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  • 软件工程概论 游戏工程概论 (Introduction To Game Engineering) This course requires a lot of patience and dedication and in this tutorial you will be learning about a lot of interesting elements and ...

    软件工程概论

    This course requires a lot of patience and dedication and in this tutorial you will be learning about a lot of interesting elements and components which you have been wondering till now, about how games are developed and engineered.

    本课程需要大量的耐心和奉献精神,在本教程中,您将学习到很多有趣的元素和组件,而这些元素和组件到目前为止一直在使您感到困惑,以及如何开发和设计游戏。

    This is the tutorial which will give you a detailed overview of all the internal architecture and components required for Game development.

    本教程将为您提供游戏开发所需的所有内部体系结构和组件的详细概述。

    什么是游戏? (What is a Game?)

    Well, you all have heard about the term Game. A Game can be defined as an activity enrolled for amusement as a prepared form of play that basically undertakes for enjoyment and/or as an educational tool.

    好吧,你们都听说过游戏一词。 游戏可以定义为一种为娱乐而注册的活动,它是一种主要为娱乐而准备的游戏形式和/或作为一种教育工具。

    According to Game Theory, which is a study of mathematical models, while playing a game, there is either a win or a loss or a tie among the candidates participating in the game and that is based on the actions performed or the decisions taken during the gameplay.

    根据对数学模型进行研究的“ 游戏理论” ,在玩游戏时,参加游戏的候选人之间是赢还是输,或者是平局,这是基于游戏过程中执行的动作或做出的决定。游戏玩法。

    The key components almost every game is having are its objectives, regulations and conventions, challenges, and interaction. While a player plays any game, it usually involves mental or physical stimulation and frequently both. This eventually boosts up human senses and reacting and thinking capability also (which we will discuss in the Advantages of Game Engineering and playing part). Many games help develop practical skills (like simulation games), while other serve as a form of doing exercises (VR and X-box oriented Games), while some other games helps developing educational or psychological potential.

    几乎每款游戏都具有的关键组成部分是目标,法规和约定,挑战和互动。 玩家玩任何游戏时,通常都涉及精神或身体刺激,并且经常同时发生。 最终,这将增强人类的感知能力以及React和思考能力(我们将在“ 游戏工程优势”和“游戏性”中进行讨论)。 许多游戏有助于发展实用技能(例如模拟游戏),而其他一些游戏则可以作为锻炼的一种形式(VR和面向X-box的游戏),而其他一些游戏则有助于开发教育或心理潜能。

    什么是电子游戏? (What is a Video Game?)

    A video game can be defined as a game that runs on electronic devices which involves humans interacting with a user interface(UI) for generating visual responses on any video device like TV screen or computer monitor. This electronic game when played by a user, deals with a set of graphics, images or even audio to make the game more interactive.

    视频游戏可以定义为在电子设备上运行的游戏,其中涉及人类与用户界面(UI)进行交互以在任何视频设备(如电视屏幕或计算机监视器)上生成视觉响应。 该电子游戏由用户玩时,会处理一组图形,图像甚至音频,以使游戏更具交互性。

    In simple words, video games are the digital entertainment platform (which is a form of software) that humans "play" via a computer, TV, smart phones, tablets or other gaming consoles. The word video in video game was a traditional add-on which came into existence when people used raster display device (still used in some places), but after the 20th century, this term was used for any type of display device which had the capability to produce two- or three-dimensional images/videos.

    简而言之,视频游戏是人类通过计算机,电视,智能手机,平板电脑或其他游戏机“玩”的数字娱乐平台(软件的一种形式)。 在视频游戏这个词视频是传统的附加在其上应运而生,当人们使用光栅显示设备(在一些地方仍在使用),但在20世纪之后,被用于任何类型的显示设备,其有能力这个词产生二维或三维图像/视频。

    游戏开发 (Game Development)

    Game development is the procedure of creating video games which involves working on some platform/software to develop the game. The development is undertaken by a game developer which can be one person or a team of Game Engineers (for constructing the overall structure and game play), Designers (for designing the objects and animations), Coders (for coding and giving life to the game including logics, score and other calculations), Project Manager (for managing and promoting the game), Game Tester (who will test the game after it has been developed to find bugs in the game, if any). All of these human resources come under Game developers and the process of developing the complete game is termed as Game Engineering.

