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  • 积累英语知识和作文

    考过GRE,当时背过很多单词、段落、文章,回过头看,已然随着艾宾浩斯曲线遗忘掉。

    本文用于记录考研英语作文。

    平时英文是阅读输入为主,输出很少,借以公开的博客,督促自己更正与提升。

    -2020年7月18日23点13分

    附上新东方王江涛老师的博客地址:新东方王江涛的博客闲来无事翻阅

    2021年4月21日10点34分突然受到csdn博客审核不通过的通知,搞什么鬼,理由是政治!

    这里只是对计算机考研时英语学习的记录,并无任何违规行为。

    考研英语

    写作6个万能句子,而且很高级!!!

    在这里插入图片描述

    在这里插入图片描述
    来源:B站UP主Fiona的英语美食

    第零部分: 王江涛预测作文

    人生哲理类:创新

    As is vividly depicted in the above picture, a strong person is trying to find gold in a huge stone. Holding an ax with his firm hands, he is hewing【砍出,劈出】 out of the stone of despair【绝望之石】 a piece of precious gold. The caption indicates that, "Only through innovation can we make progress, conservatism leads to regression【守业就是退步,创新才能发展】 ".

    The purpose of the drawing is to show us that utmost significance should be attached to innovation and creativity. To begin with, innovativeness can be said to be the watchword or motto of science【创新精神可以说是科学研究的信条】. Think about all the innumerable times scientific experiments must be carried out, all the laboratory tests, all the live trials, before a new medicine or vaccine is discovered. In addition, many of today’s business successes can be ascribed to innovation. For instance, at the company where I personally worked, it is after four years and four different types of business models that the entrepreneur finally succeeded and became the chairman of one of the largest Internet companies.

    To sum up, in any field of endeavor【在任何需要奋斗的领域】, it is crucial for us to put great emphasis on innovation to eventually become successful. It is as if life is testing us, testing our innovation and creativity to see if we are really dedicated to our ideals, before life finally rewards us with success.

    句型积累

    be it…or…倒装的语法分析
    2020年10月22日18点59分见到王江涛《考研英语高分写作》中,关于2017年英语(二)折线图作文的范文(博物馆和游客数量)里的一句话,有所疑问,于是查阅资料找到相关解释。
    原句如下:

    people enjoy visiting musiums because doing so helps them to understand the history and culture of the place, be it at a local, regional, national or international level.

    恰巧看到知乎上有相似的提问

    This phenomenon is in large measure detrimental, be it in individual growth or in national progress.

    解释:be it … or … = whether… or…= 无论……还是……,不管……还是……, it后面接的虚拟语气,省略should,同时倒装,所以be在it前面。

    所以上面原句的翻译为:人们喜欢参观博物馆—无论是当地、地区级、国家级还是世界级的博物馆----是因为这样能帮助他们了解当地的历史和文化。

    句子: A does sth 高级写法: Among B doing sth is A.其中B是A的上位词

    比如 Lebron James gives a wonderful speech.高级写法:Among the basketball players giving a wonderful speech is Lebron James.

    句子:It is difficult to the point of impossibility for the average reader under the age of forty to imagine such a highly productive time of unfocused essays.
    翻译:对于40岁以下的普通读者而言,去想象一个多元主题散文如此高产的年代是很难的,甚至是不可能的。

    仿写:It is difficult to the point of impossibility for our country to curb and harness the problem of haze in a short term.
    翻译:对于我们国家而言,在短期内治理雾霾的问题很困难,甚至是不可能的。
    积累:it is difficult to the point of impossibility 中 to the point of impossibility 是状语,表程度,意思是达到不可能的程度.

    段落写作
    论述坚持-persistence
    It is to explain my argument vividly that quite a few elements could be listed here.To begin with, persistence keeps a positive mentality which means that you fail to fear difficulties,you believe your faith and you dare to challenge yourself whenever confronted with frustrations in your study and career.A case in point,Ma Yun,a well-noted entrepreneur throughout the world,had endured immense amounts of failures before he achieved great glories.He,in public places,expressed the significance of persistence for many times-"It it not easy to see the sun the day after tomorrow."As a matter of fact,if every adult preferred to give up on the road to success,he might achieve nothing in his life.

    第一部分:小作文

    考研作文2012年英一小作文:建议信-就大学生活提建议

    在这里插入图片描述
    范文

    Dear friends,

    On behalf of the Students’ Union of Beijing Foreign Studies University,I would like to extend our heartfelt welcome to all the overseas students who will study in our university.

    It is my great pleasure to offer you several practical suggestions. In the first place , life in this prestigious university is perhaps not as easy as you have expected. You may be tightly bound by daily classes, abundant homework and frequent exams. Thus, be prepared for the hectic life here. In the second place, in spite of all those burdens, various extracurricular activities will still provide ample opportunities to make friends. So ,enjoy your life in this esteemed institute!

    All in all , although there is a lot of pressure, the time you spend on our campus will be worthwhile and enhance your whole life. Hope you like it here.

    Yours sincerely,
    Li Ming

    参考译文

    亲爱的朋友们:

    我谨代表北京外国语大学学生会,向来我校学习的留学生表示衷心的欢迎

    我很荣幸能给你们提一些实用的建议。 首先,这所知名学府的生活也许并不像你们所设想的那样轻松。 你们可能会 面临每日的课程、大量的作业和频繁的考试。因此,做好准备迎接这里繁忙的生活吧。 其次,尽管有以上负担,运动会、演讲比赛以及联谊会等各种各种的课外活动仍会提供大量的交友机会。所以,尽情享受者所著名大学里的生活吧!

    总之,尽管有很多压力,但你们在这所校园里度过的时光将意义非凡,并为你的整个人生增添光彩。希望你们喜欢这里!

    您真诚的,
    李明

    考研作文2013年英一小作文:邀请信-做评委

    2020年11月18日20点52分整理
    背景:英语演讲比赛

    参考译文:

    尊敬的史密斯教授:
    谨代表“天才”英语演讲比赛委员会,我写这封邮件是为了邀请您担任我们的新评委。作为”外国文化节“的核心部分,这场全校性的比赛将在5月12日(下周日)于学生大礼堂举行,而且我们相信您作为一位英语为母语人士和知识渊博的教授,能给参赛选手一些启发性的评论。 具体来讲,比赛将在晚上7点左右开始,最多持续两小时。比赛的最后,我们将给每位评委和选手送上一些手工礼物。

    我们再次真诚地希望您能成为我们比赛的评委。本周末之前盼即赐复。
    您真诚的,
    李明
    ”天才“演讲比赛委员会主席

    Dear professor Smith,
    On behalf of " Talents" English Speech Contest committee,I am writing to invite you to be our new judge. As the core of our “Foreign Culture Festival”, this school-wide contest is to be held in the Students’ Auditorium on May 12 (next Sunday), and we believe that you will give the competitors some enlightening comments as both a native-English speaker and a knowledgeable professor. Specifically, this event will start at around 7 p.m. and last for 2 hours at most. At the end of it, we will have some hand-made presents for each judge and competitor.

    Once again, we sincerely hope you will be the judge for our competition. Please RSVP before this weekend.

    Yours sincerely,
    Li Ming
    Chairman of the “Talents” Speech Contest committee

    在这里插入图片描述
    来源:百度翻译

    考研作文2015年英二小作文:告示-招募志愿者

    题目背景: 你的大学将要为高中生举办一场夏令营。写一篇100词的告示,简要介绍夏令营活动,并且招募志愿者。

    告示的写作方法

    本题需要注意,告示的写作方法与书信不同,首先在第一行中央需要写标题,如果实在不会写可以写Notice;其次可以在标题右下方写日期,格式为月/日/年;接着应该写正文,应写1~3段,以现在时和将来时为主;最后在正文右下方写落款。需要注意的是,题目明确要求不能写自己的真实姓名和校名,可写“学生会”或者“研究生会”。

    正文第一段写写作目的,可写告示五大要素:活动目的、主办方、活动内容、地点和时间。 第二段应展开第一点提纲,具体说明夏令营的活动。第三段应展开第二点提纲:招募志愿者,说明报名时间和地点。

    参考译文:

     							招募志愿者
     													2015年6月1日
    

    为了开阔高中生的视野并丰富他们的课余生活,我校将于今年暑假在本校举办一场夏令营。
    夏令营里的高中生将参加各种各样的活动,包括参加演讲比赛与辩论,加入小组讨论等等。首先,参加由我们组织的多种活动,他们将能够展示自己出色的能力,同时帮助他们提高各种实践技能。此外,积极参与这些活动有助于增强他们的责任感,培养良好的人际关系。
    有兴趣成为志愿者的学生请于2015年6月10日之前在班长处报名。现在就加入我们吧。
    学生会

    Volunteers Needed
    June 1,2015
    In order to broaden high school students’ horizons and enrich their extracurricular lives, our university is going to hold a summer camp on our campus during this summer vacation.

