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  • 下载Oracel 11g Grid安装包 Oracle官网https://www.oracle.com 快捷访问路径:https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/downloads/112010-linx8664soft-100572.html 转载于:...

    下载Oracel 11g  Grid的安装包

    Oracle官网 https://www.oracle.com

    快捷访问路径:https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/downloads/112010-linx8664soft-100572.html

    转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/yr1126/p/10980028.html

    展开全文
  • Oracle 11g R2 的 Grid Infrastructure 安装包

    千次阅读 2011-04-10 16:42:00
    从11gR2开始,如果要安装RAC, ASM, ACFS(11gR2最新支持的ASM集群文件系统), 必须先安装Grid Infrastructure, 然后再安装Oracle Database。 <br /> Oracle Grid Infrastructure includes the ...

    从11gR2开始,如果要安装RAC, ASM, ACFS(11gR2最新支持的ASM集群文件系统), 必须先安装Grid Infrastructure, 然后再安装Oracle Database。


    Oracle Grid Infrastructure includes the following features:

    • Oracle Clusterware

      • Application monitoring, restart, and failover

      • Cluster membership services

      • Server monitoring and fencing

      • Single Client Access Name (SCAN)

      • Server Pools

      • Grid Naming Services

    • Oracle Automatic Storage Management

      • Dynamic storage rebalancing

      • Storage mirroring

      • Online disk add/drop

    • ASM Cluster File System

      • Shared file system with concurrent access to files from multiple nodes

      • Local file system

    • ASM Dynamic Volumes

      • Volume management services for ACFS

      • Volume management services for 3rd-party file systems

     

    展开全文
  • [grid@node1 grid]$ ./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n node1,node2 -fixup -verbose 缺失的包: Check: Package existence for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)" Node Name Available Required Comment -----...
     
    

    ***********************************************声明********************************************** 

    原创作品,出自 “深蓝的blog” 博客,欢迎转载,转载时请务必注明出处否则追究版权法律责任。

    表述有错误之处,请您留言或邮件(hyldba@163.com)指明,不胜感激。

    本文转载必须保留此处:http://blog.csdn.net/huangyanlong/article/details/39227577

    深蓝的blog:http://blog.csdn.net/huangyanlong

    ***************************************************************************************************


    ***************************************

    集群下安装包的检测

    ***************************************
    [grid@node1 grid]$ ./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n node1,node2 -fixup -verbose
    缺失的包:
    Check: Package existence for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)  failed    
      node1         missing                   libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)  failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)"
    
    Check: Package existence for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)  failed    
      node1         missing                   libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)  failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)"
    Check: Package existence for "sysstat-5.0.5" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   sysstat-5.0.5             failed    
      node1         missing                   sysstat-5.0.5             failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "sysstat-5.0.5"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)    failed    
      node1         missing                   unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)    failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)  failed    
      node1         missing                   unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)  failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)  failed    
      node1         missing                   unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)  failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)  failed    
      node1         missing                   unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)  failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "pdksh-5.2.14" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   pdksh-5.2.14              failed    
      node1         missing                   pdksh-5.2.14              failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "pdksh-5.2.14"
    ***************************************

    yum安装包不成功提示

    ***************************************
    [root@node1 ~]# yum install unixO* -y
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
    file:///cd1/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 5] OSError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/cd1/repodata/repomd.xml'
    Trying other mirror.
    Setting up Install Process
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package unixODBC.i386 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    ---> Package unixODBC.x86_64 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    ---> Package unixODBC-devel.i386 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    ---> Package unixODBC-devel.x86_64 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    ---> Package unixODBC-kde.i386 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    ---> Package unixODBC-kde.x86_64 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    Dependencies Resolved
    
    ================================================================================
     Package                Arch           Version              Repository     Size
    ================================================================================
    Installing:
     unixODBC               i386           2.2.11-7.1           debug         832 k
     unixODBC               x86_64         2.2.11-7.1           debug         835 k
     unixODBC-devel         i386           2.2.11-7.1           debug         739 k
     unixODBC-devel         x86_64         2.2.11-7.1           debug         796 k
     unixODBC-kde           i386           2.2.11-7.1           debug         560 k
     unixODBC-kde           x86_64         2.2.11-7.1           debug         595 k
    
    Transaction Summary
    ================================================================================
    Install       6 Package(s)
    Upgrade       0 Package(s)
    
    Total download size: 4.3 M
    Downloading Packages:
    
    Error Downloading Packages:
      unixODBC-devel-2.2.11-7.1.i386: failure: CentOS/unixODBC-devel-2.2.11-7.1.i386.rpm from debug: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
      unixODBC-devel-2.2.11-7.1.x86_64: failure: CentOS/unixODBC-devel-2.2.11-7.1.x86_64.rpm from debug: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
      unixODBC-2.2.11-7.1.x86_64: failure: CentOS/unixODBC-2.2.11-7.1.x86_64.rpm from debug: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
      unixODBC-kde-2.2.11-7.1.i386: failure: CentOS/unixODBC-kde-2.2.11-7.1.i386.rpm from debug: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
      unixODBC-kde-2.2.11-7.1.x86_64: failure: CentOS/unixODBC-kde-2.2.11-7.1.x86_64.rpm from debug: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
      unixODBC-2.2.11-7.1.i386: failure: CentOS/unixODBC-2.2.11-7.1.i386.rpm from debug: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
    ***************************************

    yum list查看,出现错误提示

    ***************************************
    [root@node1 ~]# yum list
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
    file:///cd1/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 5] OSError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/cd1/repodata/repomd.xml'
    Trying other mirror.
    Installed Packages
    Deployment_Guide-zh-CN.noarch              5.2-11.el5.centos           installed
    Deployment_Guide-zh-TW.noarch              5.2-11.el5.centos           installed
    GConf2.i386                                2.14.0-9.el5                installed
    GConf2.x86_64                              2.14.0-9.el5                installed
    GConf2-devel.i386                          2.14.0-9.el5                installed
    GConf2-devel.x86_64                        2.14.0-9.el5                installed
    MAKEDEV.x86_64                             3.23-1.2                    installed
    NetworkManager.i386                        1:0.7.0-10.el5_5.2          installed
    NetworkManager.x86_64                      1:0.7.0-10.el5_5.2          installed
    NetworkManager-glib.i386                   1:0.7.0-10.el5_5.2          installed
    NetworkManager-glib.x86_64                 1:0.7.0-10.el5_5.2          installed
    NetworkManager-gnome.x86_64                1:0.7.0-10.el5_5.2          installed
    ORBit2.i386                                2.14.3-5.el5                installed
    ORBit2.x86_64                              2.14.3-5.el5                installed
    ORBit2-devel.i386                          2.14.3-5.el5                installed
    ORBit2-devel.x86_64                        2.14.3-5.el5                installed
    OpenIPMI.x86_64                            2.0.16-11.el5               installed
    OpenIPMI-libs.x86_64                       2.0.16-11.el5               installed
    PyQt.x86_64                                3.16-4                      installed
    PyQt-devel.i386                            3.16-4                      installed
    ......
    ......
    ......
    yum-security.noarch                        1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1      debug    
    yum-tmprepo.noarch                         1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1      debug    
    yum-tsflags.noarch                         1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1      debug    
    yum-updateonboot.noarch                    1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1      debug    
    yum-upgrade-helper.noarch                  1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1      debug    
    yum-utils.noarch                           1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1      debug    
    yum-verify.noarch                          1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1      debug    
    yum-versionlock.noarch                     1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1      debug    
    zsh-html.x86_64                            4.2.6-5.el5                 debug  
    ***************************************

