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  • it的用法和例句

    千次阅读 2019-07-15 23:33:50
    it是第三人称单数代词,主格宾格都是it。 翻译 (指提到过的或正在谈论的动物或事物)它;指婴儿,尤指性别不详者;指已知或正在发生的事实或情况。 角色 用作动词的主语、宾语或介词的宾语。 用法 1、指性别...

    简介

    it是第三人称单数代词,主格宾格都是it。

    翻译

    (指提到过的或正在谈论的动物或事物)它;指婴儿,尤指性别不详者;指已知或正在发生的事实或情况。

    角色

    用作动词的主语宾语介词的宾语

    用法

    1、指性别不明的婴儿或指身份不明的人(比如电话沟通时)。
    They got a baby and it was very lovely. 
    他们生了个孩子,很可爱。
    Her baby's due next month. She hopes it will be a boy.
    她的孩子该下个月出生。她希望会是个男孩。
    Someone is knocking at the door. It must be Jim. 
    有人在敲门,一定是吉姆。
    Who is it? It’s me, Mary. 
    是谁呀?是我玛丽呀。
    2、用以明确身份。
    It's your mother on the phone.
    是你母亲来的电话。
    Hello, Peter, it's Mike here.
    喂,彼得,我是迈克。
    Hi, it's me!
    嗨,是我!
    Was it you who put these books on my desk?
    是你把这些书放在我桌子上的吗?
    3、用于强调。
    He bought a shirt at this shop yesterday. 
    昨天他在这家商店买了一件衬衫。
    It was he who bought a shirt at this shop yesterday.
    昨天是他在这家商店买了一件衬衫。
    It was a shirt that he bought at this shop yesterday.
    这是他昨天在这家商店买的一件衬衫。
    It was at this shop that he bought a shirt yesterday.
    他昨天在这家商店买了一件衬衫。
    It was yesterday that he bought a shirt at this shop.
    昨天他在这家商店买了一件衬衫。
    It's Jim who's the clever one.
    就数吉姆聪明。
    It's Spain that they're going to, not Portugal.
    他们要去的是西班牙,不是葡萄牙。
    It was three weeks later that he heard the news.
    三个星期之后他才听到这个消息。
    4、用作形式主语或形式宾语。
    It’s no use talking about it now. 
    现在谈这事没有用。
    It’s important to know your own limitations. 
    知道自己的局限性是重要的。
    It is said that thirteen is an unlucky number. 
    据说13是一个不吉利的数字。
    Does it matter what colour it is?
    它是什么颜色重要吗?
    It's impossible to get there in time.
    不可能及时到达那里。
    It's no use shouting.
    喊也没有用。
    She finds it boring at home.
    她觉得待在家里无聊。
    It appears that the two leaders are holding secret talks.
    看来两位领导人正在进行密谈。
    I find it strange that she doesn't want to go.
    她居然不想去,我觉得奇怪。
    I find it easy enough to get on with Pam. 
    我觉得与帕姆相处很容易。
    I took it for granted that you would stay with us. 
    我肯定你会住在我们这里的。
    5、某些及物动词(如 like, love, enjoy, prefer, hate, appreciate等)之后若没有出现宾语,而直接跟 if/when 引导的状语从句,要在从句前使用代词 it。
    I like [love] it when you sing. 
    我喜欢听你唱歌。
    I dislike it when you whistle.
     我不爱听你吹口哨。
    I hate it when Jane cuts up in class. 
    我讨厌简课堂上插嘴。
    I’d appreciate it if you could drop in tonight. 
    你今晚来一趟我会很感激。
    I should prefer it if you did not go there alone. 
    我倒希望你不要一个人去那里。
    6、指已知、正在发生的事实或情况、上文已经提到的事物。
    When the factory closes, it will mean 500 people losing their jobs.
    工厂如果关闭,就意味着500人要失业。
    Yes, I was at home on Sunday. What about it? (= Why do you ask?) 
    是的,我星期天待在家里。怎么了?
    Stop it, you're hurting me!
    住手,你把我弄疼了!
    He saw the grey Land-Rover down the bypass. It was more than a hundred yards from him...
    他看见那辆灰色的路虎越野车停在不远处的边道上,离他一百码开外。
    7、谈论时间、日期、距离、天气、温度、光线等时用作主语。
    It's three o'clock in the morning.
    现在是凌晨 3 点整。
    It's ten past twelve.
    现在十二点十分。
    It's our anniversary.
    今天是我们的周年纪念日。
    It's two miles to the beach.
    距离海滩两英里远。
    It's a long time since they left.
    他们已经离开很久了。
    It was raining this morning.
    今天上午在下雨。
    It's quite warm at the moment.
    现在天气相当暖和。
    It was very wet and windy the day I drove over the hill to HeFei.
    那天风雨交加,我开车翻过小山去合肥。
    8、谈论情况时用。
    It was nice to see Steve again.
    再次见到史蒂夫真是太好了。
    If it's convenient I can come tomorrow.
    方便的话,我可以明天过来。
    It has been said that stress causes cancer.
    据说压力会引发癌症。
    It's good to talk.
    谈一谈很好。
    I like it here.
    我喜欢这里。
    He was through with sports, not because he had to be but because he wanted it that way.
    他放弃了体育运动,不是因为被迫而是出于自愿。
    9、正好是所需的;恰好。
    In this business, either you've got it or you haven't.
    在这件事上,你不是成功了就是失败了。
    ere is something wrong with the radio, and I can't get it right. 
    这台收音机有点儿毛病,我总弄不好。
    10、并不是因为/不仅仅因为 。
    It's not that I didn't want to be with my family.
    并不是我不想和家人在一起。
    11、that is it(习语)。
    1、这 / 那是要点(或重要原因等);正是这样 
    Or at least, that is how it appears to Mark Zuckerberg. 
    或者至少从目前来看,离马克•扎克伯格的梦想越来越近。
    That's just it─I can't work when you're making so much noise.
    原因就是这样——你那么吵,我没法工作。
    2、这 / 那就是终结 
    I'm afraid that's it─we've lost.
    我看完了——我们输了。

