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  • iconv命令使用方法

    2018-11-11 10:00:30
    iconv -l 列出已知的编码(系统所支持的字符集编码) The following list contain all the coded character sets known. This does not necessarily mean that all combinations of these names can be used for the ...

    iconv -l 列出已知的编码(系统所支持的字符集编码)

    The following list contain all the coded character sets known.  This does
    not necessarily mean that all combinations of these names can be used for
    the FROM and TO command line parameters.  One coded character set can be
    listed with several different names (aliases).

      437, 500, 500V1, 850, 851, 852, 855, 856, 857, 860, 861, 862, 863, 864, 865,
      866, 866NAV, 869, 874, 904, 1026, 1046, 1047, 8859_1, 8859_2, 8859_3, 8859_4,
      8859_5, 8859_6, 8859_7, 8859_8, 8859_9, 10646-1:1993, 10646-1:1993/UCS4,
      ANSI_X3.4-1968, ANSI_X3.4-1986, ANSI_X3.4, ANSI_X3.110-1983, ANSI_X3.110,
      ARABIC, ARABIC7, ARMSCII-8, ASCII, ASMO-708, ASMO_449, BALTIC, BIG-5,
      BIG-FIVE, BIG5-HKSCS, BIG5, BIG5HKSCS, BIGFIVE, BRF, BS_4730, CA, CN-BIG5,
      CN-GB, CN, CP-AR, CP-GR, CP-HU, CP037, CP038, CP273, CP274, CP275, CP278,
      CP280, CP281, CP282, CP284, CP285, CP290, CP297, CP367, CP420, CP423, CP424,
      CP437, CP500, CP737, CP770, CP771, CP772, CP773, CP774, CP775, CP803, CP813,
      CP819, CP850, CP851, CP852, CP855, CP856, CP857, CP860, CP861, CP862, CP863,
      CP864, CP865, CP866, CP866NAV, CP868, CP869, CP870, CP871, CP874, CP875,
      CP880, CP891, CP901, CP902, CP903, CP904, CP905, CP912, CP915, CP916, CP918,
      CP920, CP921, CP922, CP930, CP932, CP933, CP935, CP936, CP937, CP939, CP949,
      CP950, CP1004, CP1008, CP1025, CP1026, CP1046, CP1047, CP1070, CP1079,
      CP1081, CP1084, CP1089, CP1097, CP1112, CP1122, CP1123, CP1124, CP1125,
      CP1129, CP1130, CP1132, CP1133, CP1137, CP1140, CP1141, CP1142, CP1143,
      CP1144, CP1145, CP1146, CP1147, CP1148, CP1149, CP1153, CP1154, CP1155,
      CP1156, CP1157, CP1158, CP1160, CP1161, CP1162, CP1163, CP1164, CP1166,
      CP1167, CP1250, CP1251, CP1252, CP1253, CP1254, CP1255, CP1256, CP1257,
      CP1258, CP1282, CP1361, CP1364, CP1371, CP1388, CP1390, CP1399, CP4517,
      CP4899, CP4909, CP4971, CP5347, CP9030, CP9066, CP9448, CP10007, CP12712,
      CP16804, CPIBM861, CSA7-1, CSA7-2, CSASCII, CSA_T500-1983, CSA_T500,
      CSA_Z243.4-1985-1, CSA_Z243.4-1985-2, CSA_Z243.419851, CSA_Z243.419852,

    展开全文
  • 编码转换命令iconv使用

    千次阅读 2019-01-17 22:50:05
    iconv是linux中文件编码转换的命令。二、命令参数 -l:列出所有编码; -f:来源编码; -t:目标编码; -c:忽略有问题的编码; -s:忽略警告; -o:输出文件; --verbose:输出处理文件进度;三、示例 iconv -f gbk -t utf-8 s.txt...

