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  • 高考英语非谓语动词分词(过去分词)用法精讲 作状语Clearly and thoughtfully________(write),the book inspires confidence in students who wish to seek their own answers.【答案】___________句意:这本书脉络...
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    高考英语非谓语动词分词(过去分词)用法精讲

     作状语

    Clearly and thoughtfully________(write)the book inspires confidence in students who wish to seek their own answers.

    【答案】___________句意:这本书脉络清晰,论述深刻,能够激发那些自主探究答案的学生的自信心。bookwrite之间为___________关系,因此填write___________形式。

    ________(raise)in the poorest area of Glasgowhe had a longhard road to becoming a football star.

    【答案】___________句意:他在格拉斯哥最贫穷的地方被抚养长大,想成为足球明星还有一段很长、很艰难的路程要走。raisehe之间有逻辑上的___________关系,所以用______________________状语。

    ________(absorb)in paintingJohn didn't notice evening approaching.

    【答案】 ___________句意:专心致志于绘画中,约翰没有注意到夜幕降临。Johnabsorb之间是___________关系,be absorbed in 表示“___________”。

    思考:有那些是形容词化的过去分词:

    _______________________________________________________________________________

    作宾语补足语

    The manager was satisfied to see many new products ________(develop)after great effort.

    【答案】___________句意:经理看到经过很大的努力之后生产出了这么多新产品非常满意。see sth.done表示“看到某物被……”,句中productsdevelop之间为___________关系,故应填___________

    Back from his two­year medical service in AfricaDr.Lee was very happy to see his mother ________(take)good care of at home.

    【答案】___________ 句意:从在非洲为期两年的医疗服务回来后,李医生非常开心地看到他的母亲在家里被照顾得很好。see sb. ___________ “看到某人被……”。

    )When we saw the road________(block)with snowwe decided to spend the holidays at home.

    【答案】___________ 句意:当看到路被积雪封住了时,我们决定这个假期在家里度过。宾语road block之间是___________关系,所以用___________形式。

    作定语

    Yangshuo is really beautiful.A study of travelers ________(conduct)by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world.

    【答案】___________ 句意:……由旅行顾问网站进行的对旅游者的研究将阳朔命名为世界上前十位的旅游目的地之一。因为studyconduct之间是___________关系,所以使用______________________语。

    The producer comes regularly to collect the cameras________(return)to our shop for quality problems.

    【答案】___________句意:生产商定期来收集因质量问题而退回到我们店的相机。camerasreturn之间是___________关系,故应填___________

    You cannot accept an opinion ________(offer)to you unless it is based on facts.

    【答案】___________ 句意:你不能接受(别人)提供给你的观点,除非它是建立在事实的基础上的。分析句子结构可知,此处缺___________,而且句中opinion与动词offer之间为___________关系,故用___________形式。

    Amie Salmondisabledis attended throughout her school days by a nurse ________(appoint)to guard her.

    解析___________ 句意:由于残疾艾米·萨蒙在整个求学期间都由一位被指派的护士照料。nurseappoint之间为___________关系,故用______________________

    Paris________(regard) as a fashion capital like New YorkMilanand Londonhappens to be the headquarter of many top fashion houses like ChanelDiroHermesLouis Vuittonetc.

    【答案】___________ 句意:与纽约、米兰和伦敦一样被称作时尚之都的巴黎,正好是许多如香奈儿、迪奥、爱马仕、路易威登等顶级时尚品牌的总部。Paris与动词regard___________关系,故用___________分词作___________语。

    The decision ________(make) at the meeting surprised all of us.

    【答案】___________ 句意:会上做的决定让我们都很惊讶。decision与动词make___________关系,故用___________分词作___________语。

    状语从句的省略问题

    Childrenwhen ________(accompany)by their parentsare allowed to enter the stadium.

    【答案】 ___________ 句意:孩子们在有父母陪同时可被允许进入体育馆。childrenaccompany之间为被动关系,再由后面的by their parents可知,此处应填accompanied表示孩子被父母陪同。

    If ________(accept)for the jobyou'll be informed soon.

    【答案】___________ 句意:如果你被接受做这份工作,那么你很快就会收到通知。本句的主语youaccept之间是被动关系,所以这里使用过去分词形式,相当于状语从句If you are accepted for the job的省略。

    结构搭配应用

    While waiting for the opportunity to get ________(promote)Henry did his best to perform his duty.

