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  • 使用refind引导多系统

    万次阅读 2017-09-30 16:22:26
    官网下载rEFInd : ...2.重命名示例配置文件refind.conf-sample改为refind.conf 3.将rEFind设置为引导程序Windows下操作步骤: 1.官网下载zip包 2.打开管理员命令行 3.输入 mo

    官网下载rEFInd : http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/getting.html

    步骤:
    1.把压缩包里refind目录复制到硬盘的/ESP/EFI目录
    2.重命名示例配置文件refind.conf-sample改为refind.conf
    3.将rEFind设置为引导程序

    Windows下操作步骤:
    1.官网下载zip包
    2.打开管理员命令行
    3.输入 mountvol x: /s (挂载ESP分区到x盘)
    4.把压缩包内refind文件夹复制到 x:\EFI 目录下
    5.把x:\EFI\refind\refind.conf-sample重命名为refind.conf
    6.命令行输入 bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\refind\refind_x64.efi
    7.重启电脑

    展开全文
  • refind引导的win10+ubuntu18.04开机启动

    千次阅读 2019-01-31 18:50:27
    其实在refind的官网上已经写的很明白了,如果感兴趣可以去官网看一下。这里我说下我的做法。 1.首先我是在win10下安装的,在ubuntu下直接用apt-get命令好像就可以了,我在win10下是下载压缩包用老式复制粘贴的方法...

    先介绍下配置:暗夜精灵1代笔记本,两个磁盘都是gpt分区的,uefi启动模式。

    其实在refind的官网上已经写的很明白了,如果感兴趣可以去官网看一下。这里我说下我的做法。

    1.首先我是在win10下安装的,在ubuntu下直接用apt-get命令好像就可以了,我在win10下是下载压缩包用老式复制粘贴的方法来处理的。

    2.下载后把压缩包解压到随便某个分区里面,然后需要给efi分区分配一个磁盘符。我看网上好多人用mountvol 来做,我是用diskpart来做的,比较麻烦大家可以自行选择,下面写一下我的方式:

    大家可以看到分区1是efi分区

    这样就可以给efi分区分配磁符了,最后一步可以加上letter来指定所要分配的磁盘符。

    3.接下来要想访问efi分区可能会有一点麻烦,所以大家可以用管理员身份打开一个记事本然后进行复制粘贴的操作。之后将解压的后的文件夹打开将里面的refind文件夹复制到efi磁盘的efi分区下。之后将里面的refind.conf-sample改成refind.conf。然后最好下个文本编辑器打开,用记事本打开会很乱,下面大致给大家说一下一些配置该怎么写

    #
    # refind.conf
    # Configuration file for the rEFInd boot menu
    #
    //#后面都是注释怎么写的,有的代码是被注释掉的,想要使用可以把#去掉
    # Timeout in seconds for the main menu screen. Setting the timeout to 0
    # disables automatic booting (i.e., no timeout). Setting it to -1 causes
    # an immediate boot to the default OS *UNLESS* a keypress is in the buffer
    # when rEFInd launches, in which case that keypress is interpreted as a
    # shortcut key. If no matching shortcut is found, rEFInd displays its
    # menu with no timeout.
    #
    timeout 20 //这个是等待时间可以自己修改
    
    # Normally, when the timeout period has passed, rEFInd boots the
    # default_selection. If the following option is uncommented, though,
    # rEFInd will instead attempt to shut down the computer.
    # CAUTION: MANY COMPUTERS WILL INSTEAD HANG OR REBOOT! Macs and more
    # recent UEFI-based PCs are most likely to work with this feature.
    # Default value is true
    #
    #shutdown_after_timeout
    
    # Whether to store rEFInd's rEFInd-specific variables in NVRAM (1, true,
    # or on) or in files in the "vars" subdirectory of rEFInd's directory on
    # disk (0, false, or off). Using NVRAM works well with most computers;
    # however, it increases wear on the motherboard's NVRAM, and if the EFI
    # is buggy or the NVRAM is old and worn out, it may not work at all.
    # Storing variables on disk is a viable alternative in such cases, or
    # if you want to minimize wear and tear on the NVRAM; however, it won't
    # work if rEFInd is stored on a filesystem that's read-only to the EFI
    # (such as an HFS+ volume), and it increases the risk of filesystem
    # damage. Note that this option affects ONLY rEFInd's own variables,
    # such as the PreviousBoot, HiddenTags, HiddenTools, and HiddenLegacy
    # variables. It does NOT affect Secure Boot or other non-rEFInd
    # variables.
    # Default is true
    #
    #use_nvram false
    
    # Screen saver timeout; the screen blanks after the specified number of
    # seconds with no keyboard input. The screen returns after most keypresses
    # (unfortunately, not including modifier keys such as Shift, Control, Alt,
    # or Option). Setting a value of "-1" causes rEFInd to start up with its
    # screen saver active. The default is 0, which disables the screen saver.
    #
    #screensaver 300
    
    # Hide user interface elements for personal preference or to increase
    # security:
    #  banner      - the rEFInd title banner (built-in or loaded via "banner")
    #  label       - boot option text label in the menu
    #  singleuser  - remove the submenu options to boot macOS in single-user
    #                or verbose modes; affects ONLY macOS
    #  safemode    - remove the submenu option to boot macOS in "safe mode"
    #  hwtest      - the submenu option to run Apple's hardware test
    #  arrows      - scroll arrows on the OS selection tag line
    #  hints       - brief command summary in the menu
    #  editor      - the options editor (+, F2, or Insert on boot options menu)
    #  badges      - device-type badges for boot options
    #  all         - all of the above
    # Default is none of these (all elements active)
    #
    #hideui singleuser
    hideui all//这个可以把引导界面上面那些东西全部去掉
    
