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  • xubuntu-18.04.4-desktop

    2020-06-16 10:12:00
    xubuntu-18.04.4-desktop-i386.iso.torrent
  • xubuntu系统百度云

    2018-06-06 10:56:57
    Xubuntu(发音为ZOO-bun-too)是一个Ubuntu Linux的官方派生版,它基于桌面环境Xfce。Xubuntu主要面向旧式电脑的用户和寻求更快捷的桌面环境的用户。它主要运行基于GTK+的程序。与ubuntu不完全相同。
  • xubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64

    2020-06-16 10:08:30
    xubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso.torrent
  • xubuntu-i3wm 不完整!!! 使用工具/软件和i3拼贴窗口管理器安装xubuntu的指南 OBS!升级后重新启动计算机以加载新Linux内核 对于VM:您应该安装来宾扩展程序和以下软件 sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y ...
  • xubuntu-vnc-novnc:具有VNCnoVNC和各种应用程序的无头UbuntuXfce容器
  • 基于XUbuntu的发行版,完全基于13.04进行了自定义! 立即获取,体验喷气式飞机的强大功能!
  • xubuntu

    2018-09-12 09:12:29
    xubuntu自带有leafpad,也可以用gedit,mousepad。

    xubuntu自带有leafpad,也可以用gedit,mousepad。

    展开全文
  • Xubuntu-minimum-shell-config Linux Shell脚本可配置新安装的系统,并安装所需的最低限度的程序,以获得具有必需软件包的可行OS。 命令: sh my-xubuntu-config-on-github.sh 文件: my-xubuntu-config-on-...
  • xubuntu 18.04 设置开机自启动脚本的三种方法

    写在前面的话:

    1. 版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,转载请注明出处!
    2. 博主是一个小菜鸟,并且非常玻璃心!如果文中有什么问题,请友好地指出来,博主查证后会进行更正,啾咪~~
    3. 每篇文章都是博主现阶段的理解,如果理解的更深入的话,博主会不定时更新文章。
    4. 本文初次更新时间:2020.12.04,最后更新时间:2020.12.04

    正文开始

    出于一些原因,需要自己写一些命令和脚本,在开机时可以自己执行,在网上找到一些方法,这里做一个总结记录。

    环境:xubuntu 18.04

    PS:为了方便,我个人使用root登陆,所以就不加sudo了。

    注意:脚本一定要有可执行权限!!!

    1. 常规设置(rc.local)

    ubuntu 16.10 开始不再使用initd管理系统,改用systemd管理系统。

    systemd管理系统默认读取/etc/systemd/system目录下的配置文件,该目录下的文件会链接/lib/systemd/system/下的文件。

    1.1 修改 rc.local.service

    执行ls /lib/systemd/system命令可以看到有很多启动脚本,其中就有需要的rc.local.service文件,查看内容:

    #  SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.1+
    #
    #  This file is part of systemd.
    #
    #  systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    #  under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
    #  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
    #  (at your option) any later version.
    
    # This unit gets pulled automatically into multi-user.target by
    # systemd-rc-local-generator if /etc/rc.local is executable.
    [Unit]
    Description=/etc/rc.local Compatibility
    Documentation=man:systemd-rc-local-generator(8)
    ConditionFileIsExecutable=/etc/rc.local
    After=network.target
    
    [Service]
    Type=forking
    ExecStart=/etc/rc.local start
    TimeoutSec=0
    RemainAfterExit=yes
    GuessMainPID=no
    

    正常的启动文件主要分成以下三部分:

    • [Unit]段: 启动顺序与依赖关系。
    • [Service]段: 启动行为,如何启动,启动类型。
    • [Install]段: 定义如何安装这个配置文件,即怎样做到开机启动。

    可以看出/etc/rc.local文件的启动顺序是在网络后面,但是它少了[Install]段,也就没有定义如何做到开机启动,所以这样配置是无效的。我们需要在后面加上[Install]段:

    [Install]
    WantedBy=multi-user.target
    Alias=rc-local.service
    

    放一下完整的rc-local.service

    #  SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.1+
    #
    #  This file is part of systemd.
    #
    #  systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    #  under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
    #  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
    #  (at your option) any later version.
    
    # This unit gets pulled automatically into multi-user.target by
    # systemd-rc-local-generator if /etc/rc.local is executable.
    [Unit]
    Description=/etc/rc.local Compatibility
    Documentation=man:systemd-rc-local-generator(8)
    ConditionFileIsExecutable=/etc/rc.local
    After=network.target
    
    [Service]
    Type=forking
    ExecStart=/etc/rc.local start
    TimeoutSec=0
    RemainAfterExit=yes
    GuessMainPID=no
    
    [Install]
    WantedBy=multi-user.target
    Alias=rc-local.service
    

    1.2 创建并修改 rc.local

    因为Ubuntu 18.04默认没有/etc/rc.local文件,需要自己创建,然后将需要开机启动的命令或脚本写入该文件。

    #!/bin/bash
    
    chmod +x /root/my_startup.sh
    /bin/bash /root/my_startup.sh
    
    exit 0
    

    记得 chmod +x /etc/rc.local

    注意 :脚本或者开机执行的命令要在exit 0之前。

    1.3 链接

    /etc/systemd/system目录下创建rc.local.service服务的软链接:

    ln -s /lib/systemd/system/rc.local.service /etc/systemd/system/
    # 或
    systemctl enable rc-local.service
    

    然后重启即可。

    2. UI设置

    打开【UI 左上角】->【Settings】->【Session and Startup】:
    在这里插入图片描述
    选择【Application Autostart】,点击【Add】:
    在这里插入图片描述
    填写内容,Name是自己起的名字,Description是对该应用的描述,Command是启动的命令,填完点击【OK】。
    在这里插入图片描述
    确定自己设置的已经打上【√】了,再【Close】:
    在这里插入图片描述

    3. UI改脚本设置

    效果同 UI 设置,只不过这里使用脚本进行设置。

    mkdir -p /root/.config/autostart/
    vim /root/.config/autostart/csc_test.desktop
    

    写入如下内容:

    [Desktop Entry]
    Encoding=UTF-8
    Version=0.9.4
    Type=Application
    Name=my_startup
    Comment=startup tool
    Exec=/root/mystartup.sh
    OnlyShowIn=XFCE;
    StartupNotify=false
    Terminal=false
    Hidden=false
    

    参考

    ubuntu 18.04 如何设置开机自动启动脚本
    How can I edit/create new launcher items in Unity by hand?