    【答案】 ___________句意:在等待被提升的机会时,亨利尽力做好自己的本职工作。get此处为连系动词,意为“被;受到”,后面接动词的过去分词形式,构成“get+过去分词”式被动结构。

    Before driving into the cityyou are required to get your car________(wash)

    【答案】 ___________ 句意:在开车进入这个城市之前,你需要洗干净你的车。分析句子结构可知,空格处在句中作宾语补足语。宾语your car与动词wash之间是被动关系,所以用过去分词形式。

    When I passed this afternoonI saw a little boy lying on the grasshis hands ________(cross) under his head.

    【答案】 ___________ 句意:今天下午路过时,我看见一个男孩躺在草地上,双手交叉放在头下。handscross___________关系,表示“双手被交叉”,故填___________分词。

    语法填空练习题

    __1__(get) a good education may be the most important price you can paybecauseperhaps more than anything elsewhat you do __2__ that huge gray material between your ears will determine your future.These words __3__(actual) describe millions of people worldwide who choose to limit their potential ability by not __4__(widen) their education.

    A person is much more likely to have better job __5__(offer)more successful careerand a higher yearly salary with a __6__(good) education.Thisin turn would allow for much better lifestyle.

    Our generation will become the doctorslawyersteachers and leaders of tomorrow.__7__(do) this successfullya higher level of education is very importantA higher education will mean a better life stylea better ability __8__(adjust) to new technologiesand a various life.Our world cannot afford any __9__(use) potential.

    We must crave learning.Thisin turnwill pay for not only our future but also will help to insure success for those __10__ follow.

    【参考答案】

    1Getting 所填词在句中作句子主语,故用动名词。

    2with do with是固定短语,意为“处理”。

    3actually 作状语修饰动词describe,意为“实际上”,故用副词。

    4widening 在介词后用动名词形式。

    5offers 根据后面的career等判断本空应为名词,offer是可数名词,作“提议,开价”讲,此处是泛指,用复数形式。

    6better 根据前后的higherbetter判断本空填比较级better

    7To do 动词不定式作目的状语。

    8to adjust ability后通常用不定式作定语,表示“做……的能力”。

    9unused 作名词potential的定语,与其是被动关系,而且表示“未被使用的”意义,故填unused

    10who/that 引导定语从句,作主语,修饰指人的those,故填whothat

    高考英语非谓语动词分词(过去分词)用法精讲(参考答案)

     作状语

    Clearly and thoughtfully________(write)the book inspires confidence in students who wish to seek their own answers.

    【答案】 written 句意:这本书脉络清晰,论述深刻,能够激发那些自主探究答案的学生的自信心。bookwrite之间为被动关系,因此填write的过去分词形式。

    ________(raise)in the poorest area of Glasgowhe had a longhard road to becoming a football star.

    【答案】 Raised 句意:他在格拉斯哥最贫穷的地方被抚养长大,想成为足球明星还有一段很长、很艰难的路程要走。raisehe之间有逻辑上的动宾关系,所以用过去分词作原因状语。

    ________(absorb)in paintingJohn didn't notice evening approaching.

    【答案】 Absorbed 句意:专心致志于绘画中,约翰没有注意到夜幕降临。Johnabsorb之间是被动关系,be absorbed in 表示“专心于……”。

    作宾语补足语

    The manager was satisfied to see many new products ________(develop)after great effort.

    【答案】 developed 句意:经理看到经过很大的努力之后生产出了这么多新产品非常满意。see sth.done表示“看到某物被……”,句中productsdevelop之间为被动关系,故应填developed

    Back from his two­year medical service in AfricaDr.Lee was very happy to see his mother ________(take)good care of at home.

    【答案】 taken 句意:从在非洲为期两年的医疗服务回来后,李医生非常开心地看到他的母亲在家里被照顾得很好。see sb.done“看到某人被……”。

    )When we saw the road________(block)with snowwe decided to spend the holidays at home.

    【答案】 blocked 句意:当看到路被积雪封住了时,我们决定这个假期在家里度过。宾语road block之间是被动关系,所以用过去分词形式。

    作定语

    Yangshuo is really beautiful.A study of travelers ________(conduct)by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world.

    【答案】 conducted 句意:……由旅行顾问网站进行的对旅游者的研究将阳朔命名为世界上前十位的旅游目的地之一。因为studyconduct之间是被动关系,所以使用过去分词作定语。

    The producer comes regularly to collect the cameras________(return)to our shop for quality problems.

