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• Easy-to-Learn English Travel Phrases and Vocabulary! Share Tweet Share Tagged With:Real Life English Do you love to travel? Me too! And when you’re traveling you want to...

Easy-to-Learn English Travel Phrases and Vocabulary!

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Do you love to travel?  Me too!  And when you’re traveling you want to know how to pronounce the necessary vocabulary and phrases, right?  I’ve got everything you’ll need, right here in one video.
Video Text:
Today we’ll study some travel vocabulary phrases together as you come with me for a weekend at the Standard hotel in New York City.  You’ll learn phrases and vocabulary that you might use at a hotel, like ‘amenities’ or ‘incidentals’.  We’ll order room service together and enjoy some amazing views.
First, let’s check in.
Hi! Um, I booked online. Rachel Smith. And then about an hour after I booked, I booked an upgrade.
I’m using the verb here to ‘book’.  I’m sure you’re very familiar with the noun version of this word, book, but it’s also a verb which means to reserve something.  I booked a hotel room, you could also book a table at a restaurant.  This means you’ve made a reservation.  You could book a venue for your wedding, or a concert venue could book an act or band.  The bar around the corner booked my friend’s band for Friday.
Here, OO makes the UH as in PUSH vowel.  Book.  Uh. Book. So both the noun ‘book’ and the verb ‘book’ are pronounced exactly the same.
Hi! Um, I booked online. Rachel Smith. And then about an hour after I booked, I booked an upgrade.
I used the term ‘upgrade’.  This means to improve on something.  To get a higher quality.  For example, if you’ve had your cell phone for a while, and it’s a bit slow, you might want to get an upgrade. Here, I’m using it as a noun. On a flight, you might be upgraded from an economy to a first class seat.  Here, I’m using it as a verb. Upgrade.
In this case, I booked a hotel room, and then the system asked me if I wanted to upgrade.  The offer seemed like a good deal to me, so I did upgrade.  A paid a bit more money for a bigger, better room.
And then about an hour after I booked, I booked an upgrade. Because it sounded very enticing, what was being offered.
Do you see how pregnant I am here?  I’m 8 months pregnant, and this was the last weekend that my doctor said I could travel away from home.  So we took Stoney to my in-laws, that is, David’s parents, and took this short trip.  In the US, you might hear people call this a babymoon.  That is, a relaxing trip you take before before it’s harder to travel because you have a baby.  This is related to the term ‘honeymoon’, which is a trip you take alone with your partner right after you get married.
You booked for a water-view, de luxe king, correct?
Yes. South-facing.
Here, we’re using some terms that you might use when describing a room.  We booked a king, which means it has a king-sized bed in it.  King and California King are the two largest-sized beds.
She used the term water-view.  This simply means what you can see from your room.  You might have city-view, park-view, water-view, ocean-view, garden-view, street-view.  This hotel is close to the Hudson River.
I used the term ‘south-facing’.  This means when you’re in your room looking out the window, which direction are you looking?  I knew I wanted to be south-facing because just north of the hotel are some taller buildings.  I didn’t want to look directly at another building, so I upgraded to a south-facing room.
You might also see a room described as a corner room, which of course means you’re on the corner of the building, and you might get views in two different directions.
You booked for a water-view, de luxe king, correct?
Yes. South-facing.
If I could just see a form of ID and a credit card for the reservation.
Sure.
When checking into a hotel, there’s a good chance that they’ll ask for a form of ID, like she did.  That would be something official with your picture and name on it, like a driver’s license or passport.  ID is short for ‘identification.’  They’ll also usually want a credit card from you so they can make charges to the room if you damage or take anything.
If I could just see a form of ID and a credit card for the reservation.
Sure.
So I see that initially, you kind of deposit down for the room so we would just need the card for incidentals.
Okay, no problem.
Incidentals.  This is the word they use for anything in addition to the cost of the room.  For example, if you eat or drink from the mini-bar in your room, they will keep track of that and charge it to your card after you leave.
So we would just need the card for incidentals.
Okay, no problem.
And it doesn’t…it’s not ready yet by chance, is it?
It is!
Oh, perfect!
She asks, “have you stayed here before?”
Oh, no. I’ve not. It’s been on my bucket list.
Bucket list.  Have you heard this term before?  It means something you want to do within your lifetime.  For example, visiting Paris is on my bucket list.
Oh, no. I’ve not. It’s been on my bucket list. So I’m glad that it’s happening.
Yes.
This initial here, here, and a signature there. And if you can just add this gentleman’s name right there.
Sure.
There might be something you have to initial or sign when checking into a hotel.  Initial, of course, means you just put RS instead of your whole signature, Rachel Smith.
This initial here, here, and a signature there. And if you can just add this gentleman’s name right there.
We finish checking in and head up to our room.
Room number 814, we have a card as a key. Very dark elevator.
So this is why I don’t want to be north-facing. It’s because then you’re just looking at a building.
North-facing, south-facing.  It can be very handy to know the details of the room you want when booking a hotel.  Let’s go find the room.
There’s the river. And there’s the city. And there’s The High Line. How cool is that?
The Highline is a park in NYC that was built on top of an abandoned raised train line.  I’ll also talk about The Whitney, which is an art museum.
That’s The Whitney, right there. Have you ever been to The Whitney, David? The new one?
Yeah. And that’s the little rooftop spot there. Maybe we’ll…maybe we should go. They have um, pay-as-you-wish entrance on Friday evenings. Alright, well, let’s settle in.
“Settle in” is a phrase that means to unpack, to get comfortable, to arrange your things in a new place.  After a big move, it can take some time to settle in.  Whenever we stay somewhere, even if it’s just for a night or two, I like to spend some time settling in when we first arrive to make the stay more comfortable.
Alright, well, let’s settle in.
That night, our friend Renee dropped by and we ordered room service.  Generally you can reach the front desk by pressing 0.  The front desk is there in the lobby, where we checked in.  You call them with all your needs and questions.
Room service is for the restaurant in the hotel that can make and bring food to your room.
Hi! Is this where I call to place a room service order?
Thank you.
It was the front desk, not room service.
Hi! I’m in room 814. And I’d like to order two orders of fries and does that come with ketchup?
Yeah!
Okay.
And also, two orders of a good pickle.
Okay.
Do you want anything to drink with that?
Um, anyone thirsty?
No. I think we’re good.
If you ask someone if they want something, or offer them something, and they say “I’m good” or “we’re good”, that’s like saying “no thank you.”  That person does not want it.
Anyone thirsty?
No. I think we’re good.
They told me it would be a 30-minute wait.
Okay, I am 8 months pregnant, if that helps boost me forward.
Okay, not a problem.
Okay, I’m just kidding. Thank you!
Bye!
I mean I’m not kidding. I am 8 months pregnant, if that makes a difference.
Luckily, the food came quickly.
Wow. That’s a lot of fries.
That is a lot of fries.
Ooh. I didn’t expect them to be so little.
I think we could’ve gotten by with one order.
Nope.
No?
No. I’m so glad we have two.
Mini mayonaise.
All the best to go with the mini ketchup.
Mini ketchup.
And then 2 good pickles.
Okay, what did you think of yours?
I give it an 8 out of 10.
I think I’m going to give it a 6 or 7 out of 10.
Oh, so low.
Do you do this too?  We rated how much we liked the pickle on a scale of 1-10.  1 is always the lowest, and 10 the highest, the very best of the best.
So I didn’t love the pickle.  Still, there’s something very luxurious about eating French fries in your hotel room at 10:30 at night.
Many hotels have an ice machine.  This one was labeled an ice dispenser.  So almost every hotel room in America has an ice bucket that you can take to the machine to fill up.  This one also had tongs to serve ice into glasses.
David and I had such a relaxing stay here enjoying slow days.  Before we leave, let’s go over a few more words and phrases that might be useful to you as you travel, as you stay in hotels.
First, when you check into a hotel, you will find the front desk in the lobby, and you can probably find a luggage cart there to help you get all your luggage to your room.
The opposite of checking in is checking out. Check out, of course, is when you leave the hotel room and you give back your key.  Two phrasal verbs for your travel vocabulary:  check in, check out.  Here, I called the front desk to ask what time check out was.  I also had to report an issue about the room.
Hi Freddie! I am wondering what time check out is tomorrow morning?
It is 12 pm.
Okay, perfect.
Uh, my other question is I’m in room 814 and the drain to the bathtub doesn’t seem to close all the way.
That’s great! We’re actually going to head out in a minute. Is it okay if we’re not here?
Okay, thank you so much.
I used the phrasal verb ‘head out’.  This means to leave.  We were just getting ready to leave our room for a walk.  Head out.
That’s great! We’re actually going to head out in a minute. Is it okay if we’re not here?
Okay, thank you so much.
We don’t even need to try to get a late check out ’cause check out’s noon. It’s perfect.
This particular hotel  does have a mini bar. So that is place where they’re going to have some food and snacks for you. They have some glasses for us, nice. And there’s also a refrigerator. Mini-bar usually refers to refrigerator. refrigerator. And this one is fully stocked so that means it came with all sorts of goodies ready for us. Now, usually, if you eat or drink what comes here in hotel, it’s quite expensive. Much more expensive that just running out and buying it yourself.
Another neat thing that this particular hotel room has is a shower bathroom. So it’s this whole room, floor, ceiling, it doesn’t matter if they get the whole thing wet, a big bath tub, and then there are some slats that look out into the room so you can still see the view as you take your shower. This hotel room also has a safe. Many, many hotel rooms do so you can put passports or money, valuables, whatever, in this safe when you leave.
One thing that people are often interested in when choosing a hotel is the list of amenities. Amenities would be things like a gym or a pool or room service. Other things that you get in addition to your room or special things that you might get in your room. Many hotels come with a little card like this. This one says ‘Privacy Please’ and you hang this on your door knob to let them know: I don’t want anyone to come in and work on my room. Or on the other side: I do want someone to come in, change out my towels for clean towels, maybe vacuum. So this card says “Privacy Please” but you might also see “Do Not Disturb”. Thank you guys for traveling with me to New York city this weekend. I also have a video that I made on travel phrases that you may use when checking in at an airport. Be sure to check that out. Are there other travel vocabularies or phrases videos that you’d like to see? Please let me know in the comments below. Big thanks to David and Renee for being in this video with me. That’s it guys and thanks so much for using Rachel’s English.

Video:

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/wanghui626/p/9788564.html
展开全文
• 演绎出 It is not easy to deduce a trend of growth from the available facts since they are quite scarce and not that convincing. 从现有的事实推断增长趋势是不容易的，因为它们非常稀少，也没有那么令人信服...
新视野大学英语(第三版)第四册读写教程全书答案：https://docs.qq.com/doc/DRUh0RHZ0V1hUdG9n如何下载腾讯在线文档？如何将腾讯在线文档导出为本地Word文档（.docx） https://blog.csdn.net/COCO56/article/details/85218517
以下是我期末复习整理部分单元的题目的翻译： 第3版新视野大学英语4读写教程 Unit 1、2、3、5、6 Section A word in use 和Section B Sentence structure 部分的翻译
Unit 1 A
Text A: Words in use
crumbled crumble 英/'krʌmb(ə)l/ vi. 崩溃，瓦解，消失 As the gender barriers crumbled, the number of women working as lawyers, doctors, or bankers began to increase significantly from the mid-20th century. 随着性别障碍的瓦解，从20世纪中期开始，从事律师、医生或银行家工作的女性数量开始显著增加。discern 英/dɪ’sɜːn/ vt. 看出，觉察出，辨明 With the data collected each year, the owner of the shop can discern customer trends and how things like weather and economic indicators affect sales performance. 通过每年收集的数据，店主可以了解顾客的趋势，以及天气、经济指标之类的事物对销售业绩的影响。surpass 英/sə’pɑːs/ vt. 超过，胜过 His supervisor pushes and motivates him in such a positive manner that he is not only able to reach but to surpass his personal goals. 他的上司以这样一种积极的方式推动和激励他，使他不仅能够达到而且能够超越自己的目标。 supervisor 英/'suːpəvaɪzə;'sjuː/ n. 监督人，指导者；[管理] 管理人；检查员shrewd 英/ʃ ruː d/ a. 精明的，机敏的，准确的，英明的 He is a man with a shrewd business sense. He has built his initial investment into a substantial and even excessively large fortune. 他是个精明的生意人。他把最初的投资变成了一笔可观的、甚至是巨额的财富。conversion 英/ kən’vɜːʃ(ə) n/ n. 转变，改造，转换 The conversion of nuclear radiation directly into electricity was an exciting possibility that was being vigorously explored in many laboratories in the 1950s. 将核辐射直接转化为电能是20世纪50年代许多实验室正在积极探索的一种令人兴奋的可能性。distort 英/dɪ’stɔːt/ vt. 歪曲，曲解 I was not only shocked but also disgusted that the report tried to distort the scientific facts in such a manner that even some highly-educated people were fooled. 我不仅感到震惊，而且感到恶心，因为这份报告试图歪曲科学事实，甚至一些受过高等教育的人也被愚弄了。radiant 英/'reɪdɪənt/ a. 容光焕发的，喜悦的 Sixty-two and blessed with his mother’s skin, the fisherman had withstood a lifetime of exposure to the sun and looked as radiant as a man in his forties. 62岁的渔夫拥有母亲的皮肤，他一生都经受住了日晒，看上去像一个四十多岁的男人一样容光焕发。ingenious 英 /ɪn’dʒiːnɪəs/ a. 有独创性的，别出心裁的，构思巧妙的 French educator Louis Braille invented a simple but ingenious code which has had an impact on the lives of generations of people who are blind. 法国教育家路易斯·布莱叶发明了一种简单而巧妙的密码，这种密码对几代盲人的生活产生了影响。stumped stump 英 /stʌmp/ v. 使困惑，难倒 The senators didn’t expect us to ask such tough questions, and when we finally did, they got stumped and didn’t know what to say. 参议员们没想到我们会问这么棘手的问题，当我们终于提出时，他们被难住了，不知该说些什么。proposition 英 /prɒpə’zɪʃ(ə)n/ n. 提议，建议，主张，观点，看法 This newly established university supports the proposition that a more diverse higher education system is desirable since it would enhance opportunities for lifelong learning. 这所新成立的大学支持这样的观点:更多样化的高等教育体系是可取的，因为它将增加终身学习的机会。
Unit 1 B
Sentence structure
These reports differ from his earlier work in that they offer solutions to public pension problems. 这些报告不同于他早期的工作，因为它们为公共养老金问题提供了解决方案。These forums are unique in that they provide a venue for those with varying perspectives to have an open and honest dialog. 这些论坛的独特之处在于，它们为不同观点的人提供了一个公开和诚实对话的场所。 venue 英 /'venjuː/ n. 聚会地点；举行场所；犯罪地点；发生地点；（英格兰律）审判地（指郡或区）Social support has been found to act as a stress reducer in that it protects people in crisis from both physical and psychological problems. 社会支持被发现是一种减压的方法，因为它可以保护处于危机中的人们免受身体和心理问题的伤害。
Unit 2 A
Text A: Words in use
deficient 英 /dɪ’fɪʃ(ə)nt/ a.不足的，有缺陷的，缺乏的，不足的。 We need to improve the quality of education so that our children will not leave school deficient in literary and reasoning skills. 我们需要提高教育质量，使我们的孩子不会离开缺乏文学和推理技能的学校。prosecution 英 /prɒsɪ’kjuːʃ(ə)n/ n. 起诉，指控 In a society governed by the rule of law，every citizen is subject to possible prosecution if he violates the law. 在一个由法治的社会,每个公民都可能受到起诉,如果他违反了法律。outrage 英 /'aʊtreɪdʒ/ n.义愤，愤慨，震怒 The pay gap between average workers and top corporate officers has led to pubic outrage as executives receive large packages despite falling share prices. 普通员工与企业高管之间的薪酬差距，已引发公众的愤怒，因为尽管股价不断下跌，高管们仍能拿到巨额薪酬。appeased appease 英 /ə’piːz/ vt. 平息，安抚，抚慰 The delicious meal appeased our hunger and made us feel warm again after having walked in the snow all day. 这顿美餐使我们的饥饿感减轻了，让我们在雪中走了一整天后又感到温暖。conformity 英 /kən’fɔːmɪtɪ/ n. 遵守；符合；一致； The military insists on conformity in many areas，for example, dress and haircut，with the primary objective of promoting group unity. 军方坚持整合在许多领域,例如,服装和发型,促进集团统一的主要目标。strand 英 /strænd/ n. （线、绳、头发等的）股，缕 My daughter used to play with the dog by taking a strand of its hair and then spending a long time rubbing, combing and twisting it. 我女儿过去常和这只狗玩耍，把它的一缕头发剪下来，然后花很长时间揉搓、梳理和捻。complement 英 /'kɒmplɪm(ə)nt/ vt. 与……相配，与……互补 When she left for the party，she took great care to make her necklace and shoes complement her dress. 当她动身去聚会时，她非常认真地去试图把她的项链和鞋子与她的衣服配套起来。transient 英 /'trænzɪənt/ a. 短暂的，临时的 It was necessary to provide living places for transient immigrants passing through the area on their way to more permanent dwellings. 有必要为经过这一地区前往更永久住所的临时移民提供居住场所。appliance /əˈplaɪəns/ n. 家用电器 appliances They had just moved in，so they needed to buy a number of kitchen appliances, including a microwave oven, a toaster,and a coffee maker. 他们刚刚搬进来的,所以他们需要购买一些厨房电器,包括微波炉,烤面包机,咖啡机。outfit /ˈaʊtfɪt/ n. （尤指在特殊场合穿的）全套服装 She wanted a beautiful and elegant outfit to attend the wedding of a friend, but couldn’t find anything satisfactory in the nearby shops. 她想要一套漂亮雅致的衣服去参加一个朋友的婚礼，但在附近的商店里找不到满意的东西。
Unit 2 B
Sentence structure
What they were worried about was more than just the cost of the machine itself. It would be expensive to keep it up too. 他们不仅担心购买机器本身的成本，也担心维护起来机器会很昂贵。The island is more than just a place to visit for fun. It is also a center of the shipbuilding industry in this region. 这个岛不仅是一个好玩的地方，也是该地区造船业的中心。For me and the kids, Mother Earth News is more than just a magazine that introduces various kinds of healthy diets; it is a friend who gives us comfort! 对我和孩子们来说，地球母亲新闻不仅仅是一本介绍各种健康饮食的杂志;也是能给我们安慰的朋友！
Unit 3 A
Text A: Words in use
exquisite 英 /'ekskwɪzɪt; ɪk’skwɪzɪt; ek-/ a. 精致的，精美的 The curtains changed the atmosphere of the house completely and made it into a place of exquisite beauty. 窗帘完全改变了房子的气氛，使它成为一个优美的地方。disperse 英 /dɪ’spɜːs/ v. （使）分散，驱散 dispersed As the sun dispersed the clouds, we enjoyed our afternoon of playing cards in the forest under the clear sky and observing the most spectacular view I have ever seen in my life. 当太阳驱散乌云时，我们在晴朗的天空下的森林里打牌，欣赏着我从未见过的最壮观的景色。decentralize 英 /di:'sentrə’laɪz/ v. （使）（政府、组织等的部门）分散 decentralized The big company decentralized their operations last year and opened several regional offices in the country to meet the needs of the market. 这家大公司去年分散了业务，并在该国开设了几个地区办事处，以满足市场的需要。deduce /dɪ’djuːs/ vt. 推论，推断；演绎出 It is not easy to deduce a trend of growth from the available facts since they are quite scarce and not that convincing. 从现有的事实推断增长趋势是不容易的，因为它们非常稀少，也没有那么令人信服。 scarce /skeəs/adj. 缺乏的，不足的；稀有的fixture /'fɪkstʃə; -tjə/ n. 设备；固定装置；固定于某处不大可能移动之物 Formerly found only in large industrial applications, microwave ovens now have become a standard fixture of most modern kitchens. 以前只在大型工业应用中被发现，现在微波炉已经成为大多数现代厨房的标准设备。frugality /fruː’gælɪtɪ/ n. 俭省，节俭 He calls on the public to save in everyday life and believes that frugality is the key to battling a culture that rewards mindless consumption. 他呼吁公众在日常生活中储蓄，并相信节俭是对抗鼓励盲目消费的文化的关键。administrate /əd’mɪnɪstreɪt/ vt. 管理；经营，实施 He is suitable for the position as he is young enough to understand what the teenagers think but old enough to administrate their programs. 他很适合这个职位，因为他足够年轻，能够理解青少年的想法，但足够成熟，能够管理他们的项目。disjointed /dɪs’dʒɒɪntɪd/ adj. 脱节的；杂乱的；脱臼的 When asked about her whereabouts at 9 o’clock that night, she gave a rather disjointed response, which caught the detective’s attention. 当被问及那天晚上9点她在哪里时，她回答得相当不连贯，引起了侦探的注意。revive /rɪ’vaɪv/ vi. 复兴；复活；苏醒；恢复精神 Reviving Reviving the stalled economy and sticking to promises to bring the deficit down next year is proving to be the principal test for the new president. 复苏停滞的经济，并坚持承诺明年将削减赤字，这将成为新总统的主要考验。 stall vi. 停止，停转；拖延elapse /ɪ’læps/ vi. 消逝；时间过去 A considerable period of time has to elapse before the effects of such security measures as closed-circuit television cameras and cell-phone monitoring become evident in reducing crimes. 闭路电视摄像机和手机监控等安全措施在减少犯罪方面的效果还需要相当长一段时间才能显现出来。
Unit 3 B
Sentence structure
If he goes on taking ererything passively like this, he will never be confident enough to say NO to those kids who are fond of teasing him. 如果他继续这样被动地接受一切，他将永远不会有足够的信心对那些喜欢戏弄他的孩子说不。 tease /tiːz/ vt. 取笑；戏弄；梳理；欺负；强求；使起毛I know I’m already 80, but with a heart like mine, I will never be old enough to stop laughing at funny words. 我知道我已经80岁了，但是有一颗像我这样的心，我永远不会老到停止对有趣的话发笑的地步。Although I was never fortunate/lucky enough to meet your grandmother, I’ve enjoyed hearing you tell stories about her and seeing your face light up when talking about her. 虽然我从未有幸见到你的祖母，但我很高兴听到你讲述她的故事，看到你谈起她时面露喜色。
Unit 5 A
Text A: Words in use
fabricate /'fæbrɪkeɪt/ vt. 制造；伪造；装配 Although he was not a legal expert, he knew it would not be proper to fabricate anything to mislead the public. 虽然他不是法律专家，但他知道编造任何误导公众的东西都是不恰当的。  nominal [ˈnɒmɪnl] adj. 名义上的; 微不足道的; 票面上的; He does not work full time there, but he has been the nominal head of the organization’s scholarship program for five years. 他没有在那里全职工作，但他已经担任该组织奖学金项目的名义负责人五年了。  temporal [ˈtempərəl] adj. 时间的; 世俗的; 暂存的; As Mark walked the sites on that initial trip of the migrants, he found some important temporal clues — dated bus tickets, shopping receipts and calendars. 当马克在最初的移民之旅中走访这些网站时，他发现了一些重要的时间线索——注明日期的公共汽车票、购物收据和日历。  reciprocal /rɪ’sɪprək(ə)l/ adj. 互惠的；相互的；倒数的，彼此相反的 In urban planning, it is important to take into consideration the reciprocal influence between the transportation network and other facilities, for example shopping centers and medical centers. 在城市规划中，重要的是考虑交通网络和其他设施之间的相互影响，如购物中心和医疗中心。  denote /dɪ’nəʊt/ vt. 表示，指示 denotes The label “Smart Choices” on the front of food packages usually denotes products that meet criteria for lower fat, sugar and sodium (钠） content. 食品包装正面的“明智选择”标签通常表示产品符合低脂肪、低糖和低钠的标准。 criteria /kraɪ’tɪərɪə/ n. 标准，条件 sodium /'səʊdɪəm/ content /kən’tent/ n. 内容，目录；满足；容量  consecutive /kən’sekjʊtɪv/ adj. 连贯的；连续不断的 The public high school graduation rates in New Mexico and Arizona have been increasing for three consecutive years, thanks to an online program that helps students earn missing credits. 新墨西哥州和亚利桑那州的公立高中毕业率已经连续三年上升，这要归功于一个在线项目，该项目帮助学生获得缺失的学分。  spectator /spek’teɪtə/ n. 观众；旁观者 spectators In the accident at the air show last week, a pilot and 10 spectators were killed when a fighter plane crashed into the crowd. 在上周航空展的事故中，一架战斗机撞向人群，造成一名飞行员和10名观众死亡。 pilot /'paɪlət/ n. 飞行员；领航员  muttering /'mʌtərɪŋ/ n. 独自怨言，喃喃自语 The mother was not sure where the boys went, but she did hear them muttering something about going out for a movie with friends. 母亲不知道男孩们去了哪里，但她听到他们嘀咕着要和朋友出去看电影。  composite /'kɒmpəzɪt/ adj. 复合的，合成的；（火车车厢）综合的；（柱式）混合的；菊科的 This newly released portrait of Planet Earth is actually a composite of several pictures taken earlier this month by a new research satellite. 这张最新发布的地球照片实际上是本月早些时候由一颗新的研究卫星拍摄的几张照片的合成。  malicious /mə’lɪʃəs/ adj. 恶意的；恶毒的；蓄意的；怀恨的 You shouldn’t feel insulted. We can assure you he meant to be friendly and there was nothing impolite or malicious in his words. 你不应该感到受侮辱。我们可以向你保证，他的本意是友好的，他的话中没有任何不礼貌或恶意。
Unit 5 B
Sentence structure
If we have enough oil in our own country, why import a large amount from somewhere else every year? 如果我们自己的国家有足够的石油，为什么每年要从其他地方进口大量的石油呢?Since video communication through the Internet is convenient, why a time-consuming and expensive flight trip to attend the conference/meeting? 既然通过互联网进行视频通讯很方便，为什么要花费大量的时间和金钱去乘机票参加会议呢?Why at a crowded bar so far from home? We can just meet at a restaurant close to where we live. 为什么要在离家这么远的拥挤的酒吧里呢?我们可以在离我们住处很近的餐馆见面。
Unit 6 A
Text A: Words in use
alien /'eɪlɪən/ adj. 外国的；相异的，性质不同的；不相容的；陌生的 When I first came to this city, everything was alien to me. It took me a long time to adjust myself to the new environment. 当我第一次来到这座城市时，一切对我来说都是陌生的。我花了很长时间来适应新环境。optic /'ɒptɪk/ adj. 光学的；视觉的；眼睛的 Something growing in her brain caused damage to her optic nerve, and doctors thought she would never see again. 她大脑中生长的一些东西对她的视神经造成了损伤，医生认为她再也见不到东西了。symmetrical /sɪ’metrɪk(ə)l/ adj. 匀称的，对称的 The front side of the house has a symmetrical arrangement of windows and door and two windows on each side. 房子的正面有对称的窗户和门，每一面都有两扇窗户。lubricate /'luːbrɪkeɪt/ vi. 润滑；涂油；起润滑剂作用 lubricated He cleaned the old machine and lubricated the moving parts with a little mineral oil, hoping that it could work again. 他清洗了那台旧机器，并用一点矿物油给活动部件上了润滑油，希望它能再次运转。twinkled twinkle /'twɪŋk(ə)l/ v. 闪烁；（眼睛）闪亮，闪闪发光；发亮；轻快移动 We could tell it was a crisp winter night because, overhead, between the shadows of the buildings, a multitude of stars twinkled. 我们可以看出这是一个清爽的冬夜，因为头顶上，在建筑物的阴影之间，闪烁着许多星星。mediator /'miːdɪeɪtə/ n. 调停者；传递者；中介物 During his work on child protection, he often acts as a mediator between parents and children, making the parents know what they can do and what they cannot do. 在他的儿童保护工作中，他经常充当父母和孩子之间的调解人，让父母知道他们能做什么和不能做什么。outpost /'aʊt,post/ n. 前哨；警戒部队；边区村落 outposts Due to safety concerns, the commander ordered his troops to leave their outposts in the mountains and return to their bases in the nearby village. 出于安全考虑，指挥官命令他的部队离开山区的前哨，返回附近村庄的基地。traverse /'trævəs; trə’vɜːs/ v. 穿过；来回移动；反驳；阻挠；详细研究；旋转 traversing It’s exciting to travel to a foreign place, no matter whether you’re traversing the wilds of Africa or just making a weekend trip to the countryside. 到国外旅行是令人兴奋的，不管你是在穿越非洲的荒野，还是只是周末去乡下旅行。emancipate /ɪ’mænsɪpeɪt/ vt. 解放；释放 In the 1970s, a number of countries passed laws to protect women’s rights, announcing that they would emancipate women through education and work. 20世纪70年代，一些国家通过了保护妇女权利的法律，宣布将通过教育和工作解放妇女。deductive /dɪ’dʌktɪv/ adj. 演绎的；推论的；推断的 The basic idea of deductive reasoning is that if something is true of a class of things in general, this truth applies to all members of that class. 演绎推理的基本思想是，如果某件事对某一类事物是真实的，那么这个真理适用于这类事物的所有成员。
Unit 6 B
Sentence structure
Her parents could no more persuade her to study maths than they could persuade her to stop wearing skirts and makeup. 她的父母无法说服她学习数学，就像他们无法说服她停止穿裙子和化妆一样。I would no more believe any word he said than I would allow myself to be bitten by the same snake twice. 我不会相信他说的任何话，就像我不会让自己被同一条蛇咬两次一样。He would no more dare speak before a large audience than he would dare jump off the top of a 20-story building. 他不敢在一大群观众面前讲话，就像他不敢从20层楼高的楼顶跳下去一样。
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万次阅读 多人点赞 2019-05-22 10:51:17
Level 3 Unit1 1/4 Listening Lesson 1 An Unusual Day Lesson 2 Bus Schedule Vocabulary Lesson 3 Activities &Food Lesson 4 Spatial Relations Dialogue Lesson 5 Meeting at the ...Lesson...
Level 3
Unit1
1/4
Listening
Lesson 1 An Unusual Day
Lesson 2 Bus Schedule
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Activities &Food
Lesson 4 Spatial Relations
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Meeting at the Airport
Lesson 6 Staying up late
2/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Time Zones
Lesson 2 Kim’s Movie Star Dream
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Action & Comparisons
Lesson 4 Seasons & Weather
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Missing the Flight
Lesson 6 A Going Away Party
3/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Buying a New Car 1-2
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Spatial Relations & Needs
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Ordering Food from Home
Lesson 6 Are Selfies Good or Bad?
4/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Christina’s Future Plans 1-2
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Jobs & Weather
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Foot Injury
Lesson 6 Discussing Eating out
Unit2
1/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Stats of Matter
Lesson 2 Test Results
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Emotions
Lesson 4 Hobbies
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Ready for the Meeting
Lesson 6 Discussing Test Results
2/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Paul’s Trip Plan 1-2
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Sports
Lesson 4 Injuries
Dialogue
Lesson 5 A Nightmare
Lesson 6 Toilet Trouble
3/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Paul’s Overseas Trip 1-2
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Emergency Vehicles
Lesson 4 Weather & Activities
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Checking up on Ada
4/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Overview of Earth
Lesson 2 Water on Earth
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Things We Enjoy Doing
Lesson 4 Continents
Dialogue
Lesson 5 A Driverless Car
Lesson 6 Calling Customer Service
Unit 3
1/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Life & Conditions 1-2
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Forms of Life
Lesson 4 Instruments
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Dating Anniversary
Lesson 6 Fine Dining
2/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Quick Serve 1-2
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Sciences
Lesson 4 Disasters
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Desk Assembly
Lesson 6 Life and the Universe
3/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Harry’s Business Trip 1-2
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Sources of Energy
Lesson 4 Types of Words
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Good News & Bad News
4/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Leonardo da Vinci 1-2
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Sources of Pollution
Lesson 4 Historical Figures
Dialogue
Lesson5 An Urgent Call
Lesson 6 Setting the Bill

Level 3
Unit1
1/4
Listening
Lesson 1 An Unusual Day
Kathy usually gets up at 6:30, but this morning, she didn’t hear her alarm.
As a result, she overslept.
She didn’t get up until 7:00, 30 minutes later than usual.
As a result, she didn’t have time to cook breakfast for her children.

