在WPF中, 每个应用程序都有两层: UI层和Data层.
When using the Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) Design Pattern, the DataContext (Data Layer) is your application, while UI objects, like Buttons, Labels, DataGrids, and even Windows, are all just user-friendly items that allow a user to easily interact with the DataContext, which is your actual application and is typically comprised of ViewModels and Models.
How is it used
Whenever you do a basic binding in WPF, you are binding to the DataContext.
For example, when you write
you are binding to myLabel.DataContext.Name, and not to myLabel.Name.
Other binding properties, such as ElementName or RelativeSource, can be used to tell the binding to lookup the property in something other than the current DataContext.
Lets start with a regular Window. Without setting the DataContext, the window still displays but there is no data behind it.
Now suppose we set the DataContext to an object of type ClassA in the code-behind when this Window initializes:
Now the data layer behind that the Window is an object of type ClassA.
If ClassA has a property called Name, I could add a Label to the window and bind it to Name property of the DataContext, and whatever value is stored in ClassA.Name would get displayed.
Now, suppose ClassA has a property called ClassB, and both classes have a property called Name. Here is a block of XAML which illustrates how the DataContext works. It also includes an example of how a control would refer to a property not in its own DataContext.
As you can see, all the basic bindings look for their value in the data layer (DataContext) of the UI object
So to summarize, WPF applications have two layers: the UI layer and the Data layer. The data layer for an application starts out as null, and can be set using the DataContext property. UI objects without a DataContext set will inherit their data layer from their parent object. Bindings are used to look up values in the data layer, and display them in the UI layer.
When using the MVVM design pattern, the data layer is your application, while the UI layer just provides a user-friendly way to access the Data layer.