• letter

2018-05-30 20:48:00
fr=open('letter.txt',mode='r',encoding='utf-8')plaincode = fr.read()print('明文:'+plaincode)print('密文:',end='')open('letter.txt',mode='r',encoding='utf-8')for c in plaincode: print(chr (ord(c)+...
fr=open('letter.txt',mode='r',encoding='utf-8')plaincode = fr.read()print('明文:'+plaincode)print('密文:',end='')open('letter.txt',mode='r',encoding='utf-8')for c in plaincode:    print(chr

(ord(c)+3),end='')
转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/wssscs/p/9113259.html
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• 1. Cover Letter Cover Letter是写给期刊编辑、用于描述投稿论文的创新与工作内容，明确地告知编辑稿件的研究内容与期刊刊物领域契合度，并作一些额外的陈述和声明（比如，不存在一稿多投的声明，投稿的期刊存在...
1. Cover Letter

Cover Letter是写给期刊编辑、用于描述投稿论文的创新与工作内容，明确地告知编辑稿件的研究内容与期刊刊物领域契合度，并作一些额外的陈述和声明（比如，不存在一稿多投的声明，投稿的期刊存在预印本的声明，推荐的审稿人等）。大部分期刊投稿的时候都会要求独立提交一份Cover Letter，或者是在投稿流程中有一个写给编辑的文本框，把Cover Letter的内容直接粘进去。

Cover Letter的内容在于浓缩手稿的摘要、研究方法、研究结果和结论，需要简明扼要的表达出论文的创新点。

下面以我投稿期刊Neurocomputong （中科院2区，JCR Q1）时附上的Cover Letter进行解释（隐去了某些信息，保留论文中方法的名字），解释内容我以/**/的形式写在下方，需要的崽崽照着这个模板进行修改即可。

Dec 6, 2019
Dear Editors,
/*客套话，注意修改一下期刊的名字*/
We would like to submit the manuscript entitled “@Title”, which we wish to be considered for publication in Neurocomputing.
/*简要阐述研究的目的和创新内容，建议时态都使用现在时*/
In this study, we propose the differential network flow (DNF) method based on network flow and information theory to identify key regulators of progression in development or disease, e.g. driver genes in neural stem cell differentiation. DNF characterizes biological networks by optimal flow, which has not been widely explored by other methods. This flow of information, inherent in biological networks, takes into account the nonlinear contribution of all nodes. Thus, key genes that are not necessarily identifiable as single-scale features or linear combinations of other features can be detected by DNF. The proposed method provides a quantitative approach to gain insight into prioritizing the essentiality of genes across different networks.
/*简要阐述一下论文的研究工作和成果*/
To assess the performance of DNF against other methods in prioritizing key regulators between different networks, DNF is compared with four state-of-the-art methods, including one local method (DCloc), one global method (DEC), one hybrid method (DiffRank), and one perturbation-based method (DiffNet).
DNF is applied first to simulated datasets and second to clinical and experimental datasets (four TCGA bulk RNA-seq datasets, three single-cell RNA-seq datasets of cell differentiation). For the clinical data, DNF detected more known cancer genes and survival-related genes, demonstrating superior prediction of cancer biomarkers and prognosis genes. Additionally, we identify a novel link between neural stem cell differentiation and neurodegenerative disease via gene set enrichment of DNF-identified markers.
/*客套话，大概就是说我这研究内容和你期刊太配了*/
In summary, we believe that our study will be of interest to the readership of Neurocomputing as it is broadly applicable to systematic and practical analysis of temporal RNA-seq data and produces actionable information for studying related biological questions such as cell differentiation and cancer-driver discovery.
/*非必须，某些期刊可能会要求由作者提供4-6名审稿人*/
For reviewers, our suggestion of experts related to this topic in the field of systems biology are as follows:
(1) NAME, INSTITUTION, EMAIL
(2) NAME, INSTITUTION, EMAIL
/*必要的声明，修改一下期刊名字，其他照抄即可*/
We have prepared our manuscript according to the “Guide for authors” document from Neurocomputing. This paper has not been published or accepted for publication. It is not under consideration by any other journals.
Thank you very much for your attention and consideration.
/*落款*/
With kind regards,
XX XX
XXXXX
Shanghai , China