    The high school students in this camp will be involved in various activities, including taking part in speech contests and debates, attending group discussions and so on. First of all, participating in a variety of activities organized by us, they will be able to demonstrate their outstanding abilities helping them to develop a range of practical skills. What is more, their active participation will help them in strengthening their sense of responsibility and developing good interpersonal relationships.

    Those who are interested in being volunteers may sign up with their class monitor before June 10, 2015. Come and join us now!
    The Students’ Union

    考研作文2017年英一小作文:推荐信-旅游景点

    2020年11月20日21点32分
    题目背景:

    给新来的客座教授写邮件,推荐本市的一些旅游景点。

    构思和表达如下

    在这里插入图片描述

    参考翻译:

    尊敬的库克教授:

    我们非常荣幸地邀请您来我校做客座教授。我想推荐本市的两个景点:故宫和长城。

    主要原因如下:首先,故宫博物院也被称为紫禁城,曾经是明代和清代的皇家宫殿。这座宫殿也是目前屹立的最大的中国古代建筑。同时,长城象征着中国的古代文明,是世界上最著名的工程之一。长城是中国古代人民的伟大创造,也是世界奇迹之一,1987年被联合国教科文组织列为世界文化遗产之一。

    我希望您将有机会参观这两个景点。我们希望您享受待在本市的时光。

    您真诚的,
    李明

    English Version:

    Dear Professor Cook,
    We are greatly honored to welcome you as a guest professor at our university.I would like to recommend two scenic spots in our city: the Palace Museum and the Great Wall.
    The primary factors are as follows. To begin with, the Palace Museum, also known as the Forbidden City, was the imperial palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It is also the largest piece of ancient Chinese architecture currently existing. Meanwhile, the Great Wall, symbolizing China’s ancient civilization, is one of the world’s most renowned projects. As the great creation of ancient Chinese people and one of the wonders of the world, it was listed as one of the world cultural heritage sites by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) in 1987.

    I hope you will have the opportunity to visit one or both of these spots .We wish you enjoy your stay in our city.

    Yours sincerely,
    Li Ming

    拼接错误单词: dynasty朝代, 不是dynasity ,不会的词写三遍:dynasty,dynasty,dynasty.

    考研作文小作文:报告(Report)-给校长的年度总结报告

    报告,英文名为Report,即一个机构内部下级对上级的正式书信,属于正式文体,文中最好不要使用缩写、省略或口语表达等非正式语言。格式和备忘录相同:称呼、落款、日期、主题。顶头写为4行,正文一般写二至三短。

    2020年11月21日21点38分

    题目

    Directions:
    As the chairman of the Students’ Union, write an annual summing-up report to MS. Huang Rong, president of your university.

    范文

    To: Ms. Huang Rong, president of Peking University
    From: Li Ming , chairman of the Students’ Union
    Date:January 2, 2020
    Subject: Annual Summing-up Report

    The year of 2019 has passed. In order to overcome the shortcomings, add to the achievements and do still better in the future, we sum up here what we have done in the past year. As all members are united and co-operative ,we have accomplished the following work successfully.

    To begin with, new members have been recruited and the membership has been enlarged from 9,000 to 10,000. In addition, "English Corner“ has been set up in the Students’ Recreational Center. Teachers and students can practice their oral English together with foreign professors and overseas students. Finally, scholars and specialists both from abroad and at home have been invited to give academic lectures so as to get the latest information.

    参考译文

    致:黄蓉女士,北京大学校长
    自:李明,学生会主席
    日期:2020年1月2日
    主题:年度总结报告

    2019年已经过去。为了克服缺点、发扬成绩、改进以后的工作,在此我们对过去一年中所做的工作进行总结。由于全体成员的团结合作,我们已经成功完成了以下工作。

    首先,我们吸收了新成员,成员人数从9000人增加到10000人。其次,在学生活动中心创立了”英语角“,教师、学生可以与外教及留学生一起练习口语。最后,我们邀请了国内外学者专家进行学术讲座,以获得最新信息。

    学习

    为了克服缺点、发扬成绩、改进以后的工作,在此我们对过去一年中所做的工作进行总结。

    In order to overcome the shortcomings, add to the achievements and do still better in the future, we sum up here what we have done in the past year.

    我们吸收了新成员,成员人数从9000人增加到10000人。

    new members have been recruited and the membership has been enlarged from 9,000 to 10,000 【成员数 membership;增加 enlarge】

    我们邀请了国内外学者专家进行学术讲座,以获得最新信息

    scholars and specialists both from abroad and at home have been invited to give academic lectures so as to get the latest information.

    海内外专家学者: scholars and specialists both from abroad and at home

    注意:specialists不要拼写错误, 错误如下spetialist ,正确的写三遍:specialist,specialist,specialist.

    考研作文小作文:备忘录(Memo)-建设低碳校园

    备忘录,英文名为memo或memorandum,即一个机构内部的书信,一般是上级写给下级或同级之间的半正式书信,属于半正式文体,文中可以使用3-5次缩写、省略句或口语表达。格式为”称呼(如To: Zhang Wei),落款(如From: Li Ming),日期(如Date :December 21,2020),主题(如 Subject: Training)。 顶头写为4行,正文一般写二至三段。

    题目:
    Directions:
    The environment protection club is going to organize some activities with the theme of “Creating Green Culture and Building Low-Carbon Campus”.As the club leader, you will write a memo to the members to explain the importance and arrangements of those activities.

    范文

    To:All club members
    From: Li Ming
    Date: January 2, 2020
    Subject: Creating Green Culture and Building Low-Carbon Campus

    We are going to launch a series of activities to promote low-carbon lifestyle, or more specifically to advocate energy efficiency, waste minimization and recycling. This green lifestyle is a potential recipe for a healthier and more habitable environment and highly recommendable to every person.

    To attract more schoolmates to accept this low-carbon lifestyle, we will hold lectures to introduce the new life concepts, make broadcast programs to record low-carbon experiences around us and host an exhibition of fruits of recycling to encourage students to make the best use of old stuff. In addition, we will hand out leaflets to every dormitory, recommending students to switch off unused lights and other electrical equipment,recycle paper,batteries and plastic bottles, and travel bicycle, bus or subway.

    All members are required to take part in those above activities. Other creative thoughts and brilliant ideas about activity plan will be encouraged.

    参考译文

    致:全体成员
    自:李明
    日期:2020年1月2日
    主题:创建绿色文化,建设低碳校园

    我们将举办一系列推广低碳生活方式的活动,更准确地说,就是倡导有效利用能源,减少浪费以及回收利用。绿色生活方式是创造更健康、更宜居环境的诀窍,非常值得推荐给每一个人。

    为了吸引更多的校友接受这种低碳生活方式,我们将举办讲座介绍新的生活理念,制作广播节目来记录我们身边的低碳经历并举办回收成果展览,以鼓励学生充分利用旧东西。另外,我们将向各寝室发放传单,以建议同学们关掉不用的电灯、电器,回收纸张、电池和塑料瓶,骑自行车、乘坐公交车或地铁出行。

    所有成员都要求参加上述活动。欢迎大家提出其他关于活动计划的创意和好点子。

    学习

    第二部分:大作文

    考研作文2012年英一大作文:瓶子倒了-乐观

    在这里插入图片描述

    2020年10月17日17点49分

    默写,纠正之后的版本

    As is symbolically demonstrated in the cartoon, two individuals respond to the same event in completely different ways. The person in the left picture airs his disappointment and dissatisfaction(失望和不满) when a bottle is overturned, while the man on the right hurries to set it back up(扶起瓶子), with a sweet smile on his face. We are informed that various folks(不同的人) take different attitudes toward the same occurrence(相同的事儿).

    这里不适合使用 issue of keeping optimistic
    We can deduce from the pictures that the cartoonist is trying to attract our attention to the issue of keeping optimistic .应改为:The aim of the portrayal is to illustrate that keeping optimistic is of utmost significance to our life . In the first place, optimism brings our creative power into play【发挥创造力】, arouses our enthusiasm for work and helps us overcome difficulties. Yet with pessimism, achievements can hardly be made. In the second place, optimism gives us light when we are in the dark, encouragement when we are dismayed. It is optimism, rather than genius or extraordinary abilities, that inspires us to finish an arduous task. With optimism, the goals we set can be reached, and the hardest nut can be cracked.

    In conclusion, being optimistic enables people to behave wisely, kindly and confidently, it is also crucial in any individual’s development, in terms of both character and competence.

    第一遍默写
    在这里插入图片描述

    拼写错误的单词:disspointment (×),正确的应该是disappointment:失望。不是双写s,而是双写p

    take different attitudes ,这里 different 后面的态度 attitude需要加s。

    occurence 拼写错误 需要双写r,正确为:occurrence:发生

    写了很多次乐观 optimism ,导致其中一次写成optimsim (笔误),还是需要警觉 -ism后缀。

    错别字 erouse (×) ,激发应该是arouse:激发,激起
    在这里插入图片描述

    天才写错了 genious 正确的应该是:genius:天才
    在这里插入图片描述

    繁重的 拼写错误: 不是ardious 而是 arduous:繁重的,艰难的

    在这里插入图片描述

    用法用错:enable sb to do sth , 不是enable sb do sth

    在这里插入图片描述

    在这里插入图片描述

    关键的,重要的crucial拼写错误,不是crutial ,而是正确的:crucial:重要的, 注意是字母c

    在这里插入图片描述

    考研作文2008年英语大作文:合作-两个残疾人

    在这里插入图片描述

    参考范文

    As is symbolically illustrated in the cartoon, two handicapped adolescents supporting each other with their firm hands, are continuing their new journey across the ground. Crutches left behind, they have successfully cracked the hard nut of lameness, which might have stumped the majority of the disabled. The caption indicates, “You have merely one leg and so do I. Helping each other, we can travel around”.

