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  • Python Module_openpyxl_styles 样式处理

    万次阅读 2016-01-01 13:27:53
    目录目录 前言 系统软件 Working with styles Styles can be applied to the following aspects Styles模块 Copying styles Basic Font Colors Applying Styles ...Header Footer前言继续搞Python对Ex

    目录

    前言

    继续搞Python对Excel文件的处理,这次主要解决如何使用Openpyxl模块的Styles来生成一个具有个性化样式的Excel文件。本篇基本算是翻译了部分实用的官方文档内容,推荐小伙伴们最好的学习方法,莫过于阅读官方文档。: )
    官当文档传送门:http://openpyxl.readthedocs.org/en/default/styles.html#worksheet-additional-properties

    系统软件

    • 系统
      • Windows 8.1
    • 软件
      • Python 3.4.3
      • IPython 4.0.0

    Working with styles

    使用Excel样式函数
    Introduction(简介)
    Styles are used to change the look of your data while displayed on screen. They are also used to determine the number format being used for a given cell or range of cells.
    Styles是用于改变你的希望显示的数据的样式。也可以用于设置指定的单元格或单元区域的数字格式。

    Styles can be applied to the following aspects

    • font to set font size, color, underlining, etc.(能够设定字体的大小、颜色、下划线等属性)
    • fill to set a pattern or color gradient(能够设置单元格的填充样式或颜色渐变)
    • border to set borders on a cell(能够设置单元格的边框)
    • cell alignment(能够设置单元格的对齐)
    • protection(能够设置访问限制)

    Styles模块

    The following are the default values(下面是函数的参数缺省值)

    >>> from openpyxl.styles import PatternFill,Border,Side,Alignment,Protection,Font
    
    >>> font = Font(name='Calibri',
    ...                 size=11,
    ...                 bold=False,
    ...                 italic=False,
    ...                 vertAlign=None,
    ...                 underline='none',
    ...                 strike=False,
    ...                 color='FF000000')
    >>> fill = PatternFill(fill_type=None,
    ...                 start_color='FFFFFFFF',
    ...                 end_color='FF000000')
    >>> border = Border(left=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                           color='FF000000'),
    ...                 right=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                            color='FF000000'),
    ...                 top=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                          color='FF000000'),
    ...                 bottom=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                             color='FF000000'),
    ...                 diagonal=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                               color='FF000000'),
    ...                 diagonal_direction=0,
    ...                 outline=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                              color='FF000000'),
    ...                 vertical=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                               color='FF000000'),
    ...                 horizontal=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                                color='FF000000')
    ...                )
    >>> alignment=Alignment(horizontal='general',
    ...                     vertical='bottom',
    ...                     text_rotation=0,
    ...                     wrap_text=False,
    ...                     shrink_to_fit=False,
    ...                     indent=0)
    >>> number_format = 'General'
    >>> protection = Protection(locked=True,
    ...                         hidden=False)
    >>>

    注意
    Styles are shared between objects and once they have been assigned they cannot be changed. This stops unwanted side-effects such as changing the style for lots of cells when instead of only one.
    不同的对象之间是可以共享同一个Styles的,并且一旦为对象指定了Styles之后就不可以再次更改。这是为了在更改很多的单元格的Styles而不仅只是更改一个单元格时能够避免不必要的副作用。

    >>> from openpyxl.styles import colors
    >>> from openpyxl.styles import Font, Color
    >>> from openpyxl.styles import colors
    >>> from openpyxl import Workbook
    >>> wb = Workbook()
    >>> ws = wb.active
    >>>
    >>> a1 = ws['A1']
    >>> d4 = ws['D4']
    >>> ft = Font(color=colors.RED)      #定义一个可以共享的Styles
    >>> a1.font = ft
    >>> d4.font = ft
    >>>
    >>> a1.font.italic = True # is not allowed 对象在指定Styles后是不允许被更改的 
    >>>
    >>> # If you want to change the color of a Font, you need to reassign it::
    >>> # 如果你想更改个别对象的Styles需要重新定义,且只会影响到个别对象
    >>> a1.font = Font(color=colors.RED, italic=True) # the change only affects A1

    Copying styles

    Styles can also be copied(Styles可以被复制)

    >>> from openpyxl.styles import Font
    >>>
    >>> ft1 = Font(name='Arial', size=14)
    >>> ft2 = ft1.copy(name="Tahoma")     #复制并修改特定属性
    >>> ft1.name
    'Arial'
    >>> ft2.name
    'Tahoma'
    >>> ft2.size # copied from the 14.0   

