linux 离线安装_linux离线安装bzip2 - CSDN
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  • linux 离线安装软件

    千次阅读 2018-05-07 17:27:51
    需求:为一台无法联网的纯净版 centos7 服务器安装指定字体 解决思路: 1.在虚拟机上安装一台纯净版的 centos7 系统。 2.从网上找出安装字体的流程:yum 过程中把用到的依赖包记录下来,并且下载下来放入到一个...

    需求:为一台无法联网的纯净版 centos7 服务器安装指定字体

    解决思路:

    • 1.在虚拟机上安装一台纯净版的 centos7 系统。
    • 2.从网上找出安装字体的流程:yum 过程中把用到的依赖包记录下来,并且下载下来放入到一个统一的文件夹里面:rpms
    • 3.下载指定字体放入到一个文件夹里面:fonts
    • 4.编写安装文件:install.sh

    解决流程:

    • 1.总体文件夹结构如下:
      这里写图片描述
    • 2.fonts 文件夹如下
      这里写图片描述
    • 3.rpms 文件夹如下
      这里写图片描述
    • 4.font.sh 内容如下:
    #!/bin/bash
    # define font directory
    font_dir=/usr/share/fonts/website
    # 1.install rpms
    rpm -Uvh rpms/*.rpm --nodeps --force
    # 2.mkdir chinese
    if [ ! -d "$font_dir" ]; then
     mkdir font_dir
    fi
    # 3.copy fonts to chines
    cp -r -f fonts/* /usr/share/fonts/chinese
    # 4.chmod fonts files
    chmod -R 755 /usr/share/fonts/chinese
    # 5.exec ttmkfdir command
    ttmkfdir -e /usr/share/X11/fonts/encodings/encodings.dir
    # 6.add chines font directory to fonts.conf
    if [ `grep -c "/usr/share/fonts/chinese" /etc/fonts/fonts.conf` -eq '1' ]; then
     echo "has config in fonts.conf"
    else
     echo "has not config append to it"
     sed -i '/^<!-- Font directory list/a\<dir>/usr/share/fonts/chinese</dir>' /etc/fonts/fonts.conf
    fi
    # 7.refresh font cache
    fc-cache
    展开全文
  • Linux离线安装Python3以及各种依赖

    千次阅读 2020-05-19 23:35:55
    下载python3.7.3 官网:... 安装python3.7.3 1.安装pythyon相关依赖 yum install -y ncurses-libs zlib-devel mysql-devel bzip2-devel openssl-devel ncurses-devel sqlite-devel readlin...

    下载python3.7.3

    官网:https://www.python.org/downloads/source/

    在这里插入图片描述

    安装python3.7.3

    1.安装pythyon相关依赖
    yum install -y ncurses-libs zlib-devel mysql-devel bzip2-devel openssl-devel ncurses-devel sqlite-devel readline-devel tk-devel gdbm-devel db4-devel libpcap-devel xz-devel
    
    2.解压及编译Python3的源文件包
        tar -zxvf Python-3.7.3.tgz
        cd Python-3.7.3
        ./configure
        make
        make install
        这时应该可以默认安装了pip3(可能有问题)
    

    安装的问题及解决

    但是使用相同的方式为python3安装pip出现如下错误:
    pyhontModuleNotFoundError: No module named ‘_ctypes‘ 
    

    解决:

    yum -y install libffi-devel
    cd Python-3.7.3
    ./configure
    make
    make install
    

    安装完成展示

    在这里插入图片描述

    Pip在线安装依赖包

    pip download package_name
    pip download package_name == x.x.x

    Pip离线安装依赖包

    • Idea中查看想要下载的版本
      在这里插入图片描述- 去官网找到要下载的包
      官网地址:https://pypi.org/project/PyMySQL/#files
      在这里插入图片描述- 下载whl或者tar包

    pip install package_name(可以是whl或者tar.gz)
    在这里插入图片描述

    • 安装beautifulsoup4问题

    在这里插入图片描述

    Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement soupsieve>=1.2 (from beautifulsoup4==4.8.0) (from versions: )No matching distribution found for soupsieve>=1.2 (from beautifulsoup4==4.8.0)
    
    说明需要安装soupsieve模块,版本要大于1.2
    
    到https://pypi.org/project/soupsieve/#files找soupsieve,下载存放到python安装目录下的Scripts下
    pip install soupsieve-1.9.2-py2.py3-none-any.whl安装成功后
    
    (到https://pypi.org/project/soupsieve/#files找beautifulsoup4,下载存放到python安装目录下的Scripts下)
    再安装 pip install beautifulsoup4-4.7.1-py3-none-any.whl
    

    在这里插入图片描述

    北京小辉微信公众号

    在这里插入图片描述

    大数据资料分享请关注
    展开全文
  • 通过本人亲身实践,此方法有效,若有任何疑问可以在下方留言一起探讨! 一:通过apt-get下载所需软件包; apt-cache search XXX (查找XXX有哪些软件包),找到XXX 软件,然后执行apt-get -d install XXX,执行...