    【答案】 returned 句意:生产商定期来收集因质量问题而退回到我们店的相机。camerasreturn之间是被动关系,故应填returned

    You cannot accept an opinion ________(offer)to you unless it is based on facts.

    【答案】 offered 句意:你不能接受(别人)提供给你的观点,除非它是建立在事实的基础上的。分析句子结构可知,此处缺后置定语,而且句中opinion与动词offer之间为被动关系,故用过去分词形式。

    Amie Salmondisabledis attended throughout her school days by a nurse ________(appoint)to guard her.

    解析】 appointed 句意:由于残疾艾米·萨蒙在整个求学期间都由一位被指派的护士照料。nurseappoint之间为被动关系,故用过去分词作定语。

    Paris________(regard) as a fashion capital like New YorkMilanand Londonhappens to be the headquarter of many top fashion houses like ChanelDiroHermesLouis Vuittonetc.

    【答案】 regarded 句意:与纽约、米兰和伦敦一样被称作时尚之都的巴黎,正好是许多如香奈儿、迪奥、爱马仕、路易威登等顶级时尚品牌的总部。Paris与动词regard是被动关系,故用过去分词作定语。

    The decision ________(make) at the meeting surprised all of us.

    【答案】 made 句意:会上做的决定让我们都很惊讶。decision与动词make是被动关系,故用过去分词作定语。

    状语从句的省略问题

    Childrenwhen ________(accompany)by their parentsare allowed to enter the stadium.

    【答案】 accompanied 句意:孩子们在有父母陪同时可被允许进入体育馆。childrenaccompany之间为被动关系,再由后面的by their parents可知,此处应填accompanied表示孩子被父母陪同。

    If ________(accept)for the jobyou'll be informed soon.

    【答案】 accepted 句意:如果你被接受做这份工作,那么你很快就会收到通知。本句的主语youaccept之间是被动关系,所以这里使用过去分词形式,相当于状语从句If you are accepted for the job的省略。

    结构搭配应用

    While waiting for the opportunity to get ________(promote)Henry did his best to perform his duty.

    【答案】 promoted 句意:在等待被提升的机会时,亨利尽力做好自己的本职工作。get此处为连系动词,意为“被;受到”,后面接动词的过去分词形式,构成“get+过去分词”式被动结构。

    Before driving into the cityyou are required to get your car________(wash)

    【答案】 washed 句意:在开车进入这个城市之前,你需要洗干净你的车。分析句子结构可知,空格处在句中作宾语补足语。宾语your car与动词wash之间是被动关系,所以用过去分词形式。

    When I passed this afternoonI saw a little boy lying on the grasshis hands ________(cross) under his head.

    【答案】 crossed 句意:今天下午路过时,我看见一个男孩躺在草地上,双手交叉放在头下。handscross是被动关系,表示“双手被交叉”,故填过去分词。

    语法填空练习题

    __1__(get) a good education may be the most important price you can paybecauseperhaps more than anything elsewhat you do __2__ that huge gray material between your ears will determine your future.These words __3__(actual) describe millions of people worldwide who choose to limit their potential ability by not __4__(widen) their education.

    A person is much more likely to have better job __5__(offer)more successful careerand a higher yearly salary with a __6__(good) education.Thisin turn would allow for much better lifestyle.

    Our generation will become the doctorslawyersteachers and leaders of tomorrow.__7__(do) this successfullya higher level of education is very importantA higher education will mean a better life stylea better ability __8__(adjust) to new technologiesand a various life.Our world cannot afford any __9__(use) potential.

    We must crave learning.Thisin turnwill pay for not only our future but also will help to insure success for those __10__ follow.

    【参考答案】

    1Getting 所填词在句中作句子主语,故用动名词。

    2with do with是固定短语,意为“处理”。

    3actually 作状语修饰动词describe,意为“实际上”,故用副词。

    4widening 在介词后用动名词形式。

    5offers 根据后面的career等判断本空应为名词,offer是可数名词,作“提议,开价”讲,此处是泛指,用复数形式。

    6better 根据前后的higherbetter判断本空填比较级better

    7To do 动词不定式作目的状语。

    8to adjust ability后通常用不定式作定语,表示“做……的能力”。

    9unused 作名词potential的定语,与其是被动关系,而且表示“未被使用的”意义,故填unused

    10who/that 引导定语从句,作主语,修饰指人的those,故填whothat

    非谓语动词使用之ed分词学习

    1. 2017·北京卷】32. Jim has retired, but he still remembers the happy time _______ with his students.