    Undoubtedly, we can deduce from the portrayal that the cartoonist is trying to draw our attention to the issue of cooperation. According to a survey conducted among a group of people who were in the same college class 10 years ago, those who are ready to give cooperation to others all became rich or attained managerial status in various fields, while not a single young man who had difficulty in getting well with their classmates became an executive or a boss. Why do those who are excellent in teamwork tend to be managers or run their own enterprise later in life? The answer is self-evident. On the one hand, if you are competent in a profession, but have difficulty in getting along with your colleagues and even your boss, you can hardly survive corporate life. On the other hand, your chances of success are much higher with a wide circle of friends who are willing to cooperate with you to provide information and resources.

    It is my view that, first and foremost, we should use this drawing to aid juveniles in learning to cooperate successfully with each other. Furthermore, whatever difficulties or situations we are confronted with, we should remind ourselves that those who have the spirit of cooperation and teamwork are nearer to success. Just as John Adams, the second U.S. president, quoted from the ancient Greek Aesop’s Fables, “united we stand, divided we fall”.

    拼写错误的单词

    在这里插入图片描述

    考研作文2004年英语大作文:持续奋斗-终点又是新的起点

    在这里插入图片描述

    参考译文

    如图生动所示,一个男孩正在沿着跑道跑步,他付出艰苦的努力,汗水躺下脸庞。在跑了很长的路之后,他正在向着终点进行最后冲刺,抱着成为冠军的坚定决心。 看起来他很快就可以休息一会,享受胜利的狂喜。 然后,在正前方有标志显示一个新的“起点”,激励着他朝向下一个目标前进。

    毫无疑问,这幅漫画传达了如下寓意:人生就像跑步的过程一样,人们应该不断努力,决不能停止进步。 由于生活节奏的加快,各行各业的竞争变得日益激烈,激励着每一个人追求一个又一个目标。 一旦一个人停止取得进步,他很难维持过去的辉煌,在这个竞争世界中也会很难生存下去。 正如伟大的中国领导人邓小平所说:“发展才是硬道理”。无论一个具体的机构如何强大,它必须不断寻求新的、快速的发展。总而言之,无论一个国家还是个人都不能停滞不前。

    有一个例子和我们考生密切相关。如果我们考研成功,接下来就面临着征服艰巨研究生课程的挑战。 我们仍需在我们未来的学业和事业上为了成功继续奋斗。 总之,这个例子清楚地证明了这一说法:“终点又是另一个起点”。

    范文

    It is vividly depicted in the cartoon that a boy is running along the racetrack with painful efforts, sweat pouring down his face. After a long race, he is making the final spurt toward the finishing line, with strong determination to become a champion. It seems that he can soon rest for a while to enjoy the ecstasy of victory. However, straight ahead lies a sign which indicates a new “starting point” and urges him to continue rushing to the next destination.

    Undoubtedly, the picture conveys the meaning that life is like the process of running in which one should make constant efforts and never stop making progress. Owing to the quickening pace of life, competition is increasingly fierce in all walks of life, stimulating everyone to pursue one goal after another. Once a person stops making progress, he can hardly maintain his past glory and survive in this competitive world. As Deng Xiaoping, the great Chinese leader said, "Development is inarguable truth". No matter how powerful a specific institution is, it must constantly seek new and speedy development. Generally speaking, Neither a country nor a person can remain stagnant.

    An illustration is closely related to us, the examinees. If we pass the National Entrance Test for MA/MS Candidatesand then are confronted with the challenges of conquering the difficult graduate courses, we still have to strive for success in our future academic study and career. On the whole, this case effectively clarifies the saying that "the destination is another starting point."

    Grammarly上查看,拼写错误的单词。

    在这里插入图片描述

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    考研作文2015年英一大作文:手机时代的聚餐-手机的利与弊

    2020年10月18日周日。

    grammerly 修改过的版本

    【描述图画】As is shown in the picture, four youngsters are sitting at a table, ready to have dinner. Unfortunately, instead of drinking and eating from a variety of delicious and nutritious dishes, each of them is holding a mobile phone and staring at the screen, with no thought to chat or eat at all.【描述盯着手机】The caption informs that the picture shows a typical gathering in an era of mobile phones.信息时代的聚餐

    Just like the Internet, mobile phones have brought a lot of convenience to our lives. With mobile phones, our home can become a library, a school, an office and an entertainment center. All kinds of transactions, from banking to shopping, can be performed electronically, and all information, from train schedules to off-price merchandise, is as close as the press of a key. However, despite the increase in convenience and efficiency generated by digital products, the changes they bring could very well lead to potentially adverse consequences造成潜在的不良后果. For instance, as nearly all activities can be conducted on mobile phones, we might all become hermit-like【像隐士一样】, never feeling any need to leave our screens. This would be unfortunate because by becoming so addicted to the virtual world, we might never be exposed to social interactions【不会进行社会交际】.

    From the preceding discussion, it is readily apparent 【显而易见】that the mobile phone, as an increasingly popular tool of communication, has its both upsides and downsides. Admittedly【诚然】, the mobile phone can be used in many useful and productive ways. However, those who lack self-control, such as adolescents, must limit the time they spend on digital products, or their academic work and social lives will eventually pay the price.
    第一次默写

    在这里插入图片描述
    拼写错误的单词和用法

    schedule:安排,日程
    在这里插入图片描述

    the Internet,前面要加the

    the time spend on digital products ,这里不加the

    with no thought to chat and eat. 这里thought不用加s

    考研作文2017年英一大作文:“有书”与“读书”-行动的重要性

    2020年10月19日11点33分

    在这里插入图片描述

    【描述图画】In the cartoons above are two men treating books in completely different ways. In the left caricature, facing hundreds of books on the shelf, a man is speaking proudly, “I have so many books!” On the contrary, in the right drawing, facing merely one book on the desk, another person is saying to himself, “I will exert my effort to finish reading 20 books this year.” The cartoons are captioned: “owning books and reading books”.【man和 person对应,speak proudly 和 say to himself 对应,有书翻译成“own books”而不是“have books”】

    The portrayals aim to show us that actions speak louder than words. Ambition is nothing without action, whereas action is perfectly possible without ambition, as is evidenced by impulsive people. Let us consider for instance Leonardo Da Vinci. In his life he created many brilliant works of art and invented many machines, such as the helicopter, that surpassed the technology of his time. If he had only been an ambitious man, he would have no doubt left us only with nice artifacts【手工艺品】. Yet Da Vinci was a man of action who could not sit still, so he produced a dazzling legacy【创造出璀璨的遗产】 of paintings and inventions.

    Generally speaking, ambition and action are both essential in determining whether we flourish or fall behind【成功或落后于人】. The former gives us drive and direction to move forward, while the latter enables us to take the initiative to implement our vision【积极主动地实现愿望】 and make things happen. Just as the famous British philosopher John Locke said, “The actions of men are the best interpreters of their thoughts【行动是思想的最好诠释者】”.【initiative这里是积极性n的意思 take the initiative to do sth:积极主动做某事】

    第一遍默写
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    The aim of the portrayals is to … 冗余 ,应改为The portrayals aim to …

    在这里插入图片描述

    helicopter 少了限制词, the helicopter

    在这里插入图片描述

    legacy 遗产 前面 用many ,则使用 many legacies 变复数。如果是a ,则 a legacy.

    哲学家philospher 拼写错误,正确的为:philosopher,不能少了s后面的字母o。

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    考研作文2013年英一大作文:毕业选择

    在这里插入图片描述

    中文:

    【第一段】

    正如漫画中生动展示的那样,对于大学生而言,可以毫不夸张地说,选择毕业之后做什么是一个艰难的决定。大多数学生都在求职、考研、出国和创业之间做选择。在漫画下面,有一个小标题写着:“选择”。

    【第二段】在做决定的时候,学生应该考虑很多因素,包括个人偏好、经济状况及职业规划。大学生要考虑的第一个因素就是自己的个人偏好。有些学生立志成为企业家,梦想拥有自己的公司。大学生要考虑的第二个因素就是经济条件。有些学生额能够负担考研或出国的学费,而对有些人来说这些费用是一个沉重的经济负担。 大学生要考虑的最后一个因素就是自己的职业打算。错误的决定会让学生面临绝望的职业前景,或是浪费自己的时间和金钱。

    【第三段】 关于大学毕业生对人生下一步的决策,他们的选择没有对错之说。相反,每个学生都必须自己做决定。合理地考虑个人偏好、经济状况及职业目标,大学生就更有可能做出最优的选择。

    逐句翻译:

    【第一段详解】

    正如漫画中生动展示的那样,对于大学生而言,可以毫不夸张地说,选择毕业之后做什么是一个艰难的决定。

    As is vividly shown in the cartoon, for college students ,choosing what to do upon graduation can be a tough decision, to say the least.