    # Set the name of a subdirectory in which icons are stored. Icons must
    # have the same names they have in the standard directory. The directory
    # name is specified relative to the main rEFInd binary's directory. If
    # an icon can't be found in the specified directory, an attempt is made
    # to load it from the default directory; thus, you can replace just some
    # icons in your own directory and rely on the default for others.
    # Icon files may be in any supported format -- ICNS (*.icns), BMP (*.bmp),
    # PNG (*.png), or JPEG (*.jpg or *.jpeg); however, rEFInd's BMP and JPEG
    # implementations do not support transparency, which is highly desirable
    # in icons.
    # Default is "icons".
    #
    #icons_dir myicons
    #icons_dir icons/snowy
    
    # Use a custom title banner instead of the rEFInd icon and name. The file
    # path is relative to the directory where refind.efi is located. The color
    # in the top left corner of the image is used as the background color
    # for the menu screens. Currently uncompressed BMP images with color
    # depths of 24, 8, 4 or 1 bits are supported, as well as PNG and JPEG
    # images. (ICNS images can also be used, but ICNS has limitations that
    # make it a poor choice for this purpose.) PNG and JPEG support is
    # limited by the underlying libraries; some files, like progressive JPEGs,
    # will not work.
    #
    #banner hostname.bmp
    #banner mybanner.jpg
    #banner icons/snowy/banner-snowy.png
    
    # Specify how to handle banners that aren't exactly the same as the screen
    # size:
    #  noscale     - Crop if too big, show with border if too small
    #  fillscreen  - Fill the screen
    # Default is noscale
    #
    #banner_scale fillscreen
    
    # Icon sizes. All icons are square, so just one value is specified. The
    # big icons are used for OS selectors in the first row and the small
    # icons are used for tools on the second row. Drive-type badges are 1/4
    # the size of the big icons. Legal values are 32 and above. If the icon
    # files do not hold icons of the proper size, the icons are scaled to
    # the specified size. The default values are 48 and 128 for small and
    # big icons, respectively.
    #
    #small_icon_size 96
    #big_icon_size 256
    
    # Custom images for the selection background. There is a big one (144 x 144)
    # for the OS icons, and a small one (64 x 64) for the function icons in the
    # second row. If only a small image is given, that one is also used for
    # the big icons by stretching it in the middle. If only a big one is given,
    # the built-in default will be used for the small icons. If an image other
    # than the optimal size is specified, it will be scaled in a way that may
    # be ugly.
    #
    # Like the banner option above, these options take a filename of an
    # uncompressed BMP, PNG, JPEG, or ICNS image file with a color depth of
    # 24, 8, 4, or 1 bits. The PNG or ICNS format is required if you need
    # transparency support (to let you "see through" to a full-screen banner).
    #
    #selection_big   selection-big.bmp
    #selection_small selection-small.bmp
    
    # Set the font to be used for all textual displays in graphics mode.
    # For best results, the font must be a PNG file with alpha channel
    # transparency. It must contain ASCII characters 32-126 (space through
    # tilde), inclusive, plus a glyph to be displayed in place of characters
    # outside of this range, for a total of 96 glyphs. Only monospaced fonts
    # are supported. Fonts may be of any size, although large fonts can
    # produce display irregularities.
    # The default is rEFInd's built-in font, Luxi Mono Regular 12 point.
    #
    #font myfont.png
    
    # Use text mode only. When enabled, this option forces rEFInd into text mode.
    # Passing this option a "0" value causes graphics mode to be used. Pasing
    # it no value or any non-0 value causes text mode to be used.
    # Default is to use graphics mode.
    #
    #textonly
    
    # Set the EFI text mode to be used for textual displays. This option
    # takes a single digit that refers to a mode number. Mode 0 is normally
    # 80x25, 1 is sometimes 80x50, and higher numbers are system-specific
    # modes. Mode 1024 is a special code that tells rEFInd to not set the
    # text mode; it uses whatever was in use when the program was launched.
    # If you specify an invalid mode, rEFInd pauses during boot to inform
    # you of valid modes.
    # CAUTION: On VirtualBox, and perhaps on some real computers, specifying
    # a text mode and uncommenting the "textonly" option while NOT specifying
    # a resolution can result in an unusable display in the booted OS.
    # Default is 1024 (no change)
    #
    #textmode 2
    
    # Set the screen's video resolution. Pass this option either:
    #  * two values, corresponding to the X and Y resolutions
    #  * one value, corresponding to a GOP (UEFI) video mode
    # Note that not all resolutions are supported. On UEFI systems, passing
    # an incorrect value results in a message being shown on the screen to
    # that effect, along with a list of supported modes. On EFI 1.x systems
    # (e.g., Macintoshes), setting an incorrect mode silently fails. On both
    # types of systems, setting an incorrect resolution results in the default
    # resolution being used. A resolution of 1024x768 usually works, but higher
    # values often don't.
    # Default is "0 0" (use the system default resolution, usually 800x600).
    #
    #resolution 1024 768
    resolution 1920 1080//修改分辨率的,改成和自己电脑一样的就好
    #resolution 3
    