    一、简介
    iconv是linux中文件编码转换的命令。
    二、命令参数
    -l:列出所有编码;
    -f:来源编码;
    -t:目标编码;
    -c:忽略有问题的编码;
    -s:忽略警告;
    -o:输出文件;
    --verbose:输出处理文件进度;
    三、示例
    iconv -f gbk -t utf-8 s.txt > t.txt
     

    展开全文
  • iconv 使用

    千次阅读 2008-05-05 22:24:00
    iconv 使用 iconv命令可以将一种已知的字符集文件转换成另一种已知的字符集文件。例如:从GB2312转换为UTF-8。用法: iconv [选项...] [文件...]Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another.输入...

    iconv 使用 iconv命令可以将一种已知的字符集文件转换成另一种已知的字符集文件。例如:从GB2312转换为UTF-8。用法: iconv [选项...] [文件...]Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another.输入/输出格式规范:  -f, --from-code=NAME       原始文本编码  -t, --to-code=NAME         输出编码信息:  -l, --list                 列举所有已知的字符集输出控制:  -c                         从输出中忽略无效的字符  -o, --output=FILE          输出文件  -s, --silent               suppress warnings      --verbose              打印进度信息  -?, --help                 给出该系统求助列表      --usage                给出简要的用法信息  -V, --version              打印程序版本号Mandatory or optional arguments to long options are also mandatory or optionalfor any corresponding short options.用“glibcbug”脚本将错误报告给 <bugs@gnu.org>。所有已知的字符集:  437, 500, 500V1, 850, 851, 852, 855, 856, 857, 860, 861, 862, 863, 864, 865,  866, 866NAV, 869, 874, 904, 1026, 1046, 1047, 8859_1, 8859_2, 8859_3, 8859_4,  8859_5, 8859_6, 8859_7, 8859_8, 8859_9, 10646-1:1993, 10646-1:1993/UCS4,  ANSI_X3.4-1968, ANSI_X3.4-1986, ANSI_X3.4, ANSI_X3.110-1983, ANSI_X3.110,  ARABIC, ARABIC7, ARMSCII-8, ASCII, ASMO-708, ASMO_449, BALTIC, BIG-5,  BIG-FIVE, BIG5-HKSCS, BIG5, BIG5HKSCS, BIGFIVE, BS_4730, CA, CN-BIG5, CN-GB,  CN, CP-AR, CP-GR, CP-HU, CP037, CP038, CP273, CP274, CP275, CP278, CP280,  CP281, CP282, CP284, CP285, CP290, CP297, CP367, CP420, CP423, CP424, CP437,  CP500, CP737, CP775, CP813, CP819, CP850, CP851, CP852, CP855, CP856, CP857,  CP860, CP861, CP862, CP863, CP864, CP865, CP866, CP866NAV, CP868, CP869,  CP870, CP871, CP874, CP875, CP880, CP891, CP903, CP904, CP905, CP912, CP915,  CP916, CP918, CP920, CP922, CP930, CP932, CP933, CP935, CP936, CP937, CP939,  CP949, CP950, CP1004, CP1026, CP1046, CP1047, CP1070, CP1079, CP1081, CP1084,  CP1089, CP1124, CP1125, CP1129, CP1132, CP1133, CP1160, CP1161, CP1162,  CP1163, CP1164, CP1250, CP1251, CP1252, CP1253, CP1254, CP1255, CP1256,  CP1257, CP1258, CP1361, CP10007, CPIBM861, CSA7-1, CSA7-2, CSASCII,  CSA_T500-1983, CSA_T500, CSA_Z243.4-1985-1, CSA_Z243.4-1985-2,  