    相关文章

    Debian设置开机自启动脚本的两种方法

    展开全文
  • 彻底卸载Xubuntu Kubuntu

    2018-09-12 21:02:00
    卸载Xubuntu sudo apt remove activity-log-manager apg apport-gtk apt-offline aptdaemon aptdaemon-data atril atril-common binutils binutils-common binutils-x86-64-linux-gnu blueman brltty brltty-x11 ...

    卸载Xubuntu

    sudo apt remove activity-log-manager apg apport-gtk apt-offline aptdaemon aptdaemon-data atril atril-common binutils binutils-common binutils-x86-64-linux-gnu blueman brltty brltty-x11 catfish cheese-common dbus-user-session dconf-cli debian-archive-keyring desktop-file-utils diffstat dmz-cursor-theme doc-base engrampa engrampa-common espeak espeak-data espeak-ng-data evolution-data-server evolution-data-server-common exo-utils fonts-mathjax fonts-symbola gawk gconf2 gcr geoclue geoclue-ubuntu-geoip gettext gigolo gir1.2-appindicator3-0.1 gir1.2-atspi-2.0 gir1.2-cheese-3.0 gir1.2-clutter-1.0 gir1.2-cogl-1.0 gir1.2-coglpango-1.0 gir1.2-gmenu-3.0 gir1.2-goa-1.0 gir1.2-gst-plugins-base-1.0 gir1.2-gstreamer-1.0 gir1.2-gtkclutter-1.0 gir1.2-ibus-1.0 gir1.2-javascriptcoregtk-4.0 gir1.2-json-1.0 gir1.2-snapd-1 gir1.2-soup-2.4 gir1.2-vte-2.91 gir1.2-webkit2-4.0 gir1.2-wnck-3.0 gkbd-capplet gnome-accessibility-themes gnome-bluetooth gnome-control-center gnome-control-center-data gnome-control-center-faces gnome-desktop3-data gnome-font-viewer gnome-icon-theme gnome-keyring gnome-keyring-pkcs11 gnome-menus gnome-mines gnome-online-accounts gnome-power-manager gnome-screensaver gnome-session-bin gnome-session-common gnome-settings-daemon gnome-settings-daemon-schemas gnome-software gnome-software-common gnome-software-plugin-snap gnome-startup-applications gnome-sudoku gnome-system-tools gnome-themes-extra gnome-themes-extra-data gnome-themes-standard gnome-user-docs greybird-gtk-theme gsettings-ubuntu-schemas gstreamer1.0-clutter-3.0 gstreamer1.0-gl gstreamer1.0-libav gstreamer1.0-nice gstreamer1.0-plugins-bad gstreamer1.0-tools gtk2-engines-murrine gucharmap gvfs gvfs-backends gvfs-common gvfs-daemons gvfs-fuse gvfs-libs hddtemp ibus indicator-applet indicator-application indicator-bluetooth indicator-common indicator-datetime indicator-keyboard indicator-messages indicator-power indicator-session indicator-sound intltool-debian inxi language-selector-gnome libappindicator3-1 libapt-pkg-perl libarchive-zip-perl libatkmm-1.6-1v5 libatrildocument3 libatrilview3 libbinutils libbonobo2-0 libbonobo2-common libbonoboui2-0 libbonoboui2-common libbrlapi0.6 libcairo-gobject-perl libcairo-perl libcairomm-1.0-1v5 libcaja-extension1 libcamel-1.2-61 libcanberra-gtk3-0 libcanberra-gtk3-module libcgi-fast-perl libcgi-pm-perl libcheese-gtk25 libcheese8 libclass-accessor-perl libclone-perl libclutter-1.0-0 libclutter-1.0-common libclutter-gst-3.0-0 libclutter-gtk-1.0-0 libcogl-common libcogl-pango20 libcogl-path20 libcogl20 libcolord-gtk1 libdbusmenu-gtk4 libde265-0 libdee-1.0-4 libdigest-hmac-perl libdotconf0 libdpkg-perl libebackend-1.2-10 libebook-1.2-19 libebook-contacts-1.2-2 libecal-1.2-19 libedata-book-1.2-25 libedata-cal-1.2-28 libedataserver-1.2-23 libemail-valid-perl libespeak-ng1 libespeak1 libexo-1-0 libexo-2-0 libexo-common libexo-helpers libexporter-tiny-perl libfarstream-0.2-5 libfcgi-perl libfile-fcntllock-perl libgadu3 libgarcon-1-0 libgarcon-common libgck-1-0 libgcr-base-3-1 libgcr-ui-3-1 libgdata-common libgdata22 libgee-0.8-2 libgeoclue0 libgeocode-glib0 libgeonames-common libgeonames0 libglade2-0 libglib-object-introspection-perl libglib-perl libglibmm-2.4-1v5 libgmime-3.0-0 libgnome-2-0 libgnome-bluetooth13 libgnome-desktop-3-17 libgnome-games-support-1-3 libgnome-games-support-common libgnome-keyring-common libgnome-keyring0 libgnome-menu-3-0 libgnome2-common libgnomecanvas2-0 libgnomecanvas2-common libgnomekbd-common libgnomekbd8 libgnomeui-0 libgnomeui-common libgnomevfs2-0 libgnomevfs2-common libgoa-1.0-0b libgoa-1.0-common libgoa-backend-1.0-1 libgraphene-1.0-0 libgrilo-0.3-0 libgspell-1-1 libgspell-1-common libgssdp-1.0-3 libgstreamer-gl1.0-0 libgstreamer-plugins-bad1.0-0 libgtk3-perl libgtkmm-3.0-1v5 libgtksourceview-3.0-1 libgtksourceview-3.0-common libgtkspell0 libgtop-2.0-11 libgtop2-common libgucharmap-2-90-7 libgupnp-1.0-4 libgupnp-igd-1.0-4 libgweather-3-15 libgweather-common libgxps2 libido3-0.1-0 libindicator3-7 libio-pty-perl libio-socket-inet6-perl libio-string-perl libipc-run-perl libisofs6 libjavascriptcoregtk-4.0-18 libjpeg-turbo-progs libjs-mathjax libjte1 libkeybinder-3.0-0 