 忘记做过某事;forget to do 忘记要做某事

    remember doing 记得做过某事;remember to do 记住要做某事

    stop to do 停下来去做某事;stop doing 停止做某事

    mean doing 意味着做;mean to do 打算做

    try to do 努力做某事;try doing 试一试做某事

    regret doing 后悔做了某事;regret to do 遗憾要做某事

    can’t help doing 禁不住做;can’t help (to) do不能帮忙做

    chance to do 碰巧去做某事;chance doing 冒险试一试做某事

    go on to do 接着又做另一件事;go on doing 继续做同一件事

    4. 在allow, advise, permit等动词后直接跟动词-ing形式作宾语,如果这些词后面有名词或代词作宾语,其后要用动词不定式作宾语补足语。如:

    We don’t allow smoking in the office.

    We don’t allow anyone to smoke in the office.

    5. 动词need, require, want作“需要”解时,其后用动词-ing的主动形式或不定式的被动形式作宾语,这时动词-ing的主动形式表示被动意义。如:

    This old car needs repairing.

    This old car needs to be repaired.三、动词-ing形式作表语

    1. 说明主语的内容,表语和主语往往可以互换位置。如:

    His job is teaching English. = Teaching English

    is his job.

    展开全文
  • 动词-ing用法一般式/完成式⑴时态和语态主动式与被动式动词-ing形式⑵句法功能(3)与不定式的比较I. 动词-ing形式的时态和语态(以及物动词make和不及物动词go为例)语态形式及物动词make不及物动词go主动语态被动...

    动词-ing 的用法

    一般式/完成式

    ⑴时态和语态

    主动式与被动式

    动词-ing形式⑵句法功能

    (3)与不定式的比较

    I. 动词-ing形式的时态和语态

    (以及物动词make和不及物动词go为例)

    语态形式及物动词make不及物动词go

    主动语态被动语态主动语态

    一般式making being made going

    完成式having made having been made having gone

    一般式(doing)表示主动的一般性的动作或者正在进行的动作;被动式(being done)表示正在进行的被动的动作;完成式(having done)表示发生在谓语动作之前的主动的动作;完成被动式(having been done)表示发生在谓语动作之前的被动的动作。

    注:每一种形式的否定式都是直接在前面加not构成。

    1.While walking in the street,we met some friends of ours

    我在街上散步的时候遇到了我的一些老朋友。

    2.The boy being scolded by the teacher is my friend.

    那个正挨训的男孩是我的朋友。

    3.Having done his homework,he turned off the light and went to bed.

    完成作业之后,他关上灯睡觉去了。

    4.Having been told many times, he finally understood it.

    被告诉了许多次,他终于明白了。

    5.Not having fully recovered from the operation, the patient was advised to stay in hospital for another two weeks.

    手术后还没有完全康复,这位病人被建议再住院两周。

    展开全文
  • 动词ing形式的用法及变化规则》由会员分享,可在线阅读,更多相关《动词ing形式的用法及变化规则(3页珍藏版)》请在人人文库网上搜索。1、动词ing形式的用法及变化规则1 动词ing形式的用法 1. 正在进行时中,谓语...

    《动词ing形式的用法及变化规则》由会员分享,可在线阅读,更多相关《动词ing形式的用法及变化规则(3页珍藏版)》请在人人文库网上搜索。

    1、动词ing形式的用法及变化规则1 动词ing形式的用法 1. 正在进行时中,谓语动词后加ing. 如:Im playing football. 2.一些特殊表达.如: be good at doing sth / enjoy doing sth. / be busy doing/ feel like doing / thank you for doing /do some cooking/cleaning/reading/shopping/washing go swimming/fishing/shopping/skating/boating 2 动词现在分词由动词原形在词尾加ing构成,其规。

    2、则如下: 1) 一般情况下直接加ing think-thinking/sleep-sleeping/study-studying/speak-speaking /carry-carrying/say-saying 2) 以不发音的字母e结尾的单词,去掉字母e,再加ing wake-waking/make-making/come-coming/take-taking/leave-leaving/have-having 3) 以重读闭音节结尾,呈现“辅,元,辅”结构的动词,先双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing 。初中学过的这类词有:begin,cut, get, hit, run, set, sit,。

