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• 头脑风暴面试 Where does the team path to success begin? In this post, we share ten essential tips on how to improve team meeting discussions and describe five powerful methods that accelerate ...

头脑风暴面试
Where does the team path to success begin? In this post, we share ten essential tips on how to improve team meeting discussions and describe five powerful methods that accelerate brainstorming sessions. IT professionals, this will perfectly suit you too.
团队的成功之路从哪里开始？ 在这篇文章中，我们分享了有关如何改善团队会议讨论的十个基本技巧，并描述了加速集体讨论的五种有效方法。 IT专业人员，这也将完全适合您。

集思广益 (Brainstorming)
, in general meaning, is an idea creation method for generating numerous creative ideas in a short period of time. The process seems essential when a broad range of options, creative ideas, and participation of the entire group are desired.
广义上讲，是一种可以在短时间内产生大量创意的创意创建方法。 当需要广泛的选择，创意和整个团队的参与时，该过程似乎至关重要。
As an idea, brainstorming first emerged back in 1942. The process was introduced by Alex Faickney Osborn, the founder of BBDO, the famous US advertising agency. He described brainstorming as a creative technique inspired by the working atmosphere in the agency.
作为一个主意，集思广益最早可以追溯到1942年。这一过程是由美国著名广告公司BBDO的创始人Alex Faickney Osborn提出的。 他将集思广益描述为一种受该机构工作氛围启发的创新技术。
Osborn observed the everyday work in the office and found out that during the team meetings, the employees were not proposing brilliant ideas and creative solutions.
Osborn观察了办公室的日常工作，发现在团队会议期间，员工并没有提出出色的想法和创造性的解决方案。
The brainstorming concept includes defining a problem for which solution different ideas are generated. These ideas are later accepted or rejected. The process accelerates the stimulation of human minds towards creative problem-solving.
头脑风暴概念包括定义一个问题，针对该问题产生不同的想法。 这些想法后来被接受或拒绝。 这个过程加速了人们对创造性解决问题的思考。
This group activity has become a revolutionary method that can find its use in startups and global corporations regardless of industries.
这项集体活动已成为一种革命性的方法，可以在各种行业的初创公司和跨国公司中找到其用途。