    12、this is it(习语)。

    1、(期待的事)就要发生了。

    Well, this is it! Wish me luck.

    好了,要来的已经来了!祝我走运吧。

    2、这就是要点 。
    You're doing too much.
    Well, this is it. I can't cope with any more work.

    你太劳累了。

    哎,你说到点子上了。我什么事都再也干不了了。

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  • 初次写文章,最好把每个词搭配都在collins词典查看一下,或者用别人用过的短语。记录一下我查过的词语及用法。preposition:介词proposition:命题basis->bases: 单复数utility function:效用函数——a ...

    初次写文章,最好把每个词和搭配都在collins词典查看一下,或者用别人用过的短语。

    记录一下我查过的词语及用法。

    preposition:介词

    proposition:命题

    basis->bases: 单复数

    utility function:效用函数——a function relating specific goods and services in an economy to individual preferences

    effect:something that is produced by a cause or agent; result

    Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA): is a form of economic analysis that compares the relative costs and outcomes (effects) of different courses of action. Cost-effectiveness analysis is distinct from cost–benefit analysis, which assigns a monetary value to the measure of effect. 

    Cost-utility analysis is similar to cost-effectiveness analysis.

    contradiction:

    If you describe an aspect of a situation as a contradiction, you mean that it is completely different from other aspects, and so makes the situation confused or difficult to understand.

    e.g., ...the contradictions between her private life and the public persona.

    contradiction in terms: If you say that something is a contradiction in terms, you mean that it is described as having a quality that it cannot have.

    limitation

    The limitation of something is the act or process of controlling or reducing it.

    A limitation on something is a rule or decision which prevents that thing from growing or extending beyond certain limits.

    ...a limitation on the tax deductions for people who make more than $100,000 a year. [+ on]

    There is to be no limitation on the number of opposition parties. [+ on]

    modest:

    You use modest to describe something such as an amount, rate, or improvement which is fairly small.