libkpathsea6 liblightdm-gobject-1-0 liblilv-0-0 liblist-moreutils-perl libmeanwhile1 libmessaging-menu0 libminiupnpc10 libmpeg2encpp-2.1-0 libmplex2-2.1-0 libnatpmp1 libnet-dns-perl libnet-domain-tld-perl libnet-ip-perl libnice10 libnm-glib4 libnm-gtk0 libnm-util2 libnma0 libnotify-bin libnss-myhostname liboauth0 libofa0 liboobs-1-5 liborbit-2-0 libotr5 libpam-gnome-keyring libpanel-applet3 libpangomm-1.4-1v5 libparse-debianchangelog-perl libpcaudio0 libperlio-gzip-perl libphonenumber7 libpoppler-glib8 libpoppler-qt5-1 libpoppler73 libportaudio2 libprotobuf-c1 libprotobuf10 libpurple-bin libpurple0 libqqwing2v5 libreoffice-gnome libreoffice-gtk3 libreoffice-style-elementary libserd-0-0 libsigc++-2.0-0v5 libsigsegv2 libsnapd-glib1 libsocket6-perl libsonic0 libsord-0-0 libsoundtouch1 libspandsp2 libspeechd2 libsratom-0-0 libsrtp2-1 libsub-name-perl libtagc0 libtext-levenshtein-perl libthunarx-2-0 libtimezonemap-data libtimezonemap1 libtotem-plparser-common libtotem-plparser18 libtumbler-1-0 libunique-1.0-0 libunity-control-center1 libunity-protocol-private0 libunity-scopes-json-def-desktop libunity-settings-daemon1 libunity9 liburl-dispatcher1 libuuid-perl libvo-aacenc0 libvo-amrwbenc0 libvte-2.91-0 libvte-2.91-common libwebkit2gtk-4.0-37 libwnck-3-0 libwnck-3-common libwnck-common libwnck22 libxfce4panel-2.0-4 libxfce4ui-1-0 libxfce4ui-2-0 libxfce4ui-common libxfce4ui-utils libxfce4util-bin libxfce4util-common libxfce4util7 libxfcegui4-4 libxfconf-0-2 libxklavier16 libxml-libxml-perl libxml-namespacesupport-perl libxml-sax-base-perl libxml-sax-expat-perl libxml-sax-perl libxml-simple-perl libxres1 libyaml-libyaml-perl libyaml-tiny-perl libyelp0 libzbar0 libzeitgeist-2.0-0 libzephyr4 light-locker light-locker-settings lightdm lightdm-gtk-greeter lightdm-gtk-greeter-settings lintian lm-sensors mate-calc mate-calc-common mate-desktop-common menulibre mesa-utils mousepad mousetweaks mugshot nautilus-data net-tools network-manager-gnome network-manager-pptp-gnome numix-gtk-theme numlockx onboard onboard-common onboard-data orage p11-kit p11-kit-modules parole patch patchutils pavucontrol pidgin pidgin-data pidgin-libnotify pidgin-otr pinentry-gnome3 pinentry-gtk2 plymouth-theme-xubuntu-logo plymouth-theme-xubuntu-text policykit-1-gnome poppler-utils python-defusedxml python-lzma python-psutil python-soappy python-wstools python3-aptdaemon python3-aptdaemon.gtk3widgets python3-asn1crypto python3-cffi-backend python3-crypto python3-cryptography python3-debconf python3-debianbts python3-defer python3-distupgrade python3-gi-cairo python3-keyring python3-keyrings.alt python3-launchpadlib python3-lazr.restfulclient python3-lazr.uri python3-macaroonbakery python3-magic python3-nacl python3-oauth python3-protobuf python3-psutil python3-pycurl python3-pymacaroons python3-pysimplesoap python3-rfc3339 python3-secretstorage python3-simplejson python3-tz python3-wadllib python3-xcffib python3-xdg python3-zope.interface ristretto sgt-launcher sgt-puzzles shimmer-themes simple-scan software-properties-gtk sound-icons speech-dispatcher speech-dispatcher-audio-plugins speech-dispatcher-espeak-ng system-tools-backends t1utils thunar thunar-archive-plugin thunar-data thunar-media-tags-plugin thunar-volman thunderbird transmission-common transmission-gtk tumbler tumbler-common ubuntu-docs ubuntu-release-upgrader-core ubuntu-release-upgrader-gtk ubuntu-release-upgrader-qt ubuntu-system-service ubuntu-touch-sounds unity-control-center unity-greeter unity-settings-daemon update-manager update-notifier update-notifier-common xbrlapi xcursor-themes xdg-user-dirs-gtk xfburn xfce4-appfinder xfce4-cpugraph-plugin xfce4-dict xfce4-indicator-plugin xfce4-mailwatch-plugin xfce4-netload-plugin xfce4-notes xfce4-notes-plugin xfce4-notifyd xfce4-panel xfce4-places-plugin xfce4-power-manager xfce4-power-manager-data xfce4-power-manager-plugins xfce4-pulseaudio-plugin xfce4-quicklauncher-plugin xfce4-screenshooter xfce4-session xfce4-settings xfce4-statusnotifier-plugin xfce4-systemload-plugin xfce4-taskmanager xfce4-terminal xfce4-verve-plugin xfce4-weather-plugin xfce4-whiskermenu-plugin xfce4-xkb-plugin xfconf xfdesktop4 xfdesktop4-data xfpanel-switch xfwm4 xscreensaver xscreensaver-data xserver-xorg-input-synaptics xterm xubuntu-artwork xubuntu-community-wallpapers xubuntu-community-wallpapers-bionic xubuntu-core xubuntu-default-settings xubuntu-docs xubuntu-icon-theme xubuntu-wallpapers yelp yelp-xsl zeitgeist-core zenity zenity-common

