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  • 向上取整函数

    2020-11-27 16:17:45
    PowerBuilder Ceiling(4.01) 5 确定大于或等于指定极限的最小整数 Int(3.8) 3 确定小于或等于一个数的最大...SELECT CEILING(13.15) 向上取整 SELECT FLOOR(54.56) 向下取整 MYSQl select ceil(2.44); Select floor(2

    PowerBuilder

    Ceiling(4.01) 5 确定大于或等于指定极限的最小整数

    Int(3.8) 3 确定小于或等于一个数的最大整数

    Truncate(9.28, 1) 9.2 将数字截断到指定的小数位数

    Truncate(9.9, 0) 9

    Round(9.624, 2) 9.62 四舍五入

    SQL Server

    SELECT CEILING(13.15) 向上取整

    SELECT FLOOR(54.56) 向下取整

    MYSQl

    select ceil(2.44);

    Select floor(2.44);

    展开全文
  • 主要介绍了SQL四舍五入、向下取整、向上取整函数介绍,本文用简洁直白的语言介绍了实现这三个需求的函数,需要的朋友可以参考下
  • 编程c语言中,向上取整函数 什么是功能? (What is a Function?) A Function is a block of statements that performs a specific task of some kind. Every C program can be thought of as the Collection of these...

    编程c语言中,向上取整函数

    什么是功能? (What is a Function?)

    A Function is a block of statements that performs a specific task of some kind. Every C program can be thought of as the Collection of these Functions. The below Example shows how we can write a simple function.

    函数是执行某种特定任务的语句块。 每个C程序都可以视为这些函数的集合。 下面的示例显示了我们如何编写一个简单的函数。

    Function Example

    Function Example

    功能实例

    In the above Example, we have made a function. After creating the Function we can call it from main(). Functions can also call each other. A function can even call itself. The Function which calls itself is known as Recursion.

    在上面的示例中,我们做了一个函数。 创建函数后,我们可以从main()中调用它。 函数也可以互相调用。 函数甚至可以调用自身。 调用自身的函数称为递归。

    可以从上述计划中得出的结论 (Conclusions that can be drawn from above Program)

    1. A C program is a Collection of one or more Functions.

      AC程序是一个或多个功能的集合。
    2. If a C program contains only one function, it must be main().

      如果C程序仅包含一个函数,则它必须是main()。
    3. If a C program contains more than one function, then one of them is main() because the program execution begins with main().

      如果C程序包含多个函数,则其中一个函数是main(),因为该程序的执行从main()开始。
    4. There can be as many functions in a program as possible.

      程序中可以有尽可能多的功能。

    为什么需要功能? (Why do we need Functions?)

    • It divides the program into separate well-defined functions so that each function can be written and tested separately.

      它将程序划分为单独的定义明确的函数,以便可以分别编写和测试每个函数。
    • Understanding, coding and testing becomes very easy as they are separated.

      由于将它们分开,所以理解,编码和测试变得非常容易。
    • Writing functions avoids rewriting the same code over and over.

      编写函数可以避免一遍又一遍地重写相同的代码。
    • As the functions are divided the workload can also be divided among the programmers.

      由于功能被划分,工作量也可以在程序员之间分配。

    C中的函数声明 (Function Declaration in C)

    Function Declaration

    Function Declaration

    功能声明

    Basic Syntax:

    基本语法:

    return_data_type function_name (data_type var1, data_type var2, …..);

    Where,

    哪里,

    function_name: the name for the function should be valid. It should be a meaningful name that should clarify what all tasks it will perform.

    function_name函数的名称应有效。 它应该是一个有意义的名称,它应该阐明它将执行的所有任务。

    return_data_type: it is used for specifying the data type of the value that is returned to the calling function after the processing.

    return_data_type :用于指定处理后返回到调用函数的值的数据类型。

    data_type var1, data_type var2: function arguments and their data types.

    data_type var1,data_type var2 :函数参数及其数据类型。

    返回数据类型 (Return Data Types)

    The return value has a type as other values in C. It can be int, float, char or anything else. The type of return value determines the type of your function.

    返回值的类型与C中的其他值相同。它可以是int,float,char或其他任何类型。 返回值的类型决定了函数的类型。

    The default return type of function is int or integer.