如何进行有效的头脑风暴？ 10条规则 (How to run effective brainstorming? 10 rules)
充分准备 (Thorough preparation)
Even considering corporate ethics, it's important to announce a brainstorming agenda within a few days to let team members be prepared in advance.
即使考虑企业道德，也必须在几天之内宣布一个集思广益的议程，以便团队成员提前做好准备，这一点很重要。
A project manager/product manager or other meeting moderator notify all participants and reports the place and time chosen.
项目经理/产品经理或其他会议主持人会通知所有参与者，并报告所选的地点和时间。
The subject of brainstorming defines who should be invited — a content specialist will unlikely be useful in development issues, and the financial director does not have to be present to discuss the concept of the company's blog and content plan.
头脑风暴的主题定义了应该邀请谁—内容专家不太可能在开发问题上有用，并且财务总监不必在场讨论公司博客和内容计划的概念。
正确呈现问题 (Presenting issues correctly)
When problems are formulated clear and correctly — they have more chances to be solved successfully. This is important to all team members. It is necessary to identify the problem without any additional clarifications.
明确，正确地解决问题后，他们就有更多的机会成功解决。 这对所有团队成员都很重要。 有必要在没有任何其他说明的情况下确定问题。
设定目标 (Setting goals)
Goal formulation is also crucial for achieving global results. The more clear data will be provided, the more efficient the brainstorm will be.
目标制定对于实现全球成果也至关重要。 提供的数据越清晰，集思广益的效率就越高。
Do not try to discover continents, just follow the great rules of the SMART goals concept, setting specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time-bound purposes.
不要试图发现大洲，只需遵循SMART目标概念的重要规则，设定特定的，可测量的，可实现的，相关的和有时限的目的。
思想产生 (Ideas generation)
It is predominantly the most important stage when you observe how real solutions to the problem are born.
当您观察问题的真正解决方案是如何产生时，这主要是最重要的阶段。
Ideally, this is a continuous stream from the most trivial ideas to the great and amazing solutions. Most active participants usually present the most successful ideas during the brainstorming session.
理想情况下，这是从最琐碎的想法到伟大而令人惊奇的解决方案的不断源泉。 最活跃的参与者通常在集思广益会议期间提出最成功的想法。
思想的可视化 (Visualization of thoughts)
Downloading your thoughts will help to find a solution to any problem faster. Do not be lazy and fix your initiatives on paper. It will help to generate additional ideas or build a chain from abstract thoughts.
下载您的想法将有助于更快地找到任何问题的解决方案。 不要懒惰，不要将您的计划修正在纸上。 这将有助于产生更多的想法或从抽象的想法建立一个链。
Draw illustrations and charts or use professional helpers — convenient Kanban-boards with cards.
绘制插图和图表或使用专业的助手-带有卡片的方便看板。
批评(但具有建设性) (Criticism (but constructive))
Actually, it is better without it at all. Remember that it is important to not only to listen but also to hear attentively. Do not interrupt your colleagues and let them speak out to everyone. Even the craziest idea has a right to exist. Unruled сriticism may bring down the pace or even offend but at the same time may improve brainstorming processes.
实际上，完全没有它会更好。 请记住，重要的是不仅要听，而且要专心听。 不要打扰您的同事，让他们向所有人讲话。 即使是最疯狂的想法也有权存在。 无节制的批判可能会降低步伐，甚至冒犯，但同时可以改善集体讨论的过程。
评估和优先级 (Evaluation and prioritization)
The stage of evaluating and ranking ideas begins after active discussions. This is the best time to remind about smart prioritization techniques and frameworks that empower brainstorming.
在积极讨论之后，才开始对想法进行评估和排名。 这是提醒有关智能头脑风暴技术和框架以激发灵感的最佳时机。
There are various online tools and apps aimed to make prioritization as part of the brainstorming process and visualize the most important and extra ideas.
有各种各样的在线工具和应用程序旨在将优先次序作为集思广益过程的一部分，并可视化最重要和额外的想法。
For example, many of these tools propose to use the frameworks based on the Eisenhower 2X2 matrix.
例如，许多这些工具建议使用基于艾森豪威尔2X2矩阵的框架。
The Backlog Priority Chart in Hygger.io provides the following criteria:
Hygger.io中的待办事项优先级图表提供以下条件：
Quick Wins – for the prime ideas. 快速获胜–构想。 Big Bets – for ideas with high priority, but which can be executed later. 大赌注–优先考虑的想法，但可以稍后执行。 Maybes – the ideas with less value and urgency, they can be postponed. 也许-那些价值较低且紧迫性高的想法可能会被推迟。 Time Sinks – the ideas of the most recent priority. 时间沉没-最新优先考虑的想法。
第三方帮助 (Third-party help)
Discussions may reach a deadlock or the votes of the participants can be shared equally. If this happens, do not hesitate to call “fresh” heads.
讨论可能陷入僵局，或者参与者的票数可以平均分配。 如果发生这种情况，请毫不犹豫地称呼“新鲜”的头脑。
适度 (Moderation)
The coordinator of brainstorming should constantly manage the process of brainstorming and not «leave» the agenda even for a minute. There are always shy participants who do not speak out on time. It's important to track the timing, ask leading questions and give the voice to everyone.
集思广益的协调员应不断地管理集思广益的过程，即使一分钟也不要“离开”议程。 总是有些害羞的参与者不准时发言。 跟踪时间安排，提出主要问题并向所有人发出声音非常重要。
专心 (Attentiveness)
Do not be distracted and do not lose conclusions during the brainstorm. Fix all your thoughts to have the opportunity to return to them later and to analyze something again.
在头脑风暴期间，不要分心，不要失去结论。 修正您的所有想法，以便以后有机会回到他们的脑海，并再次进行分析。
Studying the subject, I've stumbled upon the Quora’s post by Ron Gibori, the Head of Creative Dept at Ideabooth. Among the typical tips on how to improve brainstorming, he suggests the following:
研究主题时，我偶然发现了Ideabooth创意部主管Ron Gibori在Quora上的职位 。 在有关如何改善头脑风暴的典型技巧中，他提出以下建议：

Encourage «Individual Champions». Collaboration helps broaden understanding and perspectives, it unleashes ideas an individual may not have thought of by themselves. It’s the idea that no one else quite sees, it’s clear in the individual’s mind, but has not yet been illustrated or thought through enough to intrigue the group. That is the role of the Individual Champion.
Holding brainstorms, you are able to set your own rules or follow the principles of one of the famous methodologies created especially for successful discussion.