    Transition(状态转变) is the process in which something changes from one state to another.

    If someone transitions from one state or activity to another, they move gradually from one to the other.

    Conversion(单位的转换.(比如长度,速度,重量.)) is the act or process of changing something into a different state or form.

    If someone changes their religion or beliefs, you can refer to their conversion to their new religion or beliefs.

    transformation(物体/状态之间的转换) is a change in position or direction of the reference axes in a coordinate system without an alteration in their relative angle in math.

    An agent is a person who looks after someone else's business affairs or does business on their behalf.

    If you refer to someone or something as the agent of a particular effect, you mean that they cause this effect.

    a person or thing that performs an action or brings about a certain result, or that is able to do so.

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  • due to的含义及用法  due to 由于、因为  例句:Mistakes due to carelessness may have serious consequences.  由粗心大意造成的错误有可能带来严重的后果。  due to+n(名词)/doing sth 解释为由...导致。...

     due to的含义及用法

      due to 由于、因为

      例句:Mistakes due to carelessness may have serious consequences.

      由粗心大意造成的错误有可能带来严重的后果。

      due to+n(名词)/doing sth 解释为由...导致。

      例句:Her illness is due to bad food.

      她生病是由于吃了不好的食物。

      The accident was due to careless driving.

      这次车祸起因于驾驶疏忽。

     due to与相关词组的用法区别

      due to、because of与owing to都是表原因的词语,但是三者在用法上还是有所不同的,接下来为大家简单介绍下其用法。

      1、due to解释为由于、因...造成,在句中除了可做状语之外还可以做表语或者定语,在做状语的时候不能用于句首。作表语和状语时与owing to意义相同。

      例句:Your failure is due to negligence.

      你的失败是由于疏忽造成的。

      2、because of解释为因为、由于,在句中通常作状语。because of后面可以加n.(名词)、pron.(代词)、ppl.(分词)和what遇到的名词性从句。在句中与其他成分不用逗号隔开。是非常口语化的表达方式。

      例句:Because of his bad leg, he couldn’t walk so fast as others.

      由于他的腿坏了,他不能像其他人走的那么快。

      3、owing to 解释为由于、因为、 多亏,在句中作状语和表语,作状语时习惯用逗号将其和句子其他成分分开。owing to 与because of一样,强调因果关系。

      例句:They decided to cancel the flight, owing to the storm.

      由于这场暴风雨,他们决定取消这个航班。

      以上三者均可表示“由于”、“因为”,按照传统语法:due to 主要引导表语,而 because of, owing to 两者都主要引导状语。但是在现代英语中,due to 也可用来引导状语,而 owing to 也可以用来引导表语。

      以上就是为大家整理的有关due to的用法及相关词组的用法区别,希望大家能够认真学习。在2015年12月gmat语法机经中就出现过due to的用法。因此希望大家能够记住这些单词的用法和区别,真正掌握这些单词。

    转自:https://www.tutorabc.com.cn/About/NewsDetail/6566.html

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  •  有些动词在主动结构中,后面接不带to的不定式,但如果改为被动,则需把省略的to加上,这类动词有 let, make, have, help感官动词feel, see,hear, watch, look at, listen to等。 如: The boss made my ...

    f4e9bfef1636675fae578493890cdaf9.png

    有被动语态的前提是谓语有宾语。但即使这个前提成立,在某些情况下习惯上还是不用被动语态。

    3a94cab960082ea3a41607f697fce967.png不及物动词

    不及物动词也就是后边不接宾语的动词。没有宾语便没有动作的承受者,自然没有被动语态。

    • He ran very fast. 他跑的很快。跑的动作不跟宾语,所以这个句子没被动语态。

    • I slept well last night. 昨晚我睡得很好。

    • He worked very hard. 他工作很勤奋。

    但是 不及物动词+介词后面有宾语的话,不及物动词介词组合相当于及物动词,也是可以有被动语态的。例如:

    • She was looked after by her daughter.