    检查安装包:竟无一安装包安装成功

    ***************************************
    [grid@node1 grid]$ ./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n node1,node2 -fixup -verbose
    
    缺失的包:
    Check: Package existence for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)  failed    
      node1         missing                   libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)  failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)"
    
    Check: Package existence for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)  failed    
      node1         missing                   libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)  failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)"
    Check: Package existence for "sysstat-5.0.5" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   sysstat-5.0.5             failed    
      node1         missing                   sysstat-5.0.5             failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "sysstat-5.0.5"
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)    failed    
      node1         missing                   unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)    failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)"
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)  failed    
      node1         missing                   unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)  failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)"
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)  failed    
      node1         missing                   unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)  failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)"
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)  failed    
      node1         missing                   unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)  failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)"
    
    Check: Package existence for "pdksh-5.2.14" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         missing                   pdksh-5.2.14              failed    
      node1         missing                   pdksh-5.2.14              failed    
    Result: Package existence check failed for "pdksh-5.2.14"
    ***************************************

    假意的yum安装

    ***************************************
    由于没有任何一个包安装成功,怀疑yum配置有问题,同样怀疑之前看到的相关包安装的信息似乎不正确。
    于是查看CRT日志,如下所示:在初始处已经提示错误的路径!!!
    问题找到了!
    [root@node1 ~]# yum install libaio* -y
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
    file:///cd1/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 5] OSError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/cd1/repodata/repomd.xml'
    Trying other mirror.
    Setting up Install Process
    Package libaio-0.3.106-5.x86_64 already installed and latest version
    Package libaio-0.3.106-5.i386 already installed and latest version
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package libaio-devel.i386 0:0.3.106-5 set to be updated
    ---> Package libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.106-5 set to be updated
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    
    Dependencies Resolved
    
    ================================================================================
     Package               Arch            Version             Repository      Size
    ================================================================================
    Installing:
     libaio-devel          i386            0.3.106-5           debug           12 k
     libaio-devel          x86_64          0.3.106-5           debug           11 k
    
    Transaction Summary
    ================================================================================
    Install       2 Package(s)
    Upgrade       0 Package(s)
    
    Total download size: 23 k
    Downloading Packages:
    
    Error Downloading Packages:
      libaio-devel-0.3.106-5.i386: failure: CentOS/libaio-devel-0.3.106-5.i386.rpm from debug: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
      libaio-devel-0.3.106-5.x86_64: failure: CentOS/libaio-devel-0.3.106-5.x86_64.rpm from debug: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
    [root@node1 ~]# yum install syssta* -y
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
    file:///cd1/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 5] OSError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/cd1/repodata/repomd.xml'
    Trying other mirror.
    Setting up Install Process
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package sysstat.x86_64 0:7.0.2-3.el5_5.1 set to be updated
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    
    Dependencies Resolved
    ================================================================================
     Package          Arch            Version                  Repository      Size
    ================================================================================
    Installing:
     sysstat          x86_64          7.0.2-3.el5_5.1          debug          174 k
    
    Transaction Summary
    ================================================================================
    Install       1 Package(s)
    Upgrade       0 Package(s)
    
    Total download size: 174 k
    Downloading Packages:
    
    Error Downloading Packages:
      sysstat-7.0.2-3.el5_5.1.x86_64: failure: CentOS/sysstat-7.0.2-3.el5_5.1.x86_64.rpm from debug: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
    ***************************************

    检查yum指向光盘的路径yum.repo文件

    ***************************************
    检查发现,路径配置没有问题
    [root@node1 yum.repos.d]# cat /etc/yum.repos.d/yum.repo
    # CentOS-Base.repo
    #
    # The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
    # update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
    # geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates
    # unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
    #
    
    
    # All debug packages from all the various CentOS-5 releases
    # are merged into a single repo, split by BaseArch
    #
    # Note: packages in the debuginfo repo are currently not signed
    #
    
    
    [debug]
    name=CentOS-5 - Debuginfo
    #baseurl=http://debuginfo.centos.org/5/$basearch/
    baseurl=file:///cd1
    gpgcheck=0
    #gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
    enabled=1
    ***************************************

    检查光盘是否被mount到指定路径

    ***************************************
    果然不出所料,没有对光盘进行mount,如下所示:
    [root@node1 yum.repos.d]# df -h
    Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
    /dev/sda3              35G  8.4G   25G  26% /
    /dev/sda1             487M   24M  438M   6% /boot
    tmpfs                 872M     0  872M   0% /dev/shm
    none                  872M  104K  872M   1% /var/lib/xenstored
    /dev/hdc              4.0G  4.0G     0 100% /media/CentOS_5.6_Final
    
    [root@node1 yum.repos.d]# mount /dev/hdc /cd1    --mount光盘
    ***************************************

    安装缺失的包

    ***************************************
    操作语句:
    [root@node1 ~]# yum install libaio* -y
    [root@node1 ~]# yum install syssta* -y
    [root@node1 ~]# yum install unixO* -y  
    [root@node1 ~]# yum install pdk* -y
    过程信息如下:
    [root@node1 /]# yum install libaio* -y
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
    Setting up Install Process
    Package libaio-0.3.106-5.x86_64 already installed and latest version
    Package libaio-0.3.106-5.i386 already installed and latest version
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package libaio-devel.i386 0:0.3.106-5 set to be updated
    ---> Package libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.106-5 set to be updated
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    
    Dependencies Resolved
    
    ================================================================================
     Package               Arch            Version             Repository      Size
    ================================================================================
    Installing:
     libaio-devel          i386            0.3.106-5           debug           12 k
     libaio-devel          x86_64          0.3.106-5           debug           11 k
    
    Transaction Summary
    ================================================================================
    Install       2 Package(s)
    Upgrade       0 Package(s)
    
    Total download size: 23 k
    Downloading Packages:
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total                                           1.1 MB/s |  23 kB     00:00     
    Running rpm_check_debug
    Running Transaction Test
    Finished Transaction Test
    Transaction Test Succeeded
    Running Transaction
      Installing     : libaio-devel                                             1/2 
      Installing     : libaio-devel                                             2/2 
    