    通过本人亲身实践,此方法有效,若有任何疑问可以在下方留言一起探讨!

    一:通过apt-get下载所需软件包;

    apt-cache  search  XXX  (查找XXX有哪些软件包),找到XXX 软件,然后执行apt-get -d install XXX,执行完后,XXX的依赖包就会下载保存在/var/cache/apt/archives里面;        

             1.根目录/下新建一个文件夹 

              mkdir AAA

             2.将下载的deb包拷贝到上述新建的文件夹下

              cp -r /var/cache/apt/archives  /AAA

             3.修改文件夹的权限,可读可写可执行

              chmod 777 -R /AAA/

             4.建立deb包的依赖关系

             dpkg-scanpackages/AAA/ /dev/null |gzip >/AAA/Packages.gz -r

             如果出现错误:sudo:dpkg-scanpackages: command not found

             则需要安装dpkg-dev工具:

             apt-getinstall dpkg-dev

             5.将生成的Packages.gz包复制到和deb同目录下

              cp /AAA/Packages.gz /AAA/archives/Packages.gz

             6.打包成压缩包,以备后用

            tar cvzf AAA.tar.gz/AAA/

             保存AAA.tar.gz文件到U盘或服务器

     

     

    二:在另外一台没有网络的Ubuntu上离线安装

           1.插入U盘或光盘,将AAA.tar.gz复制到根目录下,解压

                    tar -xvf AAA.tar.gz

           2.将安装包所在和源路径添加到系统源source.list

                    #备份一下

          cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bak

                #清空源文件

    echo > /etc/apt/sources.list

    #添加本地源路径进去

    vi /etc/apt/sources.list

    #插入下列语句

                deb file:///AAA/       archives/

             3.更新系统源

                   apt-get update

             4.离线安装

            此时,在没有网络的情况下,我们就可以安装我们之间下载的AAA软件了

             apt-get  install  AAA

     

    PS :

             1:在update andinstall过程中可能会报错,就是因为文件夹路径需要做下调整,现在路径是/ AAA/,那就再复制一份/ AAA/所有内容至/ AAA/ AAA/下面即可;

             2:其他所有包安装都可以以这样方式制作离线源;

    展开全文
  • 03-linux离线安装R环境

    千次阅读 2019-12-26 21:43:40
    说明我的系统是centos6的,开始我是下载R-3.4.0.tar.gz的,在问题集锦第六个问题就过不...1. 检查是否以经安装了R 输入R,看是否能够进入R语言 R 或检查R的版本 R --version 2. 下载R-3.0.0.tar.gz http...

    0.美图

    在这里插入图片描述

    说明我的系统是centos6的,开始我是下载R-3.4.0.tar.gz的,在问题集锦第六个问题就过不去了,然后根据网友的意见

    3.3以后得用centos7,不然依赖版本不兼容
    很头大的问题
    给它来个3.3以下的
    

    1. 检查是否以经安装了R

    输入R,看是否能够进入R语言

    R
    

    或检查R的版本

    R --version
    

    #2. 下载R-3.0.0.tar.gz
    https://www.r-project.org/
    https://cloud.r-project.org/src/base/
    https://cloud.r-project.org/src/base/R-3/

    #3. 上传到linux的/opt/software目录下

    这里写图片描述

    #4. 解压

    [root@biluos1 R-3.0.0]# mkdir -p /opt/moudles/R
    [root@biluos1 ~]# tar -zxvf /opt/software/R-3.0.0.tar.gz -C /opt/moudles/R/
    