    3、 spit, stop, swim, beg, drop, fit, nod, dig, forget, regret, rid, 等。 (visit 不是以重读闭音节结尾,不用双写) travel虽然重读第一音节,词尾音节不重读,但是现在分词仍要双写末尾辅音字母,然后再加ing ,如:tzravel-travelling.初中阶段此类词只有这一个。 4) 以 y 结尾的动词 直接加 ing carry carrying /enjoy enjoying5) 以ie结尾的动词,把ie改为y ,再加ing die-dying/lie-lying 要特别注意有些动词没有进行时态. 1、 表示状态、思。

    4、想、感情和感觉的动词,如:see, hear, love, know, want, hope, think等,没有进行时态。 2、当have/has作为“拥有”时,没有进行时态,但表示“开会,吃饭,玩得高兴”等意思时,可以用进行时表达。 I am having many books. (这是错误的句子) I am having a good time. (这才是正确的句子)练习:1. 写出下列动词的现在分词形式 work___________ visit__________ play__________ study__________ dance__________ have_________。

    5、_ travel__________ take__________ drop__________ sing __________ shop__________ swim__________ lie__________2 选择题练习 1. Who ______________ over there now? A. singing B. are sing C. is singing D. sing 2. Its eight oclock. The students _____ an English class. A. have B. having C. is having D. are havin。

    6、g 3. Listen! The baby _____ in the next room. A. crying B. cried C. is crying D. cries 4. Look! The twins _____ new sweaters. A. are wearing B. wearing C. are wear D. is wearing 5. Dont talk here. Grandparents _____. A. is sleeping B. are sleeping C. sleeping D. sleep3. 填空:1. Miss Li _______ (like) 。

    7、sleeping in the day. 2. Listen! Who ________ (talk) with your parents 3. The girl ________ ( not dance ) on Wednesday. She dances on Friday. 4. He wants ________ (be) a teacher. 5. Everyone _________(say) she is a good shop assistant. 6. Can she _________ (sing) in English 7. They like ________ (rea。

    8、d) under the tree. Look! They ________ (sit) there to read. 8. Lets ________ (eat) lunch together(一起). 9. Look! A cat ________ (run) up the tree. 10. Its 6:30. My brother ________ (see) a movie. 11. Sam ________ (go) to school at 7:00 every day. 12. Peggy is ________ (clean) the bedroom now. She is a good girl. 13. - Where ________ Mr. Green ________ (live) - He ________ in London. 14. - ________ you ________ (clean) your bedroom? - No, Im not. Im cleaning the living room. 15. - ________ Nancy ________ (talk) on the phone? - No, she isnt. She ________ (eat) lunch now。

    展开全文
  • 动词ing形式的用法2020-09-12 14:39:02文/董月-ing形式在句中作主语、表语、定语、宾语、宾语补足语和状语。在时间上表示动作正在进行,在语态上表示主动。闭音节的动词,要双写结尾的辅音,再加ing。如果结尾是不...

    动词ing形式的用法2020-09-12 14:39:02文/董月

    -ing形式在句中作主语、表语、定语、宾语、宾语补足语和状语。在时间上表示动作正在进行,在语态上表示主动。闭音节的动词,要双写结尾的辅音,再加ing。如果结尾是不发音的,把e去掉,再加ing。

    用法

    a.表示现在(指说话人说话时)正在发生的事情。

    We are waiting for you.

    b.习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。

    Mr. Green is writing another novel.

    (说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。)

    c.表示渐变的动词有:get,grow,become,turn,run,go,begins等。

    d.与always,constantly,forever等词连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态,往往带有说话人的主观色彩。

    动词ing形式变化规则

    1.–ing分词的构成主动形式 被动形式 doing being done 一般式 完成式 having done having been done 否定式:not+--ing/not having(been) done 不是 having not (been) done

    2.一般式和完成式的用法--ing分词的一般式表示和谓语动词所表示的动作同时进行的一个动作;完成式表示先于谓语动词动作之前的一个动作。如: Walking along the street, he caught sight of an old friend of his. Not having studied his lessons very hard, he failed the examinations.