鼓励«个人冠军»。
协作有助于拓宽理解和视野，释放个人可能没有想到的想法。
这种想法在其他人的脑海中很明显，但没人能完全看到，但是还没有得到充分的说明或深思以引起团队的兴趣。
那就是个人冠军的角色。
通过集思广益，您可以设置自己的规则或遵循为成功进行讨论而创建的著名方法之一的原则。

激发头脑风暴的5种技巧和做法 (5 techniques and practices for empowering brainstorms)
Decision making may not always go smoothly. There can be more active participants and the team members who prefer to remain silent if their position does not gain the necessary power.
决策不一定总是会顺利进行。 如果他们的职位没有获得必要的权力，可能会有更多的积极参与者和团队成员宁愿保持沉默。
Stepladder methodology is one of the most simple but effective approaches for stimulating the entry of team members into the decision-making group.
梯子方法是刺激团队成员进入决策团队的最简单但有效的方法之一。
Some people may gain credibility from the first minute and someone will need a lot of time to fight for recognition. This factor can be the reason why brainstorming can get out of control.
有些人可能从一开始就获得信誉，有些人则需要很多时间来争取认可。 这可能是头脑风暴可能失控的原因。
The Stepladder was described in 1992 by Steven Rogelberg, Janet Barnes-Farrell, and Charles Lowe. The technique motivates team members to participate on an individual level, without undue influence. It excludes the pressure from the more active team members and does not force people to “close”.
斯蒂芬·罗格伯格(Steven Rogelberg)，珍妮特·巴恩斯·法瑞尔(Janet Barnes-Farrell)和查尔斯·洛(Charles Lowe)在1992年对《阶梯》进行了描述。 该技术可以激励团队成员以个人水平参与，而不会产生不适当的影响。 它消除了来自更活跃的团队成员的压力，并且不会迫使人们“关闭”。
梯子包括5个阶段：
Before the brainstorming, people learn the details about the problem that will be discussed. They form their opinions and ideas on how to accomplish the task or solve the problem. 在进行头脑风暴之前，人们了解了将要讨论的问题的详细信息。 他们对如何完成任务或解决问题形成意见和想法。 They form groups of two people and begin to discuss the problem among themselves. 他们组成两个人的小组，开始讨论彼此之间的问题。 A third participant joins the group. He/she shares own ideas to the first two participants before hearing their ideas. After all three participants have presented their solutions, they discuss the possible options together.  第三名参与者加入了小组。 在听取他们的想法之前，他/她与前两个参与者分享了自己的想法。 在所有三个参与者提出他们的解决方案之后，他们一起讨论了可能的选择。 Then the fourth person joins the group and the process is repeated, and so on and so forth. 然后，第四个人加入该组，并重复该过程，依此类推。 After all team members have presented their ideas and discussed them, the final decision is being reached. 在所有团队成员都提出了自己的想法并进行了讨论之后，就可以做出最终决定。
This systematic approach involves all group members and allows everyone to be heard.
这种系统的方法使所有小组成员都参与其中，并让每个人都能听到。
德尔菲技术 (Delphi technique)
The Delphi method lets consider the opinions of all group members, by consistently combining proposals and conclusions.
德尔菲方法通过始终如一地结合提案和结论，可以考虑所有小组成员的意见。
The method is quite similar to Stepladder but its approach to brainstorming is quite different. All participants in Stepladder are equal.
Here's how it works according to Delphi. The coordinator controls the group and manages the flow of information. It assumes the anonymity of group members. Participants may not know who else is participating (while in Stepladder meetings are run face-to-face).
根据Delphi，这是它的工作方式。 协调员控制组并管理信息流。 它假定组成员是匿名的。 参加者可能不知道还有谁参加(在阶梯会议中面对面开会)。
This practice requiring more people. They are divided into two groups:
这种做法需要更多的人。 它们分为两组：
Experts to present their views on the problem. 专家就此问题发表意见。 Analysts to bring expert opinions to the common conclusion. 分析师将专家意见带入共同结论。
There are 3 consequent stages:
结果分为三个阶段：