    Basic Font Colors

    Colors are usually RGB or aRGB hexvalues. The colors module contains some constants
    Colors通常是RGB或者是RGB的十六进制表示。Colors模块包含了一些常量

    >>> from openpyxl.styles import Font
    >>> from openpyxl.styles.colors import RED
    >>> font = Font(color=RED)         #RGB
    >>> font = Font(color="FFBB00")    #RGB hexvalues

    There is also support for legacy indexed colors as well as themes and tints
    Colors也支持索引颜色、主题和色彩

    >>> from openpyxl.styles.colors import Color
    >>> c = Color(indexed=32)            #legacy indexed colors 定制好的Color通过索引调用
    >>> c = Color(theme=6, tint=0.5)

    Applying Styles

    Styles are applied directly to cells
    Styles直接应用于单元格

    >>> from openpyxl.workbook import Workbook
    >>> from openpyxl.styles import Font, Fill
    >>> wb = Workbook()
    >>> ws = wb.active
    >>> c = ws['A1']           #获取单元格对象
    >>> c.font = Font(size=12) #直接修改单元格对象的字体样式

    Styles can also applied to columns and rows but note that this applies only to cells created (in Excel) after the file is closed. If you want to apply styles to entire rows and columns then you must apply the style to each cell yourself. This is a restriction of the file format
    Styles也可以应用于列和行,但是需要注意的是这种应用只能适用于在关闭文件之后创建的单元格。如果你想应用Style于全部的行和列,你必须为每一个单元格都应用Style。这是由于文件格式的制约

    >>> col = ws.column_dimensions['A']    #获取A列的样式
    >>> col.font = Font(bold=True)         
    >>> row = ws.row_dimensions[1]         #获取1行的样式
    >>> row.font = Font(underline="single")

    Edit Page Setup

    >>> from openpyxl.workbook import Workbook
    >>>
    >>> wb = Workbook()
    >>> ws = wb.active
    >>> #设置页面的样式
    >>> ws.page_setup.orientation = ws.ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE
    >>> ws.page_setup.paperSize = ws.PAPERSIZE_TABLOID
    >>> ws.page_setup.fitToHeight = 0
    >>> ws.page_setup.fitToWidth = 1

    Edit Print Options

    >>> from openpyxl.workbook import Workbook
    >>>
    >>> wb = Workbook()
    >>> ws = wb.active
    >>>
    >>> ws.print_options.horizontalCentered = True     #水平居中
    >>> ws.print_options.verticalCentered = True       #垂直居中

    Headers and footers use their own formatting language. This is fully supported when writing them.but, due to the complexity and the possibility of nesting, only partially when reading them.

    头部和尾部使用它们自身的格式化语言。当你写的时候是完全支持的。但是由于复制性和嵌套的可能性,让你读取的时候可能只能读取到一个部分。

    >>> from openpyxl.workbook import Workbook
    >>>
    >>> wb = Workbook()
    >>> ws = wb.worksheets[0]
    >>> #设置文件头部和页尾的样式
    >>> ws.header_footer.center_header.text = 'My Excel Page'
    >>> ws.header_footer.center_header.font_size = 14
    >>> ws.header_footer.center_header.font_name = "Tahoma,Bold"
    >>> ws.header_footer.center_header.font_color = "CC3366"
    展开全文
  • Python_openpyxl_styles样式处理

    千次阅读 2016-05-19 13:22:33
    继续搞Python对Excel文件的处理,这次主要解决如何使用Openpyxl模块的Styles来生成一个具有个性化样式的Excel文件。本篇基本算是翻译了部分实用的官方文档内容,推荐小伙伴们最好的学习方法,莫过于阅读官方文档。: ...