    卸载Kubuntu

    sudo apt remove accountwizard akonadi-backend-mysql akonadi-server akregator apport-kde apt-config-icons-hidpi apt-config-icons-large apt-config-icons-large-hidpi apt-xapian-index ark baloo-kf5 bluedevil breeze breeze-cursor-theme breeze-gtk-theme breeze-icon-theme ca-certificates-java cantata catdoc cdparanoia cdrdao cdrskin cracklib-runtime cryfs cryptsetup cryptsetup-bin debconf-kde-data default-jre default-jre-headless docbook-xml docbook-xsl dolphin drkonqi dvd+rw-tools ffmpegthumbs firefox fonts-dejavu fonts-dejavu-extra fonts-font-awesome fonts-hack fonts-hack-ttf fonts-lato fonts-noto fonts-noto-unhinted fonts-oxygen frameworkintegration freerdp-x11 gconf-service gconf-service-backend gconf2-common geoclue-2.0 gnupg2 go-mtpfs growisofs gstreamer-qapt gwenview icoutils ieee-data iio-sensor-proxy java-common javascript-common k3b k3b-data kaccounts-integration kaccounts-providers kactivities-bin kactivitymanagerd kaddressbook kamera kate kate5-data kcalc kde-cli-tools kde-cli-tools-data kde-config-gtk-style kde-config-gtk-style-preview kde-config-mailtransport kde-config-screenlocker kde-config-sddm kde-config-whoopsie kde-runtime kde-runtime-data kde-spectacle kde-style-breeze kde-style-breeze-qt4 kde-style-oxygen-qt5 kdeconnect kded5 kdegraphics-thumbnailers kdelibs-bin kdelibs5-data kdelibs5-plugins kdenetwork-filesharing kdepim-addons kdepim-runtime kdepim-themeeditors kdeplasma-addons-data kdialog kdoctools kdoctools5 kf5-kdepim-apps-libs-data kf5-messagelib-data kgamma5 khelpcenter khotkeys khotkeys-data kimageformat-plugins kinfocenter kinit kio kio-audiocd kio-extras kio-extras-data kio-gdrive kio-ldap kio-sieve kleopatra kmail kmenuedit knotes konsole konsole-kpart kontact konversation konversation-data korganizer kpackagelauncherqml kpackagetool5 krdc kross kscreen ksshaskpass ksysguard ksysguard-data ksysguardd ksystemlog ktexteditor-data ktexteditor-katepart ktnef ktorrent ktorrent-data kubuntu-driver-manager kubuntu-notification-helper kubuntu-settings-desktop kubuntu-wallpapers-bionic kubuntu-web-shortcuts kwalletmanager kwayland-data kwayland-integration kwin kwin-addons kwin-common kwin-data kwin-style-breeze kwin-x11 kwrited liba52-0.7.4 libaccounts-glib0 libaccounts-qt5-1 libadplug-2.2.1-0v5 libaio1 libappstreamqt2 libaribb24-0 libatk-wrapper-java libatk-wrapper-java-jni libattica0.4 libaudiofile1 libbasicusageenvironment1 libbinio1v5 libbrotli1 libc-ares2 libcanberra-pulse libcddb2 libcdr-0.1-1 libcfitsio5 libchm1 libcln6 libcolorcorrect5 libcrack2 libcrypto++6 libcurl4 libdbusmenu-qt2 libdbusmenu-qt5-2 libdebconf-kde1 libdlrestrictions1 libdmtx0a libdolphinvcs5 libdvbpsi10 libebml4v5 libebur128-1 libeditorconfig0 libepub0 libexiv2-14 libfakekey0 libfam0 libflac++6v5 libfreehand-0.1-1 libfreerdp-cache1.1 libfreerdp-client1.1 libfreerdp-codec1.1 libfreerdp-common1.1.0 libfreerdp-core1.1 libfreerdp-crypto1.1 libfreerdp-gdi1.1 libfreerdp-locale1.1 libfreerdp-plugins-standard libfreerdp-primitives1.1 libfreerdp-rail1.1 libfreerdp-utils1.1 libgconf-2-4 libgeoclue-2-0 libgif7 libgit2-26 libgles2 libgpgme++2v5 libgps23 libgrantlee-templates5 libgrantlee-textdocument5 libgroupsock8 libhfstospell9 libhsqldb1.8.0-java libhttp-parser2.7.1 libibus-1.0-5 libical2 libid3tag0 libiso9660-10 libjs-jquery libjs-underscore libk3b7 libk3b7-extracodecs libkaccounts1 libkactivities6 libkcmutils4 libkde3support4 libkdeclarative5 libkdecorations2-5v5 libkdecorations2private5v5 libkdecore5 libkdesu5 libkdeui5 libkdewebkit5 libkdnssd4 libkemoticons4 libkf5activities5 libkf5activitiesstats1 libkf5akonadiagentbase5 libkf5akonadicalendar-data libkf5akonadicalendar5abi2 libkf5akonadicontact-data libkf5akonadicontact5abi1 libkf5akonadicore-bin libkf5akonadicore5abi1 libkf5akonadimime-data libkf5akonadimime5 libkf5akonadinotes-data libkf5akonadinotes5 