2. Response Letter

如果你需要写Response Letter的时候，首先祝贺你，论文只要认真修改就离Accept不远了。

Response Letter是编辑和审稿人返回修改意见（Major revision、Minor revision）的时候，需要根据编辑和审稿人的意见，逐点修改后将修改内容写到Response Letter，并提交给期刊编辑。Response Letter非常重要，一般审稿人只会看Response Letter，所以在针对每一条修改意见写Response Letter的时候，必须将其中的前因后果阐述清楚，某些缩写也需要重新写一遍全称。因此Response Letter写的比正文还长一点都不奇怪。

模板可以参考以下内容。

Response to reviewers #1
/*客套话*/
Thank you for the many insightful comments and suggestions. We have made revisions to address all the comments. A list of our responses to each of the specific comments is listed below.
/*对于审稿人的每一条列出的审稿意见（Comment），都应该像下面这种形式回复（Response），必要的时候加上参考文献*/Comment:
/*这里是审稿人的意见，直接粘贴进来，弄成斜体*/1. The proposed method characterizes a node based on the flow reaching out to common destination nodes, which makes sense in networks with large overlapping or sequential networks. But this design decision could ignore the impact to non-overlapping destination nodes, which seems to limit its usage. It would be nice to see statement about how to handle cases where the overlapping nodes are limited.Response:
/*这边就是根据不同的审稿意见，进行阐述观点，补充实验，增加文献。注意审稿人的措辞，这里用了nice to see statement，所以不需要补充实验，只需要简单描述几句可行的方案。*/
That is a very good point. To compare networks of limited overlapping nodes, one can potentially first use a network alignment method (e.g. HGA method [1]) to construct the most similar mapping between the two networks, and then directly apply DNF based on this mapping.
/*最后一定要指明在正文哪里作了修改*/
We have added this point and the new reference in Discussion.
/*添加必要的参考文献*/
[1] J. Xie, C. Xiang, J. Ma, J. Tan, T. Wen, J. Lei, Q. Nie, An Adaptive Hybrid Algorithm for Global Network Alignment, IEEE/ACM Trans Comput Biol Bioinform, 13 (2016) 483-493

其中回复审稿意见的时候，开场得带一句寒暄。分几种审稿意见和场合：

Thank you for the suggestion. (你的意见不咋地，但是我还是按照你的意思改了)
Thanks for pointing this out. (我没有考虑周全，感谢你指正出来)
That is a very good point. (我很赞同你的想法)
We apologize for the mistake in xxx. (审稿人发现你的错误了你就诚恳地认错)
Sorry for the confusion. (审稿人没看懂，还是你的错，把引起歧义地地方解释清楚)


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• CoverLetter

2015-08-11 11:55:46
小弟自己写的CoverLetter,供各位大牛参考一下~
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英文简历的cover letter模板，用于外企求职
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• Cover letter

2013-12-31 16:08:05
英文文章cover letter,有助于大家修改英文文章.
• 在此之前先区分投稿Cover Letter，修改稿Cover Letter和Response Letter，前两个是写给编辑或者Topic Editor，后者是写给Reviwer。一般来说在提交稿件时我们会附带一封Cover Letter主要是一些客套话跟编辑说的。 ...
在此之前先区分投稿Cover Letter，修改稿Cover Letter和Response Letter，前两个是写给编辑或者Topic Editor，后者是写给Reviwer。一般来说在提交稿件时我们会附带一封Cover Letter主要是一些客套话跟编辑说的。

修改稿Cover Letter

Dear Professor *** :（***指的是负责你论文的领域编辑，不知道名字就写Editor）
On behalf of my co-authors, we thank you very much for giving us an opportunity to revise our manuscript, we appreciate editor and reviewers very much for their positive and constructive comments and suggestions on our manuscript entitled “your paper name” (ID: ####). We have studied reviewer’s comments carefully and have made revision which marked with different colors in the paper. We have tried our best to revise our manuscript according to the comments. Attached please find the revised version, which we would like to submit for your kind consideration. We would like to express our great appreciation to you and reviewers for comments on our paper. Looking forward to hearing from you. Thank you and best regards.