    注: 至少可以说,可以毫不夸张地说: to say the least

    大多数学生都在求职、考研、出国和创业之间做选择。

    For the vast majority of students , the choice is among finding a job, pursuing postgraduate studies, going abroad, starting one’s own business.

    在漫画下面,有一个小标题写着:“选择”。

    Below the drawing , there is a caption which says:“Choice”.

    【第二段详解】
    在做决定的时候,学生应该考虑很多因素,包括个人偏好、经济状况及职业规划。

    When making this decision,students should considera variety of factors ,including their personal preferences, financial stutus and career plans.

    大学生要考虑的第一个因素就是自己的个人偏好。有些学生立志成为企业家,梦想拥有自己的公司。

    The first factor that they should consider is their own personal preferences. Some students may have entrepreneurial ambitions and dreams of running their own business.

    注: have dreams of 有…的梦想

    大学生要考虑的第二个因素就是经济条件。有些学生额能够负担考研或出国的学费,而对有些人来说这些费用是一个沉重的经济负担

    The second factor that undergraduate students should consider is their financial situation. Some students can afford the tuition fees of postgraduate studies or studying overseas, while for other students the expense would be too heavy a financial strain.

    注: 个人的经济状况: financial status / financial situation / finances(财务状况) / financial condition
    学费: tuition fees
    研究生学费: tuition fees of postgraduate studies
    压力strain
    在这里插入图片描述

    在这里插入图片描述

    来源于:百度翻译

    大学生要考虑的最后一个因素就是自己的职业打算。错误的决定会让学生面临绝望的职业前景,或是浪费自己的时间和金钱。

    The final factor that students should take into account is their intended career. Students who make the wrong choice could be faced with gloomy career prospects, or end up wasting their time and money.

    【第三段详解】

    关于大学毕业生对人生下一步的决策,他们的选择没有对错之说。相反,每个学生都必须自己做决定。

    When it comes to the decision by university graduates of their next step in life, there is no one right or wrong choice. Instead, each students must make his or her own decision.

    合理地考虑个人偏好、经济状况及职业目标,大学生就更有可能做出最优的选择。

    With due consideration of personal preferences, financial status and career goals ,students can improve their chances of making an optimal choice.

    在这里插入图片描述

    考研作文2000年英语大作文:商业捕鱼/保护环境(未完成)

    考研作文2011年英一大作文:环境保护之旅游与环境

    在这里插入图片描述

    参考译文

    在这里插入图片描述

    正如图中巧妙描绘的那样,两名游客正在一艘小船上观光,同时把野餐的剩余垃圾随意丢入湖中。不幸的是,湖中已经堆满了漂浮的塑料盒、鱼骨、香蕉皮、西瓜皮、瓶子、罐头、食品包装等各种垃圾。在图画下方,有个小标题写着:旅程之“余”。

    从漫画中,我们可以得出结论,画家想要表达这样一种信息:成群的游客涌入众多景点,制造并留下了大量的垃圾,破坏了自然之美。 一方面,旅游业作为一项产值数十亿美元的产业,正在世界各地迅猛发展。有些人认为旅游业是经济发展的引擎,似乎忽视了其对环境的负面影响。 然而,我们必须充分关注这一问题。另一方面,旅游业已经给我们生存的环境带来了巨大的压力:水受到污染,生态平衡遭到破坏,自然资源被过度开发。

    毫无疑问,由于对那些几乎没有其他收入来源的地区而言,旅游业确实有助于发展经济,因此任何国家都无法禁止旅游业。 但重要的是,旅游业毫无节制地发展可能使得经济发展不可持续。 是时候加强人们的意识,通过多加考虑环境保护因素来改变这一现状了。

    文章构成:

    第一段构成: 首句可进行总体描述(人物+动作+环境);次句可进行细节描述,力求详细;尾句可翻译文字说明或点出象征寓意。

    第二段是意义阐释段,五句左右即可。

    末端可写成归纳结论或建议措施段。3句左右即可。

    【1】正如图中巧妙描绘的那样,两名游客正在一艘小船上观光,同时把野餐的剩余垃圾随意丢入湖中。【2】不幸的是,湖中已经堆满了漂浮的塑料盒、鱼骨、香蕉皮、西瓜皮、瓶子、罐头、食品包装等各种垃圾。【3】在图画下方,有个小标题写着:旅程之“余”。

    【1】从漫画中,我们可以得出结论,画家想要表达这样一种信息:成群的游客涌入众多景点,制造并留下了大量的垃圾,破坏了自然之美。【2】 一方面,旅游业作为一项产值数十亿美元的产业,正在世界各地迅猛发展。【3】有些人认为旅游业是经济发展的引擎,似乎忽视了其对环境的负面影响。【4】 然而,我们必须充分关注这一问题。【5】另一方面,旅游业已经给我们生存的环境带来了巨大的压力:水受到污染,生态平衡遭到破坏,自然资源被过度开发。

    【1】毫无疑问,由于对那些几乎没有其他收入来源的地区而言,旅游业确实有助于发展经济,因此任何国家都无法禁止旅游业。 【2】但重要的是,旅游业毫无节制地发展可能使得经济发展不可持续。 【3】是时候加强人们的意识,通过多加考虑环境保护因素来改变这一现状了。

    积累:

    正如图中巧妙描绘的那样
    As is subtly portrayed in the cartoon

    生态系统遭到破坏,这里破坏用的是 disturb 失衡,很好!!!

    the ecological system is disturbed.

    湖中已经堆满了漂浮的……等各种垃圾

    the lake is already filled with litterand teaming with flowing rubbish like plastic containers ,food wrappings ,tins, and so on.

    成群的游客涌入众多景点,制造并留下了大量的垃圾,破坏了自然之美。
    a good many scenic spots are flooded with visitors , who spoil the beauty of nature by creating and leaving behind a large amount of trash.

    a large amount of trash 大量垃圾

    旅游业确实有助于发展经济: tourism does help to shore up the economy.

    考研作文2009年英一大作文:网络的利与弊

    在这里插入图片描述

    语料库积累
    远离,隔离,分开

    separated by 被……分开
    isolating them from each other. 使他们彼此分离

    become alienated from others 和他人疏远

    keep people beyond reach. 使人彼此远离

    标准范文

    如图象征性所示,无论是为了自我娱乐还是满足工作的需求,很多人在一个卡神的蜘蛛网内使用互联网。看起来相当讽刺的地方是,这幅图呈现了人们在试图互相交流的同时,却被蜘蛛网彼此隔开。毫无疑问,这个蜘蛛网作为互联网的一种象征,既连接了人们,又使他们彼此隔离。

    这幅具有比喻意味且令人印象深刻的图画象征性地巧妙揭示了人与互联网之间的双重关系。 一方面,不可否认网络目前是用于人际交流的最高效的媒介之一。作为一名大学生,我每天上网与他人在BBS上讨论新闻,通过注册网络课程来学习英语,借助MSN和我的朋友们免费聊天。但另一方面,很多人承认他们太沉迷于网络而不愿意与朋友和同事保持面对面接触。 一旦沉迷于这种虚幻世界,人们不愿接近他人,也不愿专注于现实生活。这就是一些人丧失了直接沟通的能力并与他人疏远的原因。

    因此,我们很有必要以一种合理的方式使用互联网,避免过度沉迷。毕竟,人们发明互联网是为了连接你和我,为我们的生活带来便捷,而非设置障碍使人彼此疏远。

    默写作文

    As is symbolically illustrated in the cartoon, a large number of people surf on line within a stretching spider web, either to entertain themselves or to meet the needs of work. It is rather ironic to present people separated by the spider web when they attempt to communicate. Undoubtedly, the spider web serves as a symbol of the Internet, both connecting people and isolating them from each other.

    The impressive and metaphorical portrayal subtly reveals the duality of the relationship of man and the Internet. On the one hand, there is no denying that the Internet is currently one of the most efficient media used for interpersonal communication. As a college student, I get on line everyday to discuss news with others on BBS, to study English by registering for web courses and to chat freely with my friends through MSN Messenger. But on the other hand, a good many people admit that they are too addicted to the Internet to maintain face-to-face contact with their friends and colleagues. Once having indulged in the fictitious world, people feel reluctant to approach others and concentrate on real life. That is why some people have lost the skills of direct contact and become alienated from others.

    Hence, it is necessary for us to use the Internet in a reasonable way and restrain from overindulgence. After all, the Internet was invented to connect you and me and bring conveniences for our life rather than setting barriers to keep people beyond reach.

    学习

    【1】毫无疑问,这个蜘蛛网作为互联网的一种象征,既连接了人们,又使他们彼此隔离。 Undoubtedly, the spider web serves as a symbol of the Internet, both connecting people and isolating them from each other.