    # Enable touch screen support. If active, this feature enables use of
    # touch screen controls (as on tablets). Note, however, that not all
    # tablets' EFIs provide the necessary underlying support, so this
    # feature may not work for you. If it does work, you should be able
    # to launch an OS or tool by touching it. In a submenu, touching
    # anywhere launches the currently-selection item; there is, at present,
    # no way to select a specific submenu item. This feature is mutually
    # exclusive with the enable_mouse feature. If both are uncommented,
    # the one read most recently takes precedence.
    #
    #enable_touch
    
    # Enable mouse support. If active, this feature enables use of the
    # computer's mouse. Note, however, that not all computers' EFIs
    # provide the necessary underlying support, so this feature may not
    # work for you. If it does work, you should be able to launch an
    # OS or tool by clicking it with the mouse pointer. This feature
    # is mutually exclusive with the enable_touch feature. If both
    # are uncommented, the one read most recently takes precedence.
    #
    #enable_mouse
    
    # Size of the mouse pointer, in pixels, per side.
    # Default is 16
    #
    #mouse_size
    
    # Speed of mouse tracking. Higher numbers equate to faster
    # mouse movement. This option requires that enable_mouse be
    # uncommented.
    # Legal values are between 1 and 32. Default is 4.
    #
    #mouse_speed 4
    
    # Launch specified OSes in graphics mode. By default, rEFInd switches
    # to text mode and displays basic pre-launch information when launching
    # all OSes except macOS. Using graphics mode can produce a more seamless
    # transition, but displays no information, which can make matters
    # difficult if you must debug a problem. Also, on at least one known
    # computer, using graphics mode prevents a crash when using the Linux
    # kernel's EFI stub loader. You can specify an empty list to boot all
    # OSes in text mode.
    # Valid options:
    #   osx     - macOS
    #   linux   - A Linux kernel with EFI stub loader
    #   elilo   - The ELILO boot loader
    #   grub    - The GRUB (Legacy or 2) boot loader
    #   windows - Microsoft Windows
    # Default value: osx
    #
    #use_graphics_for osx,linux
    
    # Which non-bootloader tools to show on the tools line, and in what
    # order to display them:
    #  shell            - the EFI shell (requires external program; see rEFInd
    #                     documentation for details)
    #  memtest          - the memtest86 program, in EFI/tools, EFI/memtest86,
    #                     EFI/memtest, EFI/tools/memtest86, or EFI/tools/memtest
    #  gptsync          - the (dangerous) gptsync.efi utility (requires external
    #                     program; see rEFInd documentation for details)
    #  gdisk            - the gdisk partitioning program
    #  apple_recovery   - boots the Apple Recovery HD partition, if present
    #  windows_recovery - boots an OEM Windows recovery tool, if present
    #                     (see also the windows_recovery_files option)
    #  mok_tool         - makes available the Machine Owner Key (MOK) maintenance
    #                     tool, MokManager.efi, used on Secure Boot systems
    #  csr_rotate       - adjusts Apple System Integrity Protection (SIP)
    #                     policy. Requires "csr_values" to be set.
    #  about            - an "about this program" option
    #  hidden_tags      - manage hidden tags
    #  exit             - a tag to exit from rEFInd
    #  shutdown         - shuts down the computer (a bug causes this to reboot
    #                     many UEFI systems)
    #  reboot           - a tag to reboot the computer
    #  firmware         - a tag to reboot the computer into the firmware's
    #                     user interface (ignored on older computers)
    #  fwupdate         - a tag to update the firmware; launches the fwupx64.efi
    #                     (or similar) program
    #  netboot          - launch the ipxe.efi tool for network (PXE) booting
    # Default is shell,memtest,gdisk,apple_recovery,windows_recovery,mok_tool,about,hidden_tags,shutdown,reboot,firmware,fwupdate
    #
    showtools windows_recovery, about, reboot,shutdown , exit
    
    # Tool binaries to be excluded from the tools line, even if the
    # general class is specified in showtools. This enables trimming an
    # overabundance of tools, as when you see multiple mok_tool entries
    # after installing multiple Linux distributions.
    # Just as with dont_scan_files, you can specify a filename alone, a
    # full pathname, or a volume identifier (filesystem label, partition
    # name, or partition GUID) and a full pathname.
    # Default is an empty list (nothing is excluded)
    #
    #dont_scan_tools ESP2:/EFI/ubuntu/mmx64.efi,gptsync_x64.efi
    
    # Boot loaders that can launch a Windows restore or emergency system.
    # These tend to be OEM-specific.
    # Default is LRS_ESP:/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/LrsBootmgr.efi
    #
    #windows_recovery_files LRS_ESP:/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/LrsBootmgr.efi
    
    # Directories in which to search for EFI drivers. These drivers can
    # provide filesystem support, give access to hard disks on plug-in
    # controllers, etc. In most cases none are needed, but if you add
    # EFI drivers and you want rEFInd to automatically load them, you
    # should specify one or more paths here. rEFInd always scans the
    # "drivers" and "drivers_{arch}" subdirectories of its own installation
    # directory (where "{arch}" is your architecture code); this option
    # specifies ADDITIONAL directories to scan.
    # Default is to scan no additional directories for EFI drivers
    #
    #scan_driver_dirs EFI/tools/drivers,drivers
    
