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  • 中公考研小编分享“2021考研英语词汇备考:bulk是什么意思及反义词”内容,希望能给备战2021考研考生提供帮助~bulk是什么意思及反义词名词大小,体积,大批,大多数a.大批,大量的及物动词:显得大,显得重要词形...

    ​​备战考研英语,大众考生的第一反应便是从英语词汇入手。记住学会一个单词不仅仅是拼写重点掌握的还有这个词的词性,各种语境下的语义。中公考研小编分享“2021考研英语词汇备考:bulk是什么意思及反义词”内容,希望能给备战2021考研考生提供帮助~

    bulk是什么意思及反义词

    名词

    大小,体积,大批,大多数

    a.

    大批的,大量的

    及物动词:

    显得大,显得重要

    词形变化

    时态

    bulked,bulking,bulks

    英语解释

    cause to bulge or swell outwards

    stick out or up

    the property possessed by a large mass

    the property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the main part

    the property of something that is great in magnitude

    例句

    sell in bulk

    整批[大量]出售

    "If preferred for ALAA mail, the use of your institutional address will allow ALAA to save funds through bulk mailing"

    如果需由ALAA代邮的话,那么,写学校地址可使ALAA作为大宗邮件寄发而节省邮资

    "Food preparation makes up the bulk of the chores, with cleaning and shopping the next most time-consuming. "

    准备食物在家务活中占了很大一部分,接下来最花时间的是打扫卫生和采购。

    A resistive,bulk effect type of photosensor;used when it is desirable to wire several photoreceivers in series or in parallel.

    在多个光电接收器串联或并联连接时使用的一种电阻性体效应型光敏元件。

    Ship or aircraft for carrying petroleum,etc in bulk

    运送石油等的轮船或飞机

    A seat behind the bulkhead, please.

    麻烦,最前排的。

    Indicia: Formal mailing information or permit, as on business reply envelopes or bulk mail, printed on envelope or item to be mailed.

    邮政标记:印于信封上或邮寄物品上,例如商业回邮信封或在大量邮寄的正式邮寄资料或执照。

    Therefore, no capability is left for useful current to be transmitted, unless very expensive and bulky compensation equipment is installed.

    因此已无能力输送有功电流,除非安装非常昂贵和庞大的补偿设备。

    Inserting a corded piping introduces bulk, which the machine presser foot is unable to surmount, therefore a special presser foot is necessary.

    镶嵌滚边编带所产生的厚度是缝纫机压脚不能越过的,因此需要一个特殊的压脚。

    For extrudates there are side crushing strength tests, bulk crushing strength tests, abrasion tests

    对挤条产品有侧压强度的测试,堆积强度测试和耐磨测试。

    相似短语

    the bulk of

    大半,大多数,大部分

    in bulk

    adv.散装,大批

    by bulk

    估堆, 按堆(计算)

    bulk (material)

    松散材料

    bulk body

    散粒物车厢

    bulk coining

    体积精压

    bulk composition

    总成分

    bulk concentration

    体积浓度

    bulk conductivity

    体电导率,体积电导率

    bulk electroluminescence

    体电致发光

    相似单词

    bulk

    n.

    大小,体积,大批,大多数

    a.

    大批的,大量的

    v.[T]

    显得大,显得重要

    Glen bulk

    格伦变形丝

    bulk tank

    大型罐子

    barrel bulk

    n. 五立方尺的容积

    bulk cheap

    薄利多销​

    以上是中公考研为考生整理的“2021考研英语词汇备考:bulk是什么意思及反义词”相关内容,希望对大家有帮助,对于英语词汇需要考生在理解的基础上去记忆,掌握词汇运用技巧是关键。中公考研小编预祝大家都能取得好成绩!更多英语词汇相关内容尽在中公考研英语词汇频道。

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  • 文章目录使用nltk中wordnet语料库找出以下单词同义词集、查看同义词... dog, cat找出以下单词蕴含(entailments)关系和反义词:walk, supply, hot判断下列句子中是否存在共指指代,有话找出共指链 使用n...