    【2】这幅具有比喻意味且令人印象深刻的图画象征性地巧妙揭示了人与互联网之间的双重关系。 The impressive and metaphorical portrayal subtly reveals the duality of the relationship of(……关系的两重性) man and the Internet

    【3】一旦沉迷于这种虚幻世界,人们不愿接近他人,也不愿专注于现实生活。Once having indulged in the fictitious world, people feel reluctant to approach others and concentrate on real life

    【4】毕竟,人们发明互联网是为了连接你和我,为我们的生活带来便捷,而非设置障碍使人彼此疏远。 After all, the Internet was invented to connect you and me and bring conveniences for our life rather than setting barriers to keep people beyond reach.

    考研作文2007年英一大作文:守门员-自信(英文还未填补)

    在这里插入图片描述

    参考译文

    这幅漫画生动地描述了足球场上的一名前锋正准备将球射入守门员把守的球门。在守门员看来,比起实际的身材自己渺小很多,以至于守门变成一项不可能完成的任务。与此同时,在那名前锋眼中,这位巨人守门员几乎占据了整个球门。

    这幅漫画的目的是告诉我们在看似不可克服的挑战与困境面前,最重要的是拥有自信。无论一个人在学校或工作中曾经如何成功,总有一天他或她会遭遇困难。关键时刻,正是他对困难和人生的自信决定他能否反败为胜。

    没有什么比下面这个例子更有说服力。 海伦凯勒聋哑失明,没什么可以让她自信。但她不断地克服多种障碍,最终成为一名作家和教师,成为世人的楷模。这个例子清楚地证明了无论面临何种任务,我们绝不能高估困难或低估自己的能力。

    考研作文2006年英一大作文:追星/偶像崇拜

    在这里插入图片描述

    参考译文

    以上的照片生动地显示出,相貌英俊的英国足球巨星贝克汉姆在年轻人中很受欢迎。在第一张照片中,贝克汉姆的名字出现在一个年轻人的脸上。文字表明:把崇拜写在脸上。在第二张图片中,另一个年轻人正在理发店中做贝克汉姆的时髦发型。我们得到的信息是他花了300元来模仿偶像的发型。

    毫无疑问,照片巧妙地反映了这样一种社会现象:偶像崇拜目前在年轻人中非常盛行。简言之,年轻人往往崇拜那些在外表、才华或特长方面极其出色的人。贝克汉姆代表了体育界英雄的形象,他英俊的外表以及高超的球技正是球迷们热情追捧的。同样,2005年中国举办的“超级女声”大赛中,几个十几岁的女孩一夜成名。围绕着崇拜这些偶像的意义和危害,这一事件激起了全国性的争论。

    在我看来,偶像崇拜这种发人深思的社会现象,其实是把双刃剑,可以对年轻人的成长产生或好或坏的深刻影响。如果我们只是靠模仿偶像发型或一味追逐时尚的方式来崇拜他们,这种痴迷必将浪费我们大量的金钱和时间,影响我们的学习或工作的效率。 相反,如果我们努力提高自己来缩小和偶像之间的差距,我们就会拥有积极且收获很大的生活。因此,我们应该采取后面一种态度来指引我们的人生。

    标准范文

    As is vividly depicted in the photos above, Beckham, the smart British football superstar, is enjoying a striking popularity among adolescents. In the first picture, Beckham’s name appears on a young man’s face. The caption indicates that worship for an idol is written on his face. In the second photograph, another young person is in a barbershop getting his hair cut in Beckham’s chic style. We are informed that he is spending 300 Yuan imitating his idol’s haircut.

    Undoubtedly, the pictures subtly reflect the social phenomenon of idol worship prevalent among teenagers nowadays. Briefly speaking, young people are inclined to idolize those who excel in appearance, intelligence or talent. Beckham represents the image of a sports hero, whose handsome appearance and unparalleled football skills are passionately adored by all the sports fans. Likewise, several teenage girls won their fame overnight in the 2005 Super Girl Contest in China, which provoked noisy nationwide debate on the value and harm of admiring these idols.

    In my opinion, idolatry, a thought-provoking social phenomenon, is a double-edged sword which can exert profound influence for either good or bad on the growth of young people. If we simply worship idols only by imitating their hairstyle or pursuing fashions unreasonably, the obsession will certainly waste a great deal of our time and money, endangering the efficiency of our work or study. On the contrary, if we endeavor to improve ourselves bridging the gap between our models and us, we will lead a positive and fruitful life. Accordingly, the latter attitude should be adopted to direct our way of life.

    考研作文2003年英一大作文:温室的花朵经不起风雨

    在这里插入图片描述

    范文

    The set of drawings above vividly depict the destiny of a flower in different circumstances. As is shown in the first cartoon, the flower is growing in full bloom in a comfortable greenhouse that shelters[1] it from the threatening lightning and storm. On the contrary, when removed from the greenhouse and exposed to the driving rain, the flower soon fades and withers, with its petals scattered on the ground.

    To begin with, the purpose of the drawings is to show us that the flower growing in the greenhouse cannot withstand the test of the storm. Yet the symbolic meaning subtly conveyed should be paid more attention. The delicate flower is naturally associated with young people-- to be specific, the only child in our current society–while the greenhouse epitomizes parents’ doting care and abundant material supplies that can shield[2] the children from the storms, which symbolize the harsh reality. Once the young people who have been doted on begin to seek independence and accept the challenges from the real world, they are found too spoiled to be strong enough in the face of difficulties.

    Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from these thought-provoking pictures. On the one hand, we can use them to aid the youth to be more independent in life. On the other hand, parents should be sensible enough to give their children more freedom to deal with troubles and problems. Only by undergoing more challenges and toils in adversity can young people cultivate strong personalities and abilities, and only in this way can they become winners in this competitive world.

    参考译文

    上述这组图生动地描述了一朵鲜花在不同环境中的命运。如第一幅图所示,这朵鲜花正在舒适的温室里充分绽放,温室使它免于受到可怕的闪电和风雨的侵袭。 相反,当被搬出温室并暴露在风雨中时,鲜花很快就凋谢枯萎了,花瓣散落一地。

    首先,这组图的目的是告诉我们温室花朵经不起风雨,然而我们应该认真看待它们传达的象征含义。 这朵较弱的鲜花自然而然地会和年轻人联系起来,具体而言,就是当代社会的独生子女。而温室是保护孩子免受风雨的父母溺爱和优越的物质条件的缩影,风雨就象征着严峻的现实。一旦一直被溺爱的年轻人开始寻求独立并且接受来自现实社会的挑战,人们发现他们已经被惯坏了,在困难面前无法足够坚强。

    总之,我们很有必要从这些发人深思的图画中得出积极的含义。一方面,我们可以用它们来帮助年轻人在生活中更加独立。另一方面,父母们应该充满理智,给孩子们更多自由来解决困难和问题。 只有经历更多的挑战和磨砺,年轻人才能培养强大的个性和能力,而且只有这样才能在竞争激烈的社会中成为赢家。

    谢谢您看到最后,可以根据需求进行跳转。

    展开全文
  • 英语作文

    2020-10-24 23:54:43
    题时间及其顺序 写作40min 作文90min 新题型10min 翻译20min 完形20min 写作如何得满分? 85%的分数 单词语法正确、准确、多变 背单词 不能错,在此基础上准确 三段论 只要上下句之间有逻辑,就一定要用...

    在这里插入图片描述
    英二主要是图表作文。一百五十词左右(18行左右,25min结束)
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    • 私人书信 (能向你妈问好的)
    • 公务书信
    • 告示
      100单词左右(10行左右)
      15min

    做题时间及其顺序

    1. 写作40min
    2. 作文90min
    3. 新题型10min
    4. 翻译20min
    5. 完形20min
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    写作如何得满分?

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    85%的分数

    • 单词语法正确、准确、多变
    • 背单词
    • 不能错,在此基础上准确

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    1. 三段论
    2. 只要上下句之间有逻辑,就一定要用逻辑关系词
    3. 多用代词代替已出现过的名词

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    内容一点都不重要,但不能跑题(切题)

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    语言的正式性和非正式性

    1. 缩写词非正式
    2. 泛指的不定代词you 在正式文体中要写成one
    3. 正式文体的引导词that不能省略
    4. 插入语使语言显得更正式

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    满分句型和单词替换

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    1.被动:

    • 只要在作文中听到,我们、人们、大家、许多人、越来越多的人等,人或人称代词做主语的时候,都可以考虑写成被动

    我们应该尊重长辈
    Parents should be respects by us.

    Parents: 父母长辈

    1. Superiors
    2. the elderly
    3. senior citizens

    Should:应该

    1. ought to
    2. be supposed to
    3. be obliged to (强制性)

    We us people:人们

    1. human beings
    2. private individuals
    3. the folks 普通大众
    4. youngsters and teenagers
    5. youngsters on campus
    6. undergraduates
    7. juvenile
    8. children offspring kids descendants
    9. experts and professors
    10. all children and adults
    11. men and women in all works
    12. customers

    我们不应该盲目追星
    Superstars ought not to be persued blindly by teenagers and youngsters.