    # Which types of boot loaders to search, and in what order to display them:
    #  internal      - internal EFI disk-based boot loaders
    #  external      - external EFI disk-based boot loaders
    #  optical       - EFI optical discs (CD, DVD, etc.)
    #  netboot       - EFI network (PXE) boot options
    #  hdbios        - BIOS disk-based boot loaders
    #  biosexternal  - BIOS external boot loaders (USB, eSATA, etc.)
    #  cd            - BIOS optical-disc boot loaders
    #  manual        - use stanzas later in this configuration file
    # Note that the legacy BIOS options require firmware support, which is
    # not present on all computers.
    # The netboot option is experimental and relies on the ipxe.efi and
    # ipxe_discover.efi program files.
    # On UEFI PCs, default is internal,external,optical,manual
    # On Macs, default is internal,hdbios,external,biosexternal,optical,cd,manual
    #
    #scanfor internal,external,optical,manual
    
    # By default, rEFInd relies on the UEFI firmware to detect BIOS-mode boot
    # devices. This sometimes doesn't detect all the available devices, though.
    # For these cases, uefi_deep_legacy_scan results in a forced scan and
    # modification of NVRAM variables on each boot. Adding "0", "off", or
    # "false" resets to the default value. This token has no effect on Macs or
    # when no BIOS-mode options are set via scanfor.
    # Default is unset (or "uefi_deep_legacy_scan false")
    #
    #uefi_deep_legacy_scan
    
    # Delay for the specified number of seconds before scanning disks.
    # This can help some users who find that some of their disks
    # (usually external or optical discs) aren't detected initially,
    # but are detected after pressing Esc.
    # The default is 0.
    #
    #scan_delay 5
    
    # When scanning volumes for EFI boot loaders, rEFInd always looks for
    # macOS's and Microsoft Windows' boot loaders in their normal locations,
    # and scans the root directory and every subdirectory of the /EFI directory
    # for additional boot loaders, but it doesn't recurse into these directories.
    # The also_scan_dirs token adds more directories to the scan list.
    # Directories are specified relative to the volume's root directory. This
    # option applies to ALL the volumes that rEFInd scans UNLESS you include
    # a volume name and colon before the directory name, as in "myvol:/somedir"
    # to scan the somedir directory only on the filesystem named myvol. If a
    # specified directory doesn't exist, it's ignored (no error condition
    # results). The default is to scan the "boot" directory in addition to
    # various hard-coded directories.
    #
    #also_scan_dirs boot,ESP2:EFI/linux/kernels
    
    # Partitions (or whole disks, for legacy-mode boots) to omit from scans.
    # For EFI-mode scans, you normally specify a volume by its label, which you
    # can obtain in an EFI shell by typing "vol", from Linux by typing
    # "blkid /dev/{devicename}", or by examining the disk's label in various
    # OSes' file browsers. It's also possible to identify a partition by its
    # unique GUID (aka its "PARTUUID" in Linux parlance). (Note that this is
    # NOT the partition TYPE CODE GUID.) This identifier can be obtained via
    # "blkid" in Linux or "diskutil info {partition-id}" in macOS.
    # For legacy-mode scans, you can specify any subset of the boot loader
    # description shown when you highlight the option in rEFInd.
    # The default is "LRS_ESP".
    #
    dont_scan_volumes "Recovery HD"
    
    # Directories that should NOT be scanned for boot loaders. By default,
    # rEFInd doesn't scan its own directory, the EFI/tools directory, the
    # EFI/memtest directory, the EFI/memtest86 directory, or the
    # com.apple.recovery.boot directory. Using the dont_scan_dirs option
    # enables you to "blacklist" other directories; but be sure to use "+"
    # as the first element if you want to continue blacklisting existing
    # directories. You might use this token to keep EFI/boot/bootx64.efi out
    # of the menu if that's a duplicate of another boot loader or to exclude
    # a directory that holds drivers or non-bootloader utilities provided by
    # a hardware manufacturer. If a directory is listed both here and in
    # also_scan_dirs, dont_scan_dirs takes precedence. Note that this
    # blacklist applies to ALL the filesystems that rEFInd scans, not just
    # the ESP, unless you precede the directory name by a filesystem name or
    # partition unique GUID, as in "myvol:EFI/somedir" to exclude EFI/somedir
    # from the scan on the myvol volume but not on other volumes.
    #
    #dont_scan_dirs ESP:/EFI/boot,EFI/Dell,EFI/memtest86
    
    # Files that should NOT be included as EFI boot loaders (on the
    # first line of the display). If you're using a boot loader that
    # relies on support programs or drivers that are installed alongside
    # the main binary or if you want to "blacklist" certain loaders by
    # name rather than location, use this option. Note that this will
    # NOT prevent certain binaries from showing up in the second-row
    # set of tools. Most notably, various Secure Boot and recovery
    # tools are present in this list, but may appear as second-row
    # items.
    # The file may be specified as a bare name (e.g., "notme.efi"), as
    # a complete pathname (e.g., "/EFI/somedir/notme.efi"), or as a
    # complete pathname with volume (e.g., "SOMEDISK:/EFI/somedir/notme.efi"
    # or 2C17D5ED-850D-4F76-BA31-47A561740082:/EFI/somedir/notme.efi").
    # OS tags hidden via the Delete or '-' key in the rEFInd menu are
    # added to this list, but stored in NVRAM.
    # The default is shim.efi,shim-fedora.efi,shimx64.efi,PreLoader.efi,
    # TextMode.efi,ebounce.efi,GraphicsConsole.efi,MokManager.efi,HashTool.efi,
    # HashTool-signed.efi,bootmgr.efi,fb{arch}.efi
    # (where "{arch}" is the architecture code, like "x64").
    #
    dont_scan_dirs \efi\boot//这个是如果有一些自己不想看见的启动项可以用这个隐藏掉
    