    Installed:
      libaio-devel.i386 0:0.3.106-5         libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.106-5        
    
    Complete!
    [root@node1 /]# yum install syssta* -y
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
    Setting up Install Process
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package sysstat.x86_64 0:7.0.2-3.el5_5.1 set to be updated
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    
    Dependencies Resolved
    
    ================================================================================
     Package          Arch            Version                  Repository      Size
    ================================================================================
    Installing:
     sysstat          x86_64          7.0.2-3.el5_5.1          debug          174 k
    
    Transaction Summary
    ================================================================================
    Install       1 Package(s)
    Upgrade       0 Package(s)
    
    Total download size: 174 k
    Downloading Packages:
    Running rpm_check_debug
    Running Transaction Test
    Finished Transaction Test
    Transaction Test Succeeded
    Running Transaction
      Installing     : sysstat                                                  1/1 
    
    Installed:
      sysstat.x86_64 0:7.0.2-3.el5_5.1                                              
    
    Complete!
    [root@node1 /]# yum install unixO* -y
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
    Setting up Install Process
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package unixODBC.i386 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    ---> Package unixODBC.x86_64 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    ---> Package unixODBC-devel.i386 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    ---> Package unixODBC-devel.x86_64 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    ---> Package unixODBC-kde.i386 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    ---> Package unixODBC-kde.x86_64 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    
    Dependencies Resolved
    
    ================================================================================
     Package                Arch           Version              Repository     Size
    ================================================================================
    Installing:
     unixODBC               i386           2.2.11-7.1           debug         832 k
     unixODBC               x86_64         2.2.11-7.1           debug         835 k
     unixODBC-devel         i386           2.2.11-7.1           debug         739 k
     unixODBC-devel         x86_64         2.2.11-7.1           debug         796 k
     unixODBC-kde           i386           2.2.11-7.1           debug         560 k
     unixODBC-kde           x86_64         2.2.11-7.1           debug         595 k
    
    Transaction Summary
    ================================================================================
    Install       6 Package(s)
    Upgrade       0 Package(s)
    
    Total download size: 4.3 M
    Downloading Packages:
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total                                           456 MB/s | 4.3 MB     00:00     
    Running rpm_check_debug
    Running Transaction Test
    Finished Transaction Test
    Transaction Test Succeeded
    Running Transaction
      Installing     : unixODBC                                                 1/6 
      Installing     : unixODBC                                                 2/6 
      Installing     : unixODBC-devel                                           3/6 
      Installing     : unixODBC-devel                                           4/6 
      Installing     : unixODBC-kde                                             5/6 
      Installing     : unixODBC-kde                                             6/6 
    
    Installed:
      unixODBC.i386 0:2.2.11-7.1            unixODBC.x86_64 0:2.2.11-7.1           
      unixODBC-devel.i386 0:2.2.11-7.1      unixODBC-devel.x86_64 0:2.2.11-7.1     
      unixODBC-kde.i386 0:2.2.11-7.1        unixODBC-kde.x86_64 0:2.2.11-7.1       
    
    Complete!
    
    [root@node1 /]# yum install pdk* -y
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
    Setting up Install Process
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package pdksh.x86_64 0:5.2.14-36.el5 set to be updated
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    
    Dependencies Resolved
    ================================================================================
     Package         Arch             Version                 Repository       Size
    ================================================================================
    Installing:
     pdksh           x86_64           5.2.14-36.el5           debug           205 k
    
    
    Transaction Summary
    ================================================================================
    Install       1 Package(s)
    Upgrade       0 Package(s)
    
    Total download size: 205 k
    Downloading Packages:
    Running rpm_check_debug
    Running Transaction Test
    Finished Transaction Test
    Transaction Test Succeeded
    Running Transaction
      Installing     : pdksh                                                    1/1 
    
    Installed:
      pdksh.x86_64 0:5.2.14-36.el5                                                  
    
    Complete!
    ***************************************

    复查安装的包:全部通过检查

    ***************************************
    [grid@node1 grid]$ ./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n node1,node2 -fixup -verbose
    
    Performing pre-checks for cluster services setup 
    
    Checking node reachability...
    
    Check: Node reachability from node "node1"
      Destination Node                      Reachable?              
      ------------------------------------  ------------------------
      node1                                 yes                     
      node2                                 yes                     
    Result: Node reachability check passed from node "node1"
    
    Checking user equivalence...
    
    Check: User equivalence for user "grid"
      Node Name                             Comment                 
      ------------------------------------  ------------------------
      node2                                 passed                  
      node1                                 passed                  
    Result: User equivalence check passed for user "grid"
    
    Checking node connectivity...
    
    Checking hosts config file...
      Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
      node2         passed                                            
      node1         passed                                            
    
    Verification of the hosts config file successful
    
    Interface information for node "node2"
     Name   IP Address      Subnet          Gateway         Def. Gateway    HW Address        MTU   
     ------ --------------- --------------- --------------- --------------- ----------------- ------
     eth1   10.53.105.23    10.53.105.0     0.0.0.0         10.53.105.1     08:00:27:65:54:09 1500  
     virbr0 192.168.122.1   192.168.122.0   0.0.0.0         10.53.105.1     00:00:00:00:00:00 1500  
     eth0   10.53.105.21    10.53.105.0     0.0.0.0         10.53.105.1     08:00:27:4F:6D:90 1500  
    
    Interface information for node "node1"
     Name   IP Address      Subnet          Gateway         Def. Gateway    HW Address        MTU   
     ------ --------------- --------------- --------------- --------------- ----------------- ------
     eth1   10.53.105.22    10.53.105.0     0.0.0.0         10.53.105.1     08:00:27:BE:74:D3 1500  
     virbr0 192.168.122.1   192.168.122.0   0.0.0.0         10.53.105.1     00:00:00:00:00:00 1500  
     eth0   10.53.105.20    10.53.105.0     0.0.0.0         10.53.105.1     08:00:27:37:EE:50 1500  
    
    Check: Node connectivity of subnet "10.53.105.0"
      Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
      ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
      node2:eth1                      node2:eth0                      yes             
      node2:eth1                      node1:eth1                      yes             
      node2:eth1                      node1:eth0                      yes             
      node2:eth0                      node1:eth1                      yes             
      node2:eth0                      node1:eth0                      yes             
      node1:eth1                      node1:eth0                      yes             
    Result: Node connectivity passed for subnet "10.53.105.0" with node(s) node2,node1
    
    Check: TCP connectivity of subnet "10.53.105.0"
      Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
      ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
      node1:10.53.105.22              node2:10.53.105.23              passed          
      node1:10.53.105.22              node2:10.53.105.21              passed          
      node1:10.53.105.22              node1:10.53.105.20              passed          
    Result: TCP connectivity check passed for subnet "10.53.105.0"
    