The preliminary stage is about selecting experts (up to 20 people). 初步阶段是选择专家(最多20人)。 The primary stage, when experts are studying the main question and break it down to the smaller pieces. Analysts select the most common questions and form a questionnaire. The experts receive this questionnaire and then they need to recognize if there is anything to add. They offer own solutions and explore alternative positions, assess the effectiveness, availability of resources and the relevance of solutions. Then the analysts identify the main opinions and try to bring them closer. The steps are repeated until the consensus is reached. 初级阶段，当专家研究主要问题并将其分解为较小的部分时。 分析师选择最常见的问题并形成问卷。 专家收到此调查表，然后他们需要识别是否有任何要添加的内容。 他们提供自己的解决方案并探索替代职位，评估有效性，资源可用性以及解决方案的相关性。 然后，分析人员确定主要意见，并尝试将其拉近距离。 重复这些步骤，直到达成共识。 The analytical stage is about agreeing with the opinions of experts, analyzing the results and final recommendations. 分析阶段是关于同意专家的意见，分析结果和最终建议。
反向头脑风暴 (Reverse brainstorming)
It is always easier to communicate negative than positive. Negative emotions provoke to speak, so the reverse brainstorming can turn into an exciting event.
负面的表达总是比正面的表达容易。 负性情绪会引起说话，因此反向头脑风暴可以变成一件激动人心的事情。
The reverse method looks useful in case when more traditional approaches are no longer work.
如果不再使用传统方法，则反向方法很有用。
This kind of discussion is a radical way to improve the team’s activity and come to successful outcomes from the opposite. Someone may name it as a negative process because instead of generating the best ideas, people are asked to offer impossible goals. Perhaps, the negative thoughts help the group members receive useful info about what does not work.
这种讨论是改善团队活动并从相反方面取得成功的根本方法。 有人可能将其称为负面过程，因为人们没有提出最好的想法，而是要求人们提出不可能的目标。 消极的想法也许可以帮助小组成员获得有关什么无效的有用信息。
The reverse brainstorming is effective when the company has got at “dead end” or the team members are burned out.
当公司处于“死胡同”或团队成员精疲力尽时，反向集思广益才有效。
角色风暴技术 (Rolestorming technique)
The role-playing brainstorming is a game process, better suitable for creative teams. Sometimes this non formal approach allows to go beyond the accepted and get completely new ideas by presenting the problem on behalf of another person.
角色扮演集体讨论是一个游戏过程，更适合创意团队。 有时，这种非形式化的方法可以超越被接受的范围，并通过代表他人提出问题来获得全新的想法。
You can generate your ideas as whoever you want. Put on the mask of Napoleon, then imagine that you are Aretha Franklin or John Travolta.
您可以随心所欲产生您的想法。 戴上拿破仑的面具，然后想象你是艾瑞莎·富兰克林还是约翰·特拉沃尔塔。
Every group member describes own character and presents the challenge with its possible solution from the point of view of the person described. All ideas are discussed in the group.
每个小组成员都描述自己的性格，并从所描述的人的角度提出挑战并提出可能的解决方案。 所有想法在小组中讨论。
轮循 (Round-Robin)
To apply the Round-Robin methodology you will need to run a brainstorming session with the principle of circular ideas creating.
要应用循环方法，您将需要根据循环创意的创建原理进行一次集思广益的会议。
This lasts not as long as the previous techniques. The more participants, the better results will be achieved. The Round-Robin brainstorming is best conducted with a large round table.
这持续的时间不及先前的技术。 参与者越多，将取得更好的结果。 最好在大型圆桌会议上进行轮转式头脑风暴。
The moderator announces the problem to the audience. 主持人向观众宣布问题。 Each participant writes own decision/solution on a sheet of paper. 每个参与者在纸上写下自己的决定/解决方案。 All papers with the entries are sent clockwise to the next one. 所有带有条目的论文将按顺时针方向发送到下一篇。 Each group member should come up with their idea on the basis of the written idea and also write it down. 每个小组成员都应在书面想法的基础上提出自己的想法，并写下来。 All papers are transferred and the rounds are repeated until every person returns his/her sheet. Finally, each participant receives his/her own “bank of ideas”. After that, discussions begin. 转移所有文件，并重复进行回合，直到每个人都归还其工作表为止。 最后，每个参与者都会收到他/她自己的“想法库”。 之后，开始讨论。
选择什么方法？ (What method to choose?)
You will definitely find your better approach to hold successful brainstorm sessions, but it will take some time.
您肯定会找到更好的方法来成功举行头脑风暴会议，但这需要一些时间。
Testing the techniques, you will find out that brainstorming is not a verbiage waste of time, but a real act of improving team productivity. Try them all and feel free to share your thoughts.
测试这些技术，您会发现头脑风暴不是浪费时间，而是提高团队生产力的真正举措。 尝试所有这些，并随时分享您的想法。