    # Scan for Linux kernels that lack a ".efi" filename extension. This is
    # useful for better integration with Linux distributions that provide
    # kernels with EFI stub loaders but that don't give those kernels filenames
    # that end in ".efi", particularly if the kernels are stored on a
    # filesystem that the EFI can read. When set to "1", "true", or "on", this
    # option causes all files in scanned directories with names that begin with
    # "vmlinuz" or "bzImage" to be included as loaders, even if they lack ".efi"
    # extensions. Passing this option a "0", "false", or "off" value causes
    # kernels without ".efi" extensions to NOT be scanned.
    # Default is "true" -- to scan for kernels without ".efi" extensions.
    #
    scan_all_linux_kernels false//如果linux有多个内核版本在你电脑上可以加上这句来隐藏一些不想看见的
    
    # Combine all Linux kernels in a given directory into a single entry.
    # When so set, the kernel with the most recent time stamp will be launched
    # by default, and its filename will appear in the entry's description.
    # To launch other kernels, the user must press F2 or Insert; alternate
    # kernels then appear as options on the sub-menu.
    # Default is "true" -- kernels are "folded" into a single menu entry.
    #
    #fold_linux_kernels false
    
    # Comma-delimited list of strings to treat as if they were numbers for the
    # purpose of kernel version number detection. These strings are matched on a
    # first-found basis; that is, if you want to treat both "linux-lts" and
    # "linux" as version strings, they MUST be specified as "linux-lts,linux",
    # since if you specify it the other way, both vmlinuz-linux and
    # vmlinuz-linux-lts will return with "linux" as the "version string," which
    # is not what you'd want. Also, if the kernel or initrd file includes both a
    # specified string and digits, the "version string" includes both. For
    # instance, "vmlinuz-linux-4.8" would yield a version string of "linux-4.8".
    # This option is intended for Arch and other distributions that don't include
    # version numbers in their kernel filenames, but may provide other uniquely
    # identifying strings for multiple kernels. If this feature causes problems
    # (say, if your kernel filename includes "linux" but the initrd filename
    # doesn't), be sure this is set to an empty string
    # (extra_kernel_version_strings "") or comment out the option to disable it.
    # Default is no extra version strings
    #
    #extra_kernel_version_strings linux-lts,linux
    
    # Set the maximum number of tags that can be displayed on the screen at
    # any time. If more loaders are discovered than this value, rEFInd shows
    # a subset in a scrolling list. If this value is set too high for the
    # screen to handle, it's reduced to the value that the screen can manage.
    # If this value is set to 0 (the default), it's adjusted to the number
    # that the screen can handle.
    #
    #max_tags 0
    
    # Set the default menu selection.  The available arguments match the
    # keyboard accelerators available within rEFInd.  You may select the
    # default loader using:
    #  - A digit between 1 and 9, in which case the Nth loader in the menu
    #    will be the default. 
    #  - A "+" symbol at the start of the string, which refers to the most
    #    recently booted loader.
    #  - Any substring that corresponds to a portion of the loader's title
    #    (usually the OS's name, boot loader's path, or a volume or
    #    filesystem title).
    # You may also specify multiple selectors by separating them with commas
    # and enclosing the list in quotes. (The "+" option is only meaningful in
    # this context.)
    # If you follow the selector(s) with two times, in 24-hour format, the
    # default will apply only between those times. The times are in the
    # motherboard's time standard, whether that's UTC or local time, so if
    # you use UTC, you'll need to adjust this from local time manually.
    # Times may span midnight as in "23:30 00:30", which applies to 11:30 PM
    # to 12:30 AM. You may specify multiple default_selection lines, in which
    # case the last one to match takes precedence. Thus, you can set a main
    # option without a time followed by one or more that include times to
    # set different defaults for different times of day.
    # The default behavior is to boot the previously-booted OS.
    #
    #default_selection 1
    #default_selection Microsoft
    #default_selection "+,bzImage,vmlinuz"
    #default_selection Maintenance 23:30 2:00
    #default_selection "Maintenance,macOS" 1:00 2:30
    
    # Enable VMX bit and lock the CPU MSR if unlocked.
    # On some Intel Apple computers, the firmware does not lock the MSR 0x3A.
    # The symptom on Windows is Hyper-V not working even if the CPU
    # meets the minimum requirements (HW assisted virtualization and SLAT)
    # DO NOT SET THIS EXCEPT ON INTEL CPUs THAT SUPPORT VMX! See
    # http://www.thomas-krenn.com/en/wiki/Activating_the_Intel_VT_Virtualization_Feature
    # for more on this subject.
    # The default is false: Don't try to enable and lock the MSR.
    #
    #enable_and_lock_vmx false
    
    # Tell a Mac's EFI that macOS is about to be launched, even when it's not.
    # This option causes some Macs to initialize their hardware differently than
    # when a third-party OS is launched normally. In some cases (particularly on
    # Macs with multiple video cards), using this option can cause hardware to
    # work that would not otherwise work. On the other hand, using this option
    # when it is not necessary can cause hardware (such as keyboards and mice) to
    # become inaccessible. Therefore, you should not enable this option if your
    # non-Apple OSes work correctly; enable it only if you have problems with
    # some hardware devices. When needed, a value of "10.9" usually works, but
    # you can experiment with other values. This feature has no effect on
    # non-Apple computers.
    # The default is inactive (no macOS spoofing is done).
    #
    #spoof_osx_version 10.9
    
