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  • 树莓派Zero w 4.19 内核头文件安装方法 本文介绍了树莓派 zero w 系统安装内核头文件的方法,理论上可以安装任意版本内核。文章介绍了起因,解决过程及结果,您也可以直接跳到文末看结论。 缘起 话说我为了安装M项目...

    树莓派Zero w 4.19 内核头文件安装方法

    本文介绍了树莓派 zero w 系统安装内核头文件的方法,理论上可以安装任意版本内核。文章介绍了起因,解决过程及结果,您也可以直接跳到文末看结论。

    缘起

    话说我为了安装M项目,将树莓派 zero w 内核手动降级到 4.19.118 版本,兴高采烈的去编译 M 项目,结果到最后依然出错,抱怨找不到头文件。

      APPLYING FLASHPATCHES gen/flashpatches.mk => brcmfmac43430-sdio.bin (details: log/flashpatches.log)
      APPLYING PATCHES gen/nexmon.mk => brcmfmac43430-sdio.bin (details: log/patches.log)
      BUILDING DRIVER for kernel 4.19 brcmfmac_4.19.y-nexmon/brcmfmac.ko (details: log/driver.log)
    make[1]: *** /lib/modules/4.19.118+/build: No such file or directory.  Stop.
    make: *** [Makefile:46: brcmfmac.ko] Error 2
    
    

    手动检查头文件,果然不存在

    $ ls /lib/modules/4.19.118+/build
    ls: cannot access '/lib/modules/4.19.118+/build': No such file or directory
    

    检查已安装的头文件,依然是 5.4.51-v7l

    $ dpkg -S linux-headers
    raspberrypi-kernel-headers: /usr/src/linux-headers-5.4.51+/arch/arm/mach-ixp4xx/Makefile
    raspberrypi-kernel-headers: /usr/src/linux-headers-5.4.51-v7l+/drivers/phy/lantiq/Kconfig
    raspberrypi-kernel-headers: /usr/src/linux-headers-5.4.51+/arch/x86/math-emu/Makefile
    ...
    

    我只好又执行一遍安装指令,失败

    sudo apt-get install --reinstall raspberrypi-kernel-headers
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree       
    Reading state information... Done
    0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 reinstalled, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
    Need to get 26.2 MB of archives.
    After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
    Get:1 http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/raspberrypi buster/main armhf raspberrypi-kernel-headers armhf 1.20200811-1 [26.2 MB]
    Fetched 26.2 MB in 15s (1,704 kB/s)                                                                                                                        
    (Reading database ... 213822 files and directories currently installed.)
    Preparing to unpack .../raspberrypi-kernel-headers_1.20200811-1_armhf.deb ...
    Unpacking raspberrypi-kernel-headers (1.20200811-1) over (1.20200811-1) ...
    Setting up raspberrypi-kernel-headers (1.20200811-1) ...
    W: Operation was interrupted before it could finish
    
    

    尝试明确指明头文件版本,未发现安装包

    $ sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree       
    Reading state information... Done
    E: Unable to locate package linux-headers-4.19.118
    E: Couldn't find any package by glob 'linux-headers-4.19.118'
    E: Couldn't find any package by regex 'linux-headers-4.19.118'
    

    全网搜索,终于找到手动安装内核头文件的方法,使用 rpi-source

    $ sudo wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/notro/rpi-source/master/rpi-source -O /usr/local/bin/rpi-source && sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/rpi-source && /usr/local/bin/rpi-source -q --tag-update
    
     *** SoC: BCM2835
    ERROR:
    bc is NOT installed. Needed by 'make modules_prepare'. On Raspbian, run 'sudo apt-get install bc' to install it.
    
    Help: https://github.com/notro/rpi-source/wiki
    

    看起来缺少 bc 包,安装之

    $ sudo apt-get install bc
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree       
    Reading state information... Done
    The following NEW packages will be installed:
      bc
    0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
    Need to get 101 kB of archives.
    After this operation, 220 kB of additional disk space will be used.
    Get:1 http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/raspbian/raspbian buster/main armhf bc armhf 1.07.1-2 [101 kB]
    Fetched 101 kB in 0s (228 kB/s)
    Selecting previously unselected package bc.
    (Reading database ... 205567 files and directories currently installed.)
    Preparing to unpack .../archives/bc_1.07.1-2_armhf.deb ...
    Unpacking bc (1.07.1-2) ...
    Setting up bc (1.07.1-2) ...
    Processing triggers for install-info (6.5.0.dfsg.1-4+b1) ...
    Processing triggers for doc-base (0.10.8) ...
    Processing 1 added doc-base file...
    Processing triggers for man-db (2.8.5-2) ...
    