    使用nltk中的wordnet语料库

    找出以下单词的同义词集、查看同义词集中的所有单词、查看同义词的具体定义及例子:dog, apple, fly

    from nltk.corpus import wordnet as wn
    dog_set = wn.synsets('dog')
    print('dog的同义词集为:', dog_set)
    print('dog的各同义词集包含的单词有:',[dog.lemma_names() for dog in dog_set])
    print('dog的各同义词集的具体定义是:',[dog.definition() for dog in dog_set])
    print('dog的各同义词集的例子是:',[dog.examples() for dog in dog_set])
    
    dog的同义词集为: [Synset('dog.n.01'), Synset('frump.n.01'), Synset('dog.n.03'), Synset('cad.n.01'), Synset('frank.n.02'), Synset('pawl.n.01'), Synset('andiron.n.01'), Synset('chase.v.01')]
    dog的各同义词集包含的单词有: [['dog', 'domestic_dog', 'Canis_familiaris'], ['frump', 'dog'], ['dog'], ['cad', 'bounder', 'blackguard', 'dog', 'hound', 'heel'], ['frank', 'frankfurter', 'hotdog', 'hot_dog', 'dog', 'wiener', 'wienerwurst', 'weenie'], ['pawl', 'detent', 'click', 'dog'], ['andiron', 'firedog', 'dog', 'dog-iron'], ['chase', 'chase_after', 'trail', 'tail', 'tag', 'give_chase', 'dog', 'go_after', 'track']]
    dog的各同义词集的具体定义是: ['a member of the genus Canis (probably descended from the common wolf) that has been domesticated by man since prehistoric times; occurs in many breeds', 'a dull unattractive unpleasant girl or woman', 'informal term for a man', 'someone who is morally reprehensible', 'a smooth-textured sausage of minced beef or pork usually smoked; often served on a bread roll', 'a hinged catch that fits into a notch of a ratchet to move a wheel forward or prevent it from moving backward', 'metal supports for logs in a fireplace', 'go after with the intent to catch']
    dog的各同义词集的例子是: [['the dog barked all night'], ['she got a reputation as a frump', "she's a real dog"], ['you lucky dog'], ['you dirty dog'], [], [], ['the andirons were too hot to touch'], ['The policeman chased the mugger down the alley', 'the dog chased the rabbit']]
    
    apple_set = wn.synsets('apple')
    print('apple的同义词集为:', apple_set)
    print('apple的各同义词集包含的单词有:',[apple.lemma_names() for apple in apple_set])
    print('apple的各同义词集的具体定义是:',[apple.definition() for apple in apple_set])
    print('apple的各同义词集的例子是:',[apple.examples() for apple in apple_set])
    
    apple的同义词集为: [Synset('apple.n.01'), Synset('apple.n.02')]
    apple的各同义词集包含的单词有: [['apple'], ['apple', 'orchard_apple_tree', 'Malus_pumila']]
    apple的各同义词集的具体定义是: ['fruit with red or yellow or green skin and sweet to tart crisp whitish flesh', 'native Eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits']
    apple的各同义词集的例子是: [[], []]
    
    fly_set = wn.synsets('fly')
    print('fly的同义词集为:', fly_set)
    print('fly的各同义词集包含的单词有:',[fly.lemma_names() for fly in fly_set])
    print('fly的各同义词集的具体定义是:',[fly.definition() for fly in fly_set])
    print('fly的各同义词集的例子是:',[fly.examples() for fly in fly_set])
    
