1.Be动词（表状态）：Our business is all about looks.
2.have（表所属，拥有所有权）：Do I still have your loyalty?
3.give（表给予，交出所有权）：Please give me a hand,
4.get（表拥有，获得所有权）：本意：得到——引申：理解——做一件事；I get it.
1.被动句：I am lost. 2.拟人句：The line is busy.
1.英文习惯用空间、时间、方位来表达逻辑关系：There is a sheet over the bed.
2.穿过（表面）across：She sailed across the street.
穿过（三维）through：The rabbit acme into yard through a hole.
3.抽象逻辑：I am behind you. Love comes before money.
1.一物承载另一物on：On your feet!
一物附属另一物with：The car has three people on it.
抽象承载：The pressure is on me.
方式承载（依靠工具）：The machine works on two batteries.
结果承载：She left on me.
状态承载：on sale、on show、on fire、on rise
2.一物在另一物内in：I sit in a couch.
在某个范围内：He will be with you in five minutes.
抽象在范围内：I wish to pass the exam in on take.
是另一物的组成部分：Peter is in advertising business.
受某种状态的影响：I am in a big trouble.
3.一物覆盖另一物over：I put a blanket over the baby.
从某一点到另一点（时/空）：over here! She told me over coffee.
超过、胜过、优于：I am so over men.
4.离开某个位置off：Get your feet off my couch.
离开某种状态：You can’t buy us off.
借代：a ball of string，bottle cap，kneecap，
This is a simple but enlightening saying “Listening Is more Important than talking.” Obviously/ Apparently, this saying can be naturally associated with the importance of paying attention to others’ opinions.
In contemporary society, it has become a trend for young people to talk a lot and neglect others’ opinions. Meanwhile, a number of intelligent people find it increasingly important to pay attention to others’ opinions than express one’s own thoughts. To start with, listening shows your respect for others, which will make you gain trust and friendship. Thus if individuals have the habit of listening more, they can keep a happy and harmonious relationship with others. In addition, we can learn a lot by paying attention to others’ opinion. It is listening that enables people to accumulate adequate knowledge, skills and experience for their future life. As a matter of fact, successful people in large numbers have never ignored the importance of listening in life.
As a college student, I am convinced that it is of great necessity for all youngsters to cultivate the awareness of listening whenever and wherever. We should educate, advocate and encourage our friends, classmates and acquaintances to do so. Only when we realize the significance of listening can we lead a better life.
Lesson1 A puma at large
Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America. When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously. However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.
The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw ‘a large cat’ only five yards away from her. It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered（adj.被困得走投无路的）. The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening. Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits. Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes. Several people complained of ‘cat-like noises’ at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree. The experts were now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from ? As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape. The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught. It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.
Lesson 2 Thirteen equals one
Our vicar is always raising money for one cause or another, but he has never managed to get enough money to have the church clock repaired. The big clock which used to strike the hours day and night was damaged many years ago and has been silent ever since.
’ One night, however, our vicar woke up with a start: the clock was striking the hours! Looking at his watch, he saw that it was one o’clock, but the bell struck thirteen times before it stopped. Armed with a torch, the vicar went up into the clock tower to see what was going on. In the torchlight, he caught sight of a figure whom he immediately recognized as Bill Wilkins, our local grocer. ‘Whatever are you doing up here Bill ?’ asked the vicar in surprise.
’ I’m trying to repair the bell,’ answered Bill.’ I’ve been coming up here night after night for weeks now. You see, I was hoping to give you a surprise.’
‘You certainly did give me a surprise!’ said the vicar. ‘You’ve probably woken up everyone in the village as well. Still, I’m glad the bell is working again.’
‘That’s the trouble, vicar,’ answered Bill. ‘It’s working all right, but I’m afraid that at one o’clock it will strike thirteen times and there’s nothing I can do about it.’
‘We’ll get used to that Bill,’ said the vicar. ‘Thirteen is not as good as one but it’s better than nothing. Now let’s go downstairs and have a cup of tea.’
Lesson 3 An unknown goddess
Some time ago，an interesting discovery was made by archaeologists on the Aegean（adj.爱琴海的；n.）island of Kea．An American team explored a temple which stands in an ancient city on the promontory of Ayia Irini．The city at one time must have been prosperous，for it enjoyed a high level of civilization．Houses–often three storeys high–were built of stone．They had large rooms with beautifully decorated walls．The city was even equipped with a drainage system，for a great many clay pipes were found beneath the narrow streets．
The temple which the archaeologists explored was used as a place of worship from the fifteenth century B.C. until Roman times. In the most sacred room of the temple, clay fragments of fifteen statues were found. Each of these represented a goddess and had, at one time, been painted. The body of one statue was found among remains dating from the fifteenth century B.C. Its missing head happened to be among remains of the fifth century B.C. This head must have been found in Classical times and carefully preserved. It was very old and precious even then. When the archaeologists reconstructed the fragments, they were amazed to find that the goddess turned out to be a very modern-looking woman. She stood three feet high and her hands rested on her hip. She was wearing a full-length skirt which swept the ground. Despite her great age, she was very graceful indeed, but, so far, the archaeologists have been unable to discover her identity.