'basename linux
2015-04-01 14:27:00 weixin_34179968 阅读数 5

 

NAME         top

       basename, dirname - parse pathname components
SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <libgen.h>

       char *dirname(char *path);

       char *basename(char *path);
DESCRIPTION         top

       Warning: there are two different functions basename() - see below.
       注意:这里有两个不同的函数都叫做basename()-请看下面
       
       The functions dirname() and basename() break a null-terminated
       pathname string into directory and filename components.  In the usual
       case, dirname() returns the string up to, but not including, the
       final '/', and basename() returns the component following the final
       '/'.  Trailing '/' characters are not counted as part of the
       pathname.
       函数dirname()和basename()把一个NULL结尾的路径字符串分割成目录和文件名两部分。
       通常,dirname()函数返回从开始到最后一个'/'字符,但不包括它的字符串,
       basename()函数返回跟在最后一个'/'字符之后的字符串,最后的'/'不当做是文件名的一部分。
       
       If path does not contain a slash, dirname() returns the string "."
       while basename() returns a copy of path.  If path is the string "/",
       then both dirname() and basename() return the string "/".  If path is
       a null pointer or points to an empty string, then both dirname() and
       basename() return the string ".".
       如果路径没有包含一个斜线,dirname()函数会返回字符串".",而basename()会直接返回这个路径。
       如果路径是字符串"/",

       Concatenating the string returned by dirname(), a "/", and the string
       returned by basename() yields a complete pathname.

       Both dirname() and basename() may modify the contents of path, so it
       may be desirable to pass a copy when calling one of these functions.

       These functions may return pointers to statically allocated memory
       which may be overwritten by subsequent calls.  Alternatively, they
       may return a pointer to some part of path, so that the string
       referred to by path should not be modified or freed until the pointer
       returned by the function is no longer required.

       The following list of examples (taken from SUSv2) shows the strings
       returned by dirname() and basename() for different paths:

       path       dirname   basename
       /usr/lib   /usr      lib
       /usr/      /         usr
       usr        .         usr
       /          /         /
       .          .         .
       ..         .         ..
RETURN VALUE         top

       Both dirname() and basename() return pointers to null-terminated
       strings.  (Do not pass these pointers to free(3).)
ATTRIBUTES         top

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
       attributes(7).

       ┌──────────────────────┬───────────────┬─────────┐
       │Interface             │ Attribute     │ Value   │
       ├──────────────────────┼───────────────┼─────────┤
       │basename(), dirname() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │
       └──────────────────────┴───────────────┴─────────┘
CONFORMING TO         top

       POSIX.1-2001.
NOTES         top

       There are two different versions of basename() - the POSIX version
       described above, and the GNU version, which one gets after

           #define _GNU_SOURCE         /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
           #include <string.h>

       The GNU version never modifies its argument, and returns the empty
       string when path has a trailing slash, and in particular also when it
       is "/".  There is no GNU version of dirname().

       With glibc, one gets the POSIX version of basename() when <libgen.h>
       is included, and the GNU version otherwise.
BUGS         top

       In the glibc implementation of the POSIX versions of these functions
       they modify their argument, and segfault when called with a static
       string like "/usr/".  Before glibc 2.2.1, the glibc version of
       dirname() did not correctly handle pathnames with trailing '/'
       characters, and generated a segfault if given a NULL argument.
EXAMPLE         top

           char *dirc, *basec, *bname, *dname;
           char *path = "/etc/passwd";

           dirc = strdup(path);
           basec = strdup(path);
           dname = dirname(dirc);
           bname = basename(basec);
           printf("dirname=%s, basename=%s\n", dname, bname);
SEE ALSO         top

       basename(1), dirname(1)
COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of release 3.82 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU                              2015-03-02                      BASENAME(3)

还未翻译完,找时间继续搞定。

2014-01-20 20:16:06 nannan408 阅读数 17
1.前言
basename是显示文件名,去掉目录名。linux不能直接赋值,应该循环操作进行调用。
2.代码

for ver in /lib/boot/*; do
tmp=$(basename $ver)
if [ "$tmp" != "sweet" ]; then
kver=$tmp
fi
done

2013-07-03 22:00:36 mailtoljc2010 阅读数 171

常用参数
格式:basename NAME
去掉NAME中的目录部分。

使用示例
示例一
[root@web ~]# basename /usr/bin/sort
sort
[root@web ~]# dirname /usr/bin/sort
/usr/bin
[root@web ~]#

示例二
[root@web ~]# basename /usr/include/stdio.h .h
stdio
[root@web ~]# basename /usr/include/stdio.h stdio.h
stdio.h
[root@web ~]#

2015-11-23 09:51:17 iamzhangzhuping 阅读数 456

用途说明

basename命令用于去掉文件名的目录和后缀(strip directory and suffix from filenames),对应的dirname命令用于截取目录。

常用参数

格式:basename NAME

去掉NAME中的目录部分。

 

path            dirname         basename



"/usr/lib"      "/usr"              "lib"
"/usr/"          "/"                   "usr"
"usr"             "."                   "usr"
"/"                "/"                   "/"
"."                 "."                    "."
".."                 "."                   ".."

 

格式:basename NAME SUFFIX

去掉NAME中的目录部分和后缀SUFFIX,如果没有了,则输出SUFFIX。

 

使用示例

示例一

[root@web ~]# basename /usr/bin/sort 
sort
[root@web ~]# dirname /usr/bin/sort 
/usr/bin
[root@web ~]#

 

示例二

[root@web ~]# basename /usr/include/stdio.h .h 
stdio
[root@web ~]# basename /usr/include/stdio.h stdio.h 
stdio.h
[root@web ~]#

2018-07-25 16:11:00 weixin_34128237 阅读数 3

从后向前检查第一个参数,遇到 / 即停,返回斜杠之后的内容,不包括斜杠
如果有第二个参数,就在返回值里去掉第二个参数的部分

命令较简单,直接举例子吧:

mcdx@ubuntu:~$ basename test.sh .sh
test
mcdx@ubuntu:~$ basename /home/mcdx/test.sh 
test.sh
mcdx@ubuntu:~$ basename /home/mcdx/test.sh .sh
test
mcdx@ubuntu:~$ basename /home/mcdx/test.sh t.sh
tes
mcdx@ubuntu:~$ a=/home/asdf/haha.c
mcdx@ubuntu:~$ basename $a
haha.c
mcdx@ubuntu:~$ basename $a .c
haha
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