-Why did she oversleep? –She didn’t hear her alarm.
-Why didn’t she cook breakfast? –She didn’t have time.

Today Kathy and her kids left home early.
They usually leave home at 7:30, but today they left at 7:15.
They left early because they had to buy breakfast on their way to school.

-Why did they leave home early? –They had to buy breakfast on their way to school.
-What did they have to buy on their way to school? –their breakfast.

It usually takes 45 minutes to drive her kids to school, but today it took longer.
It took them longer because they stopped for breakfast along the way.
It took 15 minutes for them to have breakfast.
They ate at a little coffee shop along the side of the road.

-How long does it usually take to drive her kids to school? –It usually takes 45 minutes.
-How long did it take them to have breakfast? –It took 15 minutes.

After eating breakfast, they got back into their car.
On most days the traffic isn’t too bad in the morning.
But this morning, it was much worse than usual.
The cars were moving very slowly.
As a result it took them longer than usual to get to school.

-What did they do after eating breakfast? –They got back into their car.

One of her children got to school on time, but the other two were late.
They were late because their schools are farther away.
They were both about 10 minutes late to school.

-How late were two of her children? –They were about 10 minutes late.

When Kathy finally got home she cleaned her house as usual.
She vacuumed the living room and cleaned the bathroom.
Then she talked with her friend on the phone as usual.
When she finished talking with her friend she got into her car.
She put the key into the ignition, and tried to start the engine.
But the car’s engine didn’t start.
Her car battery was dead, so she had to call for help.

-What happened when she tried to start her car? –The car’s engine didn’t start.
-Why did she have to call for help? –to get a new battery.

After getting a new battery for her car, the engine started.
Then Kathy drove to the mall to meet her friend.
She arrived to the mall an hour late but her friend was waiting for her.
They had lunch together and then they went shopping.
They both bought new shoes and some things for their kids.
Kathy bought a new tie for her husband.

-What did Kathy buy for her husband? –a new tie.
-Who was waiting for her at the mall? –Her friend was waiting for her.

It’s now 3:00 and everything is going as usual.
Kathy doesn’t want anything else to go wrong.
She wants the rest of the day to go as usual.
She doesn’t want any more surprises.
And tomorrow she won’t oversleep.
She never wants to oversleep again.

-What doesn’t Kathy want? –more surprises.
Lesson 2 Bus Schedule
Here is a bus schedule at a bus stop.
On most days the buses come on schedule but sometimes they don’t.
Yesterday for example, several buses were late.
This is because the traffic yesterday was much heavier than usual.

-How was the traffic yesterday? –It was much heavier than usual.
-Why were several buses late? –The traffic was heavier than usual.

Bus number 38 was supposed to come at 8:40, but it was 5 minutes late.
It didn’t come until 8:45.
Bus number 60 was supposed to come at 8:30.
But yesterday it didn’t come until 8:40.
It was 10 minutes late.
Not one bus come early.

-How many buses came early? –Not one bus came early.

As a result of the delays one man got on the wrong bus.
He wanted to go to the airport so he wanted to get on bus number 38.
He expected it to come at 8:40.
Instead he got on bus number 60, which came at 8:40.
He didn’t notice that it was the wrong bus.
It didn’t go to the airport.
As a result he missed his flight.

-What time was bus number 38 supposed to come? -8:40.
-Why did the man miss his flight? –He got on the wrong bus.
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Activities &Food
Weddings are where two people get married.
This man and woman are getting married.
The building in the middle is an office building.
Many people come to work here during the week.
These people are at a dance party.
The woman in the green dress is dancing with her boyfriend.
These two people are meeting for the first time.
They are shaking hands.
This young boy is brushing his teeth.
He brushes his teeth several times a day.

-Who are shaking hands? –They are shaking hands.
Candies and cakes are sweet because they are made with lots of sugar.
Eating too many sweets is not good for your teeth.
Lemons and great food take a little sour so some people don’t like them.
Some sour tasting foods have a lot of vitamin C.
These red peppers are very hot and spicy.
Eating hot or spicy food rises body temperature so don’t eat them before going into bed.
These foods are deep-fried and greasy.
Greasy foods have a lot of calories, so don’t eat them if you want to lose weight.
Healthy foods are usually nature and don’t include dangerous chemical. Fruits and vegetables are examples of healthy foods.

-How do lemons and great food taste? –a little sour.
Lesson 4 Spatial Relations

The triangle is inside the square.
The square is around the triangle.
The triangle is inside the circle.
The circle is around the triangle.
The square is inside the triangle.
The triangle is around the square.
The circle is between two small squares.
There is a square on either side of the circle.
The circle is on the left of the rectangle.
The rectangle is on the right of the circle.

Dialogue
Lesson 5 Meeting at the Airport
W: Hey, where are you? I don’t see you anywhere.
M: I’m on the subway.
W: My flight arrived early and I’m tired.
M: I’m sorry to be late. I’ll be there as fast as I can.

-Where is she? –She is at the airport.

W: Where are you now?
M: There are three more stops. I’ll be there in ten minutes.
W: I’ll meet you at the bus stop in front of terminal 2. Then we can get a taxi.
M: OK. I’ll look for you in front of terminal 2. See you soon.

-What are they going to do after they meet? –Take a taxi.
Lesson 6 Staying up late
Lisa: What’s the matter, Tom?
Tom: I don’t feel well.
Lisa: Are you sick?
Tom: No, I don’t think so. I’m just tired.
Lisa: Didn’t you get enough sleep?
Tom: No, I didn’t. I went to bed later than usual last night.

-Why didn’t he get enough sleep? –He went to bed later than usual.

Lisa: What time did you go to bed?
Tom: I didn’t go to bed until 12:00.
Lisa: Why did you stay up so late?
Tom: I was watching some videos on line.

-He didn’t go to bed until when? - He didn’t go to bed until 12:00.

Lisa: What kind of videos?
Tom: Music videos from all over the world.
Lisa: Really?
Tom: Sure, I’ll send you some links if you like.
Lisa: Thanks, I like music videos too. They are really fun.
Tom: Just don’t stay up too late.
Lisa: Don’t worry, I won’t stay up too late. I need my sleep.

-Why won’t she stay up too late? –She needs enough sleep.
He was watching videos.
He didn’t go to bed until 12:00.
2/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Time Zones
Our planet, the earth, is the third planet from the sun.
It is a beautiful, rotating sphere.
The side facing the sun is in daylight.
The side facing away from the sun is in darkness.
For example, when it’s daytime in the US, it’s nighttime in China.
In fact, there’s a 12-hour time difference between Boston and Shanghai.
When it’s midnight in Shanghai,it’s noon in Boston.

-Which side of the earth is in daylight? –the side facing the sun.
-What is the shape of our planet? –a sphere.
-What time of the day is noon? –It’s 12:00 pm.
-Which side of the earth is in darkness? –the side facing away from the sun.

The earth rotates from west to east.
To know which direction is east or west, watch the sun.
The sun travels through the sky from east to west.
The sun comes up in the east and goes down in the west.
Again, this is because the earth rotates.
It takes 24 hours for the earth to make a complete rotation.
And that is the length of one day.

-The sun comes up in which direction? –It comes up in the east.

Because of the earth’s rotation, the earth is divided into time zones.
Some countries, such as the US, have several time zones.
When it’s 10 am in New York, it’s 7 am in San Francisco.
Europe and the US are separated by several time zones.
When it’s 5 pm in Paris, it’s 11 am in Boston.
So there is a 6-hour difference between Paris and Boston.
One large country, China, has just one time zone for the whole country.
As a result, at the same time, some parts of the country can be dark and other parts can be light.

-Which large country has only one time zone? –China.
-Why is the earth divided into time zones? –It rotates.

As you travel around the earth, the time changes.
The time of day depends on your location on the planet.
When you travel east or west, you may cross several time zones.
For example, if you travel from Beijing to Los Angeles, you cross 8 time zones.
That means, when it’s noon on Sunday in China, it’s 8 pm on Saturday in Los Angeles.
For travelers, this means it can be very difficult to sleep after a long flight.
The clock may say 8 pm, but for your body, it’s noon.
This is called jet lag.

-What causes jet lag? –crossing several time zones.
-What happens if you travel east or west? –You may cross several time zones.
-What changes as you travel around the earth? –the time.
-What happens if you travel from Beijing to Los Angeles? –You will cross several time zones.
It depends on how far east or west you travel.
Crossing several time zones causes jet lag.
Lesson 2 Kim’s Movie Star Dream
Kim is a popular Korea actress.
She’s 28 years old, slim, and beautiful.
She has a large fan club, and her movies are very popular.
Everywhere she goes, her fans want her autograph.
But Kim wants more.
She wants to be popular all over the world.

-What does Kim do? –She is an actress.
-What does Kim want? –She wants to be more popular.
-What do her fans want? –Her autograph.

Tomorrow is a special day for her.
She’s leaving for Hollywood.
She’s going to Hollywood to meet with some top movie executives.
The meeting is scheduled the day after tomorrow.
If the meeting goes well, she’ll be in a Hollywood movie.
This is her chance to become a star.

-When is she leaving for Holly Wood? –tomorrow.
-What will happen if the meeting goes well? –She’ll be in a Hollywood movie.
-When is she going to meet with executives? –the day after tomorrow.

She met the movie’s director last year.
He came to Korea and saw her latest movie.
After that he decided to use her in his new movie.
Fortunately, Kim’s English is excellent, so she can play the role.

-Who did she meet in Korea last year? –the movie’s director.
-What did the movie director decide to do? -He decided to use her in his new movie.

The director wants her to play a major role in the movie.
The movie story will take place in the future.
At that time the world will be a very different place.
Unfortunately, much of world will be polluted.
Robots will do much of the work, and only the very rich can have a good life.

-In the movie, who can have a good life? –the very rich.
-What are robots? –machines.

The ending of the movie is still a secret.
Even Kim doesn’t know how it will end.
But she hopes it will have a happy ending.
She wants people to have hope for a better future.

-What doesn’t Kim know? –the ending of the movie.
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Action & Comparisons
These people are having a meeting.
The woman is giving a presentation.
This person is having a scary dream.
In his dream, something is chasing him, so he is running as fast as he can.
This old man is a tourist.
He is looking out the window of his tour bus.
This young couple is in an art museum.
They are looking at a famous painting.
The sun is setting behind the mountains.
The sky is turning red.

Some buses, like this one, take tourists to places like the Great Wall.
She’s giving a presentation at a meeting.

The longest line is the one on the top.
The top line is the longest of the three lines.
The shortest line is the one in the middle.
The line in the middle is shorter than the other two.
The bottom line is the shortest.
The shortest of these three lines is the one on the bottom.
The shirt on the left is more expensive than the shirt on the right.
The shirt on the right is less expensive than the shirt on the left.
The shirt on the left isn’t as expensive as the one on the right.
The shirt on the left costs less than the one on the right.

The shirt on the left is more expensive than the shirt on the right.
Lesson 4 Seasons & Weather
Winter is the coldest season because the sun is at its lowest point in the sky.
Winter sports include skiing and ice skating.
Summer is the hottest season because the sun is at its highest point in the sky.
Many people like to go swimming in the summer because of the hot weather.
Spring is the season when the weather gets warmer each day.
For many animals new life begins in the spring.
Autumn is the season when the weather begins to cool and the days begin to shorten.
Autumn is when trees turn many colors and leaves fall to the ground.
Rainy season is the season when some countries get most of the rainfall.
Rainy season usually lasts for one or two months.
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Missing the Flight
M: Hi, I’m sorry to be late.
W: What happened? You were supposed to be here an hour ago.
M: Yes, I know, but I missed my flight.

-How late is he? –H’s an hour late.

W: You missed your flight? How did that happen?
M: I got on the wrong bus this morning, so I was late to the airport.
By the time I arrived, the gate was closed.
W: What did you do then?
M: I had to rebook my flight and get on the waiting list.

-Why was he late to the airport? –He got on the wrong bus.
-What did he do when he got to the airport? –He rebooked his flight.
He had to get on a waiting list because other people were also trying to get on the flight.

W: Oh, that’s too bad. At least you got here.
M: Yes, it wasn’t easy getting on the next flight. I had to run to the gate.
W: This kind of thing happens a lot lately. Last week I missed a flight, too.

-What wasn’t easy? –It wasn’t easy getting on the next flight.

M: What happened?
W: There was a traffic accident near the airport.
M: You were driving?
W: No, I wasn’t. I was in a taxi. But it took a long time to get to the airport.
The traffic was stopped for nearly 15 minutes.

-Why did it take a long time to get to the airport? –The traffic was stopped because of an accident.

W: By the time I got there, it was too late to get on the flight.
The next flight wasn’t for another 3 hours, so it was a long wait.
From now on, I’ll try to get to the airport much earlier.
M: Me too.

-How long did she have to wait for the next flight? –She had to wait three hours. She had to wait three hours for the next flight.
Lesson 6 A Going Away Party
M: What’s the matter? Why do you look so sad?
W: Ada has a new job. She’s going to Beijing.
M: Really? When is she leaving?
W: She’s leaving at the end of next week.
M: That soon?
W: Yes, she just told me.
M: That’s too bad. I really enjoy working with her.
W: Me too, I’m going to miss her.