    游戏开发是创建视频游戏的过程,涉及在某些平台/软件上进行游戏开发。 开发工作由游戏开发人员进行,游戏开发人员可以是一个人或一组游戏工程师 (用于构建整体结构和游戏玩法), 设计师 (用于设计对象和动画), 编码器 (用于编码并赋予游戏生命)包括逻辑,得分和其他计算), 项目经理 (用于管理和推广游戏), 游戏测试器 (开发该游戏后会测试该游戏以发现游戏中的错误(如果有)的人)。 所有这些人力资源都归游戏开发人员所有,开发整个游戏的过程称为游戏工程

    The first video games were developed and released in the year 1960. But for running those games, mainframe computers were required and were not available (at that time) to common public. Later, commercial games were made in 1970s with the era of 1st - generation video games along with consoles and home computers (desktops).

    第一款视频游戏是在1960年开发和发布的。但是,为了运行这些游戏,大型计算机是必需的,并且当时(当时)普通大众无法使用。 后来,随着第一代视频游戏以及游戏机和家用计算机(台式机)时代的到来,商业游戏诞生于1970年代。

    谁是游戏开发商? (Who are Game Developers?)

    Game Developers are the people who create a game from scratch, and they work like software developers with a specialization in video game development - where the focus of the developer lies in creating video games. A game developer's team may vary from one person who undertakes every tasks (in developing a complete game) to a large business firm in which, to develop a game - the responsibilities are divided among individual disciplines, like programming, design, art & game play planning, testing, etc.

    游戏开发人员是从头开始创建游戏的人,他们像软件开发人员一样从事视频游戏开发方面的工作-开发人员的重点在于创建视频游戏。 游戏开发人员的团队可能有所不同,从承担所有任务(开发完整游戏)的人到大型商业公司(开发游戏),大型公司的职责划分为各个学科,例如编程,设计,美术和游戏规划,测试等

    It is to be noted that a small game can be developed by one or two individuals (like Mario, Puzzle, Maze), but when it comes to large games like GTA, IGI, NFS, COD etc, a whole team of developers work to accomplish the game to success.

    要注意的是,一个小型游戏可以由一个或两个人(例如Mario,Puzzle,Maze)开发,但是当涉及大型游戏(例如GTA,IGI,NFS,COD等)时,整个开发团队完成游戏以取得成功。

    There are developers who have specialization in different game developing software (eg. Unity 3D, Unreal etc) or animating software (eg. Autodex Maya, Blender etc). Also developers may be specialized in a certain gaming platforms or game consoles (like the Nintendo's - Wii U, Sony's PlayStation 4, Microsoft's X-box etc), while other developers may develop games for specific devices like personal computers or smart phones.

    有些开发人员专门研究不同的游戏开发软件(例如Unity 3D,Unreal等)或动画软件(例如Autodex Maya,Blender等)。 此外,开发人员可能专门研究某些游戏平台或游戏机(如Nintendo的-Wii U,Sony的PlayStation 4,Microsoft的X-box等),而其他开发人员可能针对诸如个人计算机或智能手机之类的特定设备开发游戏。

    游戏开发工具 (Game Development Tools)

    Game development tools are specialized software solutions which allow and facilitate the development of a video game easier. In developing a game, the team of developers may need animation software to design a player, or trees, or any other object being used in the game; or a coder may need Visual Studio or MonoDevelop editor to inject specific code to move a game object, all these tools come under Game development tools. In other words we can say that the tools required to develop the complete game comes under the tag-line of game development tools. All these tools helps in engineering a game.

    游戏开发工具是专用的软件解决方案,可以轻松地促进视频游戏的开发。 在开发游戏时,开发团队可能需要动画软件来设计玩家,树木或游戏中使用的任何其他对象。 或者编码人员可能需要Visual StudioMonoDevelop编辑器来注入特定的代码来移动游戏对象,所有这些工具都属于游戏开发工具。 换句话说,我们可以说开发完整游戏所需的工具属于游戏开发工具的标语。 所有这些工具都有助于设计游戏。

    翻译自: https://www.studytonight.com/3d-game-engineering-with-unity/introduction

    软件工程概论

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  • 软件工程概论试题

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  • 软件工程概论

    2015-04-15 11:14:08
    软件工程概论,初步了解软件工程的概念,内容,要求,上课必备佳品
  • 软件工程概论If you have ever been tricked into giving your password to a fake website, you’ve been the victim of Social Engineering. Social Engineering is the “use of deception to manipulate ...