    Check: Node connectivity of subnet "192.168.122.0"
      Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
      ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
      node2:virbr0                    node1:virbr0                    yes             
    Result: Node connectivity passed for subnet "192.168.122.0" with node(s) node2,node1
    
    Check: TCP connectivity of subnet "192.168.122.0"
    Result: TCP connectivity check failed for subnet "192.168.122.0"
    
    Interfaces found on subnet "10.53.105.0" that are likely candidates for VIP are:
    node2 eth1:10.53.105.23
    node1 eth1:10.53.105.22
    
    Interfaces found on subnet "10.53.105.0" that are likely candidates for VIP are:
    node2 eth0:10.53.105.21
    node1 eth0:10.53.105.20
    
    Interfaces found on subnet "192.168.122.0" that are likely candidates for a private interconnect are:
    node2 virbr0:192.168.122.1
    node1 virbr0:192.168.122.1
    
    Result: Node connectivity check passed
    
    Check: Total memory 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         1.7GB (1785856.0KB)       1.5GB (1572864.0KB)       passed    
      node1         1.7GB (1785856.0KB)       1.5GB (1572864.0KB)       passed    
    Result: Total memory check passed
    
    Check: Available memory 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         1.45GB (1523976.0KB)      50MB (51200.0KB)          passed    
      node1         1.31GB (1375400.0KB)      50MB (51200.0KB)          passed    
    Result: Available memory check passed
    
    Check: Swap space 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         4GB (4192956.0KB)         2.55GB (2678784.0KB)      passed    
      node1         4GB (4192956.0KB)         2.55GB (2678784.0KB)      passed    
    Result: Swap space check passed
    
    Check: Free disk space for "node2:/tmp" 
      Path              Node Name     Mount point   Available     Required      Comment     
      ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
      /tmp              node2         /             29.24GB       1GB           passed      
    Result: Free disk space check passed for "node2:/tmp"
    
    Check: Free disk space for "node1:/tmp" 
      Path              Node Name     Mount point   Available     Required      Comment     
      ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
      /tmp              node1         /             25.45GB       1GB           passed      
    Result: Free disk space check passed for "node1:/tmp"
    
    Check: User existence for "grid" 
      Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
      node2         exists                    passed                  
      node1         exists                    passed                  
    Result: User existence check passed for "grid"
    
    Check: Group existence for "oinstall" 
      Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
      node2         exists                    passed                  
      node1         exists                    passed                  
    Result: Group existence check passed for "oinstall"
    
    Check: Group existence for "dba" 
      Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
      node2         exists                    passed                  
      node1         exists                    passed                  
    Result: Group existence check passed for "dba"
    
    Check: Membership of user "grid" in group "oinstall" [as Primary]
      Node Name         User Exists   Group Exists  User in Group  Primary       Comment     
      ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
      node2             yes           yes           yes           yes           passed      
      node1             yes           yes           yes           yes           passed      
    Result: Membership check for user "grid" in group "oinstall" [as Primary] passed
    
    Check: Membership of user "grid" in group "dba" 
      Node Name         User Exists   Group Exists  User in Group  Comment         
      ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
      node2             yes           yes           yes           passed          
      node1             yes           yes           yes           passed          
    Result: Membership check for user "grid" in group "dba" passed
    
    Check: Run level 
      Node Name     run level                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         5                         3,5                       passed    
      node1         5                         3,5                       passed    
    Result: Run level check passed
    
    Check: Hard limits for "maximum open file descriptors" 
      Node Name         Type          Available     Required      Comment         
      ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
      node2             hard          65536         65536         passed          
      node1             hard          65536         65536         passed          
    Result: Hard limits check passed for "maximum open file descriptors"
    
    Check: Soft limits for "maximum open file descriptors" 
      Node Name         Type          Available     Required      Comment         
      ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
      node2             soft          1024          1024          passed          
      node1             soft          1024          1024          passed          
    Result: Soft limits check passed for "maximum open file descriptors"
    
    Check: Hard limits for "maximum user processes" 
      Node Name         Type          Available     Required      Comment         
      ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
      node2             hard          16384         16384         passed          
      node1             hard          16384         16384         passed          
    Result: Hard limits check passed for "maximum user processes"
    
    Check: Soft limits for "maximum user processes" 
      Node Name         Type          Available     Required      Comment         
      ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
      node2             soft          2047          2047          passed          
      node1             soft          2047          2047          passed          
    Result: Soft limits check passed for "maximum user processes"
    
    Check: System architecture 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         x86_64                    x86_64                    passed    
      node1         x86_64                    x86_64                    passed    
    Result: System architecture check passed
    
    Check: Kernel version 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         2.6.18-238.el5xen         2.6.9                     passed    
      node1         2.6.18-238.el5xen         2.6.9                     passed    
    Result: Kernel version check passed
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "semmsl" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         250                       250                       passed    
      node1         250                       250                       passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "semmsl"
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "semmns" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         32000                     32000                     passed    
      node1         32000                     32000                     passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "semmns"
    
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "semopm" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         100                       100                       passed    
      node1         100                       100                       passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "semopm"
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "semmni" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         128                       128                       passed    
      node1         128                       128                       passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "semmni"
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "shmmax" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         536870912                 536870912                 passed    
      node1         536870912                 536870912                 passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "shmmax"
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "shmmni" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         4096                      4096                      passed    
      node1         4096                      4096                      passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "shmmni"
    
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "shmall" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         2097152                   2097152                   passed    
      node1         2097152                   2097152                   passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "shmall"
    
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "file-max" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         6815744                   6815744                   passed    
      node1         6815744                   6815744                   passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "file-max"
    
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "ip_local_port_range" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         between 9000 & 65500      between 9000 & 65500      passed    
      node1         between 9000 & 65500      between 9000 & 65500      passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "ip_local_port_range"
    
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "rmem_default" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         262144                    262144                    passed    
      node1         262144                    262144                    passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "rmem_default"
    
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "rmem_max" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         4194304                   4194304                   passed    
      node1         4194304                   4194304                   passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "rmem_max"
    
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "wmem_default" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         262144                    262144                    passed    
      node1         262144                    262144                    passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "wmem_default"
    
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "wmem_max" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         1048586                   1048576                   passed    
      node1         1048586                   1048576                   passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "wmem_max"
    