    无宾语的动词短语

    • The war break out two years ago. 两年前战争爆发了。

    • I usually fall asleep at 11 p.m. 我通常在晚上11点睡着。

    • The meeting will take place without you. 会议将在你缺席的情况下召开。

    系动词

    系动词天然不接宾语,因为系动词接表语,所以无被动语态

    • I am a hero. 我是英雄。

    • This hamburger tastes good. 这个汉堡尝起来不错。

    • The weather becomes cold. 天气转冷。

    可及物可不及物的动词

    有的动词,可被当作及物动词用,也可被当做不及物动词用,比如weigh, serve, look into等。

    • He weighed 100 kilogram. 他重100公斤。不及物,无被动语态。

    • They weighed him, and said the weight is 100 kilogram. 他们称了他,说重量是100公斤。及物,有被动语态。

    • He served in the army. 他参军了。不及物,无被动语态。

    • This teacher always serve us chicken’s soup for the soul. 这个老师就爱讲心灵鸡汤。及物,有被动语态。

    宾语是反身代词,相互单词,或者谓语的同根词,句子无被动语态

    • As brothers, we should help each other. 宾语是相互代词,无被动语态。

    • He dragged himself by the hair, in order that he could leave the earth. 他抓着自己的头发,想离开地球。宾语是反身代词,无被动。

    • They lived a happy life afterward. 此后他们便开始了快乐的生活。Life是live的同根词,所以这个句子无被动语态。

    习惯上不用被动语态的及物动词和短语

           这一部分是最没规律可言的。好在能感觉到,在汉语里不被动的,在英语里也不被动。请看下列例句:

    • I have a dream. 我有一个梦想。一般不说A dream is had by me.

    • Your shoes do not fit me. 你的鞋我穿不合脚。一般不说I was not fitted by your shoes.

    • You lack flexibility in coping with your parents. 你在处理和父母的关系时缺乏弹性。

    • I agree with your view. 我同意你的看法。一般不说 Your view is agreed by me.

    可见有宾语是被动语态成立的前提,但是还得看宾语的形式和运用习惯。

    初中阶段,被动语态的特殊用法主要有两种形式分别是:主动形式表示被动意义,被动形式表示主动意义。我们具体来看一下它们的用法:

    1、用主动形式表示被动意义。

    主动形式来表示被动意义主要有以下六个考点:

    1)某些连系动词如 smell,feel,taste,sound,prove等可表达被动含义。如:

    The story sounds interesting. 这个故事听起来很有趣.

    The apple smells nice.这个苹果闻起来很香。

    2)某些表示“发生”(happen,take place, come about)、“爆发”(break out/ burst out)、“出版”(come out) 和“传播(spread)”、“实现”(come true)等不及物动词在句子中表达被动含义。如

    Great changes have taken place these years in my hometown.

    近几年我的家乡发生了很大的变化。

    3)由介词for,on,above,under等构成的短语经常可以表达被动含义。如:

    And some of her famous photos are on display in this exhibition.

    她的一些著名的画在这次展览会上被展出。

    这个句子里的on display就是主动形式,表示被动的含义。

    4)形容词 worth后面跟动名词表示被动含义。如:

    The book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。

    5)在need,want,require,deserve和bear等词的后面,动名词用主动形式表示被动含义,它的含义相当于动词不定式的被动形式。如

    313a50df8b4a7d85f593c3d0fec55126.png

    6)某些动词不定式用主动形式表被动含义。

    有些形容词后跟不定式作状语,而句子的主语又是动词不定式的逻辑宾语时,这时常用不定式的主动形式表达被动含义。如nice,easy,fit,hard,difficult,important,impossible,pleasant,interesting等词。举个例子同学们来体会一下:

    Sometimes,business English is hard to understand.有时,商业英语很难理解。

    2、被动形式表示主动意义。

    被动形式表示主动意义主要有下面两个考点需要同学们注意:

    1)一些固定词组,它们的被动形式通常表示主动意义。

    例如be concerned with/ about(关心),be dressed in(穿着), be hidden(躲藏起来),be located(位于),be lost in(陷入,迷路),be seated(就座)等。大家看下面例句:

    That’s fine,as far as we’re concerned. 就我们而言,那样挺好。

    After everyone was seated,the teacher began to read the result.