    #5. 创建安装目录

    [root@biluos1 R-3.0.0]# mkdir -p /opt/moudles/R/R
    

    6.配置

    [root@biluos1 R-3.0.0]# ./configure --prefix=/opt/moudles/R/R --enable-R-shlib   
    

    只看最后三四行报错,然后在问题集锦里找到解决方法,一个一个的解决,

    7.问题集锦

    问题:1

    checking zlib.h usability... yes
    checking zlib.h presence... yes
    checking for zlib.h... yes
    checking if zlib version >= 1.2.5... no
    checking whether zlib support suffices... configure: error: zlib library and headers are required
    

    zlib版本太低,必须要大于1.2.5版本的。直接看是zlib没安装导致的,yum list |grep zlib* 看到的是全部都安装好的;

    这里写图片描述

    解决方法:
    linux下Zlib的安装与使用 :http://blog.csdn.net/qq_21383435/article/details/79539034

    问题:2

    checking if bzip2 version >= 1.0.6... no
    checking whether bzip2 support suffices... configure: error: bzip2 library and headers are required
    

    原因:
    bzip2 版本太低,必须要大于1.0.6版本的。
    查看yum list |grep bzip2* 看到的是全部都安装好的;

    这里写图片描述

    解决方法:http://blog.csdn.net/qq_21383435/article/details/79539311

    问题:3
    configure: error: --with-readline=yes (default) and headers/libs are not available

    解决方法:yum install readline-devel

    问题:4
    configure: error: --with-x=yes (default) and X11 headers/libs are not available

    解决方法:yum install libXt-devel

    问题:5
    checking for lzma_version_number in -llzma... no configure: error: "liblzma library and headers are required

    解决方法:yum -y install xz-devel.x86_64

    问题:6
    checking if lzma version >= 5.0.3... no configure: error: "liblzma library and headers are required"

    解决方法:http://blog.csdn.net/qq_21383435/article/details/79540117

    8.配置成功

    [root@biluos1 R-3.0.0]# ./configure --prefix=/opt/moudles/R/R --enable-R-shlib   
    config.status: creating src/include/config.h
    config.status: executing libtool commands
    config.status: executing stamp-h commands
    
    R is now configured for x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
    
      Source directory:          .
      Installation directory:    /opt/moudles/R/R
    
      C compiler:                gcc -std=gnu99  -g -O2
      Fortran 77 compiler:       gfortran  -g -O2
    
      C++ compiler:              g++  -g -O2
      Fortran 90/95 compiler:    gfortran -g -O2
      Obj-C compiler:             
    
      Interfaces supported:      X11
      External libraries:        readline
      Additional capabilities:   NLS
      Options enabled:           shared R library, shared BLAS, R profiling
    
      Recommended packages:      yes
    
    configure: WARNING: you cannot build info or HTML versions of the R manuals
    configure: WARNING: you cannot build PDF versions of the R manuals
    configure: WARNING: you cannot build PDF versions of vignettes and help pages 
    

    #9. 执行make

    [root@biluos1 R-3.0.0]# make
    ** R
    ** data
    ** inst
    ** byte-compile and prepare package for lazy loading
    ** help
    *** installing help indices
    ** building package indices
    ** testing if installed package can be loaded
    * DONE (mgcv)
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/library/Recommended'
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/library/Recommended'
    make[1]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/library'
    'pdflatex' is needed to make vignettes but is missing on your system.
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/library'
    make[1]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0'
    configuring Java ...
    Java interpreter : /opt/moudles/jdk1.8.0_121/jre/bin/java
    Java version     : 1.8.0_121
    Java home path   : /opt/moudles/jdk1.8.0_121
    Java compiler    : /opt/moudles/jdk1.8.0_121/bin/javac
    Java headers gen.: /opt/moudles/jdk1.8.0_121/bin/javah
    Java archive tool: /opt/moudles/jdk1.8.0_121/bin/jar
    
    trying to compile and link a JNI progam 
    detected JNI cpp flags    : -I$(JAVA_HOME)/include -I$(JAVA_HOME)/include/linux
    detected JNI linker flags : -L$(JAVA_HOME)/jre/lib/amd64/server -ljvm
    make[2]: Entering directory `/tmp/RJRECONF.KmNlZk'
    gcc -std=gnu99 -I/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/include -DNDEBUG -I/opt/moudles/jdk1.8.0_121/include -I/opt/moudles/jdk1.8.0_121/include/linux -I/usr/local/include    -fpic  -g -O2  -c conftest.c -o conftest.o
    gcc -std=gnu99 -shared -L/usr/local/lib64 -o conftest.so conftest.o -L/opt/moudles/jdk1.8.0_121/jre/lib/amd64/server -ljvm -L/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/lib -lR
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/tmp/RJRECONF.KmNlZk'
    
    
    Java library path: $(JAVA_HOME)/jre/lib/amd64/server
    JNI cpp flags    : -I$(JAVA_HOME)/include -I$(JAVA_HOME)/include/linux
    JNI linker flags : -L$(JAVA_HOME)/jre/lib/amd64/server -ljvm
    Updating Java configuration in /opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0
    Done.
    