    # Set the CSR values for Apple's System Integrity Protection (SIP) feature.
    # Values are one-byte (two-character) hexadecimal numbers. These values
    # define which specific security features are enabled. Below are the codes
    # for what the values mean. Add them up (in hexadecimal!) to set new values.
    # Apple's "csrutil enable" and "csrutil disable" commands set values of 10
    # and 77, respectively.
    #   CSR_ALLOW_UNTRUSTED_KEXTS       0x01
    #   CSR_ALLOW_UNRESTRICTED_FS       0x02
    #   CSR_ALLOW_TASK_FOR_PID          0x04
    #   CSR_ALLOW_KERNEL_DEBUGGER       0x08
    #   CSR_ALLOW_APPLE_INTERNAL        0x10
    #   CSR_ALLOW_UNRESTRICTED_DTRACE   0x20
    #   CSR_ALLOW_UNRESTRICTED_NVRAM    0x40
    #
    #csr_values 10,77
    
    # Include a secondary configuration file within this one. This secondary
    # file is loaded as if its options appeared at the point of the "include"
    # token itself, so if you want to override a setting in the main file,
    # the secondary file must be referenced AFTER the setting you want to
    # override. Note that the secondary file may NOT load a tertiary file.
    #
    #include manual.conf
    include themes\rEFInd-minimal\theme.conf//这是自己美化的主题包稍后会提到
    # Sample manual configuration stanzas. Each begins with the "menuentry"
    # keyword followed by a name that's to appear in the menu (use quotes
    # if you want the name to contain a space) and an open curly brace
    # ("{"). Each entry ends with a close curly brace ("}"). Common
    # keywords within each stanza include:
    #
    #  volume    - identifies the filesystem from which subsequent files
    #              are loaded. You can specify the volume by filesystem
    #              label, by partition label, or by partition GUID number
    #              (but NOT yet by filesystem UUID number).
    #  loader    - identifies the boot loader file
    #  initrd    - Specifies an initial RAM disk file
    #  icon      - specifies a custom boot loader icon
    #  ostype    - OS type code to determine boot options available by
    #              pressing Insert. Valid values are "MacOS", "Linux",
    #              "Windows", and "XOM". Case-sensitive.
    #  graphics  - set to "on" to enable graphics-mode boot (useful
    #              mainly for MacOS) or "off" for text-mode boot.
    #              Default is auto-detected from loader filename.
    #  options   - sets options to be passed to the boot loader; use
    #              quotes if more than one option should be passed or
    #              if any options use characters that might be changed
    #              by rEFInd parsing procedures (=, /, #, or tab).
    #  disabled  - use alone or set to "yes" to disable this entry.
    #
    # Note that you can use either DOS/Windows/EFI-style backslashes (\)
    # or Unix-style forward slashes (/) as directory separators. Either
    # way, all file references are on the ESP from which rEFInd was
    # launched.
    # Use of quotes around parameters causes them to be interpreted as
    # one keyword, and for parsing of special characters (spaces, =, /,
    # and #) to be disabled. This is useful mainly with the "options"
    # keyword. Use of quotes around parameters that specify filenames is
    # permissible, but you must then use backslashes instead of slashes,
    # except when you must pass a forward slash to the loader, as when
    # passing a root= option to a Linux kernel.
    
    # Below are several sample boot stanzas. All are disabled by default.
    # Find one similar to what you need, copy it, remove the "disabled" line,
    # and adjust the entries to suit your needs.
    
    # A sample entry for a Linux 3.13 kernel with EFI boot stub support
    # on a partition with a GUID of 904404F8-B481-440C-A1E3-11A5A954E601.
    # This entry includes Linux-specific boot options and specification
    # of an initial RAM disk. Note uses of Linux-style forward slashes.
    # Also note that a leading slash is optional in file specifications.
    menuentry Linux {
        icon EFI/refind/icons/os_linux.png
        volume 904404F8-B481-440C-A1E3-11A5A954E601
        loader bzImage-3.3.0-rc7
        initrd initrd-3.3.0.img
        options "ro root=UUID=5f96cafa-e0a7-4057-b18f-fa709db5b837"
        disabled
    }
    
    # Below is a more complex Linux example, specifically for Arch Linux.
    # This example MUST be modified for your specific installation; if nothing
    # else, the PARTUUID code must be changed for your disk. Because Arch Linux
    # does not include version numbers in its kernel and initrd filenames, you
    # may need to use manual boot stanzas when using fallback initrds or
    # multiple kernels with Arch. This example is modified from one in the Arch
    # wiki page on rEFInd (https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/rEFInd).
    menuentry "Arch Linux" {
        icon     /EFI/refind/icons/os_arch.png
        volume   "Arch Linux"
        loader   /boot/vmlinuz-linux
        initrd   /boot/initramfs-linux.img
        options  "root=PARTUUID=5028fa50-0079-4c40-b240-abfaf28693ea rw add_efi_memmap"
        submenuentry "Boot using fallback initramfs" {
            initrd /boot/initramfs-linux-fallback.img
        }
        submenuentry "Boot to terminal" {
            add_options "systemd.unit=multi-user.target"
        }
        disabled
    }
    