    函数的默认返回类型为int或integer。

    Return Data Types

    Return Data Types

    返回数据类型

    In the above Program, we have 3 Functions:

    在以上程序中,我们具有3个功能:

    1. multiply(): Its return type is int, therefore it will return an integer type value.

      multiple():其返回类型为int,因此它将返回整数类型值。
    2. print(): Its return type is void, therefore it will not return anything, it will simply execute the code within.

      print():其返回类型为void,因此它将不返回任何内容,仅执行其中的代码。
    3. divide(): Its return type is a float, therefore it will return a decimal type value.

      split():其返回类型为浮点型,因此它将返回一个十进制类型的值。

    C中的函数定义 (Function Definition in C)

    Whenever a function is defined, its space is allocated in the memory.

    每当定义函数时,其空间就会分配到内存中。

    Syntax:

    句法:

    return_data_type function_name (data_type var1, data_type var2, …..);
    {
            …...................
            statements;
            …...................
            return (variable);
    }

    The statements written within the curly braces ({}) are the body of the function which contains the code to be performed.

    花括号({})中编写的语句是包含要执行的代码的函数的主体。

    在C中调用函数 (Calling a Function in C)

    Function Working

    功能运作

    Whenever the function is invoked the compiler skips on to the called function for executing its statements. We mean that the control passes to the function The activity of main() is temporarily suspended.

    无论何时调用该函数,编译器都会跳至被调用函数以执行其语句。 我们的意思是该控件传递给了函数main()的活动被暂时挂起。

    Once the called function is executed the control of the program is passed back to the calling function.

    一旦执行了被调用的函数,程序的控制权就会传回到调用函数。

    在函数之间传递值 (Passing values between functions)

    Passing Values In C

    Passing Values In C

    在C中传递值

    In the above Program, the variable a, b, c are called actual arguments. The variables x, y, z are called as formal arguments.

    在上面的程序中,变量a,b,c被称为实际参数。 变量x,y,z被称为形式参数。

    在C中按值调用 (Call by Value in C)

    In this parameter passing method, values of actual parameters are copied to function’s formal parameters and the two types of parameters are stored in different memory locations. So any changes made inside functions are not reflected in actual parameters of the caller.

    在此参数传递方法中,将实际参数的值复制到函数的形式参数中,并将两种类型的参数存储在不同的存储位置中。 因此,在函数内部进行的任何更改都不会反映在调用者的实际参数中。

    While calling a function, we pass the values of variables to it. Such functions are known as “Call By Values”.

    在调用函数时,我们将变量的值传递给它。 这些功能称为“按值调用”。

    C program to illustrate call by value

    C程序说明按值调用

    #include<stdio.h>
    
    
    void swapx(int x, int y); 
    
    
    int main() 
    { 
    	int a = 100, b = 200; 
    
    	// Pass by Values 
    	swapx(a, b); 
    
    	printf("a=%d b=%d\n", a, b); 
    
    	return 0; 
    } 
    void swapx(int x, int y) 
    { 
    	int t; 
    
    	t = x; 
    	x = y; 
    	y = t; 
    
    	printf("x=%d y=%d\n", x, y); 
    }

    Output:

    输出

    The actual values of a and b remain unchanged even after exchanging the values of x and y.

    即使在交换x和y的值之后,a和b的实际值仍保持不变。

    在C中通过引用调用 (Call by Reference in C)

    While calling a function, instead of passing the values of variables, we pass the address of variables (pointers) to the function known as “Call By References.

    在调用函数时,我们不传递变量的值,而是将变量(指针)的地址传递给称为“按引用调用”的函数。

    Both the actual and formal parameters refer to the same locations, so any changes made inside the function are actually reflected in the actual parameters of the caller.

    实际参数和形式参数都指向相同的位置,因此在函数内部所做的任何更改实际上都会反映在调用者的实际参数中。

    C program to illustrate Call by Reference

    C程序说明按引用调用

    #include<stdio.h>
    
    void swapx(int*, int*); 
    
    int main() 
    { 
    	int a = 100, b = 200; 
    
    	// Pass reference 
    	swapx(&a, &b); 
    
    	printf("a=%d b=%d\n", a, b); 
    
    	return 0; 
    } 
    
    void swapx(int* x, int* y) 
    { 
    	int t; 
    
    	t = *x; 
    	*x = *y; 
    	*y = t; 
    
    	printf("x=%d y=%d\n", *x, *y); 
    }

    Output:

    输出

    CallByRefrence

    Call By Refrence

    Refreence致电

    The actual values of a and b get changed after exchanging values of x and y.