CSA_Z243.419851, CSA_Z243.419852, CSDECMCS, CSEBCDICATDE, CSEBCDICATDEA,  CSEBCDICCAFR, CSEBCDICDKNO, CSEBCDICDKNOA, CSEBCDICES, CSEBCDICESA,  CSEBCDICESS, CSEBCDICFISE, CSEBCDICFISEA, CSEBCDICFR, CSEBCDICIT, CSEBCDICPT,  CSEBCDICUK, CSEBCDICUS, CSEUCKR, CSEUCPKDFMTJAPANESE, CSGB2312, CSHPROMAN8,  CSIBM037, CSIBM038, CSIBM273, CSIBM274, CSIBM275, CSIBM277, CSIBM278,  CSIBM280, CSIBM281, CSIBM284, CSIBM285, CSIBM290, CSIBM297, CSIBM420,  CSIBM423, CSIBM424, CSIBM500, CSIBM851, CSIBM855, CSIBM856, CSIBM857,  CSIBM860, CSIBM863, CSIBM864, CSIBM865, CSIBM866, CSIBM868, CSIBM869,  CSIBM870, CSIBM871, CSIBM880, CSIBM891, CSIBM903, CSIBM904, CSIBM905,  CSIBM918, CSIBM922, CSIBM930, CSIBM932, CSIBM933, CSIBM935, CSIBM937,  CSIBM939, CSIBM943, CSIBM1026, CSIBM1124, CSIBM1129, CSIBM1132, CSIBM1133,  CSIBM1160, CSIBM1161, CSIBM1163, CSIBM1164, CSIBM11621162,  CSISO4UNITEDKINGDOM, CSISO10SWEDISH, CSISO11SWEDISHFORNAMES,  CSISO14JISC6220RO, CSISO15ITALIAN, CSISO16PORTUGESE, CSISO17SPANISH,  CSISO18GREEK7OLD, CSISO19LATINGREEK, CSISO21GERMAN, CSISO25FRENCH,  CSISO27LATINGREEK1, CSISO49INIS, CSISO50INIS8, CSISO51INISCYRILLIC,  CSISO58GB1988, CSISO60DANISHNORWEGIAN, CSISO60NORWEGIAN1, CSISO61NORWEGIAN2,  CSISO69FRENCH, CSISO84PORTUGUESE2, CSISO85SPANISH2, CSISO86HUNGARIAN,  CSISO88GREEK7, CSISO89ASMO449, CSISO90, CSISO92JISC62991984B, CSISO99NAPLPS,  CSISO103T618BIT, CSISO111ECMACYRILLIC, CSISO121CANADIAN1, CSISO122CANADIAN2,  CSISO139CSN369103, CSISO141JUSIB1002, CSISO143IECP271, CSISO150,  CSISO150GREEKCCITT, CSISO151CUBA, CSISO153GOST1976874, CSISO646DANISH,  CSISO2022CN, CSISO2022JP, CSISO2022JP2, CSISO2022KR, CSISO2033,  CSISO5427CYRILLIC, CSISO5427CYRILLIC1981, CSISO5428GREEK, CSISO10367BOX,  CSISOLATIN1, CSISOLATIN2, CSISOLATIN3, CSISOLATIN4, CSISOLATIN5, CSISOLATIN6,  CSISOLATINARABIC, CSISOLATINCYRILLIC, CSISOLATINGREEK, CSISOLATINHEBREW,  CSKOI8R, CSKSC5636, CSMACINTOSH, CSNATSDANO, CSNATSSEFI, CSN_369103,  CSPC8CODEPAGE437, CSPC775BALTIC, CSPC850MULTILINGUAL, CSPC862LATINHEBREW,  CSPCP852, CSSHIFTJIS, CSUCS4, CSUNICODE, CUBA, CWI-2, CWI, CYRILLIC, DE,  DEC-MCS, DEC, DECMCS, DIN_66003, DK, DS2089, DS_2089, E13B, EBCDIC-AT-DE-A,  EBCDIC-AT-DE, EBCDIC-BE, EBCDIC-BR, EBCDIC-CA-FR, EBCDIC-CP-AR1,  EBCDIC-CP-AR2, EBCDIC-CP-BE, EBCDIC-CP-CA, EBCDIC-CP-CH, EBCDIC-CP-DK,  EBCDIC-CP-ES, EBCDIC-CP-FI, EBCDIC-CP-FR, EBCDIC-CP-GB, EBCDIC-CP-GR,  