    Not 绝不

    • Never
    • By no means
    • under no circumstances
    • fail to

    本句型推荐写在作文第一段的最后一句话,引出文章中心的时候使用,或者是第三段的第一句话,文章总结的时候使用。

    污染很严重
    Pollution is thought very serious by an increasing number of experts and professors.

    think 认为

    1. assert
    2. presume
    3. have been convinced that

    very 非常

    • outstandingly
    • extraordinarily
    • remarkably

    serious 严重的

    • grave
    • severe
    • fearflul
    • fatal
    • be if great severity

    2.there be 句型:

    • there remain… 有…

    本句型推荐写在第二段第一句话,引出原因分析的时候使用。

    有很多原因解释我的观点
    there seem many reasons to explain my idea.

    many 很多

    1. a sea/ocean of
    2. a host of
    3. a multitude of
    4. a train of
    5. immense amounts of
    6. innumerable

    reasons 原因

    • causes
    • factors
    • elements

    explain 解释

    • account for 解释…的原因
    • contribute to 导致

    idea 观点

    • outlook
    • perspective

    例句:
    There is strong evidence to show that…
    There is a growing worldwide awareness around the world that…

    3.比较结构

    1.as…as…

    Liu is as beautiful as a white lily, which manages to catch the eyes of a host of teenagers and youngster.

    作文中只要出现形容词和副词的地方,都可以考虑写成 as…as…句型。

    推荐写在第一段的最后一句话,引出文章中心的时候使用,或者是第三段的第一句话,文章总结的时候使用。

    Be

    现在进行时的be动词不能替换.
    所有的感官动词都可以替代be动词(准确).

    • look smell taste feel sound
    • seem appear prove
    • become get
    • keep remain

    beautiful

    • attractive
    • graceful
    • gorgeous

    例句:(自信)很重要
    (Confidence) keeps as important as a lighthouse, which plays a crucial role in our drawn-out and spectacular life.

    污染很严重
    (Pollution) is as serious as earthquakes, which (have threatened the health of helpless natives or even taken their lives away.)

    2.the more… the more…

    站得更高,望得更远。
    The farther one climbs, the higher he will see.

    the 加形容词比较级,后面还是形容词或副词加句子(主将从现)

    大学生越保持努力,就会越幸运。
    the harder youngsters on campus keep, the more fortunate they will became.

    本句型推荐写在第二顿,分析原因的时候使用。
    文化交流的越频繁,经济发展的越迅速。
    The more frequently cultures are exchanged, the more rapidly Chinese economy will advance.

    在这里插入图片描述

    and

    • equally
    • simultaneously
    • in the meanwhile

    but

    • on the contrary
    • nevertheless

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    图表作文:一幅图两个主体,两个动作。

    and but句型,推荐写在作文的第一段,描述一幅图两个主题,两个动作的时候使用,或者两幅图的时候使用。

    描述图画的时候用现在进行时,给人感觉很生动。中间加个连词。

    in the picture, the goalkeeper is imaging himself as small as ant. on the contrary, the soccer player is visualizing his rival outstandingly giant.
    (可以加定语和状语)

    温室里的花朵不能经历风雨。

    picture

    1. drawing
    2. photograph

    Not only… but also…

    raising pets can reduce the loneliness of senior citizens.

    为什么孝敬父母。
    孝敬父母不但是中华传统美德,而且是
    Respecting superiors not only keeps a Chinese conventional virtue, but also proves the responsibility of their offspring.

    本句型推荐写在第二段,分析原因的时候用。

    为什么不应该盲目追星?
    Pursuing celebrities blindly not only exerts great influence on the study of teenagers and youngsters but also proves a waste of their tome and youth.

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    句型:it … that…
    it proves common knowledge that
    it proves self-evident that
    it is universally acknowledged that

    本句型可以写在作文中任何一句话的前面,用来拉长句子。但是推荐写在第一段第一句话的前面,用来描述图表.

    更好的主语从句变体是:把it变成what,在that前面加is。

    What seems beyond dispute is that…
    写在大作文前面去。

    在这里插入图片描述

    在这里插入图片描述
    a boy is writing the name of beckham on his face.

    a boy, a crazy footfall fan, is writing the name, an important symbol of someone, of beckham, a worldwide famous star, on his face, some part of the body.
    只要见到名词,原则上都可以加一个名词在它的后面加同位语。但最多加两个。

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    她长着一副大眼睛这个事实表明她是一个美女。
    The evidence that
    she wears a pair of big eyes manifests that she looks like a beauty.

    很多女生都穿上了漂亮的花裙子这个事实表明夏天已经偷偷的来了。
    The evidence that
    a sea of girls have worn colorful skirts
    manifests that
    summer is around the corner secretly.

    本句型推荐写在作文的第二段,分析原因的时候使用,它的模板是,the evidence that 原因的简单句+文章结论句。

    污染
    The evidence that
    a heaven of bright stars and pure moonlights fail to be detected by urban kids
    manifests that
    pollution becomes increasingly fearful in our contemporary society.

    城市化进程
    The evidence that
    rural migrant workers enable their children to enjoy better education there
    manifests that more of them tend to swarm into cities and towns.

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    • 只要在作文中见到名词,都可以有意识的加一个定语成分,把句子拉长。

    • 但是,在第一段描述图画的时候,只要见到名词,通常都要加定语,使图画的描述显得很生动。

    在这里插入图片描述
    a boy young as well as energetic is rushing to the destination which becomes a new start.

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    The eldest son looking rather cruel as well as ugly is kicking out his father who trembles on the ground like a fallen leaf in autumn.

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    描述图画的万能定语。

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    • as well as 连接两个形容词
    • cute lovely little
    • graceful elegant young
    • passionate optimistic 积极乐观
    • aggressive ambitious 有上进心的
    • persistent 有毅力的

    万能定语:
    Who looks distinctly impressive to readers
    在这里插入图片描述

    • fat, cruel ugly uncourteous 粗鲁的
    • Negative gloomy
    • short-sighted double-faced
    • contemptible 卑鄙的
    • hot-tempered 脾气坏的
    • terrible disgusting
    • disgraceful 丢脸的

    万能定语:
    Who looks rather less impressive to readers.

    在这里插入图片描述
    which 引导的非限定定语从句可以修饰整句话,which就翻译成这。

    他是一个色狼,这是显而易见的。
    He looks like a lady-killer,
    which has provoked the widespread concern among people.

    which would give rise to dreadful consequences.

    可以写在任何一句话的后面,对前面的内容进行补充说明,但是推荐写在作文的第二段某个比较短的原因的后面。

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    有十一个状语

    1. 副词
    2. 时间
    3. 地点
    4. 条件(if)
    5. 原因
    6. 让步(as through 虽然)
    7. 方式(by)
    8. 伴随 (with)
    9. 目的
      10.结果
      11.如此以至于

    在这里插入图片描述
    在作文中任何一句话的旁边都可以加上状语成分,把句子拉长。但是在第一段描述图画或图标的时候,一定要加状语,使图表或图画描述显得完整。

    描述图画的万能状语

    • in the center of the vivid picture

    分析原因的万能状语

    • in light of the rapid advance of science and technology
    • although many people fail to pay attention to the problem

    Pay attention to

    • pour attention into
    • attach great emphasis on

    problem

    • phenomenon
    • current situation

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    在这里插入图片描述
    让步although引导的状语从句可用在任何句子旁边,对这句话的意思进行弱转折。但是推荐写在第二段分析原因的时候使用。

    为什么网络不好?
    影响了我们的学习和工作。
    Suring on the internet exert great influence on the study and work of teenagers and youngsters
    although it definitely makes our daily life more convenient,

    为什么农民工涌入城市?
    They, in big cities, not only find more job opportunities but also enable their offspring enjoy equal education like their peers in urban areas
    although they might lead a tough life there.

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    所有都可写,但是推荐在第一段的最后一句话引出文章中心的时候写,或者是第三段的第一句话,文章总结的时候使用。

    越准确越好

    孝敬父母很重要
    Supporting the elderly so crucial that time is supposed to be spared to accompany them.

    万能句型:
    sth proves so significant that
    it should have been brought into the limelight under modern conditions.

    3。分词作状语,放在句子的主谓之间,做插入语

    作文中的使用:
    描述美国小女孩
    An American girl young as well as elegant, smiling sweetly on her face, is wearing Chinese costume which is popular in the southeast of china.

    本句型推荐写在作文的第一段,描述一幅图一个主体两个动作的时候使用。
    它的模板是:
    sb.(定语), doing sth1.(次要)+ 定/状, is doing sth2 (主要)+ 定或状。

    The hot pot not only delicious but also healthy, smoking in the center of the vivid caricature, is filled with cultures from china and foreign nations.