    A. to spend     B. spend       C. spending    D. spent

    2.2016·北京】28. ______ over a week ago, the books are expected to arrive any time now.

    A. Ordering         B. To order

    C. Having ordered          D. Ordered

    3.The man went to bed ________ (drink) and  when he woke up he found his shoes still on.

    4. What’s the language ______ in Germany?

    A. speaking          B. spoken        

    C. be spoken     D. to speak

    5.Have you got everything ________ (require)

    6. The country,___________(cover) with cherry tree flowers, looks as though it is covered with pink snow. (节日里)整个国度到处是盛开的樱花,看上去就像覆盖了一层粉红色的雪。

    7. ______, liquids can be changed into gases.

      A. Heating      B. To be heated    

    C. Heated          D. Heat

    8. __________(Support) by his academic research, Professor Salovey suggests that when predicting someone’s future success, their character, as measured by EQ tests, might actually matter more than their IQ.

    4dd6dd1681664d16973695e449b84318.png4dd6dd1681664d16973695e449b84318.png

    9.Have you read the novel________ (write) by Dickens?

    你读过狄更斯写的这部小说吗?(表被动、完成)

    10.________ (devote) to her career she has little time to spend with her family.

    11.ListenThe song being sung is very popular with the students.

    听!正唱着的这首歌非常受学生们的欢迎。(表被动、正在进行)

    12.The question to be discussed at tomorrow's meeting is very important.

    明天在会上将要讨论的问题非常重要。(表被动、将来)

    13.When offered helpone often says“Thank you”or“It's kind of you”(时间)当被提供帮助的时候,人们常说“Thank you”“It's kind of you”

    14.Generally speakingif taken according to the directionsthe drug has no side effect.(条件)

    一般来说,如果按照说明服用,这种药没有副作用。

    使用过去分词参考答案

    1.【答案】D  2【答案】D

    3.此处drunk为过去分词形式的形容词,意为醉酒的,在这里补充说明主语的状态。

    答案:drunk

    4.B

    5. 动词require与其逻辑主语everything为动宾关系,故使用过去分词表示被动,此处非谓语动词作后置定语修饰everything

    答案:required

    6. covered

    7.C

    8. Supported

    9. written

    10. 答案:Devoted

    d7cfb2a28bae8b10b969aab71a4e6d0f.png

    展开全文
  • 简单的来说,就是动词不同的形式,但是深层来...那动词的过去分词有时就可以充当这么一种非谓语的角色,所有被动语态中行为动词的过去分词都是一种非谓语,这就跟过去时由区别了,动词过去时都应该是谓语动词。这是第一