    再次尝试安装头文件

    $ rpi-source 
    
     *** SoC: BCM2835
    
     *** rpi-update: https://github.com/Hexxeh/rpi-firmware
    
     *** Firmware revision: e1050e94821a70b2e4c72b318d6c6c968552e9a2
    
     *** Linux source commit: fe2c7bf4cad4641dfb6f12712755515ab15815ca
    
     *** Download kernel source
     --2020-08-25 00:48:40--  https://github.com/raspberrypi/linux/archive/fe2c7bf4cad4641dfb6f12712755515ab15815ca.tar.gz
     Length: unspecified [application/x-gzip]
    Saving to: ‘/home/pi/linux-fe2c7bf4cad4641dfb6f12712755515ab15815ca.tar.gz’
    
    b6f12712755515ab15815ca.tar.gz             [                                         <=>                                 ]  27.41M  4.70KB/s               
    

    噩梦重现,又是龟速下载未知大小的文件,果断终止;以我的经验,遇到这种情况千万不小心存幻想去慢慢下载,失败概率 99.99%。

    查阅资料得知,rpi-source 支持手动下载安装,于是设法提前下载好资源包,需要的朋友可以从这里下载,树莓派 zero w 4.19.118 内核头文件,下载后,存放在用户家目录,再次执行

    $ rpi-source 
    
     *** SoC: BCM2835
    
     *** rpi-update: https://github.com/Hexxeh/rpi-firmware
    
     *** Firmware revision: e1050e94821a70b2e4c72b318d6c6c968552e9a2
    
     *** Linux source commit: fe2c7bf4cad4641dfb6f12712755515ab15815ca
    
     *** Download kernel source: Already downloaded /home/pi/linux-fe2c7bf4cad4641dfb6f12712755515ab15815ca.tar.gz
    
     *** Unpack kernel source
    ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
     *** Add '+' to kernel release string
    
     *** Create symlink: /home/pi/linux
    
     *** Create /lib/modules/<ver>/{build,source} symlinks
    
     *** .config
    
     *** Module.symvers
    
     *** make modules_prepare
      HOSTCC  scripts/basic/fixdep
      HOSTCC  scripts/kconfig/conf.o
      YACC    scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c
      LEX     scripts/kconfig/zconf.lex.c
      HOSTCC  scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.o
      HOSTLD  scripts/kconfig/conf
    scripts/kconfig/conf  --syncconfig Kconfig
    *
    * Restart config...
    *
    *
    * Kernel hacking
    *
    Magic SysRq key (MAGIC_SYSRQ) [Y/?] y
      Enable magic SysRq key functions by default (MAGIC_SYSRQ_DEFAULT_ENABLE) [0x1] 0x1
      Enable magic SysRq key over serial (MAGIC_SYSRQ_SERIAL) [Y/n/?] y
    Kernel debugging (DEBUG_KERNEL) [Y/?] y
    Code coverage for fuzzing (KCOV) [N/y/?] (NEW) 
    