libkf5akonadiprivate5 libkf5akonadisearch-bin libkf5akonadisearch-data libkf5akonadisearch-plugins libkf5akonadisearchcore5 libkf5akonadisearchdebug5 libkf5akonadisearchpim5 libkf5akonadisearchxapian5 libkf5akonadiwidgets5 libkf5alarmcalendar-data libkf5alarmcalendar5abi1 libkf5archive5 libkf5attica5 libkf5auth-data libkf5auth5 libkf5baloo5 libkf5balooengine5 libkf5baloowidgets-bin libkf5baloowidgets-data libkf5baloowidgets5 libkf5bluezqt-data libkf5bluezqt6 libkf5bookmarks-data libkf5bookmarks5 libkf5calendarcore5abi1 libkf5calendarevents5 libkf5calendarsupport-data libkf5calendarsupport5abi1 libkf5calendarutils-bin libkf5calendarutils-data libkf5calendarutils5abi1 libkf5cddb-data libkf5cddb5 libkf5codecs-data libkf5codecs5 libkf5compactdisc-data libkf5compactdisc5 libkf5completion-data libkf5completion5 libkf5config-bin libkf5config-data libkf5configcore5 libkf5configgui5 libkf5configwidgets-data libkf5configwidgets5 libkf5contacteditor-data libkf5contacteditor5 libkf5contacts-data libkf5contacts5 libkf5coreaddons-data libkf5coreaddons5 libkf5crash5 libkf5dbusaddons-bin libkf5dbusaddons-data libkf5dbusaddons5 libkf5declarative-data libkf5declarative5 libkf5dnssd-data libkf5dnssd5 libkf5doctools5 libkf5emoticons-bin libkf5emoticons-data libkf5emoticons5 libkf5eventviews-data libkf5eventviews5 libkf5filemetadata-bin libkf5filemetadata-data libkf5filemetadata3 libkf5followupreminder5 libkf5globalaccel-bin libkf5globalaccel-data libkf5globalaccel5 libkf5globalaccelprivate5 libkf5grantleetheme-data libkf5grantleetheme-plugins libkf5grantleetheme5 libkf5gravatar-data libkf5gravatar5 libkf5guiaddons5 libkf5holidays-data libkf5holidays5 libkf5i18n-data libkf5i18n5 libkf5iconthemes-bin libkf5iconthemes-data libkf5iconthemes5 libkf5identitymanagement-data libkf5identitymanagement5abi1 libkf5idletime5 libkf5imap-data libkf5imap5 libkf5incidenceeditor-bin libkf5incidenceeditor-data libkf5incidenceeditor5abi2 libkf5itemmodels5 libkf5itemviews-data libkf5itemviews5 libkf5jobwidgets-data libkf5jobwidgets5 libkf5js5 libkf5jsapi5 libkf5jsembed-data libkf5jsembed5 libkf5kaddressbookgrantlee5 libkf5kaddressbookimportexport5 libkf5kcmutils-data libkf5kcmutils5 libkf5kdcraw5 libkf5kdelibs4support-data libkf5kdelibs4support5 libkf5kdelibs4support5-bin libkf5kdepimdbusinterfaces5 libkf5kexiv2-15.0.0 libkf5khtml-bin libkf5khtml-data libkf5khtml5 libkf5kiocore5 libkf5kiofilewidgets5 libkf5kiogui5 libkf5kiontlm5 libkf5kiowidgets5 libkf5kipi-data libkf5kipi32.0.0 libkf5kirigami2-5 libkf5kmanagesieve5 libkf5kontactinterface-data libkf5kontactinterface5 libkf5krosscore5 libkf5krossui5 libkf5ksieve-data libkf5ksieve5 libkf5ksieveui5 libkf5ldap-data libkf5ldap5 libkf5libkdepim-data libkf5libkdepim-plugins libkf5libkdepim5abi2 libkf5libkdepimakonadi5 libkf5libkleo5abi1 libkf5mailcommon-plugins libkf5mailcommon5abi4 libkf5mailimporter-data libkf5mailimporter5abi1 libkf5mailimporterakonadi5 libkf5mailtransport-data libkf5mailtransport5abi2 libkf5mailtransportakonadi5 libkf5mbox5 libkf5messagecomposer5abi2 libkf5messagecore5abi2 libkf5messagelist5abi1 libkf5messageviewer-plugins libkf5messageviewer5abi4 libkf5mime-data libkf5mime5abi2 libkf5mimetreeparser5abi2 libkf5modemmanagerqt6 libkf5networkmanagerqt6 libkf5newstuff-data libkf5newstuff5 libkf5newstuffcore5 libkf5notifications-data libkf5notifications5 libkf5notifyconfig-data libkf5notifyconfig5 libkf5package-data libkf5package5 libkf5parts-data libkf5parts-plugins libkf5parts5 libkf5people-data libkf5people5 libkf5peoplebackend5 libkf5peoplewidgets5 libkf5pimcommon-plugins libkf5pimcommon5abi3 libkf5pimcommonakonadi5 libkf5pimtextedit-data libkf5pimtextedit5abi2 libkf5plasma5 libkf5plasmaquick5 libkf5plotting5 libkf5prison5 libkf5pty-data libkf5pty5 libkf5purpose-bin libkf5purpose5 libkf5quickaddons5 libkf5runner5 libkf5sane-data libkf5sane5 libkf5screen-bin