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0'
    You have new mail in /var/spool/mai
    

    10 安装

    [root@biluos1 R-3.0.0]# make install
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R
    make[1]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/m4'
    make[1]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/m4'
    make[1]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/tools'
    make[1]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/tools'
    make[1]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/doc'
    installing doc ...
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/doc
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/share/man/man1
    make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/doc/html'
    installing doc/html ...
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/doc/html
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/doc/html'
    make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/doc/manual'
    installing doc/manual ...
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/doc/manual
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/doc/manual'
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/doc'
    make[1]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/etc'
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/etc
    installing etc ...
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/etc'
    make[1]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/share'
    installing share ...
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share/R
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share/dictionaries
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share/encodings
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share/java
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share/licenses
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share/make
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share/sh
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share/texmf
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share/texmf/bibtex/bib
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share/texmf/bibtex/bst
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/share/texmf/tex/latex
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/share'
    make[1]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src'
    make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/scripts'
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/bin
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/bin
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/scripts'
    make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/include'
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/include
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/include/R_ext'
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/include/R_ext
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/include/R_ext'
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/include'
    make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/blas'
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/lib
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/blas'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/bzip2'
    make[3]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/bzip2'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/pcre'
    make[3]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/pcre'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/tre'
    make[3]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/tre'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/xdr'
    make[3]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/xdr'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/xz'
    make[3]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/xz'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/zlib'
    make[3]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/zlib'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/intl'
    make[3]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra/intl'
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/extra'
    make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/appl'
    make[2]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/appl'
    make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/nmath'
    make[2]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/nmath'
    make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/unix'
    gcc -std=gnu99 -I. -I../../src/include -I../../src/include  -I/usr/local/include -DHAVE_CONFIG_H   -fopenmp -fpic  -g -O2  -DR_HOME='"/opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R"' -o Rscript \
              ./Rscript.c
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/pkgconfig
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/unix'
    make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/main'
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/bin/exec
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/main'
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/main'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/main'
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/main'
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/main'
    make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/modules'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/modules/internet'
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/modules
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/modules/internet'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/modules/lapack'
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/modules/lapack'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/modules/vfonts'
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/modules/vfonts'
    make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/modules/X11'
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/modules/X11'
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/modules'
    make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/library'
    mkdir -p -- /opt/moudles/R/R/lib64/R/library
    installing packages ...
      building HTML index ...
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src/library'
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/src'
    make[1]: Entering directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/tests'
    make[1]: Nothing to be done for `install'.
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudles/R/R-3.0.0/tests'
    [root@biluos1 R-3.0.0]# 
    

    成功后

    这里写图片描述

    11.配置环境变量

    配置R的环境变量

    vi /etc/profile
    export R_HOME=/opt/moudles/R/R
    export PATH=$R_HOME/bin
    

    使文件生效

    [root@biluos1 R-3.0.0]# source /etc/profile
    

    12 测试

    [root@biluos1 R-3.0.0]# R
    /opt/moudles/R/R/bin/R: line 8: uname: command not found
    WARNING: ignoring environment value of R_HOME
    
    R version 3.0.0 (2013-04-03) -- "Masked Marvel"
    Copyright (C) 2013 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing
    Platform: x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu (64-bit)
    
    R is free software and comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
    You are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions.
    Type 'license()' or 'licence()' for distribution details.
    
      Natural language support but running in an English locale
    
    R is a collaborative project with many contributors.
    Type 'contributors()' for more information and
    'citation()' on how to cite R or R packages in publications.
    
    Type 'demo()' for some demos, 'help()' for on-line help, or
    'help.start()' for an HTML browser interface to help.
    Type 'q()' to quit R.
    
    > 
    

    参考:
    http://blog.csdn.net/wumiqing1/article/details/54232345#reply
    http://blog.csdn.net/shen19920619/article/details/69159249
    http://blog.csdn.net/qq_34023608/article/details/51700974
    http://blog.csdn.net/blyhaha/article/details/38019133

    展开全文
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