Yours sincerely,

******

Corresponding author: .....

E-mail: ....
Tel: .....

Response Letter

Dear Editors and Reviewers:
Thank you for your letter and for the reviewers’ comments concerning our manuscript entitled “your paper name” (ID: ####). Those comments are all valuable and very helpful for revising and improving our paper, as well as the important guiding significance to our researches. We have studied comments carefully and have made correction which we hope meet with approval. Revised portion are marked with different colors in the paper. The main corrections in the paper and the responds to the reviewer’s comments are as flowing:

Reviewer #1:

1. Response to comment:(XXXXXXX审稿人的意见总结）

Response：XXXXXX

。。。。逐条回复

Reviewer #2:

....

(最后再感谢一下)

We tried our best to improve the manuscript and made some changes in the manuscript. These changes will not influence the content and framework of the paper.
And here we did not list the changes but marked marked with different colors in revised paper.
We appreciate for Editors/Reviewers’ warm work earnestly, and hope that the correction will meet with approval. Once again, thank you very much for your comments and suggestions。

其他一些需要注意的：

逐条意见回答，切忌一定不能有遗漏
针对不同的问题有下列几个礼貌术语可适当用用：
We are very sorry for our negligence of ……...
We are very sorry for our incorrect writing ……...
It is really true as Reviewer suggested that……
We have re-written this part according to the Reviewer’s suggestion
As Reviewer suggested that……
Considering the Reviewer’s suggestion, we have ……
最后特意感谢一下这个审稿人的意见：
Reviewer #2:
同上述
Reviewer #3:
××××××
Other changes:
1. Line 60-61, the statements of “……” were corrected as “…………”
2. Line 107, “……” was added
3. Line 129, “……” was deleted
××××××

值得注意的是，修改的内容的标注不管是告知审稿人具体行还是颜色标注尽可能的让审稿人一下子找到！


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• Cover_Letter
• Letter-E-源码

2021-03-19 10:55:30
Letter-E
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• Letter Changes

2018-03-29 22:01:43
ChallengeUsing the C# language, have the function LetterChanges(str) take the str parameter being passed and modify it using the following algorithm. Replace every letter in the string with the ...
ChallengeUsing the C# language, have the function LetterChanges(str) take the str parameter being passed and modify it using the following algorithm. Replace every letter in the string with the letter following it in the alphabet (ie. c becomes d, z becomes a). Then capitalize every vowel in this new string (a, e, i, o, u) and finally return this modified string. Sample Test CasesInput:"hello*3"Output:"Ifmmp*3"Input:"fun times!"Output:"gvO Ujnft!"Letter Changes算法意思是替换字母(b->a、c->b、....z->a;同样大写也是),元音字符a\e\i\o\u返回大写。        public static string LetterChanges(string str)
{
char[] chArray = str.ToArray();
int length = chArray.Length;
char ch = '\0';
for (int i = 0; i < length; i++)
{
ch = chArray[i];
if ((ch >= 'a' && ch <= 'z') || (ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z'))
{
ch++;
if (ch == 'z' + 1)
{
ch = 'a';
}
else if (ch == 'Z' + 1)
{
ch = 'A';
}
if (IsCharVowelCharacter(ch))
{
ch = (char)(ch - 32);
}
}
chArray[i] = ch;
}
str = new string(chArray);
return str;
}

private static bool IsCharVowelCharacter(char ch)
{
return ch == 'a' || ch == 'e' || ch == 'i' || ch == 'o' || ch == 'u';
}
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• Letter Wheels

2020-03-22 22:36:03
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ChallengeUsing the C# language, have the function LetterCapitalize(str) take the str parameter being passed and capitalize the first letter of each word. Words will be separated by only one space....
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thank you letter for
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• cover letter模板，笔者自己写的。

...