    fly的同义词集为: [Synset('fly.n.01'), Synset('tent-fly.n.01'), Synset('fly.n.03'), Synset('fly.n.04'), Synset('fly.n.05'), Synset('fly.v.01'), Synset('fly.v.02'), Synset('fly.v.03'), Synset('fly.v.04'), Synset('fly.v.05'), Synset('fly.v.06'), Synset('fly.v.07'), Synset('fly.v.08'), Synset('fly.v.09'), Synset('fly.v.10'), Synset('flee.v.01'), Synset('fly.v.12'), Synset('fly.v.13'), Synset('vanish.v.05'), Synset('fly.s.01')]
    fly的各同义词集包含的单词有: [['fly'], ['tent-fly', 'rainfly', 'fly_sheet', 'fly', 'tent_flap'], ['fly', 'fly_front'], ['fly', 'fly_ball'], ['fly'], ['fly', 'wing'], ['fly'], ['fly', 'aviate', 'pilot'], ['fly'], ['fly'], ['fly'], ['fly'], ['fly', 'fell', 'vanish'], ['fly'], ['fly'], ['flee', 'fly', 'take_flight'], ['fly'], ['fly'], ['vanish', 'fly', 'vaporize'], ['fly']]
    fly的各同义词集的具体定义是: ['two-winged insects characterized by active flight', 'flap consisting of a piece of canvas that can be drawn back to provide entrance to a tent', 'an opening in a garment that is closed by a zipper or by buttons concealed under a fold of cloth', '(baseball) a hit that flies up in the air', "fisherman's lure consisting of a fishhook decorated to look like an insect", 'travel through the air; be airborne', 'move quickly or suddenly', 'operate an airplane', 'transport by aeroplane', 'cause to fly or float', 'be dispersed or disseminated', 'change quickly from one emotional state to another', 'pass away rapidly', 'travel in an airplane', 'display in the air or cause to float', 'run away quickly', 'travel over (an area of land or sea) in an aircraft', 'hit a fly', 'decrease rapidly and disappear', '(British informal) not to be deceived or hoodwinked']
    fly的各同义词集的例子是: [[], [], [], [], [], ['Man cannot fly'], ['He flew about the place'], ['The pilot flew to Cuba'], ['We fly flowers from the Caribbean to North America'], ['fly a kite'], ['Rumors and accusations are flying'], ['fly into a rage'], ['Time flies like an arrow', 'Time fleeing beneath him'], ['she is flying to Cincinnati tonight', 'Are we driving or flying?'], ['fly a kite', 'All nations fly their flags in front of the U.N.'], ['He threw down his gun and fled'], ['Lindbergh was the first to fly the Atlantic'], [], ['the money vanished in las Vegas', 'all my stock assets have vaporized'], []]
    

    查看以下单词对的语义相似度:good, beautiful;good, bad; dog, cat

    goods = wn.synsets('good')
    beautifuls = wn.synsets('beautiful')
    bads = wn.synsets('bad')
    dogs = wn.synsets('dog')
    cats = wn.synsets('cat')
    print('good和beautiful的语义相似度为: ', max([0 if good.path_similarity(beautiful) == None else good.path_similarity(beautiful) for good in goods for beautiful in beautifuls]))
    print('good和bad的语义相似度为: ', max([0 if good.path_similarity(bad) == None else good.path_similarity(bad) for good in goods for bad in bads]))
    print('dog和cat的语义相似度为: ', max([0 if dog.path_similarity(cat) == None else dog.path_similarity(cat) for dog in dogs for cat in cats]))
    
    good和beautiful的语义相似度为:  0
    good和bad的语义相似度为:  0.3333333333333333
    dog和cat的语义相似度为:  0.2
    

    找出以下单词的蕴含(entailments)关系和反义词:walk, supply, hot

    walks = wn.synsets('walk')
    supplys = wn.synsets('supply')
    hots = wn.synsets('hot')
    print('walk的蕴含关系包括: ', [walk.entailments() for walk in walks if len(walk.entailments())])
    print('supply的蕴含关系包括: ', [supply.entailments() for supply in supplys if len(supply.entailments())])
    print('hot的蕴含关系包括: ', [hot.entailments() for hot in hots if len(hot.entailments())])
    
    walk的蕴含关系包括:  [[Synset('step.v.01')]]
    supply的蕴含关系包括:  []
    hot的蕴含关系包括:  []
    
    print('walk的反义词包括: ', [walk_lemma.antonyms() for walk_lemmas in [walk.lemmas() for walk in walks] for walk_lemma in walk_lemmas if walk_lemma.antonyms()!=[]])
    print('supply的反义词包括: ', [supply_lemma.antonyms() for supply_lemmas in [supply.lemmas() for supply in supplys] for supply_lemma in supply_lemmas if supply_lemma.antonyms()!=[]])
    print('hot的反义词包括: ', [hot_lemma.antonyms() for hot_lemmas in [hot.lemmas() for hot in hots] for hot_lemma in hot_lemmas if hot_lemma.antonyms()!=[]])
    
    walk的反义词包括:  [[Lemma('ride.v.02.ride')]]
    supply的反义词包括:  [[Lemma('demand.n.02.demand')], [Lemma('recall.v.06.recall')]]
    hot的反义词包括:  [[Lemma('cold.a.01.cold')], [Lemma('cold.a.02.cold')]]
    