    在交换x和y的值之后,a和b的实际值将更改。

    什么是递归函数? (What is a Recursive Function?)

    A function which calls itself is called a Recursive function.

    调用自身的函数称为递归函数

    While using the recursive functions, it is important to be careful to define the exit condition from the function or then it may result in an infinite loop.

    使用递归函数时,一定要小心,以定义函数的退出条件,否则可能导致无限循环。

    They are used for calculating factorial of a number, Fibonacci series, etc.

    它们用于计算数字,斐波那契数列等的阶乘。

    #include<stdio.h>
    int fib(int n) 
    { 
    if (n <= 1) 
    	return n; 
    return fib(n-1) + fib(n-2); 
    } 
    
    int main () 
    { 
    int n = 9; 
    printf("%d", fib(n)); 
    getchar(); 
    return 0; 
    }

    翻译自: https://www.journaldev.com/30509/functions-in-c-programming

    编程c语言中,向上取整函数

    展开全文
  • C语言向上取整函数

    2021-03-22 15:09:41
    #include <math.h> double ceil(double x); -----向上取整 x: double类型,假设为12.3 返回值: double类型,13.0(如果返回要整数可以对返回的数进行类型强制转换)

    #include <math.h>
    double ceil(double x); -----向上取整
    x: double类型,假设为12.3
    返回值: double类型,13.0(如果返回要整数可以对返回的数进行类型强制转换)

    展开全文
  • 编程c语言中,向上取整函数 Read:Functions in C Programming – Part 1In my last tutorial I gave an overview to the functions in C programming. Today I will tell you about the multiple calls within one ...

    编程c语言中,向上取整函数

    Read: Functions in C Programming – Part 1

    In my last tutorial I gave an overview to the functions in C programming. Today I will tell you about the multiple calls within one function and its nuances. So without wasting any time lets head over to a program.

    Functions in C Programming


    Output

    Functions in C Programming - Part 2

    A simple concept to learn
    Suppose main() function calls another function msg(). When the control reach to the msg() function then the activity of main() will be suspended temporarily. After executing all the statements from the msg() function, the control will automatically goes to the original calling function (main() in our case). 

    Explanation

    • The program starts with main() function and it will print the message inside it. After that I have called the firstfu() function from main(). Remember here main() is calling function and firstfu() is called function.
    • Now the control reaches to firstfu() function and the activity of main() function is suspended temporarily. Inside firstfu() function, printf() will print a message. Now I have called thirdfu() function. Remember here firstfu() is calling function and thirdfu() is called function
    • Now the control reaches to the thirdfu() function and the activity of firstfu() function is suspended temporarily. And it will execute its printf() function. Now I have called the secondfu() function.
    • Same thing will happened to the secondfu() function and it will call the fourthfu() function.
    • Now the printf() statement will be executed inside the fourthfu() function. As there is no further call to other function there. So the control will goes back to the calling function. Calling function of fourthfu() is secondfu().
    • No more statements is left in secondfu(). So the control will reach to the calling function. thirdfu() is the calling function of secondf().
    • Same execution will be done for all of them. And the control will reach to the main() function again. Now no statement is left in main() function, so the program will be terminated.