    简单的来说,就是动词不同的形式,但是深层来说,有些过去分词在句子中是一种非谓语动词,非谓语动词你晓得撒,我们最常接触到的非谓语动词就是不定式to do。。。啊,如果你有点昏就接着看下去。I want to die这句话中的to die就是一个非谓语动词。真正的谓语动词其实是want而不是die,一个句子中不能有两个谓语动词,所以就用不定式来修饰die。那动词的过去分词有时就可以充当这么一种非谓语的角色,所有被动语态中行为动词的过去分词都是一种非谓语,这就跟过去时由区别了,动词过去时都应该是谓语动词。这是第一个区别。第二个区别,过去分词有时还可以当过去分词化的形容词来做定语和表语,比如说,a broken head。此时的broken就是一个过去分词化的形容词,原型式break,或者the head is broken。当然过去式是肯定不可以的,因为它只做谓语。第三个区别,过去分词还可以做后置定语比如说the boy called XXX is a pig.此时的called就是过去分词做后置定语,一个叫做XXX的男孩是猪,严格来说,说过去分词和过去式的区别是很不严谨的,只能说它们用法不一样而不能说有什么什么区别。
    一、 形式上的区别
    1、规则动词的过去式和过去分词没有区别,基本都是在动词后面加上ed。
    2、不规则动词的过去式和过去分词有些不一样,但也有不少是一样的。比如read,它的过去式和过去分词和动词原形是一样的,只是读音有所区别。你试图从形式上来区分过去式和过去分词是行不通的,即使你把不规则动词表背得很熟也没有一点用。
    我们反对大家死背不规则动词表,用到某个动词时查一下就行了,为什么要死背呢?或许有人又会说,不背下来考试时怎么办呢?请大家多看看高考试卷,看看有什么地方需要你死背单词的?
    二、意义上的区别
    动词的过去式和过去分词实际上都是用来描述一个“已经发生的行为”,区别只是着重点不同,过去式着重点在“行为本身”,相当于汉语的“~了”。过去分词着重点在“行为的结果或影响”,也就是说动词的过去分词主要是用于说明相当于汉语“已~”或“被~”这样的概念。
    三、过去式和过去分词的本质区别
    过去式是限定动词,只能用在直接接主语(和主语之间没有其它的动词)的场合。而过去分词是非限定动词,不能直接接主语,如果用在接主语的场合,必须在主语和过去分词之间增加一个助动词。
    所以大家只要了解了句子的主语,就能很准确地区分过去式和过去分词 请大家读一读下面的句子:
    He is washed from sin. 他被洗清罪恶。
    提示:washed和主语he之间有一个助动词is。
    Tears washed her cheeks. 眼泪沾湿了她的面颊。
    The green car caught me on the straightaway.
    那辆绿卡车在直路上超过了我。
    caught[kC:t]vbl.catch的过去式和过去分词
    The ball caught him on the head.
    球击中了他的头。
    The police caught the thief.
    警察抓住了小偷。
    He was caught
    by the policeman.
    他被警察捉住了。
    提示:caught 和主语he之间有一个be动词was。
    The artist
    has caught her smile perfectly.
    艺术家巧妙地捕捉住她的笑容.
    提示:caught和主语the artist之间有一个助动词has。
    I couldn’t have got
    to the meeting
    on time – unless I had caught an earlier train.
    我不可能及时赶到会场,除非我赶上了较早的一班火车。
    过去式用来表达动词的“过了”、“完了”等意思,汉语里表达动作的时间时采用的是前后加字法,即在动词的前面或后面加字,如表达做过和做完,只要在动词的 后面加上“过了”、“完了”就行了,如吃过了、看过了。而英语采用的是变形法,即不加字,而是让动词本身发生变化,如eat变成ate,see变成 saw,ate、saw就是表达“吃过了”、“看过”的过去式。而“过去分词”则完全是另一回事,它的写法和过去式有时一样有时不一样(简单词多不一样, 长词多一样),但用法完全不一样,它有时表达“被……”,有时表达“完成……”,不仅可以做动词,还可以做形容词。这一点请看快步英语的语法大表。“过去 分词”的命名是极为错误和不负责任的,不能因为它与过去式长得像就也命名为过去,这样命名会造成不必要的混乱和难以区分,其实过去分词若改名叫“被动分词 ”或“完成分词”则要好理解一些。然而“分”字的定义也有问题,为何叫“分词”?怎么不叫“合词”?道理是什么?我在快步英语的新英语语法理论里把过去分 词改名叫动词的“-ed形式”,这样回避了各种命名矛盾,又好理解又容易学。类似的命名不合理问题在传统语法理论里比比皆是,造成大家怎么也学不会英语语 法,怎么也搞不清这个和那个有什么区别,合理命名后都可以解决。 过去式指的是句子中的动作发生在过去,就要把动词变形,用过去式;但如果是用在被动语态中的句子,也就是说动作的发生与主语不是主动的关系,而是被动的关 系,就要用上过去分词。有两个句子,可以帮助你分析清楚: 1。My father taught me English last summer holiday. 2.My father was taught English by me last summer holiday. 你看这两句话有什么区别呢?意思分别是: 1。去年暑假,我爸爸教我英语。 2。去年暑假,我教我爸爸英语。

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  • 第 第 PAGE 1 页 共 NUMPAGES 1 页 spring的过去式...下面跟着小编一起来学习一下吧 spring的过去式和其他时态 过去式: sprang 过去分词: sprung 现在分词: springing spring的用法 spring的用法1spring的基本意思是跃,
  • 过去式与过去分词的用法与区别

    千次阅读 2012-04-21 09:36:49
    过去分词: 1). 用于完成时,与have和had分别构成现在完成(进行 时和过去完成(进行)时,做谓语。 例:She has gone to school. 2). 与be构成被动语态。 例:He is beaten by his father. 3). 非谓语动词之一,...
    过去式:用于一般过去时,做谓语。
    例:She went to school yesterday.
    过去分词:
    1). 用于完成时,与have和had分别构成现在完成(进行 时和过去完成(进行)时,做谓语。
    例:She has gone to school.
    2). 与be构成被动语态。
    例:He is beaten by his father.
    3). 非谓语动词之一,表示被动,完成的意思,可作定语,表语,补语和状语。
    例:The boy beaten by his father is my friend.
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  • English:现在分词和过去分词的用法

    千次阅读 2007-12-08 10:59:00
    1.现在分词与过去分词的区别: 表示情感及物动词如excite, discourage, disappoint, encourage, inspire, interest, move, please, puzzle, surprise, worry等,其分词常加上后缀-ing或-ed转化为分词(也可称为...