    # A sample entry for loading Ubuntu using its standard name for
    # its GRUB 2 boot loader. Note uses of Linux-style forward slashes
    menuentry Ubuntu {
        loader /EFI/ubuntu/grubx64.efi
        icon /EFI/refind/icons/os_linux.png
        disabled
    }
    
    # A minimal ELILO entry, which probably offers nothing that
    # auto-detection can't accomplish.
    menuentry "ELILO" {
        loader \EFI\elilo\elilo.efi
        disabled
    }
    
    # Like the ELILO entry, this one offers nothing that auto-detection
    # can't do; but you might use it if you want to disable auto-detection
    # but still boot Windows....
    menuentry "Windows 7" {
        loader \EFI\Microsoft\Boot\bootmgfw.efi
        disabled
    }
    
    # EFI shells are programs just like boot loaders, and can be
    # launched in the same way. You can pass a shell the name of a
    # script that it's to run on the "options" line. The script
    # could initialize hardware and then launch an OS, or it could
    # do something entirely different.
    menuentry "Windows via shell script" {
        icon \EFI\refind\icons\os_win.png
        loader \EFI\tools\shell.efi
        options "fs0:\EFI\tools\launch_windows.nsh"
        disabled
    }
    
    # Mac OS is normally detected and run automatically; however,
    # if you want to do something unusual, a manual boot stanza may
    # be the way to do it. This one does nothing very unusual, but
    # it may serve as a starting point. Note that you'll almost
    # certainly need to change the "volume" line for this example
    # to work.
    menuentry "My macOS" {
        icon \EFI\refind\icons\os_mac.png
        volume "macOS boot"
        loader \System\Library\CoreServices\boot.efi
        disabled
    }
    

    然后用管理员身份呢运行命令提示符,进入efi分区,输入如下指令就完成了

    bcdedit / set“{bootmgr}”path \ EFI \ refind \ refind_x64.efi

    4.之后就是美化工作了,具体的主题包可以去到refind官网去找,下载解压后有一个readme的文件里会详细介绍如何使用,一切妥当后重启就能看见自己的成果了。

    给大家看下我的开机画面:

     

     

    展开全文
  • rEFInd引导

    千次阅读 2017-03-05 13:06:28
    rEFInd引导

    最近发神经把硬盘转成GPT导致格盘。。。(说好的无损转换呢?)

    于是干脆装个opensuse

    但发现还是有些习惯离不开windows,作死又装了win8

    理所当然win的引导覆盖了grub2 开机直接进win

    本来想用easybcd修复,却发现uefi+GPT分区方式easybcd无法新建grub引导
    故想着修复grub(后来发现还有个easyuefi似乎刚好解决该问题,不过已是后话)

    网上的修复教程大多各种代码各种造,看着眼花,后来发现有个引导程序叫rEFInd

    基本用法:
    下载和解压以后,按照以下的步骤安装rEFInd。

    返回桌面
    右击开始按钮,选择管理员命令行
    输入 mountvol g: /s (这将你的EFI目录结构映射到G盘) //映射到一个本机未使用的盘符(回车后无其他提示与变化)
    进入解压的rEFInd目录。例如: cd D:\downloads\refind-bin-0.8.4\refind-bin-0.8.4 // 回车后也是无其他提示与变化
    再输入 D: //就是进入上条命令中得主盘符,然后就自动进入rEFInd目录了
    当你输入 dir 命令,你可以看到一个refind目录
    输入如下命令将refind拷贝到EFI引导区 xcopy /E refind g:\EFI\refind\
    输入如下命令进入refind文件夹 cd g:\EFI\refind
    重命名示例配置文件 rename refind.conf-sample refind.conf
    运行如下命令将rEFind设置为引导程序 bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\refind\refind_x64.efi
    重启你的电脑
    它会自动检索硬盘中的系统并以图形菜单的形式提供启动选项。

    该软件还支持个性化定制页面,方便灵活,详情可见贴吧。

    展开全文
  • ubuntu下refind的下载与安装

    千次阅读 2019-06-21 09:47:35
    一、 rEFInd官网:http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/下载地址:http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/getting.html 可以直接去下载 在ubuntu下...sudo apt-add-repository ppa:rodsmith/refind sudo apt-get update...

    一、

    rEFInd官网:http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/
    下载地址:http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/getting.html

     

    可以直接去下载 在ubuntu下解压

    进入解压后的文件夹 在终端运行

    sudo apt-add-repository ppa:rodsmith/refind
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install refind

    安装成功以后运行 su root 进行root权限

    cd /boot/efi/EFI/refind/
    
    rename refind.conf-sample refind.conf  

    将 refind.conf-sample 重新命名为 refind.conf

    二、对主题进行更换

    这里提供一些主题http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/themes.html

    里面有一些网友自愿提供的主题

    我觉得refind-minimal这个主题还是挺好看的 同时也是用的最多的吧

    比如下载主题minimal以后: 最好改下文件夹名称方便操作一些  将rEFInd-minimal-master改为minimal

            su root给root权限
            cd /boot/EFI/refind  进入refind目录
            mkdir themes 创建一个themes文件夹
            cp -r /home/xxx/下载/minimal/ (此处为自己主题的位置) /boot/efi/EFI/refind/themes/  将下载的主题复制到themes文件夹内
            gedit refind.conf    编辑refind.conf的内容 将minimal内的theme.conf内容全部复制过来  
            将icons_dir themes/rEFInd-minimal/icons 改成icons_dir themes/minimal/icons
            将banner themes/rEFInd-minimal/background.png 改成banner themes/minimal/background.png
            selection_big   themes/rEFInd-minimal/selection_big.png
            selection_small themes/rEFInd-minimal/selection_small.png 

