For twenty years web developers and designers have been trying to survive a flood. A million different solutions – the tech equivalent of stilts, dikes, dams and coracles – have been tried. Most developers, running before the chaos, have clung desperately to anything that looked like it might float.
二十年来，Web开发人员和设计师一直在努力度过洪水。 已经尝试了上百万种不同的解决方案–相当于高跷，堤坝，水坝和甲鱼的技术–。 大多数开发者在混乱中奔波，绝望地紧贴着任何看起来可能漂浮的东西。
Over time, most of this constant invention has been reduced to flotsam. Slowly, web developers are learning to pay attention to the color of the sky: seeing just what kind of weather is coming, and where a fresh flood of technology or audience demand might wash away development efforts.
Smashing Magazine’s fourth book, New Perspectives On Web Design, is the publisher’s largest and most ambitious book to date. Its 500 pages reflect the maturation of web developer culture: a careful consideration of process, rather than shiny products. The book concentrates on communication, understanding and planning, with code as a well-thought-out solution to problems, rather than a patch or hastily-assembled fix.
Smashing Magazine的第四本书《 Web设计新观点》是迄今为止出版商最大，最雄心勃勃的书。 它的500页内容反映了Web开发人员文化的成熟：对过程的仔细考虑，而不是闪亮的产品。 本书着重于沟通，理解和计划 ，将代码作为解决问题的一种深思熟虑的解决方案 ，而不是补丁或匆忙组装的修复程序。
beautifully illustrated, color-coded, and packed with information
Many of the thirteen chapters of Smashing Book 4 were written by a luminary in the web development field, headlined by names like Addy Osmani, Mat Marquis and Christian Heilmann. Every section is
. Like the articles on Smashing Magazine’s main site
, each page in the book has been edited by a team of technical reviewers, many of whom are notable in their own right. This uncompromising commitment to “getting things right”, rather than all-too-common “git’er done”, is typical of the book’s style and approach to web development.
精美的插图，颜色编码和信息 。 就像《 粉碎杂志》(Smashing Magazine)主站点上的文章一样，本书的每一页均由一组技术评审人员进行编辑，其中许多人本身就是著名的。 这本书坚定不移地致力于“正确处理”，而不是太普通的“完成”，这是本书的样式和Web开发方法的典型代表。
Certain areas of the web have always been somewhat mystical, with many self-styled SEO seers making prognostications of the future. SM 4 casts that aside, providing logical, practical, real-world examples of what’s wrong with modern sites and how to fix them. A good example is the chapter written by Paul Tero, which steps the reader through the process of diagnosing the reasons your website may be offline. At each point, Paul shows how to address each issue before proceeding to the next possible cause, an approach light-years ahead of the simple indicators on downforeveryoneorjustme.com, or the combination of guesswork and chance in frantic StackOverflow questions.
Web的某些区域一直有些神秘，许多自称SEO的先行者对未来进行了预测。 SM 4抛弃了这一点，提供了逻辑，实用，真实的示例 ，说明现代站点存在什么问题以及如何修复它们。 保罗·特罗(Paul Tero)撰写的一章就是一个很好的例子，它引导读者逐步诊断出您的网站可能离线的原因。 在每一点上，Paul都展示了如何解决每个问题，然后再着手解决下一个可能的原因，这种方法比downforeveryoneorjustme.com上的简单指标提前几年 ，或者在疯狂的StackOverflow问题中结合了猜测和机会。
how to do responsive design responsibly
There is, naturally, a big emphasis on responsive design, with the book assuming that readers already understand and practice the basics. Instead, Smashing Book 4 shows
, using techniques like lazy-loaded content.
I must confess a bias: when I see a book emphasize aspects of development that I continually repeat to my students – setting and communicating a performance budget, the importance of basic structure and well-set typography – I’m an immediate fan. I also very much appreciated the book’s perspective on end-to-end support: from communicating with customers to dealing with company politics to final delivery, the book succeeds in taking web development from the regions of craft, where it has dwelt for far too long, to a professional service.
Most coders – and more than a few designers – tend to treat problems encountered during development as a simple question of will: when a solution is so
better, it’s just a matter of bringing more intellectual firepower to our side of the argument, or grinding away at the problem until it submits. Smashing Book 4 takes a step back from this perennial “let the greatest nerd win” competition to ask a simple question: why do people act the way they do during development?
Many chapters in the book posit a simple, logical argument: if developers can understand how to deal with people
, not just technical issues, then every stakeholder in a site can come away satisfied, even if they didn’t get everything they wanted from the development process
. In this way New Perspectives On Web Design
addresses not just the major technical issues of web development, but the interpersonal ones too: how to work in teams, how to manage expectations and workload, and how to seek out and recruit talent in co-workers, clients and customers.
明显地更好时，这只是将更多的智力火力带入我们的论点，或者磨碎。直到问题提交为止。 Smashing Book 4从这个常年举办的“让最大的书呆子胜利”竞赛中退后一步，提出了一个简单的问题： 人们为什么在开发过程中表现出自己的方式？ 本书的许多章节都提出了一个简单而合乎逻辑的论据：如果开发人员能够理解如何与人打交道，而不仅仅是技术问题，那么即使他们没有从项目中获得想要的一切 ，每个站点的利益相关者也会感到满意。 开发过程 。 这样， 《 Web设计新观点》不仅解决了Web开发的主要技术问题，而且还解决了人际关系问题：如何在团队中工作，如何管理期望和工作量，以及如何在同事中寻找和招募人才，客户和客户。
In conclusion: I want the web to win. But to do so, web development – now entering its third decade – has to match its age and live up to the responsibility it has earned. Standards aren’t just for programming languages: they are also the hallmarks of a mature, professional industry. Smashing Book 4 takes a big step in guiding that transition for both products and people, making it a book I would very strongly recommend for everyone involved in web site development.
结论：我希望网络能赢。 但是要做到这一点，Web开发(已进入第三个十年)必须与时代相称并履行其所承担的责任。 标准不仅是针对编程语言的：它们还是成熟，专业的行业的标志。 Smashing Book 4在指导产品和人员的过渡方面迈出了一大步，我强烈建议将此书推荐给与网站开发有关的每个人。
New Perspectives On Web Design is available now for $49, plus $4.90 shipping and handling. The print copy comes with a complementary electronic version of the book, in PDF, ePUB and Kindle; the eBook by itself is $19.
《 New Perspectives On Web Design》现已上市 ，价格为49美元，另加4.90美元的运费和手续费。 印刷版随附该书的补充电子版，包括PDF，ePUB和Kindle； 电子书本身为19美元。
A sample chapter, written by Paul Tero, is available for free from the Smashing Magazine Library as a PDF.
由Paul Tero撰写的示例章节可以PDF格式免费从Smashing Magazine Library中获得。