    
    Check: Kernel parameter for "aio-max-nr" 
      Node Name     Configured                Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         1048576                   1048576                   passed    
      node1         1048576                   1048576                   passed    
    Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "aio-max-nr"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "make-3.80" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         make-3.81-3.el5           make-3.80                 passed    
      node1         make-3.81-3.el5           make-3.80                 passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "make-3.80"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "binutils-2.15.92.0.2" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         binutils-2.17.50.0.6-14.el5  binutils-2.15.92.0.2      passed    
      node1         binutils-2.17.50.0.6-14.el5  binutils-2.15.92.0.2      passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "binutils-2.15.92.0.2"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "gcc-3.4.6" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         gcc-4.1.2-50.el5          gcc-3.4.6                 passed    
      node1         gcc-4.1.2-50.el5          gcc-3.4.6                 passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "gcc-3.4.6"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "libaio-0.3.105 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         libaio-0.3.106-5 (i386)   libaio-0.3.105 (i386)     passed    
      node1         libaio-0.3.106-5 (i386)   libaio-0.3.105 (i386)     passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "libaio-0.3.105 (i386)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "libaio-0.3.105 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         libaio-0.3.106-5 (x86_64)  libaio-0.3.105 (x86_64)   passed    
      node1         libaio-0.3.106-5 (x86_64)  libaio-0.3.105 (x86_64)   passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "libaio-0.3.105 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "glibc-2.3.4-2.41 (i686)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         glibc-2.5-58 (i686)       glibc-2.3.4-2.41 (i686)   passed    
      node1         glibc-2.5-58 (i686)       glibc-2.3.4-2.41 (i686)   passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "glibc-2.3.4-2.41 (i686)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "glibc-2.3.4-2.41 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         glibc-2.5-58 (x86_64)     glibc-2.3.4-2.41 (x86_64)  passed    
      node1         glibc-2.5-58 (x86_64)     glibc-2.3.4-2.41 (x86_64)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "glibc-2.3.4-2.41 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-61 (i386)  compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3 (i386)  passed    
      node1         compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-61 (i386)  compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3 (i386)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3 (i386)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-61 (x86_64)  compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3 (x86_64)  passed    
      node1         compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-61 (x86_64)  compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3 (x86_64)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "elfutils-libelf-0.97 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         elfutils-libelf-0.137-3.el5 (x86_64)  elfutils-libelf-0.97 (x86_64)  passed    
      node1         elfutils-libelf-0.137-3.el5 (x86_64)  elfutils-libelf-0.97 (x86_64)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "elfutils-libelf-0.97 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "elfutils-libelf-devel-0.97" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         elfutils-libelf-devel-0.137-3.el5  elfutils-libelf-devel-0.97  passed    
      node1         elfutils-libelf-devel-0.137-3.el5  elfutils-libelf-devel-0.97  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "elfutils-libelf-devel-0.97"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "glibc-common-2.3.4" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         glibc-common-2.5-58       glibc-common-2.3.4        passed    
      node1         glibc-common-2.5-58       glibc-common-2.3.4        passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "glibc-common-2.3.4"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "glibc-devel-2.3.4 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         glibc-devel-2.5-58 (x86_64)  glibc-devel-2.3.4 (x86_64)  passed    
      node1         glibc-devel-2.5-58 (x86_64)  glibc-devel-2.3.4 (x86_64)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "glibc-devel-2.3.4 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "glibc-headers-2.3.4" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         glibc-headers-2.5-58      glibc-headers-2.3.4       passed    
      node1         glibc-headers-2.5-58      glibc-headers-2.3.4       passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "glibc-headers-2.3.4"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "gcc-c++-3.4.6" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         gcc-c++-4.1.2-50.el5      gcc-c++-3.4.6             passed    
      node1         gcc-c++-4.1.2-50.el5      gcc-c++-3.4.6             passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "gcc-c++-3.4.6"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         libaio-devel-0.3.106-5 (i386)  libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)  passed    
      node1         libaio-devel-0.3.106-5 (i386)  libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (i386)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         libaio-devel-0.3.106-5 (x86_64)  libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)  passed    
      node1         libaio-devel-0.3.106-5 (x86_64)  libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "libaio-devel-0.3.105 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "libgcc-3.4.6 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         libgcc-4.1.2-50.el5 (i386)  libgcc-3.4.6 (i386)       passed    
      node1         libgcc-4.1.2-50.el5 (i386)  libgcc-3.4.6 (i386)       passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "libgcc-3.4.6 (i386)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "libgcc-3.4.6 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         libgcc-4.1.2-50.el5 (x86_64)  libgcc-3.4.6 (x86_64)     passed    
      node1         libgcc-4.1.2-50.el5 (x86_64)  libgcc-3.4.6 (x86_64)     passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "libgcc-3.4.6 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "libstdc++-3.4.6 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         libstdc++-4.1.2-50.el5 (i386)  libstdc++-3.4.6 (i386)    passed    
      node1         libstdc++-4.1.2-50.el5 (i386)  libstdc++-3.4.6 (i386)    passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "libstdc++-3.4.6 (i386)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "libstdc++-3.4.6 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         libstdc++-4.1.2-50.el5 (x86_64)  libstdc++-3.4.6 (x86_64)  passed    
      node1         libstdc++-4.1.2-50.el5 (x86_64)  libstdc++-3.4.6 (x86_64)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "libstdc++-3.4.6 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "libstdc++-devel-3.4.6 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         libstdc++-devel-4.1.2-50.el5 (x86_64)  libstdc++-devel-3.4.6 (x86_64)  passed    
      node1         libstdc++-devel-4.1.2-50.el5 (x86_64)  libstdc++-devel-3.4.6 (x86_64)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "libstdc++-devel-3.4.6 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "sysstat-5.0.5" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         sysstat-7.0.2-3.el5_5.1   sysstat-5.0.5             passed    
      node1         sysstat-7.0.2-3.el5_5.1   sysstat-5.0.5             passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "sysstat-5.0.5"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         unixODBC-2.2.11-7.1 (i386)  unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)    passed    
      node1         unixODBC-2.2.11-7.1 (i386)  unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)    passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (i386)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         unixODBC-2.2.11-7.1 (x86_64)  unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)  passed    
      node1         unixODBC-2.2.11-7.1 (x86_64)  unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "unixODBC-2.2.11 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         unixODBC-devel-2.2.11-7.1 (i386)  unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)  passed    
      node1         unixODBC-devel-2.2.11-7.1 (i386)  unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (i386)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         unixODBC-devel-2.2.11-7.1 (x86_64)  unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)  passed    
      node1         unixODBC-devel-2.2.11-7.1 (x86_64)  unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)  passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "pdksh-5.2.14" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         pdksh-5.2.14-36.el5       pdksh-5.2.14              passed    
      node1         pdksh-5.2.14-36.el5       pdksh-5.2.14              passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "pdksh-5.2.14"
    
    
    Check: Package existence for "expat-1.95.7 (x86_64)" 
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         expat-1.95.8-8.3.el5_5.3 (x86_64)  expat-1.95.7 (x86_64)     passed    
      node1         expat-1.95.8-8.3.el5_5.3 (x86_64)  expat-1.95.7 (x86_64)     passed    
    Result: Package existence check passed for "expat-1.95.7 (x86_64)"
    
    
    Checking for multiple users with UID value 0
    Result: Check for multiple users with UID value 0 passed 
    
    
    Check: Current group ID 
    Result: Current group ID check passed
    Checking Core file name pattern consistency...
    Core file name pattern consistency check passed.
    