EBCDIC-CP-HE, EBCDIC-CP-IS, EBCDIC-CP-IT, EBCDIC-CP-NL, EBCDIC-CP-NO,  EBCDIC-CP-ROECE, EBCDIC-CP-SE, EBCDIC-CP-TR, EBCDIC-CP-US, EBCDIC-CP-WT,  EBCDIC-CP-YU, EBCDIC-CYRILLIC, EBCDIC-DK-NO-A, EBCDIC-DK-NO, EBCDIC-ES-A,  EBCDIC-ES-S, EBCDIC-ES, EBCDIC-FI-SE-A, EBCDIC-FI-SE, EBCDIC-FR,  EBCDIC-GREEK, EBCDIC-INT, EBCDIC-INT1, EBCDIC-IS-FRISS, EBCDIC-IT,  EBCDIC-JP-E, EBCDIC-JP-KANA, EBCDIC-PT, EBCDIC-UK, EBCDIC-US, EBCDICATDE,  EBCDICATDEA, EBCDICCAFR, EBCDICDKNO, EBCDICDKNOA, EBCDICES, EBCDICESA,  EBCDICESS, EBCDICFISE, EBCDICFISEA, EBCDICFR, EBCDICISFRISS, EBCDICIT,  EBCDICPT, EBCDICUK, EBCDICUS, ECMA-114, ECMA-118, ECMA-128, ECMA-CYRILLIC,  ECMACYRILLIC, ELOT_928, ES, ES2, EUC-CN, EUC-JISX0213, EUC-JP, EUC-KR,  EUC-TW, EUCCN, EUCJP, EUCKR, EUCTW, FI, FR, GB, GB2312, GB13000, GB18030,  GBK, GB_1988-80, GB_198880, GEORGIAN-ACADEMY, GEORGIAN-PS, GOST_19768-74,  GOST_19768, GOST_1976874, GREEK-CCITT, GREEK, GREEK7-OLD, GREEK7, GREEK7OLD,  GREEK8, GREEKCCITT, HEBREW, HP-ROMAN8, HPROMAN8, HU, IBM-856, IBM-922,  IBM-930, IBM-932, IBM-933, IBM-935, IBM-937, IBM-939, IBM-943, IBM-1046,  IBM-1124, IBM-1129, IBM-1132, IBM-1133, IBM-1160, IBM-1161, IBM-1162,  IBM-1163, IBM-1164, IBM037, IBM038, IBM256, IBM273, IBM274, IBM275, IBM277,  IBM278, IBM280, IBM281, IBM284, IBM285, IBM290, IBM297, IBM367, IBM420,  IBM423, IBM424, IBM437, IBM500, IBM775, IBM813, IBM819, IBM848, IBM850,  IBM851, IBM852, IBM855, IBM856, IBM857, IBM860, IBM861, IBM862, IBM863,  IBM864, IBM865, IBM866, IBM866NAV, IBM868, IBM869, IBM870, IBM871, IBM874,  IBM875, IBM880, IBM891, IBM903, IBM904, IBM905, IBM912, IBM915, IBM916,  IBM918, IBM920, IBM922, IBM930, IBM932, IBM933, IBM935, IBM937, IBM939,  IBM943, IBM1004, IBM1026, IBM1046, IBM1047, IBM1089, IBM1124, IBM1129,  IBM1132, IBM1133, IBM1160, IBM1161, IBM1162, IBM1163, IBM1164, IEC_P27-1,  IEC_P271, INIS-8, INIS-CYRILLIC, INIS, INIS8, INISCYRILLIC, ISIRI-3342,  ISIRI3342, ISO-2022-CN-EXT, ISO-2022-CN, ISO-2022-JP-2, ISO-2022-JP-3,  ISO-2022-JP, ISO-2022-KR, ISO-8859-1, ISO-8859-2, ISO-8859-3, ISO-8859-4,  ISO-8859-5, ISO-8859-6, ISO-8859-7, ISO-8859-8, ISO-8859-9, ISO-8859-10,  ISO-8859-11, ISO-8859-13, ISO-8859-14, ISO-8859-15, ISO-8859-16, ISO-10646,  ISO-10646/UCS2, ISO-10646/UCS4, ISO-10646/UTF-8, ISO-10646/UTF8, ISO-CELTIC,  ISO-IR-4, ISO-IR-6, ISO-IR-8-1, ISO-IR-9-1, ISO-IR-10, ISO-IR-11, ISO-IR-14,  