    同学们就座后,老师开始读考试结果。

    2)还有一些动词构成的被动形式也表示主动意义。

    这类词组有: be used to(习惯于),be born(出生),be determined(决心,决定),be prepared(准备)等。如:

    27cd58dbf800b22cf81538dc77785640.png

    3. 有些动词在主动结构中,后面接不带to的不定式,但如果改为被动,则需把省略的to加上,这类动词有 let, make, have, help和感官动词feel, see,hear, watch, look at, listen to等。 如: The boss made my grandfather work . My grandfather  was made to  work by the boss.

    92d1776e60563991bd88ff1d87717c9d.png

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  • to用法小技巧,求通俗易懂的讲解

    千次阅读 2019-04-13 08:35:32
    to用法to 左边的东西(动作/人)走向to 右边东西(地方/其它东西)。 这样说在老外的脑子里,to 就是一个有方向感从to左边走向to右边东西。 更多例句。 she walks to the door . 她走向门...
  • 我们在前面的文章里学习了被动语态的基本用法,今天给同学们总结了被动语态的特殊用法及考点,大家可以收藏以备复习。初中阶段,被动语态的特殊用法主要有两种形式分别是:主动形式表示被动意义,被动形式表示主动...
  •  有些动词在主动结构中,后面接不带to的不定式,但如果改为被动,则需把省略的to加上,这类动词有 let, make, have, help感官动词feel, see,hear, watch, look at, listen to等。 如: The boss made my ...
  • turn out用法

    2019-08-01 04:29:26
    证明是The party turned out to be very successful.晚会结果开得很成功。2.打扫You should turn out your room.你应该打扫房间3.生产The factory have turned out more products.那工厂生产出了更多的产品。4.转变...
  • Java中compareTo用法

    万次阅读 多人点赞 2018-11-07 21:11:28
    Java中的compareto方法,返回参与比较的前后两个字符串的asc码的差值 String a = "a"; String b = "b"; System.out.println(a.compareTo(b)); 输出值-1 1 2 3 ...输出值1...
  • 疑问代词whowhom的用法

    千次阅读 2019-07-16 22:06:38
    1、who whom 只用作主语、宾语表语,不用作定语。其中who为主格,用作主语,whom为宾格,用作宾格,但whom位于句首时可以用who代替。 Who is that woman? 那个女的是谁? I wonder who that letter was from. ...
  • be going to用法口诀

    千次阅读 2013-05-03 12:43:46
    [size=large]be going to用法口诀: be going to跟“动原”,计划、准备或打算; 表可能,有必然,通过现象来判断。 be的形式要注意,它要随着人称变, 否定句,很简单,not加在be后边; 疑问句,需牢记,...
  • requestrequire是一组近义、看起来区别不明显的词语,但在起草英文合同或中译英时,这两个词语是否可以无差别适用呢?...首先我们就来看一下这两个词语的英文含义:request① to ask formally ...
  • 英文写作——The Elements of Style知识点解读3—冒号破折号的用法
  • 全部Natural spectral peaks of the vocal tract that aid in the recognition of speech sounds...辞典例句This paper proposes a robust feature extraction algorithm for speech recognition.提出一种用于语音识...
  • catch on用法

    2019-10-05 08:58:12
    抓牢The girl kept catching on to her mother's skirt. 小女孩一直紧紧地拉着妈妈的裙子。 2. 理解I don't quite catch on to what she is saying. 我不太明白她在说些什么。 3. 流行It is a nice song and...
  • IDEA基本用法

    2019-04-20 09:43:43
    38 、像 Ctrl-Q ( Show Quick JavaDoc 显示简洁 Java 文档), Ctrl-P ( Show Parameter Info 显示参数信息), Ctrl-B ( Go to Declaration 跳转到声明), Shift-F1 ( External JavaDoc 外部 Java 文档)以及...
  • throw on相关词组和用法