-When is Ada leaving? –She is leaving at the end of next week.

W: Let’s have a going-away party for her.
W: Friday evening would be better. We can have it after work.
M: Yes, Friday is better.

-When are they going to have the party? –They’re going to have it on Friday evening.
-Why is Friday evening better than the weekend? –They can have the party after work.

W: Let’s go to her favorite restaurant, okay?
M: Which one? The Italian one, or the German one?
W: The Italian one has better food, so let’s go there. Their pizzas are awesome.

-How good are the pizzas at the Italian restaurant? –They are awesome.
-Why did they decide on the Italian restaurant? –They think it has better food.

M: OK, I’ll make the reservations.
W: Let me check with Ada first. We don’t want her to miss her party.
M: Yeah, that’s for sure. And could you please invite everyone in the office?
W: Sure, no problem. Nobody will want to miss it.

-What are they going to check with Ada? –They need to confirm that she can come to the party.
3/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Buying a New Car 1-2
Paul is a very successful businessman.
He owns several restaurants.
All of them are doing well.
In fact, they are very profitable.
To be profitable means that their income is more than their expenses.
As a result, he is making a lot of money.

-What does Paul do? –He is a businessman.
-Why is he making a lot of money? –His restaurants are profitable.
He is making money because his restaurants are profitable.

Paul wants to buy a new car.
He’s trying to decide which car to buy.
He has plenty of money.
As a result, he isn’t worried about the cost.
He can afford an expensive car.

-Why isn’t he worry about the cost? –He has plenty of money.
-As a result is the same as saying… -so

On the other hand, he doesn’t want to waste money.
He wants a car he can rely on.
It has to be safe and reliable, especially in cold winter weather.
If a car breaks down in bad weather, it can be very dangerous.

-What kinds of car does he want? –a safe, reliable car.

Paul wants to help reduce pollution and smog.
He would like to buy a clean car, something good for the environment.
The Tesla is an all-electric car.
It used batteries instead of gasoline.
There is no exhaust so it doesn’t pollute the air.

-What kind of car is Tesla? –It is a clean, electric car.
-Why doesn’t the Tesla pollute the air? –It doesn’t exhaust.

However, the car can’t go very far without recharging the battery.
To charge the battery you can plug it in to an electrical outlet.
Recharging the battery takes time.

-What takes time? –Recharging the battery.

One of Paul’s friends has one and he is quite happy with it.
He says it’s reliable and well-engineered.
There’re also several charging station near Paul’s office.
So he isn’t worried about that.
The cost for charging the battery is low.
It’s less expensive than buying gasoline.
His wife, Kathy, also likes the idea of buying an electric car.
She likes the idea of driving a clean car.
So it makes sense.

-What’s less expensive than buying gasoline? –charging the battery.
-Why isn’t Paul worried about finding charging stations? –There’re several charging stations near Paul’s office.

In the future there may be driverless cars.
This may be very safe, but Paul doesn’t like them.
He enjoys driving.
He likes to be in control of his car.

-What does Paul enjoy doing? –He enjoys driving.
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Spatial Relations & Needs
The man in the middle is the heaviest.
The man in the middle is heavier than the other two.
The woman on the left is smarter than the man on the right.
The man isn’t as smart as the woman is.
The woman is standing under a bridge.
The bridge is above the woman.
There is a bridge over the river.
The river is flowing beneath the bridge. The water is flowing over a waterfall.
The waterfall is very high and beautiful.
People need passports to travel internationally.
Without a passport, you cannot leave your country or enter another country.
You need a driver’s license to drive a car.
It is against the law to drive without a driver’s license.
Many people use credit cards to buy things on credit.
When you have a credit card, you don’t need to carry cash.
Smart phones are very useful and can do many things.
You can use them to make phone calls, play games, or go shopping on the internet.
We need to buy tickets in order to take a train, or watch a sport event.
You can often buy tickets on line and sometimes you can get a discount.
Banks are where people can deposit or withdraw money.
You can also use online bank to pay bills, such as your credit card bill.
Hotels are where travelers can stay overnight or for several days.
If you plan to stay at a hotel you should make a reservation.
Restaurants are where people go to eat with friends and family.
There are many different kinds of restaurants, such as Indian, Italian, or Chinese restaurants.
Repair shops are where people go to fix things which are broken or not working right.
This repair shop fixes cars and can check to see if it’s safe to drive.
Coffee shops are favorite place to meet new people or take a break from the office. They are usually less expensive than restaurants.
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Ordering Food from Home
M: I’m tired of going out to eat. Let’s eat at home tonight.
W: OK, are you going to cook?
M: No, it’s too late, you know I’m not a good cook. Let’s order something.

-What are they going to do? –They are going to order food.
-Why does he want to eat at home? –He’s tired of going out to eat.

W: What do you have in mind?
M: I was thinking about a nice big pizza.

-What was he thinking about ordering? –He was thinking about ordering a pizza.
-Why doesn’t she want pizza? –She’s tired of eating pizza.

M: OK, no pizza. Let’s order Chinese food, okay?
W: Sweet and sour? You always like sweet and sour. I feel like eating something hot and spicy.
M: OK, you order something hot and spicy, and I order sweet and sour. I don’t want anything spicy.
My stomach doesn’t feel good. It’s a bit upset.

-What does she feel like eating? –something hot and spicy.
-Why doesn’t he want something hot and spicy? –His stomach doesn’t feel good.

W: OK, if you want sweet and sour then I’ll have that too. And I’ll make a salad with lots of tomatoes.
How long will it take for the food to get here.
M: I don’t know. I’ll call and find out.
W: Thanks. Hopefully it won’t take longer than an hour. I’m getting hungry.

-What do they finally decide to order? –They decide to order sweet and sour.
-How long will it take for the food to be delivered? –They don’t know.
Lesson 6 Are Selfies Good or Bad?
M: Hey, what did you do last night?
W: I took a long walk from my hotel.
M: You didn’t get lost?
W: No, I didn’t.

-What did she do last night? –She took a long walk.
-What is she staying? –She is staying at a hotel.

M: Where did you go, anywhere interesting?
W: I walked to river. There were thousands of people there.
M: You went to the river? How long did it take you to walk there.
W: It took around 20 minutes.
M: Did you see anything interesting?
W: I was really surprised by how many people were there.

-How did she get to the river? –She walked to the river.
-What did she see at the river? –She saw thousands of people there.

W: Many of them were taking pictures and selfies, Lots of selfies.
M: Do you take selfies?
W: Sure, don’t you?
M: Sometimes, but my girlfriend takes a lot of selfies. Then she shares them with her friends on line.
I don’t understand why people like to take so many pictures of themselves.
W: That’s because you are old-fashioned.

-What does his girlfriend put on line? –She puts her selfies on line.
-What does it mean to take a selfies? –It means to take a picture of yourself with your smart phone.

M: Hmm, I guess you are right. There are too many social media for me.
When I go to a restaurant, I see many people looking at their smart phones.
They don’t even look at the people they are with.
W: Times are changing, my friend, whether you like it or not.

-What are the people doing in the restaurant? –They are looking at their smart phones.
4/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Christina’s Future Plans 1-2
Christina sells women’s clothing in a department store.
She usually works six days a week, but this week she’s going to take three days off.
She’s taking time off so that she can visit her parents.
Her parents live in the mountains, about three hours away by train.
They are looking forward to seeing her.
They haven’t seen her for almost a year.
Christina is their only child.

-What does Christina sell? –Women’s clothing.
-When was the last time Christina saw her parents? –It was almost a year ago.
-Why is she taking time off? –She is taking time off to visit her parents.

Christina isn’t going on the trip by herself.
Her boyfriend is going with her.
She is going to introduce him to her parents.
She and her boyfriend want to get married.
If everything goes well, they plan to get married in 6 months.

-What is the purpose of the trip? –To introduce her boyfriend to her parents.
-When do they plan to get married? –In 6 months.

After they get married, Christina plans to quit her job.
She wants to spend more time designing clothes.
She wants to set up her own business.
This will take time.
Her boyfriend thinks it’s a good idea.

-What does Christina plan to do after she gets married? –She plans to quit her job.
-What does her boyfriend think it’s a good idea? –Start her own business.

They don’t plan to have children right away.
In fact, they may decide not to have children.
They don’t know yet.
It’s going to be a big decision.

-What’s going to be a big decision? –To have children or not.
-What may they decide not to do? –They may decide not to have children.

Christina’s parents want her to marry and have children.
They are looking forward to have grandchildren.
They don’t want her to start her own business.
They think it’s more important to have children.
In fact, they would like her to live closer to them.
They want to be close to their grandchildren.

-What do Christina’s parents want? –They want her to marry and have children.
-Where would Christina’s parents like her to live? –They would like her to live nearby.

So Christina doesn’t plan to tell her parents everything.
For now, she just wants them to meet her boyfriend.
She wants them to be happy that she is going to get married.
She wants them to like him and see her happiness.
She wants her parents to accept her way of life.
Life isn’t the same now as it used to be.
Times are changing.

-What does Christina want her parents to do for now? –She just wants them to meet her boyfriend.
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Jobs & Weather
Mechanics, like this one, fix cars.
He is working in a repair shop.
A delivery person delivers things, such as pizzas.
This person works for a restaurant.
A pharmacist sells medicines.
Pharmacists, like this woman, work in a pharmacy.
Thieves, like this one, steal things.
This thief is stealing a television from a home.
A musician, like this one, plays music.
This musician is playing a guitar.

Stealing things is against the law.

These people are wearing masks because of the smog.
One cause of smog is automobile exhaust.
It’s raining hard so you need an umbrella.
Heavy rain like this can cause flooding and mud slides.
When the sky is overcast we can’t see the sun because of the clouds.
A cloudy sky means that it might rain.
We need to wear a coat when it’s cold and windy.
In a very strong wind, it’s difficult to use an umbrella.
We need to drink water or other liquids when it’s hot outside.
When it’s really hot most people turn on the air conditioning.
Here are some different types of things to read.
Works or fictions include novels, short stories and plays, such as Shakespeare.
People read the news to learn about what’s happening in the world.
We can get the news in newspapers and online.
When we buy something, we often need to read an instruction manual.
Instruction manuals show us how to put together or install things.
Non-fiction works include biographies and books about science and history.
We can learn about the latest scientific research in journals and academic papers.
Many online universities courses give a list of research papers to read.
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Foot Injury
M1: What’s wrong?
M2: I can’t walk. My left foot hurts.
M1: Is it broken?
M2: I don’t know if it’s broken, but it sure hurts.

-What hurts? –His left foot hurts.

M1: There’s one way to find out if it’s broken.
M2: How?
M1: You need to see a doctor. The doctor can X-ray your foot.

-How can they find out if his foot is broken? –They need to see a doctor.
-Who can X-ray his foot? –a doctor.

M2: OK, let’s go. I can’t walk by myself. Can you help me into a taxi?
M1: Sure, I’ll call a taxi. I’ll get you to a hospital as soon as possible.
M2: Thanks. I sure hope it isn’t broken.
M1: We’ll find out soon enough.

-Where do they want to go? –They want to go to a hospital.
Lesson 6 Discussing Eating out
W: I don’t feel like cooking tonight. Let’s go out.
M: Where would you like to go?
W: I feel like eating some great Italian food.
M: How about AI’s Italian, it’s always good.

-What doesn’t she feel like doing? –cooking.

W: We went there last week. Let’s try something new. You have no imagination.
You always want to go to the same place.
M: Right, I don’t like unpleasant surprises. I just want things to be simple.

-What does she want to do? –She wants to try something new.
-Why doesn’t she want to go to AI’s Italian? –They went there last week.

W: OK, let’s compromise.
M: What does that mean? What do you mean by compromise?
W: Let’s go 50-50.
This time we’ll go someplace new and new and next time we can go to one of your favorites.
M: OK, I’ll compromise and make you halfway.
W: Good, I’ll look for something new and make reservations.

-What does she suggest? –She suggests that they compromise.

M: Great, let’s not go too late.
W: I’ll make reservations for 8. Is that okay?
M: Yes, perfect.

He doesn’t like unpleasant surprises.
Unit2
1/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Stats of Matter
Matter is made of atoms and molecules.
Water, for example, is the H2O molecule.
This means that a molecule of water has 3 atoms.
A water molecule has 2 hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.
Substances like sugar have many atoms in their molecules.
A molecule of sugar has many atoms, including carbine, hydrogen and oxygen.

-What is H2O? –The water molecule.
-What is matter made of? –Atoms and molecules.

Matter is made of molecules such as the H2O which is the water molecule.
Matter can be in one of 3 states, solid, liquid or gas.
Water and ice are the same substance, but they are in different states.
These states depend on the temperature of the molecules.
When we heat a substance, the molecules move faster and try to take up more space.
When we cool a substance, the molecules move more slowly.
When we cool a substance to its freezing point, it becomes a solid.

-How many states of matter are there? –Three.
-What happens when we heat a substance? –the molecules move faster and try to take up more space.
-What happens if we cool a liquid to its freezing point? –It becomes a solid.

In a solid, the molecules move very little.
Their positions are almost fixed.
To be fixed means that their positions don’t change.
If we heat the molecules, they move faster and away from each other.
The solid begins to melt, like ice cream on a hot day.

-How can we change a solid into a liquid? –heat it up.
-How can we change a liquid into a solid? –cool it down.

At a certain temperature, a solid begins to change into a liquid.
The temperature at which a solid changes into a liquid depends on the substances.
For water, the solid begins to change into a liquid when its temperature rises to above 100 degrees Celsius.
For some substances, such as steel, the temperature at which it becomes a liquid is much higher.
Steel often melts at around 1370 degrees Celsius.

-At what temperature does ice begin to melt? –Above 0 degree Celsius.
-What does the temperature at which a substance begins to melt depend on? –The substances.

If we continue to heat a liquid, the molecules move even faster.
At a certain temperature, the liquid begins to change into a gas.
For water, the liquid begins to change into a gas at 100 degrees Celsius. This is the boiling point of water.

-What happens if we continue to heat a liquid? –Molecules move even faster.

Inside a star, such as our sun, the temperature is very high.
Everything inside the sun is a gas.
According to scientists, there are over 65 elements inside the sun.
These include oxygen and iron.
Over 90% of the sun is hydrogen gas.

-How many elements are inside the sun? –More than 65.

Lesson 2 Test Results
Yesterday there was an important science test.
Lisa, Tom and 20 other classmates took the test.
The test was about the states of matter and how they are different.
There were 25 questions on the test, and they had 45 minutes to take it.

Here are some of the test results.
Two students got perfect scores.
The lowest score was 68 out of a hundred.
The average score was 86.3
Eleven students scored higher than average.
Eleven students had below average scores.

Tom missed two questions on the test, so his score was 92.
His score was the eighth highest in the class.
Lisa missed two and a half questions, so her score was 90.
Her score was the tenth highest score.
Her score was 4 points higher than the average score.

Lisa was disappointed with her test results.
She studied hard for the test, but she still didn’t do well.
As a result, she plans to study harder for the next test.
The next test will be in about two weeks.

Tom was surprised and happy with his test results.
He didn’t study hard, so his result was better than he expected.
He was also happy that he did better than Lisa did.

Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Emotions
She is screaming because she is really scared.
Something is chasing her so she is screaming for help.
He is shouting because he is angry.
When he’s really angry he often shouts like this.
She is sleeping because she’s tired.
Last night she didn’t get enough sleep, so today she has no energy.
She got some bad news a few minutes ago.
She’s smiling because she’s happy.
Her boyfriend just called and he’s returning from a long trip.

Who is smiling because she got some good news?
Lesson 4 Hobbies
This man is hiking up a mountain trail.
He is wearing hiking boots and is carrying a pack on his back.
This man enjoys cooking.
He attends a cooking class once a week.
This woman enjoys gardening.
She grows flowers, such as roses, and vegetables, such as tomatoes, in her garden.
This boy loves playing games.
He likes all kinds of games, including this video games on his computer.
This old couple enjoys travelling.
They take several trips a year, often to different countries.
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Ready for the Meeting
W: Oh, there you are, finally.
M: Yeah, I’m sorry.
W: Why are you so late? You were supposed to be here 30 minutes ago.
M: I got on the wrong subway by mistake.

-When was he supposed to be there? -30 minutes ago.
-Why was he late? –He took the wrong subway.

W: Why didn’t you call? I was really worried.
M: I don’t have my phone. I left it in the office because I was in such a hurry to get here.
W: OK, well, you’re here now. We don’t have much time.
M: Yes, we’ll have to hurry. The meeting starts in 15 minutes, right?
W: Yes, it’s supposed to, if everyone gets here on time.

-When is the meeting supposed to start? –in 15 minutes.
-To hurry means.. –To go fast.

W: Did you read my presentation?
M: Yes, I do. It’s good, but it’s a bit too long. I’m afraid there won’t be enough time for questions.
W: Do you have any suggestions?
M: Yes, I do. I think the company introduction can be cut in half. They know what we do.
W: OK, I won’t show the video. It’s about 2 minutes long.
M: That’s a good idea. The video is on our website and is not that good any way.

-What is she going to cut from her presentation? –the video.
-Why is the presentation a bit too long? –There isn’t enough time for questions.

W: Do you have any other suggestions?
M: No, I don’t. I’m sure you’re doing a great job. Are you ready?
W: Yes, I’m ready. The meeting room is on the 21st floor.
M: OK, let’s go.

-Where is the meeting going to be? –in a meeting room.
She’s ready to give her presentation at the meeting.
Lesson 6 Discussing Test Results
Lisa: How did you do on yesterday’s science test?
Tom: I did better than expected. How about you?
Lisa: I didn’t do very well. I expected to do better than I did.
Lisa: I got a 90. What about you?
Tom: I got a 92. I only missed two questions.

-How well did he do on the test? –He did better than expected.
She didn’t do as well as she expected.

Lisa: So you did better than I did. And I really study for it too.
Tom: That is a surprise. You usually do better than I do.
Lisa: Yes, I wasn’t careful. I made one really stupid mistake.
Tom: What was it?
Lisa: I said 90% of the sun is Helium instead of Hydrogen.
Tom: Wow. That was a stupid mistake.

-Why was he surprised by the result? –He did better than she did.

Tom: What was the average score for the class, do you know?
Lisa: The average score was 86.3 and the lowest was 68.
Tom: Do you know who got the lowest test score?
Lisa: No, I don’t. I don’t know who got the lowest score.
Tom: It’s probably a secret. Did anyone get a perfect score?
Lisa: I think Ada and Sandi both got perfect score.
Tom: Yes, they always do well. I wish I were as smart as they are.

-What was the average test score? -86.3.

2/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Paul’s Trip Plan 1-2
In six weeks Paul is going on a trip.
He is going to Japan and China.
There are a couple of reasons for the trip.
He is thinking about starting restaurants in both countries.
The other reason is for pleasure.
He enjoys travelling and he’d like to visit some friends.

-What’s going to happen in six weeks? –He is going on a trip.
-What is he thinking about starting in both countries? –He is thinking about starting restaurants.

Yesterday he went online and made airline reservations.
There were plenty of seats on the plane, so it was easy.
He also got a good discount.
Unfortunately, he needs a new passport.
His old passport is expiring next week.
This is something he didn’t expect.
Getting a new passport will take at least a week.
He needs to apply for one right away.

-Why did he need to get a new passport? –His old one is expiring soon.
-What did he need to do right away? –apply for a new passport.
-How long will it take to get a new passport? –At least a week.

Paul also needs a visa to enter China.
The last time he went to China was 3 years ago.
Getting a visa may also take a week or even two.
So he doesn’t have much time.
He needs to hurry.
He can’t get the visa until he gets his new passport.
He’ll have to go to the Chinese consulate in Toronto.
Hopefully there won’t be any delays.

-What may take a week or two? –getting a visa.
-When was the last time he went to China? -3 years ago.

Paul has several friends in each country.
One of his best friends lives near Mountain Fuji.
His friend lives near a beautiful lake about 3 hours from Tokyo.
His friend is a great cook and owns a little restaurant.
The restaurant is located on a hill above the lake.
It has a wonderful view and the food is wonderful.
Paul is looking forward to eating there.
Then he will spend the night at his friend’s house.

-Where is Paul going to stay? –He’ll stay at his friend’s house.
-What does his friend do? –He owns a restaurant.

One way to get to his friend’s house is to go by train.
If he takes a train his friend will meet him at the train station.
There’s a train station about half an hour from his friend’s house.
On the other hand he may decide to go by car.
He can rent a car for a few days and see more of the country.
He can use a GPS to help him with directions.
He doesn’t speak Japanese so the directions need to be in English.

-Why do the directions need to be in English? –He doesn’t speak Japanese.
-If he takes a train, who will meet him? –His friend.

In China Paul has a good friend who lives in Beijing.
They studied at the same university in Canada more than 15 years ago.
His Chinese friend wants to help Paul with his business.
His friend has lots of business experiences.
Paul knows there is a lot to learn.
He will certainly need his friend’s help.

-Where did Paul meet his Chinese friend? –At a university in Canada.

While in Beijing, they plan to visit several Italian restaurants.
They may meet with some of the owners too, but it isn’t certain yet.
Most of the owners are Chinese.
One or two of them may want to do business with Paul.
If he has time he may go to the Great Wall of China.
It’s a few hours outside Beijing by car.

-Who may want to do business with Paul? –One or two restaurant owners.

Altogether, the trip may take three or more weeks.
Paul still isn’t sure how long he will stay in each country.
He may spend a week in Japan and two weeks in China.
He may decide to stay longer.
Everything depends on his friends.
He expects to get more information from them in the next day or two.

-When does he expect to hear from his friends? –In a couple of days.
-What do his plans depend on? –His friends.
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Sports
In basketball, players score points by shooting a basketball through a hoop.
Each side has 5 players and the game is played on a basketball court.
Football is probably the world’s most popular sport.
Each team tries to score a goal by kicking the ball into a net.
Baseball is a team sport where each side has 9 players.
Baseball players use a bat to try to hit the ball and get on base.
Golf is an individual sport where players try to hit the ball into a hole in the ground.
The game is played on a golf course with 18 holes.
In boxing the two boxers stand in a boxing ring and hit each other.
Sometimes a boxer, like this one, knocks the other one out.
Lesson 4 Injuries
When people fall down, they can break a bone.
A broken bone can be very painful.
If someone is cut, they will bleed.
A knife or sharp object can cut someone and cause bleeding.
Poisons are very dangerous and cause death.
Some snakes and spiders are poisonous, so be careful.
A heart attack can happen very suddenly.
If someone has a heart attack, call for an ambulance right away.
If you catch on fire, fall to the ground and roll.
Getting too close to a fire can be very dangerous.
Dialogue
Lesson 5 A Nightmare
M: What’s the matter? You look really tired today.
W: I am tired. I didn’t sleep well last night.
W: Yes, exactly. I had a terrible dream, a really nightmare.
M: So it woke you up.
W: Yes, it woke me up. I was really scared.
M: I’ve had those kinds of dreams too.
W: It was so scary that I was afraid to go back to sleep.

-Why didn’t she sleep well last night? –She had a terrible dream.

M: Was something chasing you?
W: No, nothing was chasing me, but I was falling.
I was falling faster and faster, and it was dark. I couldn’t see or hear anything.
M: Can you remember anything else?
W: Yes, I remember now. In my dream I was screaming, but there was no sound.
I thought I was going to die at any second.
M: Wow. That is scary.

-What was she doing in her dream? –falling and screaming.

M: So what did you do when you woke up?
W: I didn’t want to go back to sleep, so I checked the news online. Then I played the game.
M: You didn’t go back to sleep?
W: Actually I got too tired playing the game than I fell asleep.
M: Well, at least you got some sleep. Some sleep is better than no sleep.
W: I guess so. But I’m still tired. I hope I can get through the day.

-What did she do when she woke up? –She went online.
-What was she doing when she fell asleep? –She was playing a game online.

M: Have a good lunch and then work out in the afternoon.
W: Thanks, I’m already feeling a bit better.
M: Hey, look, the boss is coming. Look like you’re working hard.

-How is she feeling now? –She’s feeling a bit better.
She had a terrible dream, and it woke her up.
Lesson 6 Toilet Trouble
M: Hey, what’s that awful smell?
W: The toilet is broken in the men’s bathroom.
M: Wow. I can’t work when it smells this bad. I need some fresh air.

-What’s causing the awful smell? –a broken toilet.
-Why can’t he work? –He can’t work because of the bad smell.

W: OK, let’s take a break and go out for a walk. Get your computer and we can work at a coffee shop.
M: Good idea. When do you think it will be cleaned up?
W: A plumber is coming and he should be here soon. By the time we get back, the smell should be gone.

-Who is coming to fix the toilet? –a plumber.
-To take a break means… -To stop working for a while.

M: That’s one job that I wouldn’t want. I hate to be around bad smells. What about you?
W: Me too. I wouldn’t want to be a plumber.
M: There are lots of jobs that I wouldn’t want.
W: We can talk about that later. Get your computer and let’s get out of here.

-What job wouldn’t they want to have? –They wouldn’t want to be a plumber.
3/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Paul’s Overseas Trip 1-2
Last month Paul went on a trip.
He went to Japan and China.
There were a couple of reasons for the trip.
One reason for the trip was for business.
He wanted to start some restaurants in both countries.
The other reason was for pleasure.
Paul enjoys travelling and he wanted to visit some friends.

-What was he thinking about starting in both countries? –some restaurants.

Before leaving on the trip Paul had several problems.
First his passport was going to expire.
As a result he needed to apply for a new passport.
Second he needed to get a visa to enter China.
In order to apply for a visa, he needed his new passport.
He had 6 weeks to get everything done.

-Why did he need a visa? –He needed a visa to enter China.

After applying for a new passport it took 2 weeks to get it.
Once he got the passport he went to the Chinese consulate in Toronto and applied for a visa.
He filled out an application form and stood in a long line.
He was surprised by how many people were applying for visas. It took more than an hour to submit his application.

-How long did it take to submit the application? –It took more than an hour to submit it.
-Why did he go to the Chinese consulate? –To apply for a visa.

He submitted his application for the visa on a Friday.
A week later he went back to the consulate to pick up his visa.
To his surprise, when he got there, the consulate was closed.
The consulate was closed because it was a Chinese holiday.
Paul was angry at himself for not checking the consulate’s website.
On its website the consulate’s schedule was posted.
There was a notice saying that the consulate would be closed that day.

-Why was the consulate closed? –It was a Chinese holiday.

As a result, Paul had to come back the next Monday.
This was because the consulate was closed on weekends.
Finally on Monday, he got the visa and he was ready to go.

-Why did he have to wait until Monday to come back? –The consulate was closed on weekends.

Another problem with the trip was his travel schedule.
He needed to extend his stay in Japan.
One week in Japan wasn’t enough.
3 Japanese restaurant owners wanted to meet with him.
He needed more time for the meetings than a couple of days.
And he didn’t want to miss staying with the good friend of his.

-What did he need to do his schedule? –He needed to extend his stay in Japan.
-What didn’t he want to miss? –Staying with a good friend of his.

His friend lives near Mountain (Mt. for short) Fuji and owns a great restaurant.
This was one thing Paul didn’t want to miss.
As a result he extended his stay in Japan.
Instead of staying for just a week, he decided to stay for 10 days.

-What does his friend own? –He owns a great restaurant.

As a result he had to change the dates for staying in China.
The meetings in China were delayed by 3 days.
Instead of arriving on the 1st of the month, he arrived on the 4th.
Fortunately, there were no problems with his new schedule in China.

-What problems were caused by his new schedule in China? –It didn’t cause any problems.

However there were fewer meetings than he expected.
There wasn’t much interest in opening new Italian restaurants. Still, he had one very good meeting.
He met a young Chinese restaurant owner who was interested.
The young man already has a restaurant, but he wants to improve it.
He and Paul liked each other right away.
They met twice in Beijing and are planning to meet again.

-How much interest was there in opening new Italian restaurants? –not much.
-How many times did Paul meet the young man? –They met twice.

The young Chinese man’s name is G.
He is planning to come to see Paul.
They’re going to meet lately next week in Toronto.
Together they will work on a business plan.
Paul is glad that he took the trip.
He thinks it was a successful and enjoyable trip.

-What are they going to work on? –a business plan.
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Emergency Vehicles
Ambulances are used to transport injured or sick people to a hospital.
An ambulance is trained medical personal who can treat injured or sick people.
A wheel chair is for people who can’t walk.
Wheel chairs have 4 wheels and are often pushed by people from behind.
Fire engines are used to fight fires.
Firefighters like this one often rescue people from burning buildings.
Tow trucks are used to tow cars, this tow truck is towing a car to a repair shop.
Helicopters are used to rescue people from dangerous places.
This helicopter is lifting someone from a sinking boat.

If your car won’t start, you should call for a tow truck.
Lesson 4 Weather & Activities
This tree is bending over because of the strong wind.
It’s going to be windy for the next few days.
It’s a very clear night, so they can look up and see many stars.
There isn’t a single cloud in the sky.
It’s very cold today, so they are wearing very warm clothes.
Without warm clothes, they would freeze to death.
It’s nice to eat ice cream on a hot day.
This mother is buying ice cream for her daughter.
This old man has to wear glasses to read.
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Checking up on Ada
M: How was Ada’s new job in Beijing?
W: It seems to be going well. I talked with her last night.
M: How much is she getting paid?
W: I’m not sure. She said she’s earning more, but I don’t know she’s getting.
M: Where is she living? Has she found a flat?
W: No, not yet. She’s living with a friend, until she can find one of her own.
Flats are more expensive there, and the quality isn’t good.

-Who is Ada living with? –She’s living with a friend.
-How long will Ada be living with her friend? –She’s going to stay until she can find a flat of her own.

M: Did she say anything else?
W: Her biggest complaint is the air quality. She hates the pollution.
On some days the pollution is so bad that she is afraid to breathe.
M: Yeah, I won’t want to live there.
W: She’s hoping it will get better.
M: I’m sure we will, but it’ll take time, especially with all the cars.

-What is Ada’s biggest complaint? –the poor air quality.