    
    Checking to make sure user "grid" is not in "root" group
      Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
      node2         does not exist            passed                  
      node1         does not exist            passed                  
    Result: User "grid" is not part of "root" group. Check passed
    
    
    Check default user file creation mask
      Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
      ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
      node2         0022                      0022                      passed    
      node1         0022                      0022                      passed    
    Result: Default user file creation mask check passed
    
    
    Starting Clock synchronization checks using Network Time Protocol(NTP)...
    
    
    NTP Configuration file check started...
    Network Time Protocol(NTP) configuration file not found on any of the nodes. Oracle Cluster Time Synchronization Service(CTSS) can be used instead of NTP for time synchronization on the cluster nodes
    
    
    Result: Clock synchronization check using Network Time Protocol(NTP) passed
    
    Pre-check for cluster services setup was successful.

    ***************************************

    小结

    ***************************************
    其实这次错误非常低级,于是借此机会想了下无法安装包可能出现的几种情况:
    1、rpm安装时缺少依赖关系;
    2、安装包版本不对;
    3、yum路径配置不正确;
    4、yum配置的路径没有mount上光盘信息;
    5、使用yum时注意包名的书写格式:例如:# yum install libaio* -y。

    ***********************************************声明********************************************** 

    原创作品,出自 “深蓝的blog” 博客,欢迎转载,转载时请务必注明出处否则追究版权法律责任。

    表述有错误之处,请您留言或邮件(hyldba@163.com)指明,不胜感激。

    本文转载必须保留此处:http://blog.csdn.net/huangyanlong/article/details/39227577

    深蓝的blog:http://blog.csdn.net/huangyanlong

    ***************************************************************************************************



    展开全文
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  • 这次安装oracle选择的是oracle 11.2.0.3版本,下载安装包总共有7个,单独安装数据库需要使用前两个,具体安装步骤如下: 1. 将数据库文件复制到服务器上   cp p10404530_112030_Linux-x86-64_{1,2,}* /u01/...

     

    在OEL6.1下安装ORACLE 11G R2
    2012-07-13 13:29:09
    标签: oracle 11g   oel6   安装   11.2.0.3
    原创作品,允许转载,转载时请务必以超链接形式标明文章   原始出处  、作者信息和本声明。否则将追究法律责任。 http://tianzt.blog.51cto.com/459544/929838

    这次安装oracle选择的是oracle 11.2.0.3版本,下载的安装包总共有7个,单独安装数据库需要使用前两个,具体安装步骤如下:

    1. 将数据库文件复制到服务器上 
    cp p10404530_112030_Linux-x86-64_{1,2,}* /u01/

    2. 解压数据库文件 
    unzip p10404530_112030_Linux-x86-64_1of7.zip 
    unzip p10404530_112030_Linux-x86-64_2of7.zip

    3. 检查/etc/hosts 
    注意将主机名的对应信息加入hosts文件

    关闭sendmail 与iptables

    Chkconfig –list iptables

    Chkconfig –list sendmail

    service sendmail stop

    service iptables stop

    4. 创建用户和组 
    useradd oracle

    passwd oracle

    groupadd dba

    usermod -G dba oracle

    chown -R oracle:dba /u01/ 
    chmod –R 755 /u01/

    检查以下补丁是否已经安装(挂载iso文件,使用mount –o loop 路径 /mnt/iso)

    binutils-2.15.92.0.2-18

    compat-libstdc++-33.2.3-47.3

    elfutils-libelf-0.97-5

    elfutils-libelf-devel-0.97-5

    glibc-2.3.9.4-2.19

    glibc-common-2.3.9.4-2.19

    glibc-devel-2.3.9.4-2.19

    gcc-3.4.5-2

    gcc-c++-3.4.5-2

    libaio-devel-0.3.105-2

    libaio-0.3.105-2

    libgcc-3.4.5

    libstdc++-3.4.5-2

    libstdc++-devel-3.4.5-2

    make-3.80-5

    sysstat-5.0.5

    unixODBC-2.2.11

    unixODBC-devel-2.2.11 
    [root@erp1 Packages]# rpm -ivh binutils-2.20.51.0.2-5.28.el6.x86_64.rpm compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm elfutils-libelf-0.152-1.el6.x86_64.rpm elfutils-libelf-devel-0.152-1.el6.x86_64.rpm glibc-common-2.12-1.47.el6.x86_64.rpm glibc-devel-2.12-1.47.el6.x86_64.rpm gcc-4.4.6-3.el6.x86_64.rpm gcc-c++-4.4.6-3.el6.x86_64.rpm libaio-devel-0.3.107-10.el6.x86_64.rpm libaio-0.3.107-10.el6.x86_64.rpm libgcc-4.4.6-3.el6.x86_64.rpm libstdc++-4.4.6-3.el6.x86_64.rpm libstdc++-devel-4.4.6-3.el6.x86_64.rpm make-3.81-19.el6.x86_64.rpm sysstat-9.0.4-18.el6.x86_64.rpm unixODBC-2.2.14-11.el6.x86_64.rpm unixODBC-devel-2.2.14-11.el6.x86_64.rpm compat-libcap1-1.10-1.x86_64.rpm compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm ksh-20100621-12.el6.x86_64.rpm libaio-devel-0.3.107-10.el6.x86_64.rpm

    5. 修改/etc/sysctl.conf,加入以下内容:

    kernel.shmmax = 4294967295

    # Controls the maximum number of shared memory segments, in pages

    kernel.shmall = 2097152

    kernel.shmmni = 4096

    #semaphores:semmsl,semmns,semopm,semmni

    kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

    fs.file-max = 65536

    net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000

    net.core.rmem_default = 4194304

    net.core.rmem_max = 4194304

    net.core.wmem_default = 262144

    net.core.wmem_max = 262144

    结束后,执行

    /sbin/sysctl -p

    6. 修改/etc/security/limits.conf,加入内容

    oracle soft nproc 2047

    oracle hard nproc 16384

    oracle soft nofile 1024

    oracle hard nofile 65536

    7. 修改/etc/pam.d/login,加入内容

    session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so //对64位系统这条不需要

    session required pam_limits.so

    8. 修改/etc/profile,加入内容

    if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then

    if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then

    ulimit -p 16384

    ulimit -n 65536

    else

    ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

    fi

    fi

    9. 使用oracle用户登录,修改.bash_profile文件

    su - oracle

    vi .bash_profile 加入以下内容

    #DISPLAY=localhost:0.0

    #export DISPLAY

    export ORACLE_SID=center

    export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle

    export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0./db_1

    export ORA_CRS_HOME=/u01/app/product/crs_1

    export ORACLE_ADMIN=$ORACLE_BASE/admin

    export ORACLE_HOME_LISTNER=$ORACLE_HOME

    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib

    export JAVA_HOME=$ORACLE_HOME/jdk

    export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/lib:$JAVA_HOME/bin:$ORA_CRS_HOME/bin: 
    相关参数文件的内容解释:

    a) vi /etc/sysctl.conf 
    kernel.shmall为物理内存除以pagesize;

    kernel.shmmax为物理内存的一半;

    fs.file-max为512 乘以 processes (如128个process则为 65536);

    net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range/net.core.rmem_default/net.core.rmem_max三个参数设置和官方文档不一样, 这是根据metalink 343431.1 最新要求更改的;

    net.ipv4.tcp_rmem/net.ipv4.tcp_wmem两个参数一般情况下无需设置, 除非是在Dataguard/Streams等需很多网络传输情况下;

    其它参数根据官方文档要求设置即可.

    # vi /etc/sysctl.conf

    kernel.shmall = 2097152

    kernel.shmmax = 2147483648

    kernel.shmmni = 4096

    kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

    fs.file-max = 65536

    net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65000

    net.core.rmem_default = 4194304

    net.core.rmem_max = 4194304

    net.core.wmem_default = 262144

    net.core.wmem_max = 262144

    修改以后让参数生效:

    # /sbin/sysctl -p

    Shmmax 是核心参数中最重要的参数之一,用于定义单个共享内存段的最大值,

    shmmax 设置应该足够大,能在一个共享内存段下容纳下整个的SGA ,设置的过低可能会导致需要创建多个共享内存段,这样可能导致系统性能的下降。

    kernel.shmall 参数是控制共享内存页数。Linux 共享内存页大小为4KB, 共享内

    存段的大小都是共享内存页大小的整数倍。一个共享内存段的最大大小是16G,那么需要共享内存页数是 16GB/4KB=16777216KB/4KB=4194304 (页),也就是64Bit 系统下16GB 物理内存,设置 kernel.shmall = 4194304 才符合要求(几乎是原来设置2097152 的两倍)。这时可以将shmmax 参数调整到 16G 了,同时可以修改SGA_MAX_SIZE 和SGA_TARGET 为 12G(您想设置的SGA 最大大小,当然也可以是2G~14G 等,还要协调PGA参数及OS 等其他内存使用,不能设置太满,比如16G)。

    kernel.shmmni ----

    shmmni 内核参数是共享内存段的最大数量(注意这个参数不是 shmmin,是

    shmmni, shmmin 表示内存段最小大小 ) 。shmmni 缺省值 4096 ,一般肯定是够用了 。

    在安装Oracle 之前通常需要设置kernel.sem这个参数,下面对些作简单介绍:

    sem其实是semaphores的缩写,查看当前设置

    [Oracle@ebsse oracle]$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/sem

    250 32000 100 128

    4个数据分别对应

    SEMMSL SEMMNS SEMOPM SEMMNI

    如当Oracle DB初始化参数文件中PROCESSES参数设置较大时,需要调整SEMAPHORES设置

    SEMMSL应该设置为服务器中各个实例中最大的PROCESSES参数+10,例如,当最大的PROCESSES参数为5000时,SEMMSL应设置为5010。

    SEMMNS参数应设置为SEMMSL*SEMMNI,接上例SEMMSL为5010,SEMMNS参数应为(5010*128)=641280。

    SEMOPM参数应设置与SEMMSL参数相同,接上例此处应设置为5010

    更改当前SEMAPHORES参数设置:

    [Oracle@ebsse oracle]$ su

    Password:

    [root@ebsse Oracle]# echo "5010 641280 5010 128" &gt; /proc/sys/kernel/sem

    [root@ebsse Oracle]# cat /proc/sys/kernel/sem

    5010 641280 5010 128

    如需启动时自动应用,可在/etc/sysctl.conf增加:

    kernel.sem =5010 641280 5010 128

    SEMMNI 100 Defines the maximum number of semaphore sets in the entire system.

    SEMMNS 256 Defines the maximum semaphores on the system. This setting is a minimum recommended value, for initial installation only. The SEMMNS parameter should be set to the sum of the PROCESSES parameter for each Oracle database, adding the largest one twice, and then adding an additional 10 for each database.

    SEMOPM 100 Defines the maximum number of operations for each semop call.

    SEMMSL 100 Defines the minimum recommended value, for initial installation only.

    SHMMAX 2147483648 Defines the maximum allowable size of one shared memory segment. 2 GB for SMP kernel. The recommended size is half the RAM size.

    SHMMIN 1 Defines the minimum allowable size of a single shared memory segment.

    SHMMNI 100 Defines the maximum number of shared memory segments in the entire system.

    SHMSEG 4096 Defines the maximum number of shared memory segments one process can attach.

    SHMVMX 32767 Defines the maximum value of a semaphore.

    SEMMSL :每个信号量集中的最大信号量数 200

    SEMMNS :系统中信号量集的最大数 20000

    SEMOPM :每个semop调用所包含的最大操作数 200

    SEMMNI :系统中信号量集的最小数 100

    例子:

    Linux X86-64操作系统,Oracle 10g数据库,由8G加到16G,把kernel.shmmax参数改到17179869184(16G)后,发现只要修改sga_max_size和sga_target参数到超过8G,Oracle就会报内存不够无法启动,检查另外两个共享内存参数相关参数:kernel.shmall和kernel.shmmni,kernel.shmall参数是控制共享内存页数,kernel.shmmni参数是控制共享内存段总数,目前的参数值是4096,足够大了,那么问题应该是出在kernel.shmall上,用8589934592(8G)除以当前的参数值2097152,结果是4096,说明页大小是4K,现在要把SGA调到大于8G,就要调大kernel.shmall参数,调整到当前值的2倍(4194304)后,就可以成功地将sga设置到13G了。

    b) 附件2:linux limits.conf 配置

    limits.conf 文件实际是 Linux PAM(插入式认证模块,Pluggable Authentication Modules)中 pam_limits.so 的配置文件,而且只针对于单个会话。

    limits.conf的格式如下:

    username|@groupname type resource limit

    username|@groupname:设置需要被限制的用户名,组名前面加@和用户名区别。也可以用通配符*来做所有用户的限制。

    type:有 soft,hard 和 -,soft 指的是当前系统生效的设置值。hard 表明系统中所能设定的最大值。soft 的限制不能比hard 限制高。用 - 就表明同时设置了 soft 和 hard 的值。

    resource:

    core - 限制内核文件的大小

    date - 最大数据大小

    fsize - 最大文件大小

    memlock - 最大锁定内存地址空间

    nofile - 打开文件的最大数目

    rss - 最大持久设置大小

    stack - 最大栈大小

    cpu - 以分钟为单位的最多 CPU 时间

    noproc - 进程的最大数目

    as - 地址空间限制

    maxlogins - 此用户允许登录的最大数目

    要使 limits.conf 文件配置生效,必须要确保 pam_limits.so 文件被加入到启动文件中。查看 /etc/pam.d/login 文件中有:

    session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so

     

    10. 使用oracle用户登陆,输入startx ,进入图形界面,然后再进入安装目录输入./runInstaller开始安装.