    软件工程概论

    If you have ever been tricked into giving your password to a fake website, you’ve been the victim of Social Engineering. Social Engineering is the “use of deception to manipulate individuals into divulging confidential or personal information that may be used for fraudulent purposes”. To put it simply, social engineering involves a criminal tricking you into giving up information that you wouldn’t otherwise want to give them. This is usually done by appealing to your emotions and creating a sense of urgency that is designed to make you not think rationally. This can occur both online and in-person. However, the most common forms of social engineering occur online.

    如果您曾经被欺骗向假网站提供密码,那么您就是社会工程的受害者。 社会工程学是“利用欺骗手段操纵个人泄露可能用于欺诈目的的机密或个人信息”。 简而言之,社会工程学牵涉到一个犯罪分子,诱骗您放弃您本不想提供给他们的信息。 这通常是通过吸引您的情绪并创建一种紧迫感来设计的,以使您不理性地思考。 这可以在线发生也可以亲自发生。 但是,最常见的社会工程形式是在线发生的。

    What Does it Look Like?Social engineering can take many forms, both online and in-person. Below are some of the most common and effective ways that criminals extract information from unsuspecting victims:

    它是什么样子的? 社会工程可以采取多种形式,包括在线形式和面对面形式。 以下是犯罪分子从毫无戒心的受害者中提取信息的一些最常见和有效的方法

    • Baiting: This strategy involves leaving a USB or other physical device where an unsuspecting victim will find it and hopefully insert it into their computer. The USB could contain malware, ransomware, or other spyware to collect information for criminals looking to make a profit.

      诱饵 :此策略涉及将USB或其他物理设备留给毫无戒心的受害者找到,并希望将其插入计算机。 USB可能包含恶意软件,勒索软件或其他间谍软件,以收集信息以供想要牟取暴利的罪犯使用。

    Image for post
    Esa Riutta from Esa RiuttaPixabay Pixabay上发布
    • Phishing: By far the most common strategy and one that fills your spam inbox every day. Phishing involves sending an email or text to the target that usually contains a link to either a malware downloader or a fake website. Phishing attacks are considered a ‘shotgun approach’, meaning the criminals don’t necessarily know who their targets are. Instead, they try to get their message out to as many people as possible hoping that a few of them will click the link.

      网络钓鱼 :到目前为止,这是最常见的策略,并且每天都会填满您的垃圾邮件收件箱。 网络钓鱼涉及向目标发送电子邮件或文本,该电子邮件或文本通常包含指向恶意软件下载器或假网站的链接。 网络钓鱼攻击被认为是“ shot弹法”,这意味着犯罪分子不一定知道他们的目标是谁。 相反,他们尝试将消息传达给尽可能多的人,希望其中一些人单击链接。

    • Spear Phishing: Spear Phishing is a targeted version of phishing where criminals will try to craft emails that are indistinguishable from real ones in order to extract large amounts of money from companies. Spear phishing will usually target high ranking executives, people in Human Resources and Finance, or employees with a large number of privileges, such as system administrators. In order to make their emails look real, spear phishers are usually already in the companies email system before they attempt to imitate emails such as third-party invoices or purchase orders.

      鱼叉式网络钓鱼 :鱼叉式网络钓鱼是网络钓鱼的目标版本,犯罪分子将尝试制作与真实电子邮件没有区别的电子邮件,以便从公司中提取大量资金。 鱼叉式网络钓鱼通常会针对高级主管,人力资源和财务部门的人员或具有大量特权的员工(例如系统管理员)。 为了使他们的电子邮件看起来真实,鱼叉式网络钓鱼者通常已经在公司电子邮件系统中存在,然后他们才试图模仿诸如第三方发票或采购订单之类的电子邮件。

    • Email Hacking/Content Spamming: Another more targetted type of phishing. Criminals using this strategy will compromise one email account and then send malicious links to all of the victims' contacts. In this case, the emails have some credibility to them, since they are coming from a known contact.

      电子邮件黑客/内容垃圾邮件 :另一种更有针对性的网络钓鱼。 使用这种策略的犯罪分子会破坏一个电子邮件帐户,然后将恶意链接发送给所有受害者的联系人。 在这种情况下,电子邮件具有一定的信誉,因为它们来自已知的联系人。

    • Pretexting: This strategy can take place both online and in-person. Criminals will try to lure potential victims in with a story that sounds too good to be true (think Nigerian Prince offering you his fortune) in return for some personal information. This information is usually social security numbers or bank information that is needed in order to prove your identity.