W: She also said she is still looking for a new boyfriend.
M: That shouldn’t be difficult. She’s nice and she’s good-looking. Has she met anyone?
W: No, I don’t think so. She’s looking for someone on the internet.
M: Maybe she’ll be lucky.
W: I think I’m going to try that too.
M: Really?
W: What other choices do we have? It’s so difficult to meet someone new. I never have any time.
M: Me too. I’m always working. Maybe I’ll try online dating too.

-Where is she looking for a new boyfriend? –She is looking for someone on the internet.

M: If I’m lucky I may meet someone new, like Steve’s girlfriend.
W: Oh, come one, you’re joking, right? I hope you can find someone better than her.
M: Steve seems happy enough.
W: Yes, but he is blind by love, you know that. I’m sure you won’t last for long.
As soon as she gets bored, she’ll find someone else.
M: You may be right. Let’s wait and see.

-What is blinding Steve? –He is blinded by love.

W: Sure, it’s getting late and maybe I’ll be the woman of your dreams.
M: Well, let’s take one night at a time. Let’s have some Indian food, okay?
W: OK, tend and chicken for me. And I’m hungry.

-What kind of food are they going to eat? –They are going to have Indian food. She’s earning more, but we don’t know how much she’s being paid.

4/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Overview of Earth
Earth is where we all live.
It is our home in the solar system.
There is no other place for us to live.
Earth isn’t just any planet.
It’s a very special place.
It’s special because we depend on it for many things.
Because of its importance we need to take care of it.

-Why is earth so specially? –We depend on it for many things.

We depend on the earth for its air, its water and many of its nature resources.
Nature resources such as coal and oil give us energy.
Other nature resources we depend on include forests and soil.
Forests provide clean air and wood for building houses.
Soil is needed to grow plants and keep them healthy.
We need to take care of these resources and not to waste them.

-What are examples of nature resources? –Coal and oil.
-What don’t we want to do with nature resources? –We don’t want to waste them.

The earth is a large, rotating sphere, about 4.5 billion years old.
The equator, which divides the earth into two hemispheres, is about 40 thousand kilometers long.
The earth’s diameter is 12756 kilometers.
Its radius is half that, or 6378 kilometers.
The radius is the distance from the earth center to its surface.
Most of the earth’s surface is covered by water.
About 75% of the earth’s surface is covered by water.
The rest of the earth’s surface is land.

-What divides the earth into two hemispheres? –The equator.
-Besides water, what is the rest of the earth’s surface? –The rest of the earth’s surface is land.

Just above the earth’s surface is the atmosphere.
The atmosphere is a layer of gases about 500 kilometers thick.
These gases include oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide.
This mixture of gases is the air that we breathe.
As we move about the earth’s surface, the air gets thinner.
At high altitudes, the air is too thin to breathe.
At the edge of the atmosphere is space.
There is no air at all in space.

-Why can’t we breathe at very high altitudes? –The air is too thin.
-What is at the upper edge of the atmosphere? –Space.
Lesson 2 Water on Earth
Most of the earth’s water is in the oceans.
The two largest oceans are the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.
Unfortunately, we can’t drink ocean water.
This is because ocean water has too much salt.
Fortunately there is also water in lakes and rivers. These water isn’t salty so we can drink it.
Only about 2% of the world’s water is fresh water.
Without fresh drinking water we can’t live.
A person can’t live for more than a few days without water.

-How is fresh water different from ocean water? –Fresh water isn’t salty.
-Why can’t we drink ocean water? –It has too much salt.
One problem with ocean water is that we cannot drink it.

Rivers are important.
Most rivers begin in mountains and end in the oceans.
The water flows from high ground to low ground.
At first rivers are small and are called creeks or streams.
As water enters from other streams, a river grows.

-Where do most rivers end? –In the oceans.
-In which diction do rivers flow? –It flows from high ground to low ground.

Some rivers become very large and long.
The longest river in the world is the Nile River, in Africa.
It’s almost 6500 kilometers long.
As for water volume, the Amazon is the largest river.
The volume of water flowing through it per second is more than in any other river.

-What is the world’s largest river by volume? –The Amazon, in South America.

Another use of rivers is for energy.
The energy of falling water is used to produce electricity.
This use of water supplies over 20% of the world’s electricity.
Rivers are also important for agriculture.
Without water, farmers cannot grow food.
And of course rivers can be used for transportation.
Riverboats are used to carry things to inland cities or lakes.

-How do farmers depend on rivers? –They are needed to grow food.
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Things We Enjoy Doing
This man goes running 5 days a week if the weather is good.
On the weekends he runs 10 kilometers unless the weather is bad.
This woman really enjoys reading, especially works of fiction.
She has read hundreds of books.
This young couple enjoys watching old movies, such as Titanic.
They both cried when it sank and many people went down with the ship.
These young boys enjoy playing sports on the weekend.
Sometimes they play basketball and sometimes they play football.
This young man eats too much sweet so he is overweight. He need to eat fewer sweets and exercises more.

He is overweight because he eats too many sweets.
Lesson 4 Continents
Here are six of the earth’s seven continents.
Asia is the largest continent both in land and in population.
Asia covers 30% of the earth’s land area.
Africa is the second largest continent.
Of all the continent Africa has the youngest population.
Europe is to the west of Asia, and is second smallest continent.
Europe is the birthplace of classical music and some of the world’s greatest art and literature.
North and South America are bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
The first human beings to live in the Americas came from Asia more the 50000 years ago.
Australia is the world’s smallest continent and the world’s largest island.
Australia is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Dialogue
Lesson 5 A Driverless Car
M1: Hey , look at that.
M2: Look at what?
M1: Look out the window. Do you see the young lady in the red dress?
M2: Yeah, I see her. Wow, she is beautiful and hot. Look at the way she walks.
M1: Yes, no one behind her. Look in the car that’s following her.
M2: I’d rather look at the young lady.

-What does his opinion about the young lady? –He thinks she’s beautiful and hot.
-Where is he supposed to look? –in the car.

M2: So what’s so special about the car?
M1: Look at the driver, do you see one?
M2: No, I don’t. There isn’t anybody driving the car.
M1: Right. It’s one of those new driverless cars.
M2: Maybe it’s the woman’s car. It’s following her.
M1: I don’t know. Maybe you are right.
M2: Now that’s a smart car. Maybe I’ll go outside and follow her too.
M1: Hey, get back to work.

-Who is driving the car? –no one.
-What is the car following? –a young lady.
Lesson 6 Calling Customer Service
Answering machine: Thank you for calling our customer support.
Please say or press 3 to report a technical problem.
Please say or press 4 if you want to hear this choice again.
Customer: I don’t want any of these choices.

-How does the custom feel? -Angry.

Answering machine: You may also go to our website for help.
Customer: I went to your website but it didn’t help. I want to speak to a human being.

-How does the custom feel? –Frustrated.

Answering machine: Please say or press 5 or hang up to end this call.
Customer: None of these. I want a human being. I want to cancel my service.
Answering machine: Please wait while we connect you to a service representative.
Customer: Finally. This is what they call customer service?

-What is the custom trying to do? –He wants to cancel his service.

Customer: Tom Smith.
Answering machine: We hear Tom Smith. If this is correct, say or press 1.
If this is not correct, say or press 2. Customer: 1.
Answering machine: Thank you. For security purpose, what was your father’s middle name?
Customer: he didn’t have a middle name.
Answering machine: Thank you. A customer service representative will be with you shortly.

-Why did they want the custom’s father’s middle name? –To confirm the customer’s identity.
-For security purpose means about the same as? –For safety reasons.

Answering machine: I’m sorry but our offices are closed.
Our business offices are open Monday through Friday, from 8:00 am until 6:00 pm.
Thank you for calling.
Unit 3
1/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Life & Conditions 1-2
There are many forms of life on Earth, including human beings.
Life exists in a variety of conditions.
Some forms of life live in a watery environment, like the oceans.
Other forms of life can be found in very dry areas, like deserts.
However, for any form of life to exist, conditions must be right.
When conditions are not right, that form of life will become extinct.
To become extinct means to die out completely.

-What must be right for life to exist?-Conditions.
-What happens if conditions are not right? –Life cannot exist.

Conditions must be right for life to exist.
Millions of years ago, there were forms of life that no longer exist.
When conditions changed, these forms of life died out.
One extinction event happened about 250 million years ago.
This was the largest extinction event of all time.
Many forms of life became extinct.
96% of all life in the oceans died out.
Most insects also became extinct.
This event happened over a period of several million years.

-What happened about 250 million years ago? –Many forms of life became extinct.
-What happens in an extinction event? –Many forms of life became extinct.

The causes of this extinction event are still unknown.
Possible causes include large volcanic eruptions and global warming.
Some scientists believe that there were several causes.
They believe that a series of events caused the extinctions.
Scientists are working to better understand what really happened.

-What is the one possible cause of this event? –Volcanic eruptions.

In modern times, we humans face changing conditions.
For humans to live, we need clean air and clean water.
Pollution is now a growing problem around the world.
Pollution poisons the air and water that we depend on.
Polluted air makes people sick and afraid to go outside. Polluted water poisons our food supply.
As a result, we never know which foods are safe to eat.
Human beings cannot live in a poisoned environment.
Therefore, pollution is a major threat to our existence.

-What do humans need to live? –Clean air and clean water.
-What poisons the air and water? –Pollution.

Humans need temperatures to be in a comfortable range.
To be in a comfortable range means to be neither too hot nor too cold.
With global warming, global temperatures are rising.
As temperatures rise, the polar icecaps will melt.
As the polar ice caps melt, ocean levels will rise.
Areas of some countries will soon be under water.
People will be forced to relocate from flooded areas.

-As temperatures rise, what will happen to the polar icecaps? –The polar icecaps will melt.
-As the polar icecaps melt, what will happen? –Ocean levels will rise.

In nature, even small changes can sometimes have large effects.
It’s difficult to predict what’s going to happen.
The entire ecosystem that we depend on is changing.
Some of these changes are irreversible.
Irreversible changes cannot be undone.

-What can small changes sometimes cause? –Large effects.
-What is happening to the world’s ecosystem? –Ecosystem is changing.

Let’s hope that humans are smart enough to understand how the world is changing.
With more understanding, we can make better choices about what to do.
We can face the challenges of pollution and global warming.
We need to do this before it’s too late.
This planet Earth is our only home and we need to protect it.

-What challenges do we need to face? –Pollution and global warming. We need to protect the environment that supports us.
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Forms of Life
Mammals are covered by hair or fur, have a backbone, and are warm blooded.
All female mammals produce milk for their young.
Reptiles are covered by scales, and includes snakes, lizards and turtles.
Reptiles have a backbone and are cold blooded, which means they often relied on the external source of heat.
Birds are covered by feathers and are warm blooded.
Most birds can fly and many types of birds migrate great distances.
Most insects such as ants and bees have a small three part of body with three pairs of legs.
Some insects, like mosquitoes, spread diseases that cause the deaths of many humans.
Unlike animals, plants get the energy that they need from the sun.
Plants convert light energy, along with carbon dioxide and water, into chemical energy.

Insects don’t have a backbone and most are cooled-blooded.
Insects such as ants and bees live in well-organized colonies.
Mosquitoes cause the deaths of more humans than any other animal.
Mammals include some of the most intelligent animals on earth, such as elephants and human beings.
Lesson 4 Instruments
Scales and rulers are used to measure weight and length.
Units of weight include kilograms and pounds, and units of length include centimeters and inches.
These instruments are used to observe very large and very small objects.
Telescopes are used to by astronomers and microscopes are used by biologists and doctors.
These appliances are used in the kitchens of almost every home.
Stoves are used to heat food and refrigerators are used to keep foods cool or cold.
Household tools like these are used to build and repair things.
Hammers are used to pound in nails and screwdrivers are used to turn a scow.

If you need to pound in a nail, use a hammer.
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Dating Anniversary
W: do you know what day it is today?
M: what do you mean? Is it a special day?
W: oh, so you don’t remember.
M: remember what? What’s so special?
W: it’s our anniversary. We started dating a year ago today.
M: oh, really, I’m sorry.

-When did they first start dating? –A year ago.

M: just a minute. What do you think this is?
W: oh, it’s a necklace.
M: do you like it?
W: yes, I do. It’s lovely, especially the red heart. May I put it on?
M: no, let me do it.

-What did he give her? –A necklace.

W: so you did remember.
M: of course I remembered. It’s a very special day for both of us.
W: I have something for you too.
M: you do?
W: yes, but it will have to wait until later.
M: oh, I can’t wait. Tell me what it is.

-What would have to wait until later? –She’s going to give him a gift.
Do you know what today is?

W: can you guess what it is?
M: could you give me a hint?
W: we went there six month ago.
M: oh, you mean Alfredo’s.
W: yes, are you excited? You said you really like the food there.
M: yes, that’s true. I also remember the dessert. Do you?
W: yes, but let’s not talk about that now. Let’s now ruin the surprise.

-What is Alfredo’s? –A restaurant.
-What aren’t they going to talk about? –They aren’t going to talk about the desert.
He remembered that today is their anniversary
Lesson 6 Fine Dining
W: That restaurant looks nice.
M: Yes, but it looks expensive.
W: Let’s go in and look the menu. Wow the menu looks great, especially the fish.
M: Yes, it looks good, but look at those prices.

-What doesn’t she like about the menu? –She likes the food choices.

M: Let’s try somewhere else.
W: Sometimes it’s ok to spend a little money.
M: Yes, but these prices are a bit too high, don’t you think?
W: Yes, there are a bit high. But don’t you think I’m worth it? Let’s enjoy ourselves.
M: Ah, ok, if you put it that way. Let’s see if we can get a table.
M: I sure hope the food is good.
W: Stop worrying. Let’s just enjoy.

-Who is going to pay the bill? –He will pay the bill.
-How is he going to pay? –He is going to use his credit card. He is worried about spending so much money.
2/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Quick Serve 1-2
Quick Serve is a home repair company.
It provides quick, reliable repair services to homes.
Quick Serve handles plumbing and electrical issues, 24 hours a day.
It also cleans roofs, fixes internet connections and replaces broken windows.
For a small fee, customers subscribe to the service.
Its main customers are the elderly, which means older people.
Whenever customers have a problem, they can call for help.
There is also a small service charge for each service call.

-What kind of services does Quick Serve provide? –Home repair services

The company was established 5 years ago and is growing rapidly.
It started in one city but is now in 5 cities.
The company plans to expand to 10 cities within the next 24 months.
In each city there is a small central office in the low-rent area of the city.
It also takes calls from customers, either on line or by telephone. It takes calls 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

-When was the company established? –It started five years ago.
-Where does the company locate its central offices? –They locate in low-rent areas.

60% of the company’s employees work from their homes.
When a customer calls into central office, a service employee is contracted.
The service employee then contracts the customer and signs up an appointment.
These service employees are highly trained and provide excellent service.
In emergencies, such as a serious plumbing problem, service can be provided within an hour.
One reason for this is that the service employees live in different parts of the city.
They are not centrally located so it’s quicker and easier for them to travel to a customer’s home.

-Where do 60% of the company’s employees work? –From their own homes.