     

    11. 配置安全更新

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156085zrXJ.png" height=345 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    12. 跳过软件更新配置

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156088dzbA.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    13. 安装选项选择创建数据库

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156091g7m5.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    14. 系统类型选择服务器类型

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156094tNDf.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    15. 安装单实例数据库

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156097P8HT.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    16. 选择是否自定义安装

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_13421561005Cez.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    17. 产品语言选择,english和simple chinese都选上

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156103BnzI.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    18. 数据库版本选择企业版

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156106OFW2.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    19. 安装路径以环境变量里的配置为准

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_13421561095RSt.png" height=345 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    20. 选择oracle安装组

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156112PNeD.png" height=345 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    21. 选择数据库类型为oltp类型

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156114QmNo.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    22. 根据实际需要输入数据库实例名

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156117W8To.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    23. 选择字符集等参数

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_134215612109ww.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    24. 选择文件系统,暂不使用asm

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156128ESgL.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    25. 设置系统账户密码

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156131RRUV.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    26. 选择数据库管理员组

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342156135O02o.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    27. 安装检查

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_13421561395eyz.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    28. 开始安装

    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_1342157345JGJ5.png" height=416 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    29. 在安装中会弹出一个要求执行u01/oraInventory/oraInstRoot.sh和/u01/oracle/root.sh的提示框,以ROOT用户执行这两个文件后结束安装 
    650) this.width=650;" οnkeydοwn="" style="BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: ; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: none; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-COLOR: ; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-COLOR: ; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: ; border-image: initial" border=0 alt=image src="http://img1.51cto.com/attachment/201207/13/459544_13421573489iem.png" height=428 οnsubmit="" οnchange="" οnunlοad="" οnselect="" οnreset="" ?558?="">

    本文出自 “天知道的技术博客” 博客,请务必保留此出处http://tianzt.blog.51cto.com/459544/929838

     

     

     

    OEL6.1下oracle 11gr2 ASM安装

    2012-07-13 15:29:42
    标签: 11.2.0.3   oel6   oracle   11g   asm
    原创作品,允许转载,转载时请务必以超链接形式标明文章   原始出处  、作者信息和本声明。否则将追究法律责任。 http://tianzt.blog.51cto.com/459544/929937

    oracle 11gr2下asm与以往不同,是使用grid安装包来完成安装与配置,在11.2.0.3的安装包中,使用第三个安装包,解压以后进行以下配置:

    1. Asm相关用户及组配置 
    /usr/sbin/groupadd -g 502 oper

    /usr/sbin/groupadd -g 600 asmadmin

    /usr/sbin/groupadd -g 601 asmoper

    /usr/sbin/groupadd -g 602 asmdba

    /usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall -G dba,asmdba,oper oracle

    /usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall -G asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,dba grid 
    已存在用户使用usermod修改用户所属组

    2. 修改grid用户相关配置文件

    a) 修改.bash_profile,增加以下内容 
    export ORACLE_SID=+ASM

    export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle

    export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/grid

    export ORA_CRS_HOME=/u01/app/product/crs_1

    export ORACLE_ADMIN=$ORACLE_BASE/admin

    export ORACLE_HOME_LISTNER=$ORACLE_HOME

    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib

    export JAVA_HOME=$ORACLE_HOME/jdk

    export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/lib:$JAVA_HOME/bin:$ORA_CRS_HOME/bin:

    b) 修/etc/profile,与oracle安装公用此配置

    if [ $USER = "oracle" ] || [ $USER = "grid" ]; then

    if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then

    ulimit -p 16384

    ulimit -n 65536

    else

    ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

    fi

    umask 022

    fi

    c) 修改/etc/security/lmits.conf 
    grid soft nproc 2047

    grid hard nproc 16384

    grid soft nofile 1024

    grid hard nofile 65536

    d) 创建grid目录并修改权限

    i. Mkdir –p /u01/app/oracle/product/grid

    ii. chown -R grid:dba grid/

    3. grid程序安装

    a) 解压grid安装包: 
    unzip p10404530_112030_Linux-x86-64_3of7.zip

    4. OEL6下使用udev绑定裸设备路径(vmware workstation需要在vmx文件中添加disk.EnableUUID = "TRUE")

    a) 编辑/etc/scsi_id.config文件,如果该文件不存在,则创建该文件,添加如下行:options=--whitelisted --replace-whitespace

    b) 使用以下命令获取需要绑定为asm disk的磁盘uuid

    [root@erp1 ~]# scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/sdb

    36000c291e65db9fba152a8998d6d6b8c

    [root@erp1 ~]# scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/sdc

    36000c29f3065f75055aa449158510e18

    c) 编写udev rules文件

    vi /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules

    KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="36000c291e65db9fba152a8998d6d6b8c", NAME="asm-disk1", OWNER="grid", GROUP="dba", MODE="0660"

    KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="36000c29f3065f75055aa449158510e18", NAME="asm-disk2", OWNER="grid", GROUP="dba", MODE="0660"

    KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="36000c29010046c831528cc9173082369", NAME="asm-disk2", OWNER="grid", GROUP="dba", MODE="0660"

    d) 查看绑定是否成功 
    udevadm test /sys/block/sdb

    udevadm info --query=all --path=/sys/block/sdb

    udevadm info --query=all --name=asm-disk1 
    udevadm test /sys/block/sdc

    udevadm info --query=all --path=/sys/block/sdc

    udevadm info --query=all --name=asm-disk2

    udevadm test /sys/block/sdd

    udevadm info --query=all --path=/sys/block/sdd

    udevadm info --query=all --name=asm-disk3

    e) 启动udev服务 
    /sbin/start_udev

    f) 检查设备绑定是否正确

    [root@erp1 dev]# ls /dev/asm*

    /dev/asm-disk1 /dev/asm-disk2 /dev/asm-disk3

    5. 解压grid安装文件后开始安装ASM

    ./runInstaller

    a) 跳过软件更新 
    image

    b) 选择安装grid 
    image

    c) 选择语言 
    image

    d) 选择之间配置好的裸设备 
    image

    e) 设备系统管理密码 
    image

    f) 设置oracle的grid安装目录 

    g) 开始正式安装 
    image

    h) 执行root脚本 
    image

    i) 安装完成 
    image

    展开全文
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