    判断下列句子中是否存在的共指指代,有的话找出共指链

    import spacy
    nlp = spacy.load('en_core_web_sm')
    
    # Add neural coref to SpaCy's pipe
    import neuralcoref
    neuralcoref.add_to_pipe(nlp)
    
    <spacy.lang.en.English at 0x1b772de7550>
    
    s1 = nlp(u"My sister has a dog. She loves him.")
    s2 = nlp(u"Some like to play football, others are fond of basketball.")
    s3 = nlp(u"The more a man knows, the more he feels his ignorance.")
    
    if s1._.has_coref:
        print(s1.text+'存在共指指代,共指链为: ' ,s1._.coref_clusters)
    else:
        print(s1.text+'不存在共指指代')
    
    My sister has a dog. She loves him.存在共指指代,共指链为:  [My sister: [My sister, She], a dog: [a dog, him]]
    
    if s2._.has_coref:
        print(s2.text+'存在共指指代,共指链为: ' ,s2._.coref_clusters)
    else:
        print(s2.text+'不存在共指指代')
    
    Some like to play football, others are fond of basketball.不存在共指指代
    
    if s3._.has_coref:
        print(s3.text+'存在共指指代,共指链为: ' ,s3._.coref_clusters)
    else:
        print(s3.text+'不存在共指指代')
    
    The more a man knows, the more he feels his ignorance.存在共指指代,共指链为:  [The: [The, the], a man: [a man, he, his]]
    
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  • 参考链接: 如何在Python中从NLTK WordNet获取同义词/反义词 ... dog, cat找出以下单词蕴含(entailments)关系和反义词:walk, supply, hot 判断下列句子中是否存在共指指代,有话找出共指链 使用nlt...

    参考链接: 如何在Python中从NLTK WordNet获取同义词/反义词

    文章目录

     使用nltk中的wordnet语料库找出以下单词的同义词集、查看同义词集中的所有单词、查看同义词的具体定义及例子:dog, apple, fly查看以下单词对的语义相似度:good, beautiful;good, bad; dog, cat找出以下单词的蕴含(entailments)关系和反义词:walk, supply, hot

      判断下列句子中是否存在的共指指代,有的话找出共指链

     

     

    使用nltk中的wordnet语料库 

    找出以下单词的同义词集、查看同义词集中的所有单词、查看同义词的具体定义及例子:dog, apple, fly 

    from nltk.corpus import wordnet as wn

    dog_set = wn.synsets('dog')

    print('dog的同义词集为:', dog_set)

    print('dog的各同义词集包含的单词有:',[dog.lemma_names() for dog in dog_set])

    print('dog的各同义词集的具体定义是:',[dog.definition() for dog in dog_set])

    print('dog的各同义词集的例子是:',[dog.examples() for dog in dog_set])

     

    dog的同义词集为: [Synset('dog.n.01'), Synset('frump.n.01'), Synset('dog.n.03'), Synset('cad.n.01'), Synset('frank.n.02'), Synset('pawl.n.01'), Synset('andiron.n.01'), Synset('chase.v.01')]

    dog的各同义词集包含的单词有: [['dog', 'domestic_dog', 'Canis_familiaris'], ['frump', 'dog'], ['dog'], ['cad', 'bounder', 'blackguard', 'dog', 'hound', 'heel'], ['frank', 'frankfurter', 'hotdog', 'hot_dog', 'dog', 'wiener', 'wienerwurst', 'weenie'], ['pawl', 'detent', 'click', 'dog'], ['andiron', 'firedog', 'dog', 'dog-iron'], ['chase', 'chase_after', 'trail', 'tail', 'tag', 'give_chase', 'dog', 'go_after', 'track']]