    千次阅读 2009-06-05 10:53:00
    throw on 匆忙穿上(衣服)   eg:Jack throw his jacket on and ran to the bus stop. 杰克匆忙穿上外衣向车站跑去。   throw on someone's hands 叫某人负起…责任, 把…推给某人去管
  • 英语语法---比较级最高级的用法

    万次阅读 2017-12-10 10:42:54
    二、形容词、副词的比较级最高级的用法  1.“A + be +形容词比较级 + than + B” 意思为“A比B更……”。  如:This tree is taller than that one. 这棵树比那棵树高。  注意:  ① 在含有连词than...
  • SQL中的castconvert的用法和区别

    千次阅读 2016-04-24 20:40:12
    Conversion failed when converting the varchar value '123.4' to data type int. select CAST ( ' 123.4 ' as decimal ) -- 123 select CONVERT ( decimal , ' 123.4 ' ) -- 123 ...
  • 那么今天 ,我们来讲讲长难句具体分析与翻译中的连接词in+which 例 Furthermore,humans have the ability to modify the environment [inwhich they live], thus subjecting all otherlife forms to their own ...
  • have got 用法一览表
  • 冠词A/An/The的用法

    千次阅读 2018-12-14 22:08:14
    1. a/an 的用法 Rule One: if a word is countable (e.g., one book, two books), you must always use an article (or my, his, etc). For example, I read a book. √ I read book. More examples, He drives...
  • such as的用法总结

    万次阅读 2018-07-24 14:34:14
    such as的用法总结   一、such as 的七个用法: 1. 表示举例,such as 意为“例如,诸如此类的,像……那样的”,相当于like或for example。 用此义时的几点说明: (1) 这类结构既可表现为“名词+such as+例子...
  • get used to + 名词或动名词 be used to 表状态,我现在习惯于。 get used to 表过程,我习惯了什么什么。 1、get used to:意思是“习惯”,指某人有规律地经常做某事,如咬指甲、抽烟等,由于这种动作...双语例句
  • with respect to是什么意思?

    千次阅读 2021-01-08 17:33:50
    withrespectto可以类比于of、about、by、with宾语连接词that。 翻译的时候看具体是用在哪个地方,如果是用作of、about,一般翻译为关于、对于,如果是用作by,则翻译为利用、通过,如果是with,也翻译为通过、...
  • on one's own用法

    千次阅读 2019-10-05 09:00:01
    Give her a break, it's hard being on your own for the first time....by oneself (用作副词)(1) 独自一人(= alone),例如: She used to sit by herself and read. 她从前常常独自坐着看书。(2...
  • Toast的几种用法

    万次阅读 2019-03-27 10:48:23
    Toast的几种用法 第一,Toast.makeText() // 第一个参数:当前的上下文环境。可用getApplicationContext()或this // 第二个参数:要显示的字符串。也可是R.string中字符串ID // 第三个参数:显示的时间长短。Toast...
  • strstr函数的用法

    千次阅读 2016-11-28 17:10:17
    str2: 要查找对象 The string expression to find. 返回值:若str2是str1的子串,则返回str2在str1的首次出现的地址;如果str2不是str1的子串,则返回NULL。 应用举例: #include #include using ...
  • 文章目录常见用法绑定方法deepimmediate绑定多个handler监听对象属性用法1用法2用法3用法4用法5用法6 常见用法 绑定方法 deep immediate 绑定多个handler 监听对象属性 Vue 提供了一种更通用的方式来观察响应 Vue ...
  • [Linux] expect用法举例

    2020-03-06 20:36:41
    # expect -c 'expect "hi" {send "You said hi\n"}' high You said hi [root@xxx test]# 再看一个ssh登录的例子, [例2-1] ssh登录主机,test.exp内容如下(主机名密码写在脚本中,执行完成后退出) #!/usr/bin/...

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to的用法和例句