翻译自: https://habr.com/en/company/hygger/blog/460483/

头脑风暴面试

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• 稀疏优化的多目标头脑风暴优化算法
• 当一个团队打算为新产品产生创意或试图解决一个问题的时候，你会经常听见那个嘹亮的号角，“让我们头脑风暴吧!”你召集一群人来，阐明头脑风暴的基本规则(不许批评，欢迎疯狂的想法，结合想法产生新的创意)接着让...
• 头脑风暴 软件A mind map is a diagram that allows you to visually outline information, helping you organize, solve problems, and make decisions. Start with a single idea in the center of the diagram ...


头脑风暴 软件

A mind map is a diagram that allows you to visually outline information, helping you organize, solve problems, and make decisions. Start with a single idea in the center of the diagram and add associated ideas, words, and concepts connected radially around the central idea.
思维导图是一种图表，可让您直观地概述信息，帮助您组织，解决问题和制定决策。 从图的中心的一个想法开始，并添加围绕中心想法放射状连接的相关想法，单词和概念。
We’ve collected links to websites and software that can help you create mind maps, and collaborate on and share your maps with others. The programs and websites listed here are all either free or have a free option.
我们已经收集了指向网站和软件的链接，这些链接可以帮助您创建思维导图，与他人协作并共享地图。 此处列出的程序和网站都是免费的或具有免费选项。
自由的心灵 (FreeMind)
FreeMind is a free mind-mapping program written in Java. It supports folding and unfolding with one click and the ability to follow HTML links stored in the nodes to websites or local files. You can drag and drop nodes to copy one or more nodes and to copy text or a list of files from outside the program.
FreeMind是用Java编写的免费思维导图程序。 它支持一键折叠和展开，并能够跟踪存储在节点中HTML链接到网站或本地文件。 您可以拖放节点以复制一个或多个节点，并从程序外部复制文本或文件列表。
FreeMind also provides a search function that shows the results one by one as you “find next,” unfolding only the nodes for the items found.
FreeMind还提供了一种搜索功能，可在您“查找下一个”时一个接一个地显示结果，仅展开找到项目的节点。
Mind maps created in FreeMind can also be exported to HTML with the folding capability converted to links.
在FreeMind中创建的思维导图也可以导出为HTML，并将折叠功能转换为链接。