    dog的各同义词集的具体定义是: ['a member of the genus Canis (probably descended from the common wolf) that has been domesticated by man since prehistoric times; occurs in many breeds', 'a dull unattractive unpleasant girl or woman', 'informal term for a man', 'someone who is morally reprehensible', 'a smooth-textured sausage of minced beef or pork usually smoked; often served on a bread roll', 'a hinged catch that fits into a notch of a ratchet to move a wheel forward or prevent it from moving backward', 'metal supports for logs in a fireplace', 'go after with the intent to catch']

    dog的各同义词集的例子是: [['the dog barked all night'], ['she got a reputation as a frump', "she's a real dog"], ['you lucky dog'], ['you dirty dog'], [], [], ['the andirons were too hot to touch'], ['The policeman chased the mugger down the alley', 'the dog chased the rabbit']]

     

    apple_set = wn.synsets('apple')

    print('apple的同义词集为:', apple_set)

    print('apple的各同义词集包含的单词有:',[apple.lemma_names() for apple in apple_set])

    print('apple的各同义词集的具体定义是:',[apple.definition() for apple in apple_set])

    print('apple的各同义词集的例子是:',[apple.examples() for apple in apple_set])

     

    apple的同义词集为: [Synset('apple.n.01'), Synset('apple.n.02')]

    apple的各同义词集包含的单词有: [['apple'], ['apple', 'orchard_apple_tree', 'Malus_pumila']]

    apple的各同义词集的具体定义是: ['fruit with red or yellow or green skin and sweet to tart crisp whitish flesh', 'native Eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits']

    apple的各同义词集的例子是: [[], []]

     

    fly_set = wn.synsets('fly')

    print('fly的同义词集为:', fly_set)

    print('fly的各同义词集包含的单词有:',[fly.lemma_names() for fly in fly_set])

    print('fly的各同义词集的具体定义是:',[fly.definition() for fly in fly_set])

    print('fly的各同义词集的例子是:',[fly.examples() for fly in fly_set])

     

    fly的同义词集为: [Synset('fly.n.01'), Synset('tent-fly.n.01'), Synset('fly.n.03'), Synset('fly.n.04'), Synset('fly.n.05'), Synset('fly.v.01'), Synset('fly.v.02'), Synset('fly.v.03'), Synset('fly.v.04'), Synset('fly.v.05'), Synset('fly.v.06'), Synset('fly.v.07'), Synset('fly.v.08'), Synset('fly.v.09'), Synset('fly.v.10'), Synset('flee.v.01'), Synset('fly.v.12'), Synset('fly.v.13'), Synset('vanish.v.05'), Synset('fly.s.01')]

    fly的各同义词集包含的单词有: [['fly'], ['tent-fly', 'rainfly', 'fly_sheet', 'fly', 'tent_flap'], ['fly', 'fly_front'], ['fly', 'fly_ball'], ['fly'], ['fly', 'wing'], ['fly'], ['fly', 'aviate', 'pilot'], ['fly'], ['fly'], ['fly'], ['fly'], ['fly', 'fell', 'vanish'], ['fly'], ['fly'], ['flee', 'fly', 'take_flight'], ['fly'], ['fly'], ['vanish', 'fly', 'vaporize'], ['fly']]

    fly的各同义词集的具体定义是: ['two-winged insects characterized by active flight', 'flap consisting of a piece of canvas that can be drawn back to provide entrance to a tent', 'an opening in a garment that is closed by a zipper or by buttons concealed under a fold of cloth', '(baseball) a hit that flies up in the air', "fisherman's lure consisting of a fishhook decorated to look like an insect", 'travel through the air; be airborne', 'move quickly or suddenly', 'operate an airplane', 'transport by aeroplane', 'cause to fly or float', 'be dispersed or disseminated', 'change quickly from one emotional state to another', 'pass away rapidly', 'travel in an airplane', 'display in the air or cause to float', 'run away quickly', 'travel over (an area of land or sea) in an aircraft', 'hit a fly', 'decrease rapidly and disappear', '(British informal) not to be deceived or hoodwinked']

    fly的各同义词集的例子是: [[], [], [], [], [], ['Man cannot fly'], ['He flew about the place'], ['The pilot flew to Cuba'], ['We fly flowers from the Caribbean to North America'], ['fly a kite'], ['Rumors and accusations are flying'], ['fly into a rage'], ['Time flies like an arrow', 'Time fleeing beneath him'], ['she is flying to Cincinnati tonight', 'Are we driving or flying?'], ['fly a kite', 'All nations fly their flags in front of the U.N.'], ['He threw down his gun and fled'], ['Lindbergh was the first to fly the Atlantic'], [], ['the money vanished in las Vegas', 'all my stock assets have vaporized'], []]