    Points to Remember

    1. Any C program contains at least one function and it should be main().

    The execution of the program always starts with main() function. We cannot alter it in any case.
    2. A typical C program may contain any number of functions. But it should contain one main() function and the program will start executing with main() function.
    3. Any function can call any other function. Even main() function can be called from other functions. To call a function we have to write the function name followed by a semi colon.

    void main()
    {
      msg();
    }

    4. We should define a function before calling it. A function can be defined by following below syntax.

    5. We can call one function any number of times.

    void main()
    {
      msg();
      msg();
    }

    6. A function can also called by itself. Such an execution is called recursion.

    7. We cannot define one function inside another. We can only call one function from another.

    翻译自: https://www.thecrazyprogrammer.com/2015/01/functions-in-c-programming-part-2.html

    编程c语言中,向上取整函数

    展开全文
  • 编程c语言中,向上取整函数 In the last tutorial I told you about the passing values to the functions. I hope you had read that tutorial at least twice till now. So today I will tell you about some ...
  • 编程c语言中,向上取整函数 Read:Functions in C Programming – Part 2So far we have learnt about the simplest use of functions in C. In serious C programming functions are not used in that way. We have ...
  • 编程c语言中,向上取整函数 I hope till now you must be having a good grip on the basic concepts of functions. If its not then I would suggest you to again read our earlier tutorials. In today’s ...
  • mathtype向上取整函数

    千次阅读 2018-05-31 15:46:19
    如图所示,第二排,最后一个仔细看就会找到
  • PHP向上取整函数 ceil

    千次阅读 2014-12-18 13:20:08
    PHP取整函数有ceil,floor,round,intval,下面详细介绍一下: 1、ceil — 进一法取整 说明 float ceil ( float $value ) 返回不小于 value 的下一个整数,value 如果有小数部分则进一位。ceil() 返回的类型...
  • 通过上面的取整可知,若取整为int类型的值,得到的还是值本身;所以要是取整int类型的值得时候一般需要将值变为浮点类型的值; 无效示范: (int)Math.ceil(11/10) = 1; 正确示范: (int)Math.ceil(11/(10*1.0)) = 2...
  • 向下取整floor 和向上取整函数ceil

    千次阅读 2014-11-23 23:58:58
    floor(x),有时候也写做Floor(x),其功能是“向下取整”,或者说“向下舍入”,即取不大于x的最大整数(与“四舍五入”不同,下取整是直接去掉小数部分)。
  • C\C++ 向下\向上取整函数 floor() ceil()

    万次阅读 2015-05-09 17:29:29
    floor(x)向下取整,返回一个 ceil(x)向上取整,返回一个>=x的int整型。
  • 编程c语言中,向上取整函数 It’s a good approach if we build a program by dividing it into small modules known as functions. In today’s tutorial, I will tell you about the basic use of functions. So ...
  • 对含有小数点的数进行四舍五入是比较普遍的一种需求...在C++中也有类似的取整函数。在C++的头文件中有floor()和ceil()函数。在STL中还有round()函数。 向下取整 floor() 向上取整ceil() 四舍五入取整round() ...
  • 取整函数(在#include<math.h>之下) Floor() 会取不大于自变量的最大整数,这样自变量是3.1或3.9是没有区别的,返回都是3;自变量是-2.1或-2.9也是没有区别的,返回都是-3;(向下取整) #include<iostream&...
  • C++中的两个取整函数,一个ceil和一个floor,很有用的。尤其在涉及到整数和边界问题的处理时,比起自己去编写要方便很多。
  • 前提:import math 向上取整:math.ceil(x) 向下取整:math.floor(x) 取整数部分:math.trunc(x) 四舍五入:round(x) 例如:
  • C/C++ 取整函数ceil(),floor() 在cuda核函数中也可以用.但是cuda中要以%f的格式输出.int型能转换成double型,但是double还不能转换成int型. C/C++ 取整函数ceil(),floor() #include <math.h>double floor...
  • "1.2向上取整:"<<ceil(1.2)<<endl; cout<<"0.0向上取整:"<<ceil(0.0)<<endl; cout<<"-1.2向上取整:"<<ceil(-1.2)<<endl; cout<<"1
  • import math#向上取整 print "math.ceil---" print "math.ceil(2.3) => ", math.ceil(2.3) print "math.ceil(2.6) => ", math.ceil(2.6)#向下取整 print "\nmath.floor---" print "math.floor(2.3) => ", mat
  • c语言的向上取整和向下取整函数

    万次阅读 2019-03-06 21:32:08
    C语言有以下几种取整方法: 1、直接赋值给整数变量。如:int i = 2.5; 或 i = (int) 2.5;这种方法采用的是舍去小数部分。 2、C/C++中的整数除法运算符"/"本身就有取整功能(int / int),而下面介绍的...

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向上取整函数