ISO-IR-15, ISO-IR-16, ISO-IR-17, ISO-IR-18, ISO-IR-19, ISO-IR-21, ISO-IR-25,  ISO-IR-27, ISO-IR-37, ISO-IR-49, ISO-IR-50, ISO-IR-51, ISO-IR-54, ISO-IR-55,  ISO-IR-57, ISO-IR-60, ISO-IR-61, ISO-IR-69, ISO-IR-84, ISO-IR-85, ISO-IR-86,  ISO-IR-88, ISO-IR-89, ISO-IR-90, ISO-IR-92, ISO-IR-98, ISO-IR-99, ISO-IR-100,  ISO-IR-101, ISO-IR-103, ISO-IR-109, ISO-IR-110, ISO-IR-111, ISO-IR-121,  ISO-IR-122, ISO-IR-126, ISO-IR-127, ISO-IR-138, ISO-IR-139, ISO-IR-141,  ISO-IR-143, ISO-IR-144, ISO-IR-148, ISO-IR-150, ISO-IR-151, ISO-IR-153,  ISO-IR-155, ISO-IR-156, ISO-IR-157, ISO-IR-166, ISO-IR-179, ISO-IR-193,  ISO-IR-197, ISO-IR-199, ISO-IR-203, ISO-IR-209, ISO-IR-226, ISO646-CA,  ISO646-CA2, ISO646-CN, ISO646-CU, ISO646-DE, ISO646-DK, ISO646-ES,  ISO646-ES2, ISO646-FI, ISO646-FR, ISO646-FR1, ISO646-GB, ISO646-HU,  ISO646-IT, ISO646-JP-OCR-B, ISO646-JP, ISO646-KR, ISO646-NO, ISO646-NO2,  ISO646-PT, ISO646-PT2, ISO646-SE, ISO646-SE2, ISO646-US, ISO646-YU,  ISO2022CN, ISO2022CNEXT, ISO2022JP, ISO2022JP2, ISO2022KR, ISO6937,  ISO8859-1, ISO8859-2, ISO8859-3, ISO8859-4, ISO8859-5, ISO8859-6, ISO8859-7,  ISO8859-8, ISO8859-9, ISO8859-10, ISO8859-11, ISO8859-13, ISO8859-14,  ISO8859-15, ISO8859-16, ISO88591, ISO88592, ISO88593, ISO88594, ISO88595,  ISO88596, ISO88597, ISO88598, ISO88599, ISO885910, ISO885911, ISO885913,  ISO885914, ISO885915, ISO885916, ISO_646.IRV:1991, ISO_2033-1983, ISO_2033,  ISO_5427-EXT, ISO_5427, ISO_5427:1981, ISO_5427EXT, ISO_5428, ISO_5428:1980,  ISO_6937-2, ISO_6937-2:1983, ISO_6937, ISO_6937:1992, ISO_8859-1,  ISO_8859-1:1987, ISO_8859-2, ISO_8859-2:1987, ISO_8859-3, ISO_8859-3:1988,  ISO_8859-4, ISO_8859-4:1988, ISO_8859-5, ISO_8859-5:1988, ISO_8859-6,  ISO_8859-6:1987, ISO_8859-7, ISO_8859-7:1987, ISO_8859-8, ISO_8859-8:1988,  ISO_8859-9, ISO_8859-9:1989, ISO_8859-10, ISO_8859-10:1992, ISO_8859-14,  ISO_8859-14:1998, ISO_8859-15:1998, ISO_9036, ISO_10367-BOX, ISO_10367BOX,  ISO_69372, IT, JIS_C6220-1969-RO, JIS_C6229-1984-B, JIS_C62201969RO,  JIS_C62291984B, JOHAB, JP-OCR-B, JP, JS, JUS_I.B1.002, KOI-7, KOI-8, KOI8-R,  KOI8-T, KOI8-U, KOI8, KOI8R, KOI8U, KSC5636, L1, L2, L3, L4, L5, L6, L7, L8,  L10, LATIN-GREEK-1, LATIN-GREEK, LATIN1, LATIN2, LATIN3, LATIN4, LATIN5,  LATIN6, LATIN7, LATIN8, LATIN10, LATINGREEK, LATINGREEK1, MAC-CYRILLIC,  MAC-IS, MAC-SAMI, MAC-UK, MAC, MACCYRILLIC, MACINTOSH, MACIS, MACUK,  