    前言

    继续搞Python对Excel文件的处理,这次主要解决如何使用Openpyxl模块的Styles来生成一个具有个性化样式的Excel文件。本篇基本算是翻译了部分实用的官方文档内容,推荐小伙伴们最好的学习方法,莫过于阅读官方文档。: ) 
    官当文档传送门:http://openpyxl.readthedocs.org/en/default/styles.html#worksheet-additional-properties

    系统软件

    • 系统 
      • Windows 8.1
    • 软件 
      • Python 3.4.3
      • IPython 4.0.0

    Working with styles

    使用Excel样式函数 
    Introduction(简介) 
    Styles are used to change the look of your data while displayed on screen. They are also used to determine the number format being used for a given cell or range of cells. 
    Styles是用于改变你的希望显示的数据的样式。也可以用于设置指定的单元格或单元区域的数字格式。

    Styles can be applied to the following aspects

    • font to set font size, color, underlining, etc.(能够设定字体的大小、颜色、下划线等属性)
    • fill to set a pattern or color gradient(能够设置单元格的填充样式或颜色渐变)
    • border to set borders on a cell(能够设置单元格的边框)
    • cell alignment(能够设置单元格的对齐)
    • protection(能够设置访问限制)

    Styles模块

    The following are the default values(下面是函数的参数缺省值)

    >>> from openpyxl.styles import PatternFill,Border,Side,Alignment,Protection,Font
    
    >>> font = Font(name='Calibri',
    ...                 size=11,
    ...                 bold=False,
    ...                 italic=False,
    ...                 vertAlign=None,
    ...                 underline='none',
    ...                 strike=False,
    ...                 color='FF000000')
    >>> fill = PatternFill(fill_type=None,
    ...                 start_color='FFFFFFFF',
    ...                 end_color='FF000000')
    >>> border = Border(left=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                           color='FF000000'),
    ...                 right=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                            color='FF000000'),
    ...                 top=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                          color='FF000000'),
    ...                 bottom=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                             color='FF000000'),
    ...                 diagonal=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                               color='FF000000'),
    ...                 diagonal_direction=0,
    ...                 outline=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                              color='FF000000'),
    ...                 vertical=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                               color='FF000000'),
    ...                 horizontal=Side(border_style=None,
    ...                                color='FF000000')
    ...                )
    >>> alignment=Alignment(horizontal='general',
    ...                     vertical='bottom',
    ...                     text_rotation=0,
    ...                     wrap_text=False,
    ...                     shrink_to_fit=False,
    ...                     indent=0)
    >>> number_format = 'General'
    >>> protection = Protection(locked=True,
    ...                         hidden=False)
    >>>
    
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    注意: 
    Styles are shared between objects and once they have been assigned they cannot be changed. This stops unwanted side-effects such as changing the style for lots of cells when instead of only one. 
    不同的对象之间是可以共享同一个Styles的,并且一旦为对象指定了Styles之后就不可以再次更改。这是为了在更改很多的单元格的Styles而不仅只是更改一个单元格时能够避免不必要的副作用。

    >>> from openpyxl.styles import colors
    >>> from openpyxl.styles import Font, Color
    >>> from openpyxl.styles import colors
    >>> from openpyxl import Workbook
    >>> wb = Workbook()
    >>> ws = wb.active
    >>>
    >>> a1 = ws['A1']
    >>> d4 = ws['D4']
    >>> ft = Font(color=colors.RED)      #定义一个可以共享的Styles
    >>> a1.font = ft
    >>> d4.font = ft
    >>>
    >>> a1.font.italic = True # is not allowed 对象在指定Styles后是不允许被更改的 
    >>>
    >>> # If you want to change the color of a Font, you need to reassign it::
    >>> # 如果你想更改个别对象的Styles需要重新定义,且只会影响到个别对象
    >>> a1.font = Font(color=colors.RED, italic=True) # the change only affects A1
    
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    Copying styles

    Styles can also be copied(Styles可以被复制)

    >>> from openpyxl.styles import Font
    >>>
    >>> ft1 = Font(name='Arial', size=14)
    >>> ft2 = ft1.copy(name="Tahoma")     #复制并修改特定属性
    >>> ft1.name
    'Arial'
    >>> ft2.name
    'Tahoma'
    >>> ft2.size # copied from the 14.0   
    
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    Basic Font Colors

    Colors are usually RGB or aRGB hexvalues. The colors module contains some constants 
    Colors通常是RGB或者是RGB的十六进制表示。Colors模块包含了一些常量

    >>> from openpyxl.styles import Font
    >>> from openpyxl.styles.colors import RED
    >>> font = Font(color=RED)         #RGB
    >>> font = Font(color="FFBB00")    #RGB hexvalues
    
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    There is also support for legacy indexed colors as well as themes and tints 
    Colors也支持索引颜色、主题和色彩