     

    查看以下单词对的语义相似度:good, beautiful;good, bad; dog, cat 

    goods = wn.synsets('good')

    beautifuls = wn.synsets('beautiful')

    bads = wn.synsets('bad')

    dogs = wn.synsets('dog')

    cats = wn.synsets('cat')

    print('good和beautiful的语义相似度为: ', max([0 if good.path_similarity(beautiful) == None else good.path_similarity(beautiful) for good in goods for beautiful in beautifuls]))

    print('good和bad的语义相似度为: ', max([0 if good.path_similarity(bad) == None else good.path_similarity(bad) for good in goods for bad in bads]))

    print('dog和cat的语义相似度为: ', max([0 if dog.path_similarity(cat) == None else dog.path_similarity(cat) for dog in dogs for cat in cats]))

     

    good和beautiful的语义相似度为:  0

    good和bad的语义相似度为:  0.3333333333333333

    dog和cat的语义相似度为:  0.2

     

    找出以下单词的蕴含(entailments)关系和反义词:walk, supply, hot 

    walks = wn.synsets('walk')

    supplys = wn.synsets('supply')

    hots = wn.synsets('hot')

    print('walk的蕴含关系包括: ', [walk.entailments() for walk in walks if len(walk.entailments())])

    print('supply的蕴含关系包括: ', [supply.entailments() for supply in supplys if len(supply.entailments())])

    print('hot的蕴含关系包括: ', [hot.entailments() for hot in hots if len(hot.entailments())])

     

    walk的蕴含关系包括:  [[Synset('step.v.01')]]

    supply的蕴含关系包括:  []

    hot的蕴含关系包括:  []

     

    print('walk的反义词包括: ', [walk_lemma.antonyms() for walk_lemmas in [walk.lemmas() for walk in walks] for walk_lemma in walk_lemmas if walk_lemma.antonyms()!=[]])

    print('supply的反义词包括: ', [supply_lemma.antonyms() for supply_lemmas in [supply.lemmas() for supply in supplys] for supply_lemma in supply_lemmas if supply_lemma.antonyms()!=[]])

    print('hot的反义词包括: ', [hot_lemma.antonyms() for hot_lemmas in [hot.lemmas() for hot in hots] for hot_lemma in hot_lemmas if hot_lemma.antonyms()!=[]])

     

    walk的反义词包括:  [[Lemma('ride.v.02.ride')]]

    supply的反义词包括:  [[Lemma('demand.n.02.demand')], [Lemma('recall.v.06.recall')]]

    hot的反义词包括:  [[Lemma('cold.a.01.cold')], [Lemma('cold.a.02.cold')]]

     

    判断下列句子中是否存在的共指指代,有的话找出共指链 

    import spacy

    nlp = spacy.load('en_core_web_sm')

     

    # Add neural coref to SpaCy's pipe

    import neuralcoref

    neuralcoref.add_to_pipe(nlp)

     

    <spacy.lang.en.English at 0x1b772de7550>

     

    s1 = nlp(u"My sister has a dog. She loves him.")

    s2 = nlp(u"Some like to play football, others are fond of basketball.")

    s3 = nlp(u"The more a man knows, the more he feels his ignorance.")