    或者 such as Kongfu, swan lake and bisheng.
    专有名字首字母大写。

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    一下都是万能的插入语,可以插在任何一句话的主谓之间。

    • 常见的副词及短语: obviously, frankly indeed
    • 常见的形容词及短语:needless to say 不用说, most important of all
    • in one’s judgment.
    • exactly speaking honestly speaking
    • to tell the truth , to be honest
    • as we all know , on my opinion

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    无具体意思目标是强调,可以写在任何一个肯定句谓语前面

    在这里插入图片描述
    以上三个句型推荐写在第一段的最后一句话,第二段的第一句话,第三段的第一句话。

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    把一句话写成一般疑问句的形式,也就是说给一句话提一个助动词,或者是be动词放在句首。

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    在这里插入图片描述
    not only does he looks poor

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    把so引导的句型放句首,用倒装。

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    如果你要远行,你就要关上所有窗户。
    if you travel to the next resort, I will close all my windows.

    只需要把已经写好的事态,写成过去式形式。

    本句型推荐写在作文的第二段的最后一句话,分析原因的时候使用。或者是第三段的第一句话,文章总结的时候使用。

    如果我们都不孝敬父母。。
    If parent failed to be respected by their sons or daughters,
    they would be despised by their own children in the near future.

    如果每个大学生都沉溺于网络…
    If every university student were indulged in surfing on the internet,
    he would achieve nothing until to the end of their life.
    they will be confronted with a dim and gloomy future.

    2.It seems imperative/urgent that it seems urgent that Chinese citizens should
    that 后面加should,不能省略。

    本句型写在作文的第三段,具体措施的时候使用

    措施1:他人

    it seems crucial that
    parents/teacher in primary schools or universities/communities
    should educate/encourage
    their kids/undergraduates/residents
    不要出现政府。越准确得分越高

    措施2:个人

    cannot have failed to do
    (we) cannot have failed to do

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    sth is as the foundation to high skyscrapers.
    sth 很重要:
    as sunshine in spring is to all creatures on the earth.

    sth 很严重
    as intensive pain is to the terminally ill patients.

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    在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述
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    写作连中文的都写不出来怎么办??
    比如第二段。

    在这里插入图片描述

    什么是追星?
    pursuing stars is a popular trend among youngsters
    which means that we buy their cds,
    we take part in their concerts and we learn to sing their songs when we are still young.

    总结:

    sth1(文章中心词) is sth2 which means that 加三个主语一致的简单句,再加上when 引导的时间状语从句。

    sth2:

    • a severe global issue
    • a chinese traditional virtue
    • a social pervasive(普遍的) trend
    • an active/negative mentality
    • a hot social subject

    什么是乐观

    Optimism is a mentality which means that one fails to be afraid of frustrations,
    one is brave to face any difficulties
    and does anything he wants
    even when he lives in the sewer pitifully(阴沟)

    用在第一个原因分析的时候使用。

    在这里插入图片描述

    1可举小例子

    I love reading masterpieces.
    such as Gone with the wind, Pride …

    作文中只要见到复数名词,都可以举小例子

    在这里插入图片描述
    For example, for instance

    although multitudes of cases can support my simple view, the following one is most favorable.

    举例模板:
    I, the other day, had wrenched my ankle
    during a basketball game yesterday.
    Unfortunately, no families or roommate took care of me during the holiday.
    At that moment, a dormitory assistant entered to give me some medicines.
    Then, I fell better.
    So the story vividly tells us a truth that()

    举例需要注意的是:

    • 一般使用一般过去式
    • 一定要使用自己会的单词和语法
    • 在单词语法正确的基础上,单词尽量准确。
    • 注意逻辑关系词的正确使用。

    在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述
    在…国家,叫…
    在这里插入图片描述
    推荐句型

    • the more… the more
    • as… as…
    • so… that…
    • if
    • 比喻

    4.数据列举

    In line with/in accordance with 根据
    current 最近的
    statistics 统计
    by (the department of social science in Peking University)机构
    an increasing number of 人
    think that

    如果能用中文想到原因分析,那么就用以下句型:

    • the more the more
    • not only but also
    • 同位语从句
    • 让步状语从句 although
    • 如果 if

    如果某个原因分析写出来比较短的话,就加定语或者状语把这句话拉长。
    如果不会,就用which引导的为限制性定语或万能状语拉长。
    如果用中文想不到原因分析,可以用一下方式:

    • 定义与解释
    • 举例
    • 名人名言
    • 数据列举

    具体原因分析:
    首先
    First and foremost
    the main element for the problem is that

    其次:
    besides
    furthermore
    最后:
    last but not least;
    as a consequence

    在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述在这里插入图片描述在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述在这里插入图片描述
    第四句推荐句型:

    • 被动
    • as… as…
    • so… that…
    • 比喻

    在这里插入图片描述
    v

    • there be +10句
    • 在这里插入图片描述
    • 在这里插入图片描述

    先对着单词写单词替换,再用插入语,双重否定句,或者强调句型对他加工。

    2、3、4句话:具体原因分析

    在这里插入图片描述
    总阶段,四句话。

    在这里插入图片描述
    总结句
    总之+推荐句型

    1. 被动
    2. as as
    3. so that
    4. 比喻
    5. if引导的虚拟语气
      再用插入语,双重否定或强调句型加工

    在这里插入图片描述
    写具体措施

    推荐句型:

    • 双重否定
    • 虚拟语句

    第四句

    1. 喊标语
    2. 建议法
    3. 反问法
    4. 引语法

    在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述

    四句话:

    第一二句话:
    在这里插入图片描述
    一幅图两个主题两个动作,并且这两个主题是确定的:

    • …的数量增加减少
    • 百分比…做了什么事

    第三句:

    依然是引出文章中心的过渡语

    第四句:

    文章的中心句,需要自己写,再用双重否定,强调句型对他稍作加工。

    展开全文
  • 做人要实在人 作文要作实在文

    千次阅读 2014-05-13 15:33:11
    写文章也要象做人一样,要有一个责任心,要对自己负责,也要对别人负责,更要对社会负责,做人要实在人,作文要作实在文。  写诗也好,作文也好,都要有生活主题,艺术来源于生活,现在的人都喜欢看实在的文字,...

      写文章也要象做人一样,要有一个责任心,要对自己负责,也要对别人负责,更要对社会负责,做人要做实在人,作文要作实在文。

      写诗也好,作文也好,都要有生活主题,艺术来源于生活,现在的人都喜欢看实在的文字,虚假不着边的文字越来越不讨人喜欢,我看文章先看标题,对标题有兴趣了,才看下文,在浩瀚的文章海洋中,找自己喜欢的文章读,一个人的精力、时间都有限,就是用看文章来打发时间,也要选择自己喜欢的来读。

      实用性、真实性、兴趣性等等的等等,人们选择性是越来越强,“这是一篇好文章。”要得到这样的评价是越来越不容易,写文章的人应该注重现实,艺术可以高于生活,但艺术更要珍重生活,一篇文章不在于自己认为它的艺术价值有多高,还在于读者喜欢,你说你的文章如何如何好,如何如何有艺术价值,没有人去读,没有人欣赏,就只有孤芳自赏,放在自己书架上的装饰品了。

      我喜欢读真实、实用性的文章,短而精,一目了然,直奔主题,那些华丽的刻薄的词藻,那些夸夸其谈,空而无味的长篇大论,那些阿谀奉承,让人看了脸红的赞文,看来冠冕堂皇,读起来不着边际的文字,越来越让人感到泛味。高节奏的生活,快节奏的岁月,读书看文章大都是在挤时间,时间就是金钱,没有多少人愿意把时间浪费在长篇大论中。

      现在一些人在写文章时,也不注重语言文字的修炼,特别是一些新闻之类的文字,要尊重事实,不要青红不分,扑风着影,写了看也不看就发在一些论坛、网站上,语句不通、别字连篇,选个哗众取宠的题目来吸引读者的眼球,一些论坛、网站在审核时也不细心,就发出来,给论坛、网站带来不良影响,这是对社会对民众不负责的一种表现。我们要净化论坛、网站,尽量避免一些低劣不实文字的出现,这样的低劣文字既害自己也害别人,也影响论坛、网站的声誉。

    展开全文
  • 文题:" 细雨湿衣看不见,闲花落地听...4 、这种意境已经不适合当今的世界……根据你的看法写一篇作文。题目自拟,体裁不限。字数800以上。盛夏,夜,深夜。景山山颠。山上有人,两个人,一男一女。这两人就是当今武

    文题:" 细雨湿衣看不见,闲花落地听无声"是唐朝诗人刘长卿在《别严士元》中的诗句。

    曾经有人这样理解这句诗:1、这是歌颂春天的美好意境。 2、闲花、细雨表达了不为人知的寂寞。3、看不见、听不见不等于无所作为,是一种恬淡的处世之道。4 、这种意境已经不适合当今的世界……根据你的看法写一篇作文。题目自拟,体裁不限。字数800以上。

    盛夏,夜,深夜。

    景山山颠。

    山上有人,两个人,一男一女。

    这两人就是当今武林名声最响的两位杀手,男的名秋细雨,女的叫叶闲花,江湖人称"细雨闲花"。

    诗人刘长卿曾用"细雨湿衣看不见,闲花落地听无声"来描述这两个可怕的杀手。细雨湿衣,湿衣的是鲜血;闲花落地,落地的是人头。这两人杀人来无影去无踪,如果他们想杀你,当你还没看到他们人影没听到他们声音的时候,你就已经死了。

    秋细雨三天前接到一份帖子,指名要杀叶闲花。事成之后,不但有三百万两冥币,更可以让他在" 红楼梦中人"选秀节目中担任曹雪芹的角色!