MACUKRAINIAN, MS-ANSI, MS-ARAB, MS-CYRL, MS-EE, MS-GREEK, MS-HEBR,  MS-MAC-CYRILLIC, MS-TURK, MSCP949, MSCP1361, MSMACCYRILLIC, MSZ_7795.3,  MS_KANJI, NAPLPS, NATS-DANO, NATS-SEFI, NATSDANO, NATSSEFI, NC_NC0010,  NC_NC00-10, NC_NC00-10:81, NF_Z_62-010, NF_Z_62-010_(1973), NF_Z_62-010_1973,  NF_Z_62010, NF_Z_62010_1973, NO, NO2, NS_4551-1, NS_4551-2, NS_45511,  NS_45512, OS2LATIN1, OSF00010001, OSF00010002, OSF00010003, OSF00010004,  OSF00010005, OSF00010006, OSF00010007, OSF00010008, OSF00010009, OSF0001000A,  OSF00010020, OSF00010100, OSF00010101, OSF00010102, OSF00010104, OSF00010105,  OSF00010106, OSF00030010, OSF0004000A, OSF0005000A, OSF05010001, OSF100201A4,  OSF100201A8, OSF100201B5, OSF100201F4, OSF100203B5, OSF1002011C, OSF1002011D,  OSF1002035D, OSF1002035E, OSF1002035F, OSF1002036B, OSF1002037B, OSF10010001,  OSF10020025, OSF10020111, OSF10020115, OSF10020116, OSF10020118, OSF10020122,  OSF10020129, OSF10020352, OSF10020354, OSF10020357, OSF10020359, OSF10020360,  OSF10020364, OSF10020365, OSF10020366, OSF10020367, OSF10020370, OSF10020387,  OSF10020388, OSF10020396, OSF10020402, OSF10020417, PT, PT2, R8, ROMAN8,  RUSCII, SE, SE2, SEN_850200_B, SEN_850200_C, SHIFT-JIS, SHIFT_JIS,  SHIFT_JISX0213, SJIS, SS636127, ST_SEV_358-88, T.61-8BIT, T.61, T.618BIT,  TCVN-5712, TCVN, TCVN5712-1, TCVN5712-1:1993, TIS-620, TIS620-0,  TIS620.2529-1, TIS620.2533-0, TIS620, TS-5881, TSCII, UCS-2, UCS-2BE,  UCS-2LE, UCS-4, UCS-4BE, UCS-4LE, UCS2, UCS4, UHC, UJIS, UK, UNICODE,  UNICODEBIG, UNICODELITTLE, US-ASCII, US, UTF-7, UTF-8, UTF-16, UTF-16BE,  UTF-16LE, UTF-32, UTF-32BE, UTF-32LE, UTF7, UTF8, UTF16, UTF16BE, UTF16LE,  UTF32, UTF32BE, UTF32LE, VISCII, WCHAR_T, WIN-SAMI-2, WINBALTRIM,  WINDOWS-1250, WINDOWS-1251, WINDOWS-1252, WINDOWS-1253, WINDOWS-1254,  WINDOWS-1255, WINDOWS-1256, WINDOWS-1257, WINDOWS-1258, WINSAMI2, WS2, YU指令:#iconv -f GB2312 -t UTF-8 gb1.txt >gb2.txt 将gb1里的编码从GB2312转化成UTF-8  并重定向到gb2.txt   使用iconv对文字进行编码转换 iconv的函数定义在头文件iconv.h中 iconv()运行需要一个iconv_t类型的转换描述符,声明方法: iconv_t cd; cd=iconv_open("to_charset1","from_charset"); 这样就生成了一个转换描述转换符cd。 转换方法: size_t iconv (iconv_t cd, char **inbuf, size_t *inbytesleft, char **outbuf, size_t *outbytesleft) cd:转换描述符 **inbuf: 待转换的字符串 *inbytesleft: 待转换的字符串长度 **oubuf: 一段内存空间用于存放转换后得到的字符串,此指针会随着转换的字节数增加被而向前移动,use be caution. *outbytesleft: outbuf所指向的内存区域的剩余空间  例子 #include <stdio.h>