    >>> from openpyxl.styles.colors import Color
    >>> c = Color(indexed=32)            #legacy indexed colors 定制好的Color通过索引调用
    >>> c = Color(theme=6, tint=0.5)
    
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    Applying Styles

    Styles are applied directly to cells 
    Styles直接应用于单元格

    >>> from openpyxl.workbook import Workbook
    >>> from openpyxl.styles import Font, Fill
    >>> wb = Workbook()
    >>> ws = wb.active
    >>> c = ws['A1']           #获取单元格对象
    >>> c.font = Font(size=12) #直接修改单元格对象的字体样式
    
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    Styles can also applied to columns and rows but note that this applies only to cells created (in Excel) after the file is closed. If you want to apply styles to entire rows and columns then you must apply the style to each cell yourself. This is a restriction of the file format 
    Styles也可以应用于列和行,但是需要注意的是这种应用只能适用于在关闭文件之后创建的单元格。如果你想应用Style于全部的行和列,你必须为每一个单元格都应用Style。这是由于文件格式的制约

    >>> col = ws.column_dimensions['A']    #获取A列的样式
    >>> col.font = Font(bold=True)         
    >>> row = ws.row_dimensions[1]         #获取1行的样式
    >>> row.font = Font(underline="single")
    
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    Edit Page Setup

    >>> from openpyxl.workbook import Workbook
    >>>
    >>> wb = Workbook()
    >>> ws = wb.active
    >>> #设置页面的样式
    >>> ws.page_setup.orientation = ws.ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE
    >>> ws.page_setup.paperSize = ws.PAPERSIZE_TABLOID
    >>> ws.page_setup.fitToHeight = 0
    >>> ws.page_setup.fitToWidth = 1
    
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    Edit Print Options

    >>> from openpyxl.workbook import Workbook
    >>>
    >>> wb = Workbook()
    >>> ws = wb.active
    >>>
    >>> ws.print_options.horizontalCentered = True     #水平居中
    >>> ws.print_options.verticalCentered = True       #垂直居中
    
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    Header / Footer

    Headers and footers use their own formatting language. This is fully supported when writing them.but, due to the complexity and the possibility of nesting, only partially when reading them.

    头部和尾部使用它们自身的格式化语言。当你写的时候是完全支持的。但是由于复制性和嵌套的可能性,让你读取的时候可能只能读取到一个部分。

    >>> from openpyxl.workbook import Workbook
    >>>
    >>> wb = Workbook()
    >>> ws = wb.worksheets[0]
    >>> #设置文件头部和页尾的样式
    >>> ws.header_footer.center_header.text = 'My Excel Page'
    >>> ws.header_footer.center_header.font_size = 14
    >>> ws.header_footer.center_header.font_name = "Tahoma,Bold"
    >>> ws.header_footer.center_header.font_color = "CC3366"


    转载:http://blog.csdn.net/jmilk/article/details/50444829

    展开全文
  • from openpyxl.styles import PatternFill,GradientFill from openpyxl import load_workbook workbook = load_workbook(filename="../excelDemo/testCase.xlsx") sheet = workbook.active cell_b9 = sheet["B9"]...
  • from openpyxl.styles import Font #导入字体模块 from openpyxl.styles import PatternFill #导入填充模块 wk = openpyxl.load_workbook(r"E:\55\s.xlsx") # 加载已经存在的excel wk_name = wk.sh...
    #encoding:utf-8
    
    import openpyxl
    from openpyxl.styles import Font #导入字体模块
    from openpyxl.styles import PatternFill #导入填充模块
    
    wk = openpyxl.load_workbook(r"E:\55\s.xlsx")  # 加载已经存在的excel
    wk_name = wk.sheetnames
    wk_sheet = wk[wk_name[0]]
    fille = PatternFill('solid',fgColor='FFBB00') #设置填充颜色为 橙色
    
    font = Font(u'宋体',size = 11,bold=True,italic=True,strike=True,color='FFBB00') #设置字体样式
    
    wk_sheet['A1'].fill = fille # 应用填充样式在A1单元格
    wk_sheet['B1'].fill = fille
    wk_sheet['C1'].fill = fille
    wk_sheet['D1'].fill = fille
    wk_sheet['E1'].fill = fille
    wk_sheet['F1'].fill = fille
    wk_sheet['G1'].fill = fille
    
    
    
    wk.save(r"E:\55\w.xlsx") #保存excel

    我也是网上找了 很多种方法都没有准确的教程,基本上都是通过xlwt 新建表,在新建表里面输入值 和样式,但是工作中,我们都是基本存在数据的表。所以那样操作写代码,非常的不方便。

    展开全文
  • # excel 数据样式设置类 from openpyxl.styles import Font, PatternFill, Border, Side, Alignment 加载excel数据表格 # 读取表格数据 wb = openpyxl.load_workbook('python集中营.xlsx') # 获取工作表 ...