     

     

     

    1.现在分词与过去分词的区别:
    表示情感的及物动词如excite, discourage, disappoint, encourage, inspire, interest, move, please, puzzle, surprise, worry等,其分词常加上后缀-ing或-ed转化为分词(也可称为形容词),用作表、定、状或补语。在这种情况下,分词主要体现了语态的不同。现在分词有主动意味,含有“具有令人……的特性”的意思;而过去分词有被动意味,含有“受到影响而感到……”的意思。例如:
    In Aswan, there are plenty of interesting places to visit. 阿斯旺有许多值得一去的地方。
    Some people whose lives are full are always interesting to talk to. 有些人的生活经历丰富,与他们交谈总是令人感兴趣的。
    If I can find you any support, would you be interested? 假如我能为你找到资助,你对此有兴趣吗?
    但是,由不及物动词转化而成的分词作形容词时,则体现了时态的不同。现在分词表示该动作正在进行,而过去分词表示该动作已经完成。例如:
    The woodcutter was standing next to a fallen tree. 那个樵夫站在一棵伐倒的树旁。
    fallen leaves落(在地上的)叶(比较:a falling leaf一片飘落的树叶)
    boiled water(煮)开(过的)水(比较:boiling water沸腾着的水)
    the risen sun升得老高的日头(比较:the rising sun初升的太阳)
    现在我来回答你的具体问题。
    dog是Barking动作的发起者,表示主动关系。自然就没有barked dogs这一说法了。
    我们可以说I lost a chance yesterday.反过来也可以说A chance was lost yesterday.所以说chance是lost的承受者,表示被动关系。想通了么?
    自然就没有losting chance这一说法了。
    这个消息很激动人心。是说这个消息“具有令人激动起来的特性”,于是它就表示主动了嘛。
    学生们很激动。是说他们“受到什么影响而感到激动”,这样它就表示就是被动了哦!

    **************************************************

    现在分词和过去分词主要差别在于:现在分词表示“主动和进行”,过去分词表示“被动和完成”(不及物动词的过去分词不表示被动,只表示完成)。分词可以有自己的状语、宾语或逻辑主语等。

    1)分词作状语分词在句子中作状语,可以表示时间、条件、原因、结果、让步、伴随等。分词做状语时,它的逻辑主语与句子的主语一致。作状语的分词相当于一个状语从句。

    【例如】

    Hearing the news, they all jumped with joy. Using what you know of word stems and word formations, you can make a guess at the meaning of a new word.

    The students went out of the classroom, laughing and talking. Accompanied by his friend, he went to the railway station.Given better attention, the plants could grow better.

    He looked tired and depressed, visibly disturbed by the news of his mother's illness.

    分词在句子中作状语,使用何种分词,要取决于分词与句子主语的关系:主谓关系用现在分词,动宾或被动关系用过去分词。

    【例如】

    Notshavingsenough hands, we turned to them for help.(we don't have enough hands).

    Taught by mistakes and setbacks, we have become wiser and handled our affairs better. (we are taught/teach us) .Inspired by the International, the working people of all countries have been fighting for their final liberation. (the working people were inspired/ inspire the working people)____the earth to be flat, many feared that Columbus would fall off the edge. (CET-4 1996,6)

    A)shavingsbelieved B) Believing C) Believed D) Being believed

    本句意思为:相信地球是平的,许多人担心哥伦布会从边上掉下去。许多人与相信之间是主谓关系,及分词与主语之间为主谓关系。因此,应用现在分词,答案为B.

    No matter how frequently ____, the works of Beethoven always attract large audiences. (CET-4 1995,6)

    A) performing B) performed C) to be performed D) being performed

    本句中贝多芬的作品被反复表演,可见分词与句子的主语之间是被动关系,应该用过去分词,故答案为B.