XMind (XMind)
XMind is a free, open source mind mapping program for Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X that allows you to plan, capture, organize, and act on your ideas. XMind’s Mind Toolbox allows you to setup relationships between topics, boundaries around topics, summaries of selected topics, labels to categorize and annotate topics, and markers used to express specific meanings, such as priority or progress.
XMind是适用于Windows，Linux和Mac OS X的免费开放源代码思维导图程序，可让您计划，捕获，组织和执行您的想法。 XMind的思维工具箱使您可以设置主题之间的关系，主题边界，选定主题的摘要，用于对主题进行分类和注释的标签以及用于表达特定含义(例如优先级或进度)的标记。
XMind can also be used to create organization charts, tree charts, logic charts, and more, even within one map. You can share your mind maps on the web.
XMind也可以用于创建组织结构图，树形图，逻辑图等，甚至可以在一张图中。 您可以在网络上共享思维导图。
XMind also has Plus ($79) and Pro ($99) versions that offer additional features. You can also sign up for a subscription to XMind for $79 per year. XMind还具有Plus($ 79)和Pro($99)版本，提供附加功能。 您还可以每年以79美元的价格注册XMind的订阅。 For more information about XMind, see our article that describes using the Linux version of the program. 有关XMind的更多信息，请参见我们的文章，该文章描述了如何使用Linux版本的程序。 iMindMap (iMindMap) iMindMap Basic is a free mind mapping program for Windows and Mac OS X useful for brainstorming, taking notes, planning and organizing, and managing tasks. You can even use it to deliver 3D presentations. iMindMap Basic是适用于Windows和Mac OS X的免费思维导图程序，可用于集思广益，做笔记，计划和组织以及管理任务。 您甚至可以使用它来交付3D演示文稿。 Some of the useful features in iMindMap are the Icon Library, the notes feature that allows you to add a variety of content into your maps, and the ability to export your mind maps as .jpeg or .png images. iMindMap中的一些有用功能包括图标库，注释功能(使您可以向地图中添加各种内容)以及将思维导图导出为.jpeg或.png图像的功能。 There is also a Home and Student version available for £49 and an Ultimate version for £149. 还有家庭和学生版，售价49英镑，旗舰版，售价149英镑。 布鲁明德 (Blumind) Blumind is a simple, but powerful, free mind mapping program for Windows that supports multiple chart layouts, such as organization charts, tree diagrams, logic diagrams, and more. The program supports themes and contains a lot of built-in themes you can customize. You can also add notes, icons, progress bars and other widgets to your maps. Blumind是用于Windows的简单但功能强大的自由思维导图程序，它支持多种图表布局，例如组织结构图，树形图，逻辑图等。 该程序支持主题，并包含许多您可以自定义的内置主题。 您还可以在地图上添加注释，图标，进度条和其他小部件。 Mind maps created in Blumind can also be exported to multiple formats, including JPG, PNG, SVG, and TXT. 在Blumind中创建的思维导图也可以导出为多种格式，包括JPG，PNG，SVG和TXT。 Blumind is also available in portable format. Blumind也以便携式格式提供。 NOTE: If you’re using Windows XP or earlier, you need to install the Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 or later (4.0 standalone installer or 4.0 web installer). 注意：如果您使用的是Windows XP或更早版本，则需要安装Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0或更高版本( 4.0独立安装程序或4.0 Web安装程序)。 大脑 (TheBrain) TheBrain is a mind mapping program for Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X that allows you to capture and organize all the ideas and thoughts in your head and digital information, such as webpages, documents, images, and notes, and more. TheBrain是适用于Windows，Linux和Mac OS X的思维导图程序，它使您可以捕获和组织头脑中的所有想法和思想以及数字信息，例如网页，文档，图像和便笺等。 The free version of TheBrain allows you to create an unlimited number of Thoughts and links and add rich formatting to your notes and webpages to Thoughts. You can perform a full content search of your notes and generate basic reports. TheBrain的免费版本使您可以创建无限数量的Thoughts和链接，并为Notes和Thoughts的网页添加丰富的格式。 您可以对笔记进行完整的内容搜索并生成基本报告。 When you download TheBrain, you can try all the features of the Pro version ($219) for 30 days. After that time, if you want to keep using the advanced features available in the Pro version, you need to pay for the upgrade. However, if you don’t upgrade, you can continue to use TheBrain Free Edition to add new Thoughts and notes, without losing any of your work.
当您下载TheBrain时，可以试用Pro版本(\$ 219)的所有功能30天。 在那之后，如果您要继续使用Pro版本中提供的高级功能，则需要支付升级费用。 但是，如果您不升级，则可以继续使用TheBrain Free Edition添加新的想法和笔记，而不会丢失任何工作。