     

    if s1._.has_coref:

        print(s1.text+'存在共指指代,共指链为: ' ,s1._.coref_clusters)

    else:

        print(s1.text+'不存在共指指代')

     

    My sister has a dog. She loves him.存在共指指代,共指链为:  [My sister: [My sister, She], a dog: [a dog, him]]

     

    if s2._.has_coref:

        print(s2.text+'存在共指指代,共指链为: ' ,s2._.coref_clusters)

    else:

        print(s2.text+'不存在共指指代')

     

    Some like to play football, others are fond of basketball.不存在共指指代

     

    if s3._.has_coref:

        print(s3.text+'存在共指指代,共指链为: ' ,s3._.coref_clusters)

    else:

        print(s3.text+'不存在共指指代')

     

    The more a man knows, the more he feels his ignorance.存在共指指代,共指链为:  [The: [The, the], a man: [a man, he, his]]

    展开全文
  • (4)类比与反义题得分的高低决定了你Verbal部分的成绩,要迅速解好每一题,不但要理解词义,还就熟悉对应关系(即反义中的反义方式、类比中的类比关系),鉴于此,我将所有全真考题其中词汇进行了精心的分析与...
  • 用数字(从1到17)描述风力风级表,描述了从蒲氏零级风(calm)到十二级风(hurricane)条件并对每级海上陆上风况作了详细描述,给出了相当于多少节(knots,船速,=哩/小时)或每小时多少法定英里(statute miles per ...

    基本解释

    蒲福风力级Beaufort Wind Force Scale。用数字(从1到17)描述风力的风级表,描述了从蒲氏零级风(calm)到十二级风(hurricane)的条件并对每级海上及陆上风况作了详细描述,给出了相当于多少节(knots,船速,=哩/小时)或每小时多少法定英里(statute miles per hour,法定英里=5280英尺,约合1.609公里)或多少米/秒的平均速度,以及按标准密度多少磅/平方英尺计量的平均风力。详细解释

    蒲福风级可达到17级(118节),但第12级是可从海面状况识别的最高风级。

    蒲福风级(Beaufort scale)

    风级 0

    概况 无风

    陆地 静,烟直上

    海岸 0-0.2

    相当风速(m/s) 0.3-1.5

    风级 1

    概况 软风

    陆地 烟能表示方向,但风向标不能转动

    海岸 渔船不动

    相当风速(m/s) 0.3-1.5

    风级 2

    概况 轻风

    陆地 人面感觉有风,树叶微响,寻常的风向标转动

    海岸 渔船张帆时,可随风移动

    相当风速(m/s) 1.6-3.3

    风级 3

    概况 微风

    陆地 树叶及微枝摇动不息,旌旗展开

    海岸 渔船渐觉簸动

    相当风速(m/s) 3.4-5.4

    风级 4

    概况 和风

    陆地 能吹起地面灰尘和纸张,树的小枝摇动

    海岸 渔船满帆时,倾于一方

    相当风速(m/s) 5.5-7.9

    风级 5

    概况 清风

    陆地 小树摇摆

    海岸 水面起波

    相当风速(m/s) 8.0-10.7

    风级 6

    概况 强风

    陆地 大树枝摇动,电线呼呼有声,举伞有困难

    海岸 渔船加倍缩帆,捕鱼须注意危险

    相当风速(m/s) 10.8-13.8

    风级 7

    概况 疾风

    陆地 大树摇动,迎风步行感觉不便

    海岸 渔船停息港中,去海外的下锚

    相当风速(m/s) 13.9-17.1

    风级 8

    概况 大风

    陆地 树枝折断,迎风行走感觉阻力很大

    海岸 近港海船均停留不出

    相当风速(m/s) 17.2-20.7

    风级 9

    概况 烈风

    陆地 烟囱及平房屋顶受到损坏(烟囱顶部及平顶摇动)

    海岸 汽船航行困难

    相当风速(m/s) 20.8-24.4

    风级 10

    概况 狂风

    陆地 陆上少见,可拔树毁屋

    海岸 汽船航行颇危险

    相当风速(m/s) 24.5-28.4

    风级 11

    概况 暴风

    陆地 陆上很少见,有则必受重大损毁

    海岸 汽船遇之极危险

    相当风速(m/s) 28.5-32.6

    风级 12

    概况 飓风

    陆地 陆上绝少,其摧毁力极大

    海岸 海浪滔天

    相当风速(m/s) 32.6~36.9

    蒲氏扩展分级

    13级为37.0—41.4米/秒;

    14级为41.5—46.1米/秒;

    15级为46.2—50.9米/秒;

    16级为 51.0—56.0米/秒;

    17级为56.1—61.2米/秒。

    展开全文
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