Quick Serve has an excellent reputation.
Its prices are reasonable and its services are quick and efficient.
The company’s service employees are clean, polite and efficient.
In this type of business, person to person contact is the key to success.
With each satisfied customer, more customers subscribe.
Satisfied customers recommend Quick Serve to their friends.
This kind of word of mouth advertising is very cost effective.
Cost effective means that the results are good without paying a high price. In other words, quality service provides its own reward to the company.

-What kind of customers recommend Quick Serve to their friends? –Satisfied customers.
-What kind of reputation does the company have? –It has an excellent reputation.

The company takes great pride in being honest with its customers.
There are no hidden charges for their services.
As a result, the number of customers in each city is growing rapidly.
With the aging population there are more elderly people who need home repair services.
These people need to have confidence in the service provider.
They don’t want to be cheated.
These people don’t mind to pay a reasonable fee for high quality service. High quality service should be rewarded.

-What should be rewarded? –High quality service.
-What is the company pride of? –It’s honest with its customers.

The company provides a range of service plans, each with the different subscription plans.
The least expensive service plan is called the basic plan.
This plan provides non-emergency services with a very low service charge.
The most expensive service plan is their VIP plan.
The VIP plan provides emergency services 24 hours a day with no additional service charge.
It also provides rebates to customers who don’t call for any services during the year.
In addition, Quick Serve gives bonus points to customers for each year they subscribe.
These bonus points can be used to buy new appliances such as stoves and refrigerators.

-What kind of service plans does the company provide? –It has a range of plans.
-What can bonus points be used for? –Buying new appliances.

If the business continues to grow, the owners may decide to take the company public.
This means that the public can buy shares of the company.
It will then change from a privately-owned company to a public company.
The owners believe that their business is successful and can expand around the world. They also believe that taking their company public can make them rich.

-Why do the owners want to take their company public? –They can become rich.
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Sciences
Biology is the study of life, including its structure and evolution.
Biologists study how life survives and reproduces.
Chemistry is the study of matter, including the structure of atoms and molecule.
Chemists study how various substances interact with each other.
Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences.
Astronomers study the structure and evolution of the universe, including the study of stars, planets, and galaxies.
Geology is the study of the structure and history of the Earth and the other planets.
Geologists study different types of rocks, earthquakes, and different layers of the Earth.
Mathematic is the study of numbers, shapes, patterns and change. Mathematic is used by all other branches of science.

Lesson 4 Disasters
Here are some types of terrible events that hurt or kill people.
Earthquakes are caused by forces deep within the Earth.
During earthquakes, many people are often killed by collapsing buildings and bridges.
Floods happen when rivers rise and overflow their banks.
Flood waters damage or destroy many houses and businesses.
Fires destroy buildings, land and forests.
There are many causes for fire, including lightning.
In a hurricane, high winds destroy buildings, and sometime cause flooding.
Some hurricanes have winds of more than 200 miles an hour.
Car accidents happen when cars collide, or when drivers lose control of their cars.
One of the main causes of car accidents is driving too fast.

When people are not careful, they can start fires that can cause a lot of damage.
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Desk Assembly
W: What’s in the big box you are carrying?
M: It’s a new desk. I just bought it and now I have to put it together.
W: Do you need any help?
M: No, I don’t think so. I just need to get my tools. I’ll need a screwdriver and maybe a hammer.
W: Don’t forget to read the instructions.

-What does he need? –Some tools.

W: How are things going?
M: I’m almost finished.
W: Something doesn’t look right to me. The right side is higher than the left side.
M: Oh, you are right. It looks like I put a couple of screws into the wrong places.

-What doesn’t look right? –The desk.

W: So now you have to take it apart.
M: Great. And I thought I was almost finished.
W: I told you to read the instructions. Did you read them?
M: No, I didn’t read them. I hate to read instructions. I looked them, but they were confusing.
W: Well, this is what happens when you don’t. You were too impatient. Anyway, what can I do to help you?
M: Would you get another screwdriver and help me unscrew some of these screws?

-What didn’t he do? –Read the instructions.
-What was wrong with the instructions? –They were confusing.
Lesson 6 Life and the Universe
W: Do you ever look up at the sky and think about life and universe?
M: I did when I was a kid. But I don’t do that for as much anymore. Why do you ask?
W: Sometimes I feel like I lost in day-to-day details.
Then when I look up at the sky, I see the big picture. I appreciate things more, even the little things.

-What happens when she sees the big picture? –She appreciates things more.
-What doesn’t he do so much anymore? –He doesn’t think about life and universe.

M: You sound like a philosopher or a poet. I felt like that too when I was a kid.
W: Don’t you feel like that anymore?
M: No, I don’t. In fact, I try not to. When I think about things too deeply, I get depressed.
It’s even a bit frightening.
W: Really? For me, it’s just the opposite. Everything seems like a wonderful miracle.
M: Doesn’t that frighten you a bit? The universe is so large and we are so small.

-What happens when he thinks too deeply? –He gets depressed.

W: What I realize is how little we understand. We just need to appreciate our lives and not get lost.
M: Sometimes being lost isn’t so bad. Do you the expression, ignorance is bliss?
W: Sure, I’ve heard it many times. To be ignorant is to be happy.

-What does the word bliss mean? –Complete happiness.
-What does she realize? –There is a lot that we don’t understand.

M: Maybe it’s true. Maybe it’s best not to think or know too much.
W: No, that’s not for me. I want to understand as much as possible. That’s why I became a scientist.
M: Well, I respect your choice, but it’s not for me. If understanding is painful, I’d rather not understand.

-Why does she become a scientist? –She wants to understand as much as possible. -What doesn’t he agree with? –Her choice.
3/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Harry’s Business Trip 1-2
Harry is on a business trip.
Yesterday he was supposed to fly from San Francisco to Shanghai.
However, things didn’t turn out the way they were supposed to.
In fact, nothing went the way it was supposed to.
Everything went wrong and he didn’t get on his flight.
As a result, he is still in San Francisco.

-What was he supposed to do yesterday? –Fly to Shanghai.
-When was Harry supposed to fly to Shanghai? –Yesterday.

The following is the summary of what happened.
Yesterday morning he got up as usual and had breakfast.
Everything seemed to be fine and he was looking forward to the trip.
He was just about to check out of his hotel when he felt a pain.
It was a pain in his lower back.
It was a doll pain at first, not too bad.
So he didn’t worry about it and he checked out of the hotel.
Then he got on a shuttle bus to the airport.

-Where was the pain located? –It was a pain in his lower back.
-Why didn’t he worry about the pain? –It wasn’t too bad at first.

About half way to the airport, the pain in his back started to get worse.
It was a growing pain, and he was beginning to worry.
Soon it was difficult for him to sit in the seat.
The pain was getting worse.
He wanted to lie down.
He started to sweat and breathe quickly.
He was in real pain then.
On a scale of 1 to 10, the pain was an 8.

-How was the pain changing? –It was getting worse.
-Why did he want to lie down? –It was difficult for him to sit in the seat.

When the bus got to the airport the bus driver helped him get off.
It was difficult for him to walk but he finally made it to the terminal.
Inside the terminal he went to the man’s bath room. He went to the toilet but that didn’t help.
Instead of improving he felt dizzy and he threw up.
By now he was wet for all the sweating.
He knew he couldn’t get on his flight.

-How did he feel after he went to the toilet? –He felt dizzy and sick.
-Where did he go once he got inside the terminal? –He went to the men’s bathroom.

He used his phone to call the airline.
He explained the situation and cancelled his reservation.
Then he called 911 for emergency help.
911 is the emergency number to call for help in the United State.

-What did he do to his reservation? –He cancelled it.
-Why did he call 911? –He called 911 for emergency help.

An ambulance arrived about 10 minutes after he called.
By then he was in so much pain that he could barely walk.
Once inside the ambulance they gave him oxygen to help him breathe.
But the pain was still terrible.
Then they drove him into a hospital near the airport.
Luckily the hospital was on his health plan.
That means his health insurance is supposed to pay for everything.
Medical costs in the United States are very high.

-Who was supposed to pay for his medicine care? –His health insurance company.
-What did they give him inside the ambulance? –They gave him oxygen to help him breathe.

When he arrived at the hospital he was taken into the emergency room.
After some test a doctor told him he had a kidney stone.
It was a very small stone but it caused a lot of pain.
It was passing through a small turbine his body from his kidney to his bladder.
The pain would go away once it got to his bladder.
Until then he had to get pain medicine to reduce the pain.

-Where was he taken when he got to the hospital? –He was taken to the emergency room.
-What did he take to control his pain? –Some pain medicine.

Harry didn’t have to stay at the hospital for very long.
With the pain medicine the pain went away very quickly.
He took a taxi back to his hotel and checked in for another night.
Then he called the airline and made reservation for another flight.
The flight will leave tomorrow.
Until then he’ll just rest in his hotel.
There may even be a good movie to watch.

-Where will he be until his next flight? –He’ll stay in his hotel.
-What is he going to do until his next flight? –He is going to have some rest.

So when you are travelling, please be prepared for emergencies.
Make sure you have medicine insurance.
You never know when something like this can happen to you.
So be prepared.

-What should you have before travelling? –Medicine insurance. It’s a good idea to have medicine insurance before travelling.
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Sources of Energy
Solar energy is one of the cleanest and most plentiful sources of energy.
Solar power depends on sunlight, so in cloudy weather and at night, no power is generated.
Wind energy is nonpolluting but is only useful in place where there is a lot of wind.
Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy of the wind into mechanical power.
Nuclear energy is efficient and doesn’t produce carbon gases as a waste product.
A major source of energy comes from the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil.
When we burn fossil fuels, waste gases such as CO2 are produced.
Fossil fuels remain the largest source of energy for most countries.
Hydropower comes from the kinetic energy of falling water.
Output is reliable and can be regulated to meet the demand, except during the periods of drought.

One of the main problems we face is how to reduce the use of the fossil fuels to produce energy.
We need to reduce the use of the fossil fuels to produce energy. Dams are expensive to build and affect wildlife such as fish.
Lesson 4 Types of Words
Here are some different types of words in English.
Words that are nouns or pronouns are used to represent objects.
A noun or a pronoun can be a person, an animal or a thing, including an idea.
Verbs are used to express actions, such as to sit down, or stand up.
We also use verbs to express relationships, such as to love someone or to own something.
We used adjectives to describe objects, such as a tall building.
Adjectives are used with nouns and pronouns, but not with verbs.
We use adverbs to describe actions, such as to run fast or walk slowly.
Adverbs express the quality of an action, such as how well or poorly something is done.
We use conjunctions to connect things or actions, such as to read and write.
Conjunctions include words such as and, or, because, but, and yet.

Nouns and pronouns can be used to represent any object.
Dialogue
Lesson 5 Good News & Bad News
W: Hey, I’ve got some news, some good news and some bad news.
M: OK, give me the bad news first.
W: We are moving to a new office.
M: When is this going to happen?
W: We are supposed to move at the end of next month.
M: How far away is the new office?
W: We are not sure yet. But it will mean a longer commute for most of us.
The new office will probably be on the other side of the city.
M: The commute is already too long for me and I’m not going to change flats. We just bought one.

-What did he just but? –He just bought a new flat.
-How is the move going to affect the commute? –It’ll make the commute longer for most of the employees.

M: Anyway, what’s the good news?
W: The good news is that we are going to expand.
The company is growing so we are going to hire more people.
M: Well, I’ve got some news for you too.
W: I hope it’s a good news.
M: Well, that depends on your point of view. I’m planning to start my own business.
W: Why? I thought you were happy working here.
M: I like the work, but I’m not learning anything new. I think I can do better on my own.

-Why is the company going to hire more people? –The company is growing.

M: I was planning to wait a few months. But now that the office is moving, I’m ready to make the change.
W: What is your wife think?
M: She’s in fever of it and she will help me. She’s already designing a website.
We’ll work from home at first.
M: Yes, I know, but if I don’t do it now, I never will. I’m tired of working for others.
W: I know what you mean.

-What does his wife think his decision? –She’s in favor of it.

W: Sure, I won’t say anything to anybody. I’m sure this will come as a surprise to everyone.
M: I’m sure changing offices will also come as a surprise to people.
This is exactly why I want to work on my own. I don’t like these kinds of surprises.
W: You are right about that. When are you going to let people know?
M: I’ll make the announcement at the beginning of next month.

-What is a secret? –His decision to leave the company.
-When is he going to let people know about his decision to leave? –He’ll announce his decision at the beginning of next month.
4/4
Listening
Lesson 1 Leonardo da Vinci 1-2
Leonardo Da Vinci is one of the greatest geniuses of all time.
He was a painter, an architect, an engineer and a scientist.
He was born in Vinci, Italy in 1452.
Vinci is a town just outside the great Italian city, Florence.
His name Da Vinci means of Vinci.
Leonardo’s father was a lawyer and a landowner and his mother was a present.
Leonardo’s parents were never married to each other.

-How long were his parents married? –They were never married.
-Where was he born? –In Vinci, Italy.

Leonardo lived with his mother until he was around 5 years old.
When he was 5, he moved into the home of his father.
By then, his father had married a 16-year-old girl.
Leonardo’s mother married another man and moved to another town.
She had many more children after that, with several different men.
In the end, Leonardo had more than 15 half-sisters and brothers.

-With whom did he live when he was 5? –His mother.

As a young man, Da Vinci didn’t go to school.
He was educated at home in reading, writing and mathematics.
In other subjects, he was mostly self-educated.
Leonardo spent a lot of time outdoors and developed a strong interest in nature.
He loved to observe things, especially birds.
He was also interested in the properties of water.

-What did he have access to at home? –Books at his father’s home.
-In what did he develop a strong interest? –He developed a strong interest in nature.

Leonardo’s early drawings and paintings demonstrated a rare talent.
His father and his father’s friend recognized his talent and encouraged him.
When he was 15, he was sent to Florence.
In Florence, he became an apprentice to a famous master painter.
For the next few years Leonardo worked at his master’s workshop.
It wasn’t long before his ability surpassed that of his master.
Some people say that his master became jealous about Leonardo’s greatest talent.
They say that the master vowed to never paint again.
In 1478, with his father’s help, Leonardo set up his own workshop.

-Who became jealous with Leonardo’s talent? –His master in Florence.

In 1482, he entered the service of a powerful man in the city of Milan.
This man was the duke of Milan.
For the next few years, Leonardo designed buildings, machinery and weapons of war.
Weapons were important because Italy was constantly at war during this period.
From 1485 to 1490, Leonardo produced designs for a variety of weapons.
In his notes, he predicted the development of advanced weapons such as submarines and flying machines. In 1499, the French invaded Italy, and Leonardo left Milan.

-Why did Leonardo live Milan? –The French invaded Italy.
-Who did Leonardo work for in Milan? –He worked for the duke of Milan.

All together Leonardo spent 17 years in Milan.
During this period he spent much of his time studying in nature.
He dissected bodies, both human and animal, to study an illustrate anatomy.
His detailed illustrations are masterpieces.
Leonardo filled many notebooks with drawings and ideas.
He wrote backwards so you need a mirror to read them.

-Why do you need a mirror to read his notebooks? –He wrote backwards. He left Milan because the French invaded Italy.

After 1500, Leonardo spent time in a number of Italian cities.
He worked very slowly and the range of his interests was very wide.
As a result Leonardo left many paintings and projects unfinished.
One painting that he did finish was the Mona Lisa, one of the world’s most famous paintings.
People are still interested in this painting, 500 years after he painted it.
Though there are many theories nobody knows who the woman in the painting really was.