libkf5screen7 libkf5sendlater5 libkf5service-bin libkf5service-data libkf5service5 libkf5solid5 libkf5solid5-data libkf5sonnet5-data libkf5sonnetcore5 libkf5sonnetui5 libkf5style5 libkf5su-bin libkf5su-data libkf5su5 libkf5syndication5 libkf5syntaxhighlighting-data libkf5syntaxhighlighting5 libkf5sysguard-bin libkf5sysguard-data libkf5templateparser5abi2 libkf5texteditor5 libkf5texteditor5-libjs-underscore libkf5textwidgets-data libkf5textwidgets5 libkf5threadweaver5 libkf5tnef-data libkf5tnef5 libkf5unitconversion-data libkf5unitconversion5 libkf5wallet-bin libkf5wallet-data libkf5wallet5 libkf5waylandclient5 libkf5waylandserver5 libkf5webengineviewer5abi3 libkf5webkit5 libkf5widgetsaddons-data libkf5widgetsaddons5 libkf5windowsystem-data libkf5windowsystem5 libkf5xmlgui-bin libkf5xmlgui-data libkf5xmlgui5 libkf5xmlrpcclient-data libkf5xmlrpcclient5 libkfile4 libkfontinst5 libkfontinstui5 libkgantt2 libkgantt2-l10n libkhtml5 libkio5 libkjsapi4 libkjsembed4 libkmediaplayer4 libknewstuff3-4 libknotifyconfig4 libkntlm4 libkolabxml1v5 libkonq-common libkonq5-templates libkparts4 libkpimgapi-data libkpimgapicalendar5 libkpimgapicontacts5 libkpimgapicore5 libkpimgapidrive5 libkpimgapitasks5 libkpimimportwizard5 libkpimkdav-data libkpimkdav5 libkpimsmtp5 libkpmcore7 libkpty4 libkrosscore4 libkscreenlocker5 libksgrd7 libksignalplotter7 libktexteditor4 libktorrent-l10n libktorrent6 libkubuntu1 libkwalletbackend5-5 libkwin4-effect-builtins1 libkwineffects11 libkwinglutils11 libkwinxrenderutils11 libkworkspace5-5 libkxmlrpcclient4 liblirc-client0 liblivemedia62 liblmdb0 libmad0 libmarkdown2 libmatroska6v5 libmicrodns0 libmikmod3 libminizip1 libmpdclient2 libmpeg2-4 libmspub-0.1-1 libmusicbrainz5cc2v5 libnfs11 libnl-route-3-200 libntrack-qt4-1 libntrack0 libokular5core8 libopenconnect5 libopencore-amrnb0 libopencore-amrwb0 libopenmpt-modplug1 liboxygenstyle5-5 liboxygenstyleconfig5-5 libpackagekitqt5-1 libpagemaker-0.0-0 libpam-kwallet-common libpam-kwallet4 libpam-kwallet5 libperl4-corelibs-perl libphonon4 libphonon4qt5-4 libplacebo4 libplasma-geolocation-interface5 libplasma3 libpolkit-qt-1-1 libpolkit-qt5-1-1 libpoppler-qt5-1 libpowerdevilcore2 libpowerdevilui5 libprocesscore7 libprocessui7 libprotobuf-lite10 libproxy-tools libpwquality-common libpwquality1 libqalculate6 libqalculate6-data libqapt3 libqapt3-runtime libqca-qt5-2 libqca-qt5-2-plugins libqca2 libqca2-plugins libqgpgme7 libqgsttools-p1 libqmobipocket2 libqrencode3 libqt4-designer libqt4-qt3support libqt4-svg libqt5concurrent5 libqt5designer5 libqt5help5 libqt5multimedia5 libqt5multimedia5-plugins libqt5multimediaquick-p5 libqt5multimediawidgets5 libqt5opengl5 libqt5positioning5 libqt5printsupport5 libqt5qml5 libqt5quick5 libqt5quickcontrols2-5 libqt5quicktemplates2-5 libqt5quickwidgets5 libqt5script5 libqt5sensors5 libqt5sql5 libqt5sql5-mysql libqt5sql5-sqlite libqt5test5 libqt5texttospeech5 libqt5waylandclient5 libqt5waylandcompositor5 libqt5webchannel5 libqt5webengine-data libqt5webengine5 libqt5webenginecore5 libqt5webenginewidgets5 libqt5webkit5 libqt5x11extras5 libqt5xml5 libqt5xmlpatterns5 libquicktime2 libraw16 libre2-4 libreoffice-avmedia-backend-gstreamer libreoffice-base libreoffice-base-core libreoffice-base-drivers libreoffice-calc libreoffice-common libreoffice-core libreoffice-draw libreoffice-impress libreoffice-java-common libreoffice-kde libreoffice-kde4 libreoffice-math libreoffice-sdbc-hsqldb libreoffice-style-breeze libreoffice-style-galaxy libreoffice-style-oxygen libreoffice-style-tango libreoffice-writer libresid-builder0c2a libroar2 libruby2.5 libscim8v5 libsdl-image1.2 libsdl1.2debian libsdl2-2.0-0 libservlet3.1-java libsidplay2 libsidplayfp4 libsignon-extension1 libsignon-plugins-common1 libsignon-qt5-1 libsolid4 libsox-fmt-alsa libsox-fmt-base libsox3 libssh-4 libssh2-1 libstoken1 libstreamanalyzer0v5 