    可以看到顺利开始安装对应版本的头文件,在编译 modules_prepare 时,会卡住,这里接受默认值,回车即可。

    Debug shared IRQ handlers (DEBUG_SHIRQ) [N/y/?] n
    Panic on Oops (PANIC_ON_OOPS) [N/y/?] n
    panic timeout (PANIC_TIMEOUT) [0] 0
    Collect scheduler debugging info (SCHED_DEBUG) [Y/?] y
    Collect scheduler statistics (SCHEDSTATS) [Y/?] y
    Detect stack corruption on calls to schedule() (SCHED_STACK_END_CHECK) [N/y/?] n
    Enable extra timekeeping sanity checking (DEBUG_TIMEKEEPING) [N/y/?] n
    Stack backtrace support (STACKTRACE) [Y/?] y
    Warn for all uses of unseeded randomness (WARN_ALL_UNSEEDED_RANDOM) [N/y/?] n
    kobject debugging (DEBUG_KOBJECT) [N/y/?] n
    Verbose BUG() reporting (adds 70K) (DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE) [Y/n/?] y
    Debug linked list manipulation (DEBUG_LIST) [N/y/?] n
    Debug priority linked list manipulation (DEBUG_PI_LIST) [N/y/?] n
    Debug SG table operations (DEBUG_SG) [N/y/?] n
    Debug notifier call chains (DEBUG_NOTIFIERS) [N/y/?] n
    Debug credential management (DEBUG_CREDENTIALS) [N/y/?] n
    Force round-robin CPU selection for unbound work items (DEBUG_WQ_FORCE_RR_CPU) [N/y/?] n
    Force extended block device numbers and spread them (DEBUG_BLOCK_EXT_DEVT) [N/y/?] n
    Notifier error injection (NOTIFIER_ERROR_INJECTION) [N/m/y/?] n
    Fault-injection framework (FAULT_INJECTION) [N/y/?] n
    Latency measuring infrastructure (LATENCYTOP) [Y/n/?] y
    Enable debugging of DMA-API usage (DMA_API_DEBUG) [N/y/?] n
    Memtest (MEMTEST) [N/y/?] n
    Trigger a BUG when data corruption is detected (BUG_ON_DATA_CORRUPTION) [N/y/?] n
    Undefined behaviour sanity checker (UBSAN) [N/y/?] n
    Filter access to /dev/mem (STRICT_DEVMEM) [N/y/?] n
    Export kernel pagetable layout to userspace via debugfs (ARM_PTDUMP_DEBUGFS) [N/y/?] n
    Warn on W+X mappings at boot (DEBUG_WX) [N/y/?] n
    Enable stack unwinding support (EXPERIMENTAL) (ARM_UNWIND) [Y/n/?] y
    Verbose user fault messages (DEBUG_USER) [N/y/?] n
    Kernel low-level debugging functions (read help!) (DEBUG_LL) [N/y/?] n
    Kprobes test module (ARM_KPROBES_TEST) [N/m/y/?] n
    Write the current PID to the CONTEXTIDR register (PID_IN_CONTEXTIDR) [N/y/?] n
      SYSHDR  arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/unistd-common.h
      SYSHDR  arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/unistd-oabi.h
      SYSHDR  arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/unistd-eabi.h
      UPD     include/config/kernel.release
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/bitsperlong.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/bpf_perf_event.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/errno.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/ioctl.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/ipcbuf.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/msgbuf.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/param.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/poll.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/resource.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/sembuf.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/shmbuf.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/siginfo.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/socket.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/sockios.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/termbits.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/uapi/asm/termios.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/compat.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/current.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/early_ioremap.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/emergency-restart.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/exec.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/extable.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/irq_regs.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/kdebug.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/local.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/local64.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/mm-arch-hooks.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/msi.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/parport.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/preempt.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/rwsem.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/seccomp.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/segment.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/serial.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/simd.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/sizes.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/timex.h
      WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/trace_clock.h
      UPD     include/generated/uapi/linux/version.h
      UPD     include/generated/utsrelease.h
      SYSNR   arch/arm/include/generated/asm/unistd-nr.h
      GEN     arch/arm/include/generated/asm/mach-types.h
      SYSTBL  arch/arm/include/generated/calls-oabi.S
      SYSTBL  arch/arm/include/generated/calls-eabi.S
      CC      kernel/bounds.s
      UPD     include/generated/bounds.h
      UPD     include/generated/timeconst.h
      CC      arch/arm/kernel/asm-offsets.s
      UPD     include/generated/asm-offsets.h
      CALL    scripts/checksyscalls.sh
      HOSTCC  scripts/dtc/dtc.o
      HOSTCC  scripts/dtc/flattree.o
      HOSTCC  scripts/dtc/fstree.o
      HOSTCC  scripts/dtc/data.o
      HOSTCC  scripts/dtc/livetree.o
      HOSTCC  scripts/dtc/treesource.o
      HOSTCC  scripts/dtc/srcpos.o
      HOSTCC  scripts/dtc/checks.o
      HOSTCC  scripts/dtc/util.o
      LEX     scripts/dtc/dtc-lexer.lex.c
      YACC    scripts/dtc/dtc-parser.tab.h
      HOSTCC  scripts/dtc/dtc-lexer.lex.o
      YACC    scripts/dtc/dtc-parser.tab.c
      HOSTCC  scripts/dtc/dtc-parser.tab.o
      HOSTLD  scripts/dtc/dtc
      HOSTCC  scripts/genksyms/genksyms.o
      YACC    scripts/genksyms/parse.tab.c
      HOSTCC  scripts/genksyms/parse.tab.o
      LEX     scripts/genksyms/lex.lex.c
      YACC    scripts/genksyms/parse.tab.h
      HOSTCC  scripts/genksyms/lex.lex.o
      HOSTLD  scripts/genksyms/genksyms
      CC      scripts/mod/empty.o
      HOSTCC  scripts/mod/mk_elfconfig
      MKELF   scripts/mod/elfconfig.h
      HOSTCC  scripts/mod/modpost.o
      CC      scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.s
      UPD     scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.h
      HOSTCC  scripts/mod/file2alias.o
      HOSTCC  scripts/mod/sumversion.o
      HOSTLD  scripts/mod/modpost
      HOSTCC  scripts/bin2c
      HOSTCC  scripts/kallsyms
      HOSTCC  scripts/pnmtologo
      HOSTCC  scripts/conmakehash
      HOSTCC  scripts/recordmcount
      HOSTCC  scripts/sortextable
      HOSTCC  scripts/asn1_compiler
      HOSTCC  scripts/extract-cert
    