      借口 :此策略可以在线和亲自进行。 罪犯会试图通过一个听起来听起来难以置信的故事来吸引潜在的受害者(以尼日利亚王子为您提供财富),以换取一些个人信息。 该信息通常是社会安全号码或银行信息,以证明您的身份。

    • Quid Pro Quo: Another strategy that can be performed both online and in-person. The most common example of a quid pro quo attack is a criminal pretending to be tech support. To someone who is not technically literate, they may be confused by the jargon used by the criminals and believe that they are there to help. In reality, they give themselves access to your entire computer and can do whatever they want with it.

      Quid Pro Quo :可以在线和面对面执行的另一种策略。 换取最常见的攻击例子是冒充技术支持的犯罪分子。 对于不懂技术的人来说,他们可能会被犯罪分子使用的行话弄糊涂,并相信他们会在这里提供帮助。 实际上,他们使自己可以访问您的整个计算机,并可以用它做任何想做的事情。

    • Tailgating: A purely in-person strategy that involves following someone with elevated privileges into an area that they are not authorized to go into. This may be as simple as pretending to be a janitor who forgot their keys to the server room.

      尾语 :一种纯粹的面对面策略,涉及将特权较高的人跟随到他们无权进入的区域中。 这可能就像假装看门人忘记了进入服务器机房的钥匙那样简单。

    Prevention TipsAs with all types of security attacks, there are safeguards that we can take to lower our own risk and stay safe. It’s important to understand that none of these attacks would be possible without the victim enabling them. As a result, many of the prevention tips revolve around the victims’ mindset:

    预防技巧与所有类型的安全攻击一样,我们可以采取一些保护措施来降低自身风险并保持安全。 重要的是要理解,如果受害者没有启用这些攻击,就不可能发生这些攻击。 结果,许多预防技巧都围绕着受害者的心态:

    • Consider the source: If your bank was having an issue with your account, they would either call you directly or ask you to call their hotline.

      考虑消息来源 :如果您的银行帐户有问题,他们会直接致电给您或要求您拨打其热线电话。

    • Slow down: Many of these attacks are designed to create a sense of urgency. Take a step back and evaluate the facts before doing anything that may put your information in danger.

      放慢速度 :这些攻击中的许多攻击都是为了营造紧迫感而设计的。 在执行可能会使您的信息处于危险之中的任何操作之前,请退后一步并评估事实。

    • Don’t click on suspicious links or attachments: Always do your due diligence of hovering over links and thinking about the content of attachments before clicking them. If you have any doubts about the authenticity of the email or the sender, do not click on any link or attachment.

      不要单击可疑的链接或附件 :在单击链接之前,请务必尽力将鼠标悬停在链接上并考虑附件的内容。 如果您对电子邮件或发件人的真实性有任何疑问,请不要单击任何链接或附件。

    • If it sounds too good to be true, it is: Unfortunately, no one is going to offer you millions of dollars from a contest that you didn’t enter.

      如果听起来太不真实了,那就是 :不幸的是,没有人会从您没有参加的比赛中提供数百万美元。

    • Don’t hold open locked doors for strangers: This tip is for those of us who work in office buildings with keycards. It’s important to understand that being polite shouldn’t come at the cost of security and if you don’t know the person behind you, don’t hold the door open for them without seeing their keycard.

      不要为陌生人打开开锁的 :这个技巧是给那些使用钥匙卡在办公大楼工作的人的。 重要的是要明白,礼貌不应该以牺牲安全为代价,如果您不认识身后的人,则不要在没有看到他们的钥匙卡的情况下为他们敞开大门。

    • Don’t trust everything that you receive from contacts: More people are getting hacked every day. Just because someone is in your contact list doesn’t mean that everything that they send you is safe. Always do your due diligence with regards to links and attachments.

      不要相信您从联系人那里得到的一切:每天都有越来越多的人被黑。 仅仅因为某人在您的联系人列表中并不意味着他们发送给您的所有内容都是安全的。 始终对链接和附件进行尽职调查。

    翻译自: https://medium.com/swlh/introduction-to-social-engineering-89674f7936fe

    软件工程概论

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