libstreams0v5 libtag-extras1 libtaskmanager6 libthreadweaver4 libtomcrypt1 libtommath1 libupnp6 libusageenvironment3 libuv1 libva-wayland2 libvcdinfo0 libvisio-0.1-1 libvlc-bin libvlc5 libvlccore9 libvncclient1 libvoikko1 libweather-ion7 libwhoopsie-preferences0 libwinpr-crt0.1 libwinpr-dsparse0.1 libwinpr-environment0.1 libwinpr-file0.1 libwinpr-handle0.1 libwinpr-heap0.1 libwinpr-input0.1 libwinpr-interlocked0.1 libwinpr-library0.1 libwinpr-path0.1 libwinpr-pool0.1 libwinpr-registry0.1 libwinpr-rpc0.1 libwinpr-sspi0.1 libwinpr-synch0.1 libwinpr-sysinfo0.1 libwinpr-thread0.1 libwinpr-utils0.1 libwoff1 libxapian30 libxcb-composite0 libxcb-cursor0 libxcb-damage0 libxcb-dpms0 libxcb-record0 libxcb-xv0 libxerces-c3.2 libxfreerdp-client1.1 libxml2-utils libzip4 libzzip-0-13 mbox-importer media-player-info milou mpd muon mysql-client-core-5.7 mysql-server-core-5.7 nodejs nodejs-doc ntrack-module-libnl-0 okular okular-extra-backends openjdk-11-jre openjdk-11-jre-headless oxygen-icon-theme oxygen-sounds oxygen5-icon-theme paperkey partitionmanager pavucontrol-qt pavucontrol-qt-l10n phonon phonon-backend-gstreamer phonon-backend-gstreamer-common phonon4qt5 phonon4qt5-backend-gstreamer phonon4qt5-backend-vlc pim-data-exporter pim-sieve-editor pinentry-qt plasma-dataengines-addons plasma-desktop plasma-desktop-data plasma-discover plasma-discover-common plasma-framework plasma-integration plasma-look-and-feel-org-kde-breezedark-desktop plasma-nm plasma-pa plasma-runners-addons plasma-scriptengine-javascript plasma-vault plasma-wallpapers-addons plasma-widgets-addons plasma-workspace plymouth-theme-kubuntu-logo plymouth-theme-kubuntu-text polkit-kde-agent-1 powerdevil powerdevil-data print-manager pulseaudio-module-gconf python-dbus python-gi python-qt4-dbus python3-dbus.mainloop.pyqt5 python3-pyqt5 python3-sip python3-uno python3-xapian qapt-batch qapt-deb-installer qdbus-qt5 qml-module-org-kde-activities qml-module-org-kde-bluezqt qml-module-org-kde-draganddrop qml-module-org-kde-extensionplugin qml-module-org-kde-kcm qml-module-org-kde-kconfig qml-module-org-kde-kcoreaddons qml-module-org-kde-kholidays qml-module-org-kde-kio qml-module-org-kde-kirigami2 qml-module-org-kde-kquickcontrols qml-module-org-kde-kquickcontrolsaddons qml-module-org-kde-kwindowsystem qml-module-org-kde-newstuff qml-module-org-kde-purpose qml-module-org-kde-qqc2desktopstyle qml-module-org-kde-runnermodel qml-module-org-kde-solid qml-module-qt-labs-folderlistmodel qml-module-qt-labs-settings qml-module-qtgraphicaleffects qml-module-qtmultimedia qml-module-qtqml-models2 qml-module-qtquick-controls qml-module-qtquick-controls-styles-breeze qml-module-qtquick-controls2 qml-module-qtquick-dialogs qml-module-qtquick-layouts qml-module-qtquick-privatewidgets qml-module-qtquick-templates2 qml-module-qtquick-virtualkeyboard qml-module-qtquick-window2 qml-module-qtquick-xmllistmodel qml-module-qtquick2 qml-module-qtwebengine qml-module-qtwebkit qml-module-ubuntu-onlineaccounts qt5-image-formats-plugins qtdeclarative5-qtquick2-plugin qtspeech5-flite-plugin qtvirtualkeyboard-plugin qtwayland5 rake ruby ruby-did-you-mean ruby-minitest ruby-net-telnet ruby-power-assert ruby-test-unit ruby2.5 rubygems-integration sddm sddm-theme-breeze sgml-base sgml-data signon-kwallet-extension signon-plugin-oauth2 signon-plugin-password signon-ui-service signon-ui-x11 signond skanlite sni-qt socat software-properties-kde sonnet-plugins sox sshfs system-config-printer systemsettings transcode transcode-doc ttf-ubuntu-font-family twolame ubuntu-release-upgrader-qt user-manager vcdimager vlc vlc-bin vlc-data vlc-l10n vlc-plugin-base vlc-plugin-notify vlc-plugin-qt vlc-plugin-samba vlc-plugin-skins2 vlc-plugin-video-output vlc-plugin-video-splitter vlc-plugin-visualization whoopsie-preferences wodim xdg-desktop-portal-kde xml-core