    【阅读全文】

    第三方库

    # excel 数据处理库
    import openpyxl
    
    # excel 数据样式设置类
    from openpyxl.styles import Font, PatternFill, Border, Side, Alignment 

    file

    加载excel数据表格

    # 读取表格数据
    wb = openpyxl.load_workbook('python集中营.xlsx')
    
    # 获取工作表
    sheet_ = wb.active

    ###设置单元字体

    """
    Font 对象参数说明:
    Font(
        name=None,      # 字体名,可以用字体名字的字符串
        strike=None,    # 删除线,True/False
        color=None,     # 文字颜色
        size=None,      # 字号
        bold=None,      # 加粗, True/False
        italic=None,    # 倾斜,Tue/False
        underline=None # 下划线, 'singleAccounting', 'double', 'single', 'doubleAccounting'
    )
    """
    
    # 初始化字体对象
    font_ = Font(
        size=14,
        italic=True,
        color='ffff00',
        bold=False,
        strike=None
    )
    
    # 设置B1单元格的样式为 font_ 对象所定义的样式
    sheet_['B1'].font = font_

    设置单元格填充

    ...........

    设置单元格对齐

    # 初始化单元格对齐方式的对象
    alight_ = Alignment(
        horizontal='right',  # 水平对齐方式:center, left, right
        vertical='top'  # 垂直对齐方式: center, top, bottom
    )
    
    # 设置B1单元格的对齐方式为 alight_ 对象所定义的样式
    sheet_['B1'].alignment = alight_

    设置边框样式

    ............

    设置宽、高

    ............

    保存

    # 调整完属性后进行保存
    wb.save('python集中营.xlsx')

    【粉丝福利】关注公众号,获取全套视频资料,通常在操作Excel数据报表时都需要手动的对样式、单元格属性进行设置,当然,python也提供了这样的功能用来操作excel的样式设置,进而实现数据报表的处理。喜欢小编点个 '关注' 吧!

    file

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  • openpyxl - 单元格样式

    万次阅读 2016-08-09 18:49:33
    各种样式简介
  • ****openpyxl简介****还是简单一句:顾名思义,openpyxl就是一个处理excel文档的一个python库。****openpyxl信息****openpyxl地址传送openpyxl依赖jdcal以及et_xmlfile依赖库jdcal地址et_xmlfile地址****openpyxl...
  • 问题我试图打印some_cell.font.color.rgb并得到各种结果。对于一些人,我得到了我想要的东西(比如“ FF...我正在使用openpyxl 2.2.2解决方案我认为这是openpyxl中的一个错误,我认为你应该在这里报告。调试以下代...
  • 安装openpyxlpip install openpyxl简单示例from openpyxl importWorkbook#创建一个工作薄对象,也就是创建一个excel文档wb =Workbook()#指定当前显示(活动)的sheet对象ws =wb.active#给A1单元格赋值ws['A1'] = 42#...
  • python 与excel安装模块本例子中使用的模块为:openpyxl版本为2.4.8安装方法请参看以前发表的文章(Python 的pip模块安装方法)Python处理Excel表格使用模块:openpyxl(2.4.8)基本使用方法1.首先导入模块:import ...
  • ③ 设置单元格字体样式 from openpyxl import load_workbook wb = load_workbook(filename = path_file) # 获取所有的sheet名 sheets = wb.sheetnames # 读取第一个sheet表格 ws = wb[sheets[0]]
  • 最近一直在做项目里的自动化的工作,为了是从繁琐重复的劳动中...于是就找到这个openpyxl包,用python来修改Excel,碍于水平有限,琢磨了两天,踩了不少坑,好在完成了自动化工作(以后起码多出来几个小时,美滋滋)...
  • Python openpyxl读取单元格字体颜色过程解析问题我试图打印some_cell.font.color.rgb并得到各种结果。对于一些人,我得到了我想要的东西(比如“ FF000000”),但对于其他人,它给了我Value must be type 'basetring'...

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