    ____as it was at such a time, his work attracted much attention. (CET-4 1996,1)

    A) Being published B) Published C) Publishing D) To be published

    本句中as引导的是让步状语从句,意思为:他的作品尽管在被这样的时候出版,还是引起了关注,可见分词与句子的主语之间是被动关系,应该用过去分词,故答案为B.

    2)“while ( when, once, until, if , though等连词)+分词”结构现在分词或过去分词作状语时,有时可以在分词前加while,when, once, although, until, if等连词。

    【例如】

    When leaving the airport, she waved again and again to us.While waiting for the train, I had a long talk with my sister about her work..

    Once recovered, he threw himselfsintoshis work and made every effort to do it well.

    Although working very hard, he failed to pass the final exam.If translated word by word, the passage will be difficult to understand.

    3)分词作定语分词作定语时,单个的分词通常放在被修饰的名词之前,分词短语一般置于所修饰的中心词后面。现在分词修饰的是发出该动作的名词(即与名词有主谓关系),过去分词修饰承受该动作的名词(即与名词是动宾关系)。

    【例如】

    We will go on with our experiment as soon as we get the added fund.

    This is really an exhausting day to all of us!

    We can see the part of the moon lighted by sunlight.

    After a night spent in excitement and sleeplessness, I forced myself to take a long walk along the beach the next day.

    More and more developing countries established strategic partnership with developed countries.

    The young sitting between my sister and my brother is my cousin Jack..

    As early as 1649 Ohio made a decision that free, tax-supported schools must be established in every town ____50 households or more. (CET-4 1998,1)

    A)shavingsB) to have C) to have had D)shavingshad Town

    后面由分词做定语,而且town本身有50或以上人家,故town与分词间为主谓关系,应该用现在分词,答案为A。

    4)分词作宾语补足语现在分词在see, watch, hear, observe, notice, feel, find, glimpse, glance等感官动词和look at, listen to等短语动词以及have, keep, get, catch, leave, set, start, send等使役动词后面与名词或代词构成复合宾语,作宾语补语的成分。

    【例如】

    On the top of the hill, we could see smoke rising from the chimneys in the village.

    The little boy sat beside the railway line and watched the trains roaring by.

    We should not leave him wondering what he should do.

    I am sorry to have kept you waiting for such a long time.

    I caught him dozing off in class.

    过去分词可以在allow, ask, consider, desire, expect, feel, find, get, have, hear, imagine, keep, like, make, observe, order, permit, prefer, remember, request, require, see, urge动词等后面作宾语补足语。

    【例如】

    After my encounter with her, I found myself greatly shaken.You should keep her informed of what is going on here.The teacher expected the students well prepared for the examination.

    在动词see, hear, feel, watch, notice,perceive,observe, listen to, look at后既可用现在分词做补语,也可用不定式做补语。用现在分词表示动作正在进行,用不定式表示的动作的全过程已经完成。

    【例如】

    I saw Mr. White get off a bus.

    I saw Mr. White lookingsintosa shop window.

    ——Do you hear someone knocking at the door?

    ——Yes, I did. I heard him knock three times.

    5)分词作表语分词作表语通常看作形容词来用。现在分词表示主语的性质,而且主语多为物;过去分词表示主语的感受或状态,主语多为人。

    【例如】

    The film“Pearl Harbor”is really exciting. I am excited about it.

    His response to the question was quite disappointing. I felt disappointed at his response.

     