    #include <stdlib.h>

    #include <iconv.h>

    #include <string.h>

    int main()

    {

    iconv_t cd;

    char instr[]="汉字";

    char *inbuf; char *outbuf; char *outptr;

    unsigned int insize=strlen(instr);

    unsigned int outputbufsize=10;

    unsigned int avail=outputbufsize;

    unsigned int nconv; inbuf=instr;

    outbuf=(char *)malloc(outputbufsize);

    outptr=outbuf; //使用outptr作为空闲空间指针以避免outbuf被改变

    memset(outbuf,'/0',outputbufsize);
    cd=iconv_open("gbk","utf-8"); //将字符串编码由utf-8转换为gbk

    if(cd==(iconv_t)-1)

    { printf("fail./n"); }

    nconv=iconv(cd,&inbuf,&insize,&outptr,&avail);

    printf("%s/n",outbuf); return 0; }

    iconv_close(cd);

    下载地址:http://www.gnu.org/software/libiconv/

    展开全文
  • 2019独角兽企业重金招聘Python工程师标准>>> ...

    源目录:input 中有数万个gbk文件,但在linux系统下gbk是乱码,可以使用python的decode 和encode进行转换,也可以使用c语言中iconv.h 进行转码,还可以使用shell命令  iconv 进行转码

    iconv -f 原编码  -t 目标编码  输入文件 > 输出文件

    对于这个问题采用的完整语句为:

    ls input/ | xargs -I {} sh -c "iconv -f gb18030 -t utf-8 input/{} > output/{}"

    注意:输入目录和输出目录是两个不同的目录,否则  就会变成空文件!!!