-Why did Leonardo leave so many projects unfinished? –He worked slowly and had a wide range of interests.
-Who was the woman in the painting? –Nobody knows for sure.

In 1516, Leonardo left Italy for good when the French King, Francis I (the first), offered him a position.
There he had a freedom to paint and draw whatever he wanted.
Leonardo died in 1519 at the age of 67.
Some said that the French king who had become a close friend was with him when he died.
He was buried in the church which was destroyed during the French revolution.
The exact location of his remains is unknown.

-How old was he when he died? –He died at the age of 67.
-Who offered Leonardo a position in 1516? –The king of France.
Vocabulary
Lesson 3 Sources of Pollution
Waste water and carbon gases from farm animals are bad for the environment.
Animals waste and other chemicals flow into the ground and pollute water supplies.
Exhaust gases from automobiles are a major cause of air pollution and global warming.
As a result many companies are trying to produce more efficient and cleaner cars.
Pesticides and fertilizers are used by farmers to grow crops such as fruits and vegetables.
These chemicals pollute water supplies when they flow into the ground or rivers.
Factories like this one allow harmful chemicals to get into the air or water.
Companies need to try harder to protect the environment and our health.
Nuclear waste products are radioactive and can pollute the environment for thousands of years. They need to be safely transported and stored in a safe place.

Nuclear waste products need to be stored in a safe place.
Lesson 4 Historical Figures
The British writer, Jane Austin, was born in England in 1775, one of seven children.
She wrote some of the most popular love stories of all time.
One of the most famous female rulers in history, Cleopatra had affairs with Julius Caesar and later with Mark Antony.
She was known for her great beauty and charming voice.
Born in 1756, Mozart composed and performed some of the world’s greatest classical music.
He was the youngest of 7 children and by the age of 5, he was already composing music.
The sun of the king, Alexander the great, was the military leader who created one of the largest empires in the ancient world.
As a youth, Alexander was taught by the Greek philosopher Aristotle.
Mohandas Gandy was a 20th century leader who used non-violent resistance to lead India to independence. Gandy dedicated his life to the pursuit of truth.

Mozart started writing music as a young child.
Dialogue
Lesson5 An Urgent Call
M: I’d like to speak with Mr. Bennett, please.
W: I’m sorry, but he’s not here right now. Would you like to leave a voice message?
M: It’s urgent that I speak with him. It’s an emergency.
W: Oh, I see. What kind of emergency?
M: It’s very personal so I can’t give you any details.

-What does the word urgent mean? –Need quick attention.
-Why doesn’t he want to leave a voice message? –It’s an urgent matter.

W: Without any details I’m afraid I can’t give you his number.
Then maybe he’ll call you back, would that be okay?
M: Sure, my number is 5834987. It would be great if he could call me within the next half hour.

-Why doesn’t she give out Mr. Bennett’s number? –She needs more details.

M1: That was a great dinner. Here, put away your wallet, I’ll the bill.
M2: You paid last time, this time is my turn to pay.
M1: Hey, you don’t have a job, and I do, let me pay.
M2: Thanks for the offer, but I can handle it.

-Why does he want to pay? –It’s his turn to pay.

M1: Wait, let’s flip for it.
M2: Flip for it? What does that mean?
M1: Do you see this corn? This side is heads and the opposite is tails. I’ll flip up in the air.
If it comes down with heads facing up, I’ll pay. If tails are the up, you can pay.
M2: OK, that’s fine with me.

-How are they going to decide who is going to pay? –They are going to flip a corn.

M1: Look, it’s heads up, so I’ll pay.
M2: Thanks, it’s very nice of you.
M1: It’s my pleasure.
Lesson 6 Setting the Bill
W: Do you want anything else, Sir? Would you like to see the desserts menu?
M: No, thanks, I’m ready for the check. Here is my credit card.
W: I’m sorry, Sir, but we don’t take credit cards.
M: You’re joking, right?
W: No, sir. I’m not joking. Do you see that sign? It says cash only.
M: I didn’t see it when I came in. I don’t have enough cash to pay the bill.

-How did he plan to pay? –He planned to pay by credit card.
-Why can’t he pay? –He doesn’t have enough cash.

W: There is a bank down the street.
If you let me hold your driver’s license, you can go and get the cash.
M: OK, I hope the bank is open.
W: The bank is closed, but you can use the ATM to get your cash.

-Where can he get the cash? –He can get the cash at an ATM down the street. He has to leave his driver’s license with the waiter.


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• http://group.langlib.com/Thread/Detail/0669-1182984 http://group.langlib.com/Thread/Detail/0669-1182984  Do you think that it is better for to travel abroad when you’re younger or older.  ...
http://group.langlib.com/Thread/Detail/0669-1182984
Do you think that it is better for to travel abroad when you’re younger or older.
Globalization has made the world become smaller and the people from all over the world become closer. Many people show a desire to experience different natural and cultural environment in foreign countries. Traveling is usually their first choice. Although the cost may be high for the young, from my perspective, traveling to foreign countries in youth is better than at old age.
To begin with, the young are going to obtain a richer life through traveling to foreign countries. The world is a stunning place, full of treasures for people to explore. Although the young may learn the magnificence of The Pyramids and The Louvre in books, their impression of them are just limited to pictures and verbal descriptions. Only when the young visit these places in person will the sites become part of their lives. If one wants to ride a bicycle across the Golden Gate Bridge in youth, but he fails to achieve the dream, he will live in regret for the rest of his life. On the contrary, if he achieves it, he will have many proud moments when he looks back on his life.
Besides, traveling to foreign countries in youth helps the young to perform better in their future careers and studies. The charm of traveling lies in its unexpected adventures. The young may encounter all kinds of difficulties, but anything is possible as long as they have confidence and wills. Traveling to different countries will force the young to care for issues that are bigger than those in their daily lives. Compassion and love will arise in the heart of the young for the pain and suffering experienced by others. Deep and consistent connections may be created with those new friends who they meet during traveling. Along with the new friends during the trip, the young can listen to the sour, sweet, bitter or hot stories, talk to people with different personalities and acquire insights on their own lives.
Granted, some people may argue that young people usually lack money and they are supposed to work hard. Retirement period is a good time to travel to foreign countries, because the senior could usually afford both the time and money. However, it’s worthwhile to invest money and sacrifice time into tasting various aspects of life in the world as early as possible.
In conclusion, it is highly rewarding to travel in foreign countries in youth and it is better to start earlier, for people won’t always be young. Instead of regretting at old ages due to poor physical conditions, it is better to travel in youth.
2016年12月10日托福独立写作范文(20161210ML)

2016年12月10日上午场托福写作题目：
Do you think that it is better for to travel abroad when you’re younger or older.
2016年12月10日上午场托福写作范文：
As the saying goes: the world is a book; those who do not travel read only a page . Indeed, there are so much one can explore when traveling abroad. However, when it comes to the question of when is the right time to travel around the globe, some believe that it is better to travel when they are older while other claim that it is more beneficial to travel when they are younger. I, personally, believe that it is far better to travel abroad when people are young.
First off, young people are believed to be more adaptive than elders and young people can reap greater benefit of traveling abroad. When people get older, they are getting very comfortable with their own cultures and customs and they might find it very hard to fit in with the local culture when traveling internationally. Eventually, they might find the customs and ways of living of the places they are traveling bizarre and unacceptable since people are generally more restrained and exclusive when they are getting old. However, when traveling at a much younger age, one will find the same cultural elements thrilling and be eager to open up their minds and explore different beliefs. In turn, the distinctive perspectives and different views one is exposed to when traveling young can be of great significance to one’s future life since they can help them to decide what their calling in life is, set their future goals and how to meet them.
Additionally, young people have less responsibilities and they are in far better health condition to travel extensively abroad. To be more specific, one has more commitments when getting old, like families and jobs. When you have more responsibility to worry, you will never make traveling a priority. On the contrary, traveling when you are young and carefree makes sure you can enjoy the experience without have to worrying about your wife, kids or your business operations. What’s more, old people generally don’t have the perfect health condition to suffer the jet lag, layover, long flight hours and constant exchanging of different transports. To make things worse, traveling abroad can be impossible for those who suffer from elderly diseases, like diabetes, Parkinson and cardiovascular problems.
All in all, it is much more advisable for someone to travel young since one is more adaptive, healthier and free of great responsibilities. (By Meng, Yan 396 words)
2016年12月10日下午场托福写作题目：
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is difficult for teachers to be both popular (students like them) and effective helping students in learning.
2016年12月10日下午场托福写作范文：
What are the key qualities that make a good teacher? There is no easy and definitive to this question. Nonetheless, it is obvious that both popular teachers and effective instructors are in great need. When it comes to question of whether popularity and effectiveness in teaching can co-exist in one teacher. I, personally, believe that they are not mutually exclusive. Instead, the two qualities complete each other based on the following reasons.
First off, a popular teacher can evoke students’ interest and motivation to learn, thus ensuring very effective students learning. A popular teacher is categorized by their lovely personality, enthusiasm, and above all the unparalleled passion and love to teach. Indeed, if a teacher is very humorous and funny, students are more willing to learn since such qualities are so contagious. Students can focus on the class better since the class is so intriguing that students don’t have to force themselves to listen, meaning that they can involuntarily get involved. What’s more, popular teachers can build trusting relationships with students, thus creating a very safe and productive learning environment. Popular teachers are by and large very compassionate about teaching and they have the sensitivity to students’ difference, which helps to motivate less academically challenged students to ask question and eventually improve their academic performance.
Additionally, an effective teacher helps to improve students academic performance, in turn they can be very popular among lots of people, like school presidents, educational policy makers parents and students. An effective instructor embodies qualities like comprehensive knowledge of different disciplines, innovative teaching approach and their commitment to help students to learn. An efficient teacher might have spent enormous amount time analyzing students at different emotional, intellectual, and social levels, thus their instructions are tailored to meet the needs of individual students. Plus, since they can properly monitor and manage individual student’s learning progressions  and trajectories and help to improve their academic performance, it is natural for such effective instructors to be popular among both students and parents. Above, the top priority for students is get higher academic performance.
All in all, a popular teacher can be very effective since he or she can inspire students to learn and thus improve their academic performance. At the same time, an effective teacher can also be popular among students and parents given the fact that they are very efficient in imparting knowledge. (By Meng, Yan 407 words)
2016年12月10日托福独立写作真题重现
It is better to travel abroad for younger people than for older people.
波波点睛
题目大意：出国旅游对于年轻人更好还是对于年长写的人更好。此题是典型的老少比较，波波给大家总结一些常见的思考方向，即老少的区别，1.空闲时间多少不同2.身体状况不同 3.受教育水平不同4.成熟程度不同 5. 关注点不同。波波建议选择同意，理由为1.年轻人有大把时间 2. 年轻人适应能力强。
2016年12月10日托福独立写作范文
In contemporary society, with the gradually raised living standard, it has become a common phenomenon that people in growing numbers, regardless of their age, have been to foreign countries. Therefore, there arises a heated debate over whether it is better to travel abroad for younger people than for older people. From my perspective, travelling abroad at a younger age is much better, for the following reasons.
Firstly, consider the more leisure time owned by the young. It is self-evident that travelling abroad is quite time-consuming, which means that possessing enough vacations and holidays is the precondition for taking a journey in foreign countries. As we all know, younger people, especially students, usually have summer and winter vacations so that they have no trouble in sparing some time for the travel. However, it is a totally different story for the elders. To illustrate, older people, usually employees in companies or children’s parents, are bound by their jobs or their families nearly all the time. In other words, the limited free time left for them makes it less likely to take a tour in foreign countries.
Secondly, the same logic goes for the stronger adaptability of young adults. In order to travel smoothly abroad, a healthy body and mastery of foreign language are both indispensable. For one thing, taking a tour, especially the one to foreign countries, is never an easy and comfortable thing, which requires stamina and endurance of a person. To be more specific, the nearly 20-hours flight from your motherland to another continent is quite exhausting and onerous, because the noise from the airplane keeps you awake during the whole trip. Such a torture can only be endured by energetic and vigorous young men rather than by older people in weak healthy condition. For another, while visiting foreign countries, old people will encounter cultural shock because of the language barrier, with the result of not adapting to the wholly strange place. However, as for the youngster who are mostly proficient in English, it is not a big deal at all.
Judging from what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that it is much better for younger people to take a tour in foreign countries than for the older, on account of more spare time owned by the young and their stronger ability to adapt to a new environment. (392words, By Zhaobo)（ 赵波）
2016年12月10日托福独立写作解析：
Agree or disagree: it is better to travel abroad to visit different countries when you are young than when you are old?
题型：两元素比较类
话题：教育类-接受教育的难易程度
思路：一边倒
一边倒
跟旅游相关的话题，开阔眼界、丰富知识这个理由是可以想到的;同时，缓解压力呀、交朋友啊也都是大家比较熟悉的。所以只要平时备考的时候看了相关的段子的同学今天考得必然比较爽。基本就是默写段子。同时大家要注意年轻和老年的比较，在每一个主体段套完段子之后，一定要比较一下这两类人，写清楚为啥考虑到这一点年轻人应该旅游而老年人就不应该。
分类讨论
本题其实可以从经济条件的角度来讨论，如果有钱的话，当然年轻的时候旅游，既可以增加见识、还可以扩大社交圈子、还能积累社会经验，然而如果经济条件不是很好，年轻的时候还是得以赚钱为主，自然就得老年的时候去旅游。这样可以丰富自己的晚年生活，还能减少年轻的时候的生活压力。
压力的段子
It is high time that government should arouse people’s awareness of the importance of physical soundness. Along with the acceleration of social development, people, especially young people, are confronted with unprecedentedly fierce competition. They need to work very hard to guarantee a decent life, which causes them way heavier pressures than before. Under such circumstances, most of them are prone to be caught in a sub-health state. Given that it is governments‘ responsibilities to improve citizens’ health condition—governments should increase access to public exercise equipment in the neighborhood and raise people’s awareness of the importance of doing exercises regularly through mass media.
交友的段子
In addition, student organizations and clubs are the places where we can make great friends, which spices up the tedious campus life. A certain type of student organization or club is like a group or circle that appeals to people with similar hobbies or interests, and that is the reason why one can find his or her congenial friends in the club more often than not. For example, people who love taking photos will join the photography club, and movie-goers are always taking part in movie salons and exchanging mutual ideas and thoughts on the same movie. Undoubtedly, being together with people having the shared aspirations and enthusiasm is the source of happiness.
博物馆的段子
Secondly, visiting museums can also provide people with ample knowledge about the present magnificence of a country. Ranging from art and science to agriculture, museums truly cover a vast area. For instance, in science museums, demonstrations, interactive programs are adopted to introduce important scientific achievements. Visitors are given the opportunity to probe deeper into the world of science and experience its marvels. Evidently, this educational and meaningful tour will be a cherished memory for a long time. Museums of modern art are also worth a visit. With a large collection of paintings, folk art, sculptures, ceramics and metalwork, art galleries present colorful aspects of the country’s cultures. Just like an open gate, museums invite people into a paradise of knowledge.
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