    但是杀死叶闲花比杀死比尔还要困难得多。

    江湖中没有一个人清楚叶闲花的武功来历,性格脾气,但是每个人都知道叶闲花的故事。

    叶闲花有一双迷人的大眼睛,据说她曾一动不动地瞪死过赵薇和高圆圆,而那一年她才十七岁。

    叶闲花声音有如黄莺般幽婉醉人,传说听过她说话后林志玲身体酥麻了整整一年,你说要不要命?

    叶闲花轻功独步武林,踏雪无痕,落地无声,号称超过当年青翼蝠王韦一笑。有人见她上星期在高速公路上偷了刘翔奥运会入场证,刘翔追出一万公里最后被活活累倒。

    一般人听到叶闲花的故事早就吓得去买尿不湿了,但是秋细雨没有去买。

    秋细雨不是一般人。

    他知道,杀人不但要靠技术,还要拼人品!

    秋细雨很镇定,他正用一把指甲刀修整着手指甲,他的手指修长有力。他要等待,等待对方先沉不住气。高手相争,不允许一丝一毫的失误,先沉不住气的人就会露出破绽。

    致命的破绽!

    因此秋细雨一言不发,只是静静地玩弄着指甲刀。

    没想到叶闲花更是好整以暇,自己悠然自得地涂口红,喷香水。

    秋细雨只好先发制人,道:"你知道我找你出来是为什么。"

    叶闲花温柔道:"在我们动手之前,不能先谈谈么?"

    秋细雨道:"我是来杀人的,不是来聊天的。"

    叶闲花道:"你有把握杀我?"

    秋细雨道:"我从不做没有把握的事情。"

    叶闲花道:"我要提醒你一件事。"

    秋细雨道:"你说。"

    叶闲花道:"百晓生作杀手谱,小女子是杀手榜排名第一,阁下区区第二,你真能杀得了我么?"

    秋细雨道:"我也要提醒你一件事。"

    叶闲花道:"你说。"

    秋细雨道:"论杀手实力,我本在你之前,只是那次排名百晓生采用了短信投票系统,中国'花痴'人数过于庞大才让你得了第一。"

    叶闲花的脸色一变,道:"我更要提醒你,我的粉丝团叫'花粉 ',不叫'花痴'!"

    秋细雨道:"我最后要提醒你,你的那些'花粉'全都是花痴。还有,我们已经跑题了。"

    叶闲花道:"我们这样拼命厮杀,你难道不怕麻烦么?"

    秋细雨道:"你以后再也不用怕麻烦了,天下只有一种人永远不怕麻烦,死人! "

    叶闲花道:"这么说你非逼我出手不可?"

    秋细雨没有回答,他已不用回答。

    秋细雨道:"亮兵器!"

    叶闲花道:"我用刀。"

    秋细雨道:"你用刀?刀在何处?"

    叶闲花道:"我就是刀!"

    叶闲花露出甜甜的笑容,忽然间褪下了自己的衣服,全身上下只剩下蕾丝比基尼和黑色丝袜。

    叶闲花的脸美得让人窒息,再配上这样的身材,这样的服饰,充满了一种原始的诱惑力。

    她的眼睛会说话,她的媚笑会说话,她的手,她的胸膛,她的腿……她身上每分每寸都会说话。

    她知道,只要是个不瞎的男人,现在肯定会被她迷得神魂颠倒。

    秋细雨是个男人,而且是个不瞎的男人。

    可他现在却偏偏好像瞎了一样,完全无动于衷。

    他知道,美丽的女人是一把刀,当你沉醉的时候,刀就会切进你的胸口。

    秋细雨沉吟道:"我只想问你一件事。"

    叶闲花娇笑着:" 请讲。"

    秋细雨道:"大夏天的,穿这么少你丫不怕蚊子叮啊?"

    叶闲花沉默了半晌,幽幽地道:"你一定以为刚才我在喷香水,是不是?我告诉你,我喷的是六神花露水!"

    叶闲花又道:"不过这不是普通的六神,是我特别提炼的药水,无色无味无毒,不过却会慢慢扩散在空气中,闻到它的人会四肢麻痹不能动弹。"

    秋细雨一惊,忽然觉得身体已经麻木不听使唤,不由得一身冷汗。

    叶闲花又道:"你以为我和你扯淡是因为我害怕,以为我脱掉衣服是想色诱你,其实这都是为了拖延时间让药水能扩散到你周围。"

    秋细雨面上不动声色,道:"难道你自己不怕药水的厉害?"

    叶闲花得意地道: "一开始我涂的口红就是解药,所以我仍然可以自由行动。"

    叶闲花逼视着秋细雨,问道:"现在你还认为你能杀了我么?"

    秋细雨道:" 我能。"

    叶闲花道:"你不能动而我能动,你却能杀了我,这不是很好笑么? "

    秋细雨道:"是很好笑,但是你一定会被我杀死。"

    叶闲花道:"为什么我会被你杀死?"

    秋细雨忽然反问道:"飞刀能不能杀人?"

    叶闲花道:"好像能。"

    秋细雨道:"我有没有手?"

    叶闲花道:"的确有。"

    秋细雨道:"我手上有没有刀? "

    叶闲花道:"你手上好像只有指甲刀。"

    秋细雨道:"足够了。"

    叶闲花道:"足够了?"

    秋细雨道:"我有手有刀,就能置人死地。"

    叶闲花道:"指甲刀也能杀人?实在可笑!"

    秋细雨道:"以前江湖中有七十三个人觉得我这把指甲刀很可笑。"

    叶闲花道:"现在呢?"

    秋细雨道:"现在人都已死了,死在这把刀下。"

    叶闲花道:"你的手还能动?"

    秋细雨道:"你要不要试试?"

    叶闲花脸上的笑容渐渐凝固,忽然间,她已出手!

    一招" 冒牌九阴白骨爪"直逼秋细雨天灵盖,这一招她已练过七年四个月零二十九天,她完全有把握相信没有任何人可以抵挡得了这一招。

    可这一次她错了。

    刀光一闪,"盗版小李飞刀"已插入她的咽喉。

    她到死也不相信,一把指甲刀可以要了她的命!

    闲花终于落地!

    三个时辰后,药水的药效渐渐淡去,秋细雨终于可以动弹了。

    望着叶闲花的尸体,秋细雨道:"虽然你已经死了,但是我还要告诉你两件事。第一,我一直用甲刀修整着手指甲是为了调整手和刀之间的同步率,说白了就是找手感。第二,我杀你的真正目的不是为了钱或者名利。"

    一边说,秋细雨一边从叶闲花衣服的口袋里搜出了刘翔的奥运会入场证。

    秋细雨坚定地说:"我爱北京,我要看奥运!"

    从此,再也没有人见过秋细雨。

    展开全文
  • SAT作文素材是用来支持正反方观点的,所以说在SAT作文关键的就是选择什么样的作文素材更能够说明问题,也就是说你应该用什么例子来证明自己的论点会更加言之有物。这就是你的构思。我们建议最好的SAT作文素材是...
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    语殇-2007年6月湖北地区高考0分作文 高考刚结束不久,大部分学子的父母都在关心自己子女的成绩。可是面对高考作文0分又是多大的打击啊!!~但,真的是这位学生没文笔吗》请大家看看下面的文章: 湖北地区高考作文题...
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    1.记得有次写作文用了一个“别开生面”这个成语,老师夸奖我用的不错,结果从此以后,我的每篇作文里都有“别开生面”这个词了!!!2.有个同学作文总是习惯用象声词开头,例如“冬冬冬,一阵鼓声传来”,“啦啦啦,...
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    五一作文 五一作文是不是一个很搞笑的题目, 写BLOG跟原来写作文真是差别很大的。那时候叫挤牙膏。现在是有很多事来不及想明白,来不及写下拉。 五一作文 我想会有很多学生来搜索到。。。。给你们说2句: 读书...
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  • 作文素材积累

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  • 如何批改作文

    2012-01-16 01:33:05
    如何批改作文 2009年08月17日  [b]怎样批改作文[/b][ 2007-10-14 17:40:00 | By: 飞燕儿 ]  提起作文批改,很多老师都为批阅学生的作文感到头痛,我也不例外。说句实话,批改作文又、既费时间,又令人头痛。...
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  • 另外人工智能的意思是,微软小英会根据你的文章内容帮你改作文,比如他能补全你缺少的相关名词。 目录 先展示下评分功能:它可以从四个方面给出接近托福的打分。 比如,题目是: 多种考试类型可以选择: 如果...
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