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  • try可以做名词,也可以做动词。作动词时有试图,想要,设法审理等含义;作名词时有尝试,持球触地得分等含义。...第三人称单数:tries 现在分词:trying 过去式:tried 过去分词:triedtry的用法一.及物动词 vt.1....
  • 非谓语形式有三种:1、动词不定式:to do 2、动词的ing : doing 3、 动词的过去分词:done二、三种形式的含义(基本用法)不定式:表示目的和将来;动词的ing:表示主动和进行;过去分词:表示被动和完成。三、非谓语...
  • Be 动词的八种形式 1.be 2.is 3.am 4.are 5.was 6.were 7.being 8.been be 是动词原形。 is,am,are 是一般现在时时态的be动词。...being 时现在分词.been是过去分词。 例句 1.The man is back. 那个男人回来了。 (...
  • 一、构成含有情态动词的被动语态的结构为“情态动词+助动词be+及物动词的过去分词”情态动词指can,may, must, should等。The flowers should be watered.应该给花浇水了。Tables can be made of stone.桌子可由石头...
  • 教育丨阅读丨生活丨成长近期热点中考听力1800词仁爱护眼笔记人教音频语法仁爱视频讲解初中语法精选外研初中英语细说新概念分词就两种:现在分词和过去分词,分别都可以作定语也可以作状语,分词用法是高中英语学习...
  • dig意思vt. (如用铲、锨或推土机等)挖掘,...dig用法dig可以用作动词dig基本意思是用铁锹或类似工具破土挖到地面以下,可以是把土松动; 也可以是挖成洞穴或沟等; 还可以是把地下某物弄到地面上来,如挖土豆等。引申...
  • 原形 do did done doing 原形 过去式 过去分词 现在分词 does 单数 1 我 做 。 你 做。 I do。 You do. 小芳 做es。 Xiaofang does.2 我们 做, 他们 做。 这五个人 做 。 We do. They do . The five people do ...
  • copy的过去式和其他时态:过去式: copied过去分词: copied现在分词: copyingcopy的用法:copy的用法1:copy的基本意思是对原物的复制,并力图在形状、外观、特征等方面与原物尽可能相似,可表示“模仿”“仿效”,也可...
  • 词组短语consort with陪伴;与…闲混;与…一致双语例句用作名词(n.)The queen consort ...用作动词(v.)Don't consort with criminals.不要和犯罪分子结交。If Mary and Kate were friends, then to consort with K...
  • supervise做动词有监督;...supervise的过去式和其他时态:过去式: supervised过去分词: supervised现在分词: supervisingsupervise的用法:supervise的用法1:supervise的基本意思是“管理,监督”,强调权威性与...
  • 55 非谓语动词语法

    2019-09-19 09:09:43
    动词的过去分词:done 非谓语动词语法 二、三种形式的含义(基本用法) 不定式:表示目的和将来; 动词的ing:表示主动和进行; 过去分词:表示被动和完成。 三、非谓语动词的时态和语态 一...
  • 非谓语动词包含四种形式,即不定式、动名词、现在分词和过去分词。具体形式如下:1. 不定式:to do(表示主动,并且一般表示将来),做主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语和补语。2. 动名词:doing (表示主动),做主语、...
  • 想知道style的用法吗?今天小编给大家带来了style的用法,希望能够帮助到大家,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。style的用法总结大全style... 过去分词:styled;style用法style可以用作动词style作名词时意...
  • 匿名用户1级2018-11-06 回答1、called和call都是同源单词,called可以看做是call的派生词,二者意思相近,形式和用法都不同,即called是call的过去式或过去分词形式。2、call的用法call既可用作动词,又可用作名词。...
  • 过去分词:called;call用法call可以用作动词call基本意思是“叫喊”,指各种场合下大声说话,强调叫喊实际动作。引申可表示“命名”“拜访”“通电话”“召唤”等。call可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。作...
  • embarrass是什么意思,关于embarrass的用法和例句搭配有哪些,本文比网校为大家整理相关内容。 embarrass意思vt.&... 过去分词:embarrassed;embarrass用法embarrass可以用作动词embarrass作“使窘迫; 使难为...
  • set意思vt. 放置,安置,使处于某种状况,设置,摆放...set用法set可以用作动词set基本意思是“放,搁”,指为了明确目的而将某人或某物放在一个特定位置或使其处于某种状态。引申可指“使凝固,使变坚固”“确定,...
  • jam意思n....jam用法jam可以用作动词jam基本意思是“夹”“挤在中间”而四方受力,从而不能活动或脱开。常指“堵塞”“挤满”,有时也指枪、机器、零件等堵塞、移位、出现故障等而阻碍运转。j...
  • assume用法assume可以用作动词assume基本意思是“想当然”,即指人假定某事物是真实,它可以指事物本身真实性,也可以表示事物会发生什么样结果。assume作“假设”解时,指在证据很少或者存有异议时,甚至在根本...
  • 在开始讲解直陈式现在时主要用法之前,我们有必要先搞清楚两个基本概念:▶语式(mode):语式是动词表达动作方式。一个动作,可以作为实在事表达出来,也可以作为希望或单纯设想事表达出来,法语动词共有六...
  • deny是什么意思,关于deny... deny是及物动词,其现在分词/过去式/过去分词形式为:denying/denied/denied.2. 中学阶段一般只要求掌握它三种用法:1)vt.否定/否认,结构是:deny sth;deny doing sth = deny ha...

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动词的过去分词用法