概要 (Compendium)
Compendium is a free software tool that allows you to manage your information and ideas and the connections among them.
Compendium是一个免费软件工具，可让您管理信息和想法以及它们之间的联系。
Use Compendium to manage your personal digital information resources. You can drag and drop any document, website, email, image, etc. into the program and organize them visually and connect ideas, arguments, and decisions related to these items. Compendium can help you collect and make sense of disparate material normally stored in different software programs. You can also assign your own keywords, or “tags,” to the items and create your own icons that have special meaning to you.
使用Compendium来管理您的个人数字信息资源。 您可以将任何文档，网站，电子邮件，图像等拖放到程序中，并对其进行可视化组织，并关联与这些项目相关的想法，参数和决策。 简编可以帮助您收集和理解通常存储在不同软件程序中的各种材料。 您还可以为项目分配自己的关键字或“标签”，并创建自己的图标，这些图标对您有特殊的意义。

智图 (WiseMapping)
WiseMapping is a free, online mind mapping editor for both individuals and businesses that doesn’t require you to install anything on your computer. It allows you to easily share your maps with others by embedding it into any webpage without using plugins. You can also import maps from and export maps to FreeMind, mentioned earlier in this article.
WiseMapping是个人和企业免费的在线思维导图编辑器，不需要您在计算机上安装任何东西。 它允许您将地图嵌入到任何网页中，而无需使用插件，从而轻松与他人共享地图。 您也可以从本文前面提到的FreeMind导入地图或将地图导出到FreeMind。

心智42 (Mind42)
Mind42 is another free, simple, online mind map editor with easy navigation for large mind maps, using zoom and “birdview.” You can also attach notes and images to branches and link branches to websites and see a preview of a site when you rollover a link. They also provide an online user guide to help get you started.
Mind42是另一个免费，简单的在线思维导图编辑器，可使用缩放和“鸟瞰”功能轻松导航大型思维导图。 您还可以将注释和图像附加到分支，并将分支链接到网站，并在将链接悬停时查看网站的预览。 他们还提供了在线用户指南，以帮助您入门。

自由飞机 (Freeplane)
Freeplane is a free, open source mind mapping program that allows you to organize and share your thoughts and information. You can use the program to take freestyle, unconnected notes (like post-its) or to order ideas into a hierarchy using lines. Nodes can be connected with links, connectors, and labels, grouped using visual containers, and classified with metadata, or attributes.
Freeplane是一个免费的开源思维导图程序，它使您可以组织和分享您的想法和信息。 您可以使用该程序来记录自由样式，未连接的笔记(如便利贴)，或使用线条将想法排序为层次结构。 节点可以使用链接，连接器和标签进行连接，可以使用可视容器进行分组，还可以使用元数据或属性进行分类。
You can also create tasks from your maps with calendars and reminders. Your entire map or individual nodes in your map can be password protected with DES encryption.
您还可以从带有日历和提醒的地图中创建任务。 您的整个地图或地图中的各个节点都可以使用DES加密进行密码保护。
Freeplane functionality can be extended with add-ons and custom scripts.
Freeplane功能可以通过附加组件和自定义脚本进行扩展。

These programs and websites should give you a start on organizing your thoughts and ideas. If you’ve discovered other useful brainstorming or mind-mapping programs or websites, let us know.
这些程序和网站应使您开始整理思想和想法。 如果您发现了其他有用的头脑风暴或思维导图程序或网站，请告诉我们。

翻译自: https://www.howtogeek.com/128753/the-best-websites-and-software-for-brainstorming-and-mind-mapping/

头脑风暴 软件

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• 迷宫与头脑风暴图示.pptx,pptfans_76714cbc8cf9884.pptx
• 专业且功能强大的头脑风暴和思维导图软件工具，开源，Eclipse Community Award 2008获奖者，通常用于捕获创意，知识/项目管理和GTD，支持鱼骨/组织结构图/树形图/电子表格，易于使用。

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