    转载于:https://my.oschina.net/lCQ3FC3/blog/753740

    展开全文
  • 1:查看文件字符集 file -i test.txt [root@localhost zzj_temp]# file -i test.txt test.txt: text/plain; charset=utf-8 2:iconv –l 查看当前...iconv test.txt -f utf-8 -t UNICODE -o test1.txt – verbose...
  • 昨天晚上郎师兄打电话说,我的结果文件他打开是乱码,问我是不是字符编码没处理好。早晨早早的来到实验室,请教了下同学,才知道linux shell 配置文件中默认的...在LINUX上进行编码转换时,可以利用iconv命令实现,这是针
  • 一、简述 IDEA中设置了文件全局编码为UTF8之后,对于原先GB2312编码的项目出现乱码。...于是想到windows上可以使用git bash,而bash中转码命令iconv。下面使用这个命令来完成批量原地转码。 ...
  • iconv命令格式如下: iconv -f encoding -t encoding inputfile 比如将一个GBK编码(Windows默认)的文件file1转换成UTF-8编码(Linux默认)的文件file2 iconv -f GBK -t UTF-8 file
  • 1. 通过iconv -l 命令查看,其支持的编码格式还不少,之间可以互相转换2. 转换gbk编码文件为utf-8编码文件简洁命令iconv -f gbk -t utf-8 index.html &gt; aautf8.html其中-f指的是原始文件编码,-t是输出...
  • 昨天晚上郎师兄打电话说,我的结果文件他打开是乱码,问我是不是字符编码没处理好。早晨早早的来到实验室,请教了下同学,才知道linux shell 配置文件中默认的字符集编码为UTF-8 。UTF-8是unicode的一种表达方式,...
  • 意图: 经常遇到文件编码转换的问题, 特别...linux环境, 并且可以使用iconv命令, 如果没有iconv命令, 可以通过编译iconv源码来安装 附shell脚本:也可见附件 if [ $# != 4 ] then  echo -e "\n脚本需要四个参数
  • 使用shell脚本导出MongoDB数据库数据时,会出现数据异常减少的情况,排查N久问题出在iconv命令转码这块! iconv -f utf8 -t gbk 1.csv &gt;2csv 在这段UTF8-&gt;GBK转码过程中,会报错: 原因:GBK的...
  • 昨天晚上郎师兄打电话说,我的结果文件他打开是乱码,问我是不是字符编码没处理好。早晨早早的来到实验室,请教了下同学,才知道linux shell 配置文件中默认的...在LINUX上进行编码转换时,可以利用iconv命令实现,这是针
  • iconv使用

    千次阅读 2011-12-30 00:26:02
    iconv命令可以将一种已知的字符集文件转换成另一种已知的字符集文件。 它的作用是在多种国际编码格式之间进行文本内码的转换。 作为编程接口的iconv包括3个函数:  iconv_open函数用于初始化用于转换的...
  • 使用iconv

    2007-07-28 14:01:51
    1.iconv命令的用法。 Usage: iconv [--binary] [-c] [-s] [-f fromcode] [-t tocode] [file ...] or: iconv -l 2。使用iconv -l 列出所有的编码 3。使用iconv, 下面是把iso8859-1编码转换到GBK编码的例子 ...
  • iconv命令是linux下用于文件转编码的常用命令,对于同时使用windows系统和linux系统的同学来说文件转编码也是经常遇到的操作。 1.命令格式:  iconv [选项...] [文件...] 2.命令功能:  转换给定文件的编码。 ...
  • 在做XML解析的时候有的文件解析...使用上面的命令查看所有文件的编码格式 XML 1.0 document text, ISO-8859 text, with CRLF line terminators XML 1.0 document text, ISO-8859 text, with CRLF line terminator...
  • Linux命令iconv

    千次阅读 2019-02-28 15:28:45
    当文件中包含中文的时候,使用cat可能会乱码,此时可以用iconv命令修改编码格式,解决乱码问题。 举例: cat file_name.txt | iconv -f GBK - t UTF-8 -f 是from-coding的意思,-t是to-coding的意思,以上例子的...
  • 为什么80%的码农都做不了架构师?>>> ...
  • 有时候在windows中的文件上传到linux之后文件名或文件内容乱码...安装iconv 1.首先下载libiconv 2.解压 3.cinfigure配置 4.编译安装 5.创建软连接 二,编码转换 一.安装iconv 1.首先下载libiconv wget http:/
  • iconv是知名的开源跨平台编码转换库,iconv.exe是iconv库在windows下的命令行工具,iconv.exe的一般用法:iconv.exe -f gbk -t utf-8 gbk.txt &gt; utf-8.txt。其中 -f gbk 指明转换前的文件编码是gbk,-t utf-8...

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