    3.---ing分词的被动式当-ing分词与它的逻辑主语构成被动关系时,需要用被动形式。根据-ing 分词动作发生的时间,-ing分词的被动式分为一般被动式(being done)和完成被动式(having been done),如:The question being discussed is very important. Having been praised by the teacher, he works even harder.

    4.---ing分词的句法功能1)---ing分词作主语 Learning English has become a part of his life. It is no use trying to repair the ship. These holes are much too big. 2) ---ing分词作宾语 以下动词必须跟---ing分词作宾语:admit/ appreciate/avoid/consider/delay/deny/dislike/enjoy /excuse/finish/image/keep/mind/ miss/postpone/put off/practise/risk/stand/ stop/ suggest / give up/cannot help

    展开全文
  • 动词ing的几种常见用法山东省临清市张爱娟供稿【期刊名称】中学生英语(阅读与写作)【年(卷),期】2016(000)010【总页数】1为了让同学们更好掌握动词ing几种常见的用法和功能,现归纳总结如下:1.用于现在进行时态:be...
  • -ing分词的构成1-ing分词是由动词原形加词尾-ing构成。-ing分词同样有时态和语态的变化,通常有下表几种形式(以do为例):一般式完成式主动形式doing主动形式havingdone被动形式beingdone被动形式havingbeendone-ing...
  • 词go为例,将其-ing各种形式列表如下:动词语态形式及物动词make不及物动词go主动语态被动语态主动语态一般式makingbeingmadegoing完成式havingmadehavingbeenmadehavinggone2.–ing形式的基本用法。(1)作主语:...
  • 动词-ing形式作主语/动词-ing形式作表语...动词-ing形式的用法1)作主语。比如:Being a middle school teacher is fun.当一名中学老师是一大乐趣。Doing is not so easy as saying.做不像说那么容易。Flying in the ...
  • 动词-ing形式作状语我们在高一已经学习过动词-ing形式的用法,现在简要回顾一下其作状语的用法。【归纳】★动词-ing形式可以作状语,表示时间、原因、条件、让步、结果或伴随情况等。此外,动词-ing形式作状语时,其...
  • 动词ing形式的用法及变化规则一.动词ing形式的用法1.正在进行时中,谓语动词后加ing.如:I'mplayingfootball.2.一些特殊表达..如:begoodatdoingsthenjoydoingsth....
  • 1、一般情况下直接加ing,speak---speaking,say---saying,carry---carrying 。2、以不发音的字母e结尾的...3、以重读闭音节结尾,呈现“辅,元,辅”结构的动词,先双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing sit---sitting,ru...
  • 作者:蒋建平动词-ing形式分为:"动名词"和"现在分词"两种形式。它是由动词原形加上-ing构成的,它和不定式一样也是非谓语动词的一种。一、动名词1. 形式:动名词有四种形式,即主动一般式,被动一般式,主动完成式...
  • 动词ing形式可以在句子中作主语;动词ing形式可以使用在“it is+形容词+doing+其他”句型中;动词ing的形式在“There + be + no + -ing”的结构中做表语。动词ing形式可以用来表示正在进行的动作或者状态,基本...
  • 动词ing形式的用法及练习题(归纳整理,含答案)28. Little Jim should love ___ to the theatre this morning. A. to be taken B. to take C. being taken D. taking shoud love to 等于woud like...
  • 龙源期刊网http://www.qikan.com.cn动词ing的几种常见用法作者:张爱娟来源:《中学生英语·阅读与写作》2016年第10期为了让同学们更好掌握动词ing几种常见的用法和功能,现归纳总结如下:1.用于现在进行时态:be+...
  • 动词-ing形式包括传统语法的动名词和现在分词两个...动词ing形式变化规则的7种动词现在分词由动词原形在词尾加ing构成,其规则如下:1)一般情况下直接加ingthink---thinking sleep---sleeping study---studying sp...
  • 1动词原形及不定式的用法动词原形的用法1.除单三人称的一般现在时,其它人称作主语,动词用原形。2.将来时态shall, will, should, would之后用动词原形。3.祈使句句子开头用动词原形。4.助动词do, does, did之后用...

空空如也

空空如也

1 2 3 4 5 6
收藏数 116
精华内容 46
关键字:

动词ing用法