     

    转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/Robbery/p/remove-xubuntu-kubuntu-desktop.html

    展开全文
  • 一个源软件包为Ubuntu提供了许多Debian软件包,包括ubiquity-slideshow-ubuntu,ubiquity-slideshow-xubuntu和ubiquity-slideshow-kubuntu。 这与启动板上上的ubiquity-slideshow组相关联。 小组邮件列表上的建设...
  • 接下来即可安装图形化桌面(当然官方还提供了lubuntu、kubuntu,这里我选择的是xubuntu,可以百度搜一下这三者的不同之处) sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop 然后输入y等着安装即可,由于是主服务器,下载...

    树莓派作为一个便捷的Linux开发装备受到了热捧,尤其树莓派4性能大幅提升,价格仍很低,2GB版本不到300元。在不久前就入手一块,当时购买时还未有Ubuntu系统适发行,只有官方的Raspberry Pi OS用起来虽然流畅,但用ROS还是Ubuntu官方系统好啊。今天下载Ubuntu时在官网看到了,树莓派的镜像,有点惊喜,于是进行了安装,以下为总结的安装教程,希望能够帮助大家!!!以下两张为安装成功后的截图:

    安装桌面系统及ROS需准备以下硬件:

    树莓派4、树莓派内存卡、网线、路由器、显示器、键盘、鼠标、HDMI视频线

    树莓派ubuntu18.04下载地址:

    官方:https://ubuntu.com/download/raspberry-pi/thank-you?version=18.04&versionPatch=.4&architecture=arm64+raspi3

    腾讯微云:https://share.weiyun.com/cjlVKtkL

    百度网盘:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1jShU01nYfQSfL86St0toWA  提取码:11l4

    下载完成后,进行第一步,将下载的系统烧录至内存卡中

    1、安装系统至内存卡中

    需要下载安装以下两个软件

    (1)内存卡格式化软件:

    官方下载地址:https://www.sdcard.org/chs/downloads/formatter/eula_windows/index.html(最底部选择我接受,自动下载)

    腾讯微云下载地址:https://share.weiyun.com/gRDlbtx6

    百度网盘下载地址:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1LjWG_REG6TDT1lIlDMzFOQ   提取码:hdrg

    (2)系统烧录至内存卡etcher软件

    官方下载地址:https://www.balena.io/etcher/

    腾讯微云下载地址:https://share.weiyun.com/1T8d24tl

    百度网盘下载地址:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1w8oL9kdpcPsuihj90Nts9g  提取码:rd6x

    将以上两个软件下载安装好后,插入树莓派的内存卡

    首先打开格式化软件

    无需进行多的额外操作,选择你的内存卡所在分区(如图我的为H盘),点击最下方的format即可!

    点完format后提示你将会删除所有文件,是否继续,点击是

    格式化完成后,提示已成功,点击确定即可。

    格式化好后,打开etcher软件

    如图,点击flash from file选择你的下载好的树莓派系统镜像。选择好后点击select target选择你的内存卡分区

    如图我的为H盘,这里也选择了H

    点击flash,等待即可

    提示完成后,关掉程序,经以上步骤,树莓派系统已经安装完成,即将进行下一步的配置!

    2、配置系统,安装桌面及WiFi

    将内存卡插入树莓派4中,用网线连接树莓派4至无线路由上,用HDMI视频线连接树莓派至显示屏上。进行完以上操作,开机,注意开机前要连接网线,确保可以上网(系统会自动更新时间)!

    (1)密码配置

    开机后,是无图形化桌面的,首先登陆进去会让你修改密码,会看到如下界面:(用户名及密码初试均为 ubuntu)

    在ubuntu login:中输入你的用户名也就是ubuntu,输入后按回车,如上图

    输入ubuntu按回车后,会出现password,即让你输入密码,这里输入初始密码ubuntu(Linux输入密码是不可见的,直接输入ubuntu即可),输入后按回车,如上图出现current Unix password,即再次输入当前密码ubuntu,输入后即可输入你自己设定的密码了

    在enter new Unix password和retype new Unix password中分别输出你的新密码,按回车(仍然为不可见的,输入后按回车即可)

    (2)桌面系统安装

    在安装桌面前先对一下你的系统时间(这一步很重要,很多人sudo apt-get update出现error就是因为系统时间不对)

    输入以下指令:

    date

    输入date后,你可以看到如下时间,其中Aug指月份英语缩写,9为几号,12:40:24为12点40分24秒,UTC为时区,2020为年份。根据显示的时区字母,查一下这个时区现在时间为多少,进行如下修改:

    第一步修改年月日(若年月日正确无需此步,我的就是年月日正确只是时间有点问题)

    输入以下指令修改年月日:

    sudo -s date 20200809

    即修改日期为 2020 08 09 ,年 月 日

    修改后,对时间进行修改

    sudo date -s 12:32:00

    即修改时间为 12 32 00,时 分 秒

    现在再次输入date,会发现时间已经发生了改变。可以进行下一步

    输入指令:

    sudo apt-get update

    注意对于18.04来说,安装图形化桌面这个一定不能有error,如果还是有error,查看时间,如果UTC或其它时区时间不对修改为美国时间,我的就是修改为美国时间,全部ok,无error

    接下来即可安装图形化桌面(当然官方还提供了lubuntu、kubuntu,这里我选择的是xubuntu,可以百度搜一下这三者的不同之处)

    sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop

    然后输入y等着安装即可,由于是主服务器,下载速度很较慢,中途如果卡住可以Ctrl C退出,再输入安装指令,会接着继续。当然为了快也可以换源,我并没有换源,因为我这边的都是Science的上网。

    可选:换源,可大幅加快下载进程,可执行以下指令:

    sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list

    把里面的所有原来的源地址换成国内源,如将 ports.ubuntu.com换成mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn,如下:


    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports bionic main restricted
    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports bionic-updates main restricted
    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports bionic universe
    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports bionic-updates universe
    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports bionic multiverse
    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports bionic-updates multiverse
    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports bionic-security main restricted
    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports bionic-security universe
    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports bionic-security multiverse


    也可换为阿里云的,将地址ports.ubuntu.com替换为mirrors.aliyun.com即可

    安装xubuntu没有报错,完成后,即可重启,输入以下指令:

    reboot

    重启后就能看到图形化桌面了!

    对了,这里有一点,安装完成xubuntu之后,系统本身会安装无线驱动

    3、安装ROS melodic

    树莓派ubuntu的好处就是,ROS安装过程和X86笔记本安装相差不多,安装官方教程即可

    http://wiki.ros.org/Installation/UbuntuARM

    这里需要注意的是,运行sudo rosdep init会出错,解决方法见文章:

    需提前安装gedit

    sudo apt-get install gedit

    https://blog.csdn.net/qq_35379989/article/details/106648826

     

    通过以上,ros环境搭建完毕,可运行roscore测试一下:

    展开全文
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