            改成 selection_big   themes/minimal/selection_big.png     selection_small themes/minimal/selection_small.png
            保存 重启bios里设置为refind启动
            接下来你就可以看到minimal主题啦

     

    展开全文
  • windows10下安装refind

    千次阅读 2016-03-17 16:37:30
    一、首先在“BIOS”下 的启动选项里选择“UEFI”。 二、利用diskgenius软件将硬盘分区分成 GPT分区。...五、将“refind”文件夹中的“refind.conf-sample”文件改成“refind.conf”。 六、1、进入win
  • 用 sudo vi /boot/efi/EFI/refind/refind.conf 打开 或者用 sudo nano /boot/efi/EFI/refind/refind.conf 可以看到第一行反白介绍了nano的版本号以及被编辑的文件名称。接下来就是可编辑区域,这里由于newfile...
  • rEFInd的美化

    千次阅读 2019-11-17 12:00:14
    任意下载一个美化主题 ... 直接看Readme.md ...在mac上安装了ubuntu双系统,发现grub无法引导mac,所以使用refind进行引导 https://sourceforge.net/projects/refind/ 解压后,cd到该目录执行./re...
  • UEFI使用rEFInd引导Win10+Deepin双系统

    万次阅读 2018-04-28 12:40:48
    UEFI使用rEFInd引导Win10+Deepin双系统
  • 使用rEFInd引导Ubuntu和Windows双系统

    万次阅读 2015-12-25 14:20:07
    使用rEFInd引导Ubuntu和Windows双系统 rEFInd引导程序会以图标的方式列出你所有的操作系统。因此,你可以通过点击相应的图标来启动Windows、Ubuntu或者优盘中的操作系统。 点击这里下载rEFInd for Windows 8。 ...
  • refind主程序,这里可以下载到最新版,并放置在桌面上 一个人 开始安装 首先讲述一下如何关闭os x的安全保护-SIP(简单理解为这个东西可以防止你对系统分区进行读写操作) 1. 重启 Mac,按住 Command+R
  • reEFInd(refind)引导Windows+deepin双系统

    万次阅读 2019-01-08 14:05:03
    一、为什么要用refind引导双系统   可引导 Mac OS,Linux,Windows,本身是跨平台的 在grub引导失败并且无法修复,不得已替换 界面好看,可定制性强 免费    本教程双硬盘实测也能正确引导   二、怎样安装...
  • 引用自博客: https://blog.csdn.net/XiaoshaXs/article/details/52016717
  • Ubuntu rEFInd 引导双系统界面美化

    千次阅读 2019-07-18 15:13:52
    Ubuntu rEFInd 引导双系统界面美化 效果 这是我的(拍摄问题,哈哈,其实可是很漂亮的) rEFInd 下载 https://sourceforge.net/projects/refind/files/ 安装 ___ 安装 rEFInd 完成后找到它的配置文件 /boot/efi/...
  • 在Linux中卸载Refind

    千次阅读 2015-12-11 16:21:57
    感觉grub界面比较low,就下载了refind。去sf上下载deb包,直接在软件中心就可以安装。 一开始用起来好好的,但是当我又装了一个系统之后,refind没有识别出来,也就是还是原来那两个系统,选择ubuntu之后,又进入到...
  • win10 Ubuntu16.04双系统安装。装ubuntu16.04时候,由于现在的win10都是使用UEFI引导,使用easyBCD无法引导双系统,搜到的教程也不符合我的电脑情况,于是写下双系统教程,加赏心悦目开机引导,希望能给大家安装节省...
  • 1、准备工作 我假设你已经做好的事:硬盘是GPT分区,且已有EFI分区 ...需要下载的文件有:refind安装文件——rEFInd-win.zip (我从sourceforge下载的最新版不知道为什么安装后出现空白界面,所以 ...
  • mac卸载refind

    千次阅读 2018-07-27 14:38:19
    执行检查命令 diskutil list | grep EFI | awk '{print $6}' 如果显示如下: disk0s1 执行卸载命令 ...sudo mkdir /Volumes/efi sudo mount -t msdos /dev/...sudo rm -rfP /Volumes/efi/EFI/refind sudo bless --...
  • 双系统之用rEFInd引导启动的整理

    千次阅读 2019-01-26 16:18:30
    一、引导程序原理(可以...二、rEFInd的安装 1、简单的办法(在linux上安装)  https://blog.csdn.net/jiqirenX/article/details/72367905  缺点是到时候删除linux时候要注意引导修复 2、在window下安装  ...
  • 配置refind config以去除不必要的选项

    万次阅读 2016-07-24 23:19:50
    前言在上文中,我们已经完成了refind的安装及使用,可能有人发现怎么有许许多多没见过的引导选项出现了。本文就此情况我将进一步作出解释并讲述如何屏蔽一些不必要的选项。先给大家看一下笔者默认配置下的引导界面,...
  • ubuntu15.10 下refind的安装

    千次阅读 2016-02-24 15:34:30
    前提条件:UEFI模式 环境:ubuntu 15.10 网络连通可以直接用apt-get 进行安装。> $ sudo apt-add-repository ppa:rodsmith...> $ sudo apt-get install refind/boot/efi/EFIefibootmgr查看当前bootorder的启动顺序efi
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