     *** Help: https://github.com/notro/rpi-source/wiki
    

    安装成功后,可以确认一下,build目录存在

    $ ls /lib/modules/4.19.118+/
    build/               modules.alias        modules.builtin      modules.dep          modules.devname      modules.softdep      modules.symbols.bin
    kernel/              modules.alias.bin    modules.builtin.bin  modules.dep.bin      modules.order        modules.symbols      source/
    

    然后就可以愉快的编译 M 项目了。

    展开全文
  • Kali Linux 内核头文件安装

    万次阅读 2017-03-29 19:55:02
    查看linux是否已经安装内核头文件 执行命令:apt-cache search linux-headers 如果有内核头文件,比如linux-headers-4.6.0-kali1-amd64,并且对应uname -r命令的结果,即内核版本和头文件版本号对应,说

    查看linux内核版本


    执行命令:uname -r

    显示内核版本:4.6.0-kali1-amd64

    查看linux是否已经安装内核头文件


    执行命令:apt-cache search linux-headers

    如果有内核头文件,比如linux-headers-4.6.0-kali1-amd64,并且对应uname -r命令的结果,即内核版本和头文件版本号对应,说明已经安装好了内核头文件。否则向下继续操作


    安装内核头文件


    方法一:

    安装Kali Linux之后,修改/etc/apt/sources.list文件,添加源:

    #官方源

    deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free

    #清华源:

    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free

    #debain源
    deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ wheezy main contrib
    deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ wheezy-proposed-updates main contrib
    deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ wheezy main contrib
    deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ wheezy-proposed-updates main contrib

    #debian安全更新源
    deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib
    deb-src http://security.debian.org/ squeeze/updates main contrib non-free

    #阿里云kali源
    deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kali kali main non-free contrib
    deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kali kali main non-free contrib
    deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kali-security kali/updates main contrib non-free

    #中科大kali源
    deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali kali main non-free contrib
    deb-src http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali kali main non-free contrib

    deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali-security kali/updates main contrib non-free

    #新加坡kali源
    #deb http://mirror.nus.edu.sg/kali/kali/ kali main non-free contrib
    #deb-src http://mirror.nus.edu.sg/kali/kali/ kali main non-free contrib
    #deb http://mirror.nus.edu.sg/kali/kali-security kali/updates main contrib non-free
    #deb-src http://mirror.nus.edu.sg/kali/kali-security kali/updates main contrib non-free

    #Kali-Security
    #deb http://security.kali.org/ kali/updates main contrib non-free
    #deb-src http://security.kali.org/ kali/updates main contrib non-free


    添加完成后保存该文件


    更新系统

    apt-get clean  //清空 之前下载的软件包 释放空间

    apt-get update //刷新源,获得最近的软件包的列表

    apt-get upgrade  //更新系统,系统将现有的Package升级,如果有相依性的问题,而此相依性需要安装其它新的Package或影响到其它Package的相依性时,此Package就不会被升级,会保留下来.

    apt-get dist-upgrade  //可以聪明的解决相依性的问题,如果有相依性问题,需要安装/移除新的Package,就会试着去安装/移除它. (所以通常这个会被认为是有点风险的升级,可以不用执行)


    安装内核头文件

    输入命令:apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)或者直接敲apt-get install linux-headers-在这时候你按键盘上的tab键,找你本系统的头文件安装即可


    如果找不到对应的内核头文件或者出现以下错误则进入方法二


    E: Unable to locate package linux-headers-4.6.0-kali1-amd64
    E: Couldn't find any package by glob 'linux-headers-4.6.0-kali1-amd64
    E: Couldn't find any package by regex 'linux-headers-4.6.0-kali1-amd64


    内核头文件检测

    输入命令:dpkg-query -s linux-headers-`uname -r`或者dpkg-query -s linux-headers-$(uname -r) 命令检查内核头文件是否成功安装


    方法二:下载内核头文件自己编译


    1.下载inux-kbuild,链接:(http://http.kali.org/kali/pool/main/l/linux-tools/)具体版本参见自己的主机;

    2.编译linux-kbuild;

    dkpg -i linux-kbuild-4.6_4.6.1-2kali1_amd64.deb

    如果出现错误:dpkg: error: dpkg status database is locked by another process

    则执行命令:sudo rm -rf /var/lib/dpkg/lock

    3.下载linux-header-common和主机版本对应的linux-header。链接(http://http.kali.org/kali/pool/main/l/linux/),具体版本参见自己的主机

    4.首先编译linux-header-common

    dkpg -i linux-headers-4.6.0-kali1-common_4.6.1-5kali4_amd64.deb

    5.最后编译linux-header

    dkpg -i linux-headers-4.6.0-kali1-amd64_4.6.1-5kali4_amd64.deb

    6.检测内核头文件







    展开全文
  • 1.linux升级内核 apt-get update apt-get upgrade apt-get dist-upgrade reboot 2.方法二 apt update &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; apt full-...

    1.linux升级内核

    apt-get update
    apt-get upgrade
    apt-get dist-upgrade
    reboot

    2.方法二

    apt update && apt full-upgrade

    3.安装内核头文件

    apt-get install linux-headers- `uname -r`

    4.检车内核头文件是否安装

    # dpkg-query -s linux-headers-$(uname -r)

    5.安装nvidia驱动

    执行命令后重启会进入不了图形界面,需要进入命令行界面Ctrl+Alt+f3

    apt install -y ocl-icd-libopencl1 nvidia-driver nvidia-cuda-toolkit

    这里写图片描述

    6.验证nvidia驱动

    # nvidia-smi

    这里写图片描述

    7.安装hashcat

    # aptitude search hashcat
    # aptitude install hashcat
    # hashcat --help

    参考:
    0.2017年Kali Linux更新源
    1.更新系统
    2.准备内核头文件
    3.Linux有问必答:如何在Linux上安装内核头文件
    4.在Kali Linux上安装NVIDIA GPU驱动程序

    展开全文
  • 如何在CentOS 7中安装内核头文件

    千次阅读 2018-11-12 16:39:43
    在本文中,我们将解释如何使用默认包管理器从基本存储库中安装CentOS / RHEL 7和Fedora发行版中的内核头文件。 当您在CentOS系统上编译自定义内核模块(如设备驱动程序)时,您需要在系统上安装内核头文件,其中...

    在本文中,我们将解释如何使用默认包管理器从基本存储库中安装CentOS / RHEL 7和Fedora发行版中的内核头文件。

    当您在CentOS系统上编译自定义内核模块(如设备驱动程序)时,您需要在系统上安装内核头文件,其中包括Linux内核的C头文件。 内核头文件在安装或编译任何与内核接口的代码时提供了不同类型的函数和结构定义。

    安装内核头文件时 ,确保它与系统上当前安装的内核版本相匹配。 如果您的内核版本附带默认的分发版安装,或者您已经使用系统基本存储库中的yum软件包管理器升级了内核 ,则必须仅使用软件包管理器安装匹配的内核标头。 如果您从源代码编译内核,则只能从源安装内核头文件。

    在本文中,我们将介绍如何使用默认包管理器在CentOS / RHEL 7Fedora发行版中安装Kernel Headers 。

    在CentOS 7中安装内核头文件

    首先使用以下命令确认匹配的内核头文件已经安装在系统上的/ usr / src / kernels /  

    如果没有匹配的内核头文件位于/ usr / src / kernels /目录中,请继续并安装内核头文件,该文件头文件由kernel-devel软件包提供,可以使用默认软件包管理器进行安装

    yum install kernel-devel

    安装kernel-devel软件包后,可以使用以下命令在/ usr / src / kernels目录中找到所有内核头文件

    另外,如果您需要Linux内核的头文件glibc使用,请使用以下命令安装kernel-header包。

    yum install kernel-headers

    现在,您可以编译自己的或现有的内核模块驱动硬件。

    展开全文
  • Linux内核头文件

    2015-08-09 10:42:40
    概述:在进行有关系统软件的安装的时候(编译一个新的驱动,或者安装一个系统级别的测试工具,例如systemtap),经常需要重新编译内核,相应的问题往往与内核头文件有关。那么,什么是内核头文件,为什么需要更新...
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  • Kali Linux 编译内核头文件下载内核头文件更新配置编译内核头文件编译成功 在此,先明确一下 “内核” 与 “内核头文件” 二者的含义。 内核即操作系统的内核,内核头文件时定义了内核组件间的接口,以及定义了内核...
  • linux 内核头文件 linux kernel header

    千次阅读 2019-03-09 10:04:19
    概述:在进行有关系统软件的安装的时候(编译一个新的驱动,或者安装一个系统级别的测试工具,例如systemtap),经常需要重新编译内核,相应的问题往往与内核头文件有关。那么,什么是内核头文件,为什么需要更新...
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    千次阅读 2013-12-15 15:46:05
    The "make headers_install" command can be run in the top level directory of the kernel source code (or using a standard out-of-tree build). It takes two optional arguments:  make headers_instal
  • centos7 更新了4版的内核以后 安装vmware需要的内核头文件 kernel-headers. vmware本身的安装不絮叨网上很多 内核安装使用 rpm --import ...
  • 安装linux系统需要安装驱动,安装驱动就要提前安装内核头文件,不然会报各种错误,比如找不到目录,xxx不存在。安装内核头文件的时候可能又会遇到“未发现软件包。。。。。。”下面就讲一下如何安装内核头文件,...
  • centos8 安装 vmware15 需要的内核头文件 kernel-headers centos8 启动 cmware15 出错: Before you can run VMware, several modules must be compiled and loaded into the running kernel Kernel Headers for ...
  • 如下,安装内核头文件的时候输入命令:
  • linux内核头文件

    千次阅读 2018-04-27 23:08:17
    感谢 https://blog.csdn.net/kokodudu 博主的分享,因为找不到联系方式,所以没有得到转载授权,所以只要联系我,我立刻更改本文章,本文章主要用来提醒内核头文件,只供学习 /*  内核还是2.6的,会尝试可行...
  • 用户空间使用内核头文件

    千次阅读 2018-10-07 20:30:11
    在用户空间使用内核头文件(或模块)有两种方法: 1. 将内核头文件和相应模块移植到移植到用户层,在用户空间重新编译使用。 2. 在编译时使用-I/lib/modules/$(uname -r)/build/include选项   方法1比较麻烦,...
  • 获取Linux内核头文件

    2017-03-18 10:02:36
    获取内核头文件: 在内核源码根目录上执行make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf- INSTALL_HDR_PATH=`pwd`/install/heads headers_installARCH代表目标架构 CROSS_COMPILE代表交叉编译器前缀 INSTALL...
  • 有时候,用户需要编译内核头文件代码,为以后使用内核头文件做准备,本节将介绍编译内核头文件的详细步骤。 准备内核头文件的具体操作步骤如下所示。 (1)更新软件包列表。执行命令如下所示: root@Kali:~# apt-...
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    2011-05-13 10:04:00
    在 Linux 2.2/2.4 的纯真年代,内核头文件一直保持着 Unix 世界的"KISS"传统,只需将内核源码树中的头文件直接复制到 /usr/include 中即可使用,一切都是那么 *** and Stupid ... <br />但是随着 2.6系列...
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    千次阅读 2019-03-01 08:47:32
    linux 内核的编译时间太长,可以通过下面方法跳过编译直接获得头文件 make headers_install ARCH=x86_64 INSTALL_HDR_PATH=$PWD/linux_header ...kernel.